Journal: Create a very short story (5 7 sentences) that explains the character depicted. Think: Why is she sitting like this? What is the tone of the
picture? Make sure you use the same tone in your short story! DARK ROMANTICISM This is where it gets weird
As the second piece to the Romantic literary movement, Dark Romanticism explores the potential evil in the individual. CHARACTERS
Characters are fueled by anxiety and guilt. Characters are in psychological or physical torment. SETTINGS
Bleak or remote places Ominous (something bad is coming) Large, drafty old houses that have "been in the family for years."
PLOT Morbid or violent incidents A supernatural or otherworldly element is often present. (Think: ghosts, doors that open themselves, unexplained sounds, etc.)
GOTHIC ELEMENTS Grotesque, mysterious, desolate Atmosphere of mystery and suspense Omens, foreshadowing, and dreams Highly charged emotional states like: terror, a feeling that one is on the brink of insanity, anger, agitation, an exaggerated feeling of some impending doom, and obsessive love.
Words designed to evoke images of gloom and doom: dark, foreboding, forbidding, ghostly, etc. MAIN IDEAS Triumph of evil over good Inevitability of sin and guilt in humanity Perverse and self-destructive
nature of mankind Extremes of individualism What about this image makes it Dark Romantic? What about this image makes it Dark Romantic?
Henry Fuseli, The Nightmare One of the first painters to show the darkness
within the human subconsciou s. What about this image makes it Dark Romantic?
EDGAR ALL AN POE (1809 1849) A BIBLE OF FEAR Born in Boston, Massachusetts Mother dies, father leaves Lives with Allan family, but never adopted Marries Virginia, his 13 year-old cousin (not as weird as
it is today). Travel, job instability, alcoholism Virginia dies at 25Poe goes downhill Dies at age 40 in Baltimore (The cause of his death is unknown and has been attributed to alcohol, brain congestion, cholera, drugs, heart disease, rabies, suicide, tuberculosis, and other agents.)
CAREERS Joined the U.S. military; eventually, attended West Point for a short time until he found a way to be dismissed. He was the first well-known American writer to try to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.
POES WRITING A truthful, often vicious, editor Worked hard at horror elements to affect reader Created detective story at age 32 (Murders in the Rue Morgue) Very influential (worldwide) and very
debated Wrote about extreme situations & settings to expose true human nature POES WORKS The Raven Annabel Lee The Black Cat
The Cask of Amontillado The Tell-Tale Heart The Fall of the House of Usher NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE (1804 1864) A BIOGRAPHY
Born in Salem, Massachusetts (related to Judge Hathorne) Father dies early, mother becomes recluse 12 years of intense reading & writing Added a w to his last name Married in his 30s Scarlet Letter cements his popularity Friend to Franklin Pierce, Herman Melville, Emerson, Longfellow
HAWTHORNES WRITING Cautionary tales Suggest that sin, guilt, and evil are the most natural human qualities Inspired by Puritans
HAWTHORNES WORKS Young Goodman Brown Dr. Heidiggers Experiment The Ministers Black Veil The Birth-mark The Scarlet Letter The House of the Seven Gables
VIEW View The Life of Vincent Malloy by Tim Burton Reflection: How is Vincent an example of Dark Romanticism? Vincent Malloy
At the most remote end of the crypt there appeared another less spacious. Its walls had been lined with human remains piled to the vault overhead, in the fashion of the great catacombs of Paris. Three sides of this interior crypt were still ornamented in this manner. From the fourth the bones had been thrown down, and lay promiscuously upon the earth, forming at one point a mound of some size. Within the wall thus exposed by the displacing of the bones, we perceived a still interior recess, in depth about four feet, in width three, in height six or seven. It seemed to have been constructed for no especial use in itself, but formed merely
the interval between two of the colossal supports of the roof of the catacombs, and was backed by one of their circumscribing walls of solid granite. --Edgar Allan Poe The Cask of Amontillado
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