영어를 사용한 구두발표 - Daum

영어를 사용한 구두발표 - Daum

~ ( !!!) - (1) 3 . (2) . (3) . (4) OHP . - 1. You should adhere to the allocated time and plan your talk accordingly by allowing approximately 100 words per minute, less 25 words for each slide. , 1 100 , 25 . 2. Rehearse your talk before a constructive critic. Plan to present it from notes and not by reading a manuscript. . .

- 3. Confine yourself to a few salient points of the work, with a brief introduction. Concentrate on the results and your interpretation. Omit details of apparatus and technique unless this is the subject of the paper. , . . . 4. Present only key mathematical formulae, defining orally the symbols. Do not include too much data on the slide. You should be able to read all the data with the slide at arm's length. , . . . - ~ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

OHP 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

1. 3 [1] Thank Thankyou. you. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. Thank you very much, Professor Smith. Thank you very much indeed, Dr. Smith. Thank you for introducing me, John. I'd like to say thank you for your generous introduction, Dr. Smith. 1. 3 [2] 1 IIam amglad gladto to~~ IIam amhappy happyto to~~ IIam ampleased pleasedto to~~ IIam amdelighted delightedto

to~~ IIam amprivileged privilegedto to~~ I am very glad to be here. I am happy to be here on this special occasion. I am honored to be asked to give a talk to you. I am privileged to be allowed to speak about my present research. I am delighted to be invited. I am very pleased to be present at this pleasant meeting. 1. 3 [3] 2 It's It'san anhonor honorto to~~ It's It'saapleasure pleasureto to~~ It's It'saaprivilege privilegeto to~~ It's my great privilege to be allowed to make a speech.

It's my great pleasure to give a talk to you. It's a great honor to have the opportunity of giving a a lecture to you. 2. 3 [1] 1 It's It'smy mypurpose purposeto to~~ It's It'smy myintention intentionto to~~ It's my purpose to summarize the general problems of high-resolution laser spectroscopic techniques. It's my intention to describe some of the aspects of magnetic effects in superconductivity. 2. 3 [2] 2 ~My Mypoint pointisisto to~~ My Mytopic

topicwill willdeal dealwith with~~ My Mypurpose purposeisisto to~~ My Mydiscussion discussionon on~~isisto to~~ My point is to make a comment on recent development of isotope separations. My topic will deal with new effects we have observed in quantum physics. My purpose is to present an overview of computer-aided-instruction (CAI) in junior high schools. My discussion on computer science is to try to illustrate a new programming language. 2. 3 [3] 3 I'll I'd I'llbe bespeaking

speakingabout about~~ I'dlike liketo totalk talkto toyou youabout about~~ I'm I'mgoing goingto togive giveaatalk talkon on~~ I'd I'dlike liketo topresent present~~ I'd I'dlike liketo toreview review~~ I'd I'dlike liketo

tocover cover~~ I'd I'dlike liketo tofocus focuson on~~ I'll be speaking about the techniques of laser spectroscopy in which the Doppler effect is eliminated. Im going to give a talk on several important mechanisms of white light laser. I'd like to talk to you about the application of excimer laser to medical treatment. I'd like to present recent development of atomic clocks and frequency standards. I'd like to review serious aspects of recent nuclear accidents. 3. 2 [1] begin beginwith with~~ start startwith with~~ begin beginby

by~ing ~ing start startby by~ing ~ing Well then, what is an elementary particle? Let's begin with that. To begin with, I'd like to deliberate a problem of left-drive syndrome. I'd like to start with a discussion of capital-intensity which the Japanese chemical industry is increasing. Let me begin by explaining what I meant by the BTRON project. First of all, I think that it would be better to start out by making several comments on the present business environment. 3. 2 [2] Let Letme meremind remindyou youabout about~~ IIwant wantto toremind remindyou youabout about~~

I'd I'dlike liketo toremind remindyou youabout about~~ Let me remind you about the techniques of non-linear spectroscopy. I want to remind you how small an atom is. I'd like to remind you about the phenomena of superconductivity. 4. 3 [1] make makesome somecomments commentson on~~ make maketwo tworemarks remarksabout about~~ make makean anobservation observationon on~~

make makethree threepoints pointswith withrespect respectto to~~ I'd like to make some comments on the recent policy of tax reform. Let me make two remarks about envrionmental preservation industry which has been neglected recently. I want to make three points with respect to low capital investment caused by slow business. 4. 3 [2] First, First, First Firstof ofall, all, In Inthe thefirst firstplace, place, The

Thefirst firstremark remarkisisthat that~~ The Thefirst firstcomment commentisisrelated relatedto to~~ The Thefirst firstpoint pointisisconnected connectedwith with~~ The first remark is that it's possible to solve the problem by using a heuristic search. The first point I'd like make about information theory is that we developed a new method of encryption. The first point is concerned with the improvement of numerically controlled machine tools. The first comment is related to the recent achievement of machine translation systems. 4. 3 [3]

turn turnto to~~ move moveon onto to~~ shift shiftto tothe thetopic topicof of~~ switch switchto totalking talkingabout about~~ Let's turn to several problems of cognitive science. To turn now to the next point, I'd like to discuss how the plasma display works. I'll then move on to why computer crimes have increased recently in Japan. I'd like to shift to the subject of the SIGMA project which is carried out by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry. I'll now switch to talking about the inverted Polish notation which has

not been so popular in Japan. 5. OHP 4 [1] Slide, Slide,please. please. Next, Next,please. please. May MayIIhave havethe thefirst firstslide, slide,please? please? Let's Let'slook lookat atthe thenext nextslide. slide. Slide Slideoff, off,please. please.

First (Second, Next, Last) slide, please. Let's look at the next slide, just to prove the algorithm. Could you have the slide off, please? Could you have the first slide, please? I wonder if I could have the next slide. 5. OHP 4 [2] Lights Lightsout, out,please. please. Dim Dimthe thelights, lights,please. please. Focus, Focus,please. please. Adjust Adjustit, it,please. please. Move Movethe theslide, slide,please.

please. Go Goback, back,please. please. Skip Skipthis thisslide, slide,please. please. No, No,leave leavethe theslide slideon, on,please. please. Lights Lightson, on,please. please. 5. OHP 4 [2] Could I have the lights out, please? Would you move the slide up to show you this figure more clearly? Can I go back theree slides, please? Id like to skip this slide. Thank you.

No, could you leave this slide on, please? Could you dim the lights just a little, please? I wonder if you could focus that a little bit. The slide is reversed. Would you mind adjusting it? The slide is upside-down. Would you mind adjusting it? Now we could have the lights on. 5. OHP 4 [3] 1 shows shows ~~ demonstrates~ demonstrates~ illustrates illustrates~~ answers answers~~ classifies classifies~~ This Thisslide slide displays displays~~ indicates indicates~~ points pointsout out~~

represents represents~~ sketches sketches~~ summarizes summarizes~~ 5. OHP 4 [3] 1 This slide shows the third generation robot that has been developed by using robot language. This shows an example of swarm earthquakes. This picture demonstrates the supernova that was discovered in Large Magellanic Cloud two years ago. Now, this slide illustrates a couple of points that we could not neglect. The transparency illustrates Cosmopia Concept that consists of four systems such as satellite, space environment, space transportation and space colony. The next transparency will answer several problems in automation. This slide sketches the difference between two wheel steering and four wheel steering. 5. OHP 4 [4] 2 As Asyou yousee,

see,~~ You Yousee seethat, that,~~ We Wehave have~~here. here. As Asdemonstrated demonstratedhere, here,~~ I'd I'dlike liketo toshow showyou, you,~~ 5. OHP 4 [4] 2 As you can see from this picture, Integrated Circuits are divided into bipolar IC and unipolar IC. You see it very complicated. You see here how long-range forecast comes out. Then you can see that we have a curve that shows the enormous growth of world population.

Here we have a picture of the laser fusion reactor that has been developed recently. I'd like to show you again the transparency illustrating the superconducting electromagnetic thrust system of linear motor car. 6. 7 [1] 340 340 2,420 2,420 42.01 42.01 0.21 0.21 1/2 1/2 1/3 1/3 2222//77 3/4 3/4 33::44::55 53 53% % 44::66

0.3333 0.3333 three threehundred hundred(and) (and)forty forty two twothousand thousandfour fourhundred hundred(and) (and)twenty twenty forty-two forty-twopoint pointoh ohone one oh ohpoint pointtwo twoone one aahalf half aathird

third two twoand andtwo twosevenths sevenths three threequarters quarters three threeto tofour fourto tofive five fifty-three fifty-threepercent percent four fourto tosix six nought noughtpoint pointthree threerecurring recurring

6. 7 [2] 55++66 12 12--44 33 44 55 33 3322 3333 3344 five fiveplus plussix six twelve twelveminus minusfour four three threetimes timesfour four three threemultiplied multipliedby

byfour four three threefours fours five fivedivided dividedby bythree three three threesquared squared three threecubed cubed three threeto tothe thepower powerfour four three threeto tothe thefourth fourthpower power

three threeto tothe thefourth fourth three threeto tothe thefour four 6. 7 [2] 3 3 6 x x6 nn m x xm sin sinxx cos cosxx tan tanxx

log log101022 33 log loge3e3 the thesquare squareroot rootof ofthree three square squareroot rootthree, three,root rootthree three the thecube cuberoot rootof ofxxto tothe thepower powerof ofsix

six the then-th n-throot rootof ofxxto tothe thepower powerof ofm m sine sinexx cosine cosinexx tangent tangentxx log logto tothe thebase baseten tenof oftwo, two,or orlog logtwo twoto

tothe the base baseten ten log logto tothe thebase baseeeof ofthree, three,or orlog logthree threethe thethe the base basee,e,natural naturallog log(of) (of)three three 6. 7 [3] 22++33==55 3x

3x--2y 2y==88 x(x x(x--2) 2) 22 xx ++xx-1 -1==00 2 ax ax2++bx bx++cc==00 3 3/2 x x3==xx 3/2 Two Twoplus plusthree threeequals equalsfive. five. Two Twoplus plusthree threeisisequal equalto

tofive. five. Three Threexxminus minustwo twoyyequals equalseight. eight. x,x,xxminus minustwo two xxsquared squaredplus plusxxminus minusone oneequals equalsoh. oh. aaxxsquared squaredplus plusbbxxplus plusccequals equalszero. zero. The Thesquare squareroot rootof

ofxxcubed cubedequals equalsxxto to the thepower powerof ofthree threehalves. halves. 6. 7 [3] xx>>yy xx yy xx++22>>00 yy<< zz xx yy xx--22<<44 00<

thany.y. xxisismore morethan thany.y. xxisisgreater greaterthan thanyyor orequal equalto toy.y. xxplus plustwo twoisisgreater greaterthan thanzero. zero. xxplus plustwo twoisismore morethan thanzero. zero. yyisisless lessthan thanz.z. yyisissmaller smallerthan thanz.z.

xxisisless lessthan thanyyor orequal equalto toy.y. xxminus minustwo twoisisless lessthan thanfour. four. xxminus minustwo twoisissmaller smallerthan thanfour. four. Zero Zeroisisless lessthan thanxxwhich whichisisless lessthan thantwo. two. Zero Zeroisisless

lessthan thanor orequal equalto toxxwhich whichisisless less than thanor orequal equalto totwo. two. 6. 7 [4] IfIf~~then then~~ .. ~~ing ing~~we wehave have(obtain) (obtain)~~ .. ~~ing ing~~gives gives~~ .. If f(a) = 0, then (x - a) is a factor of f(x). Integrating with respect to x, we obtain x2/2 + c.

Rearranging equation (1) gives x2 + 1 = 2ax. 6. 7 [5] stand standat at stay stayat at total total come come(up) (up)to to get geton onfor for exactly exactly approximately approximately nearly nearly roughly

roughly just justunder under just justover over well wellover over more moreor orless less 6. 7 [5] The figure stood at ten million in 1988. The figure was getting on for ten million in 1988. The figure came to ten million in 1988. The figure came to over ten million in 1988. In 1988 the figure for oil production totalled ten million. exactly The figure was approximately ten million in 1988. nearly more or less just over The figure stood at just under ten million in 1988.

well over 6. 7 [6] 33m m 10 10cm cm 55mm mm 60 60km km 44m m 2 3.3 3.3m m2 3 10 10m m3 50 50km/h km/h

three threemeters meters ten tencentimeters centimeters five fivemillimeters millimeters sixty sixtykilometers kilometers four fourmicrometers micrometers three threepoint pointthree threesquare squaremeters meters three threepoint pointthree threemeters meterssquared squared

ten tencubic cubicmeters meters ten tenmeters meterscubed cubed fifty fiftykilometers kilometersper perhour hour 6. 7 [7] That Thatbox boxisis11m mhigh. high. That Thatbox boxhas hasaaheight heightof of11m. m.

The Theheight heightof ofthat thatbox boxisis11m. m. The Thepiece pieceisis12 12cm cmlong. long. ItIthas hasaalength lengthof of12 12cm. cm. The Thelength lengthof ofthe thepiece pieceisis12 12cm. cm. The

Thecircle circlehas hasaaradius radiusof of22cm. cm. ItIthas hasaacircumference circumferenceof of4 4 cm. cm. 22 ItIthas hasan anarea areaof of4 4 cm cm The Thediameter diameterof ofthis thiscircle circleisis44cm. cm.

7. 6 [1] 1 rise rise increase increase ascend ascend jump jump go goup up fall fall decrease decrease decend decend drop

drop go godown down decline decline vary vary change change alter alter slightly steadily substantially considerably sharply rapidly dramatically fractionally marginally somewhat 7. 6 [1] 1 The pressure rose dramatically during the experiment.

The volume of water decreases slightly when cooled. The figure fell by ten percent. The force acts on a body in the direction of increasing the distance. Unlike conductors, the resistance of a semiconductor decreases with an increase in temperature. Catalysts alter the rate of a reaction without undergoing permanent chemical change. Although the positive charge of the nucleus rises, the outer electrons become less strongly held due to the increased screening of the nuclear charge by inner electron shells. The bond strength increases with increasing number of electrons in van der Waals forces. The atomic radius increases down the group of the alkali earth atoms and consequently the ionization energies decrease. 7. 6 [2] 2 There Thereisis aarise rise an anincrease increase aajump jump

aadecline decline aadrop in drop in//to to//of of~~ .. aadecrease decrease aagrowth growth aaperformance performance aasituation situation slight steady gradual substantial considerable dramatic sudden stable fluctuating 7. 6

[2] 2 There was a slight increase in pressure. There was a considerable decrease to 80 V in voltage. There was a fluctuating performance in resistance. There was a steady fall of 10 C in temperature. There will be a dramatic rise in the world population. 7. 6 [3] remain remainstable stable level levelout out(or (oroff) off) fluctuate fluctuate reach reachaapeak peak after that afterwards subsequently The speed remained stable at 60 km/h.

The speed leveled off in twenty minutes. The speed fluctuated in one hour. The speed reached a peak of 300 km/h in two hours. The world electricity production leveled off in 1970 but reached a peak of 100 TWh in 1980. 7. 6 [4] rise risefrom from~~ to to~~ fall fallfrom from~~ to to~~ vary varyfrom from~~ to to~~ range rangefrom from~~ to to~~ change changefrom from~~ to to~~

The resistance rose from 10 k to 12 k. The capacitance fell from 12 F to 10 F. The diameter of atoms varies from 110-10 to 510-10 m. Wavelengths of visible spectrum range from 700 nanometers at the red end to 400 nanometers at the violet end. In changing from one musical note to another an octave above, the frequency is doubled. 7. 6 [5] vary varywith with~~ increase increasewith with~~ decrease decreasewith with~~ 7. 6 [5] The force of ionic bonds varies as 1/x2 The solubility product is the ionic product of the dissolved ions and will vary with temperature. Molar conductivity increases with increasing dilution. A=BC/D

A varies directly as B. A varies inversely as D. A varies jointly as B and C. The magnetic axis is slowly rotating about the geomagnetic axis once every 1000 years, and thus both the angles of declination and dip vary with time. Electron shell is capable of containing a definite number of electrons, the number increasing as the distance from nucleus increases. 7. 6 [6] tend tendto to~~ be beinclined inclinedto to~~ be bedisposed disposedto to~~ be bethe thetendency tendencyof of~~

show showthe thetendency tendencyof of~~ There Thereisisaatendency tendencyfor for~~to to~~ The Thetendency tendencyof of~~isisto to~~ 7. 6 [6] Orogenic movements tend to be more intensive than epeirogenic movements. Resistance is the tendency of a material to resist the passage of an electric circuit. The inert (noble) gases show very little tendency to react in any way. Force causes or tends to cause acceleration and it can be calculated from Newton's second law. The nuclear charges tend to repel each other but an exact description of the repulsive force is complex. Metallic bonds occur because of the tendency for metals to lose their

loosely bound outer electrons to an electron gas within the lattice. 8. 9 [1] 1 + + result resultin in lead leadto to bring bringabout about give giverise riseto to cause cause make

make be bethe thecause causeof of 8. 9 [1] 1 Heat causes the metal to expand. The presence of nickel brings about an increase in strennth. The temperature of the plate decreases, thereby causing it to contract. Heat made the metal melt. Evaporation leads to a drop in temperature. Robots will give rise to a lot of unemployment. 8. 9 [2] + + result resultfrom from arise arisefrom

from stem stemfrom from be bebrought broughtabout aboutby by be ++ beproduce produceby by be becaused causedby by be bedue dueto to be bethe theresult resultof of

be bethe theeffect effectof of 8. 9 [2] The gravitational force results from the mutual attraction between the body's mass and the mass of the earth. Infrared radiation is produced by hot bodies. Young's fringes are due to interference between two rays. The accident was the result of his carelessness. Sound is the effect of the vibration of bodies. Ionic bonds arise from the spontaneous formation of ions. Van der Waals bonds stem from momentary asymmetrical distributions of electrons around a nucleus. Brownian motion is brought about by bombardment of the molecules. The heat is caused by friction in moving parts. 8. 9 [3] 2 As Asaaresult resultof of In Inconsequence

consequenceof of ++ ,, Consequent Consequentupon upon As a result of increased pressure , the refrigerant condenses. Consequent upon the defeat of the government, there will be a general election. As a result of cold weather, the metal contracts. In consequence of hot temperature, the vapor expanded. 8. 9 [4] 3 + + with withthe theresult resultthat that and andas asaaresult result

so sothat that The spring expands with the result that the valve is opened. The heater is turned off and as a result the temperature will decrease. In a bimetal strip, the intermediate plate contracts with the result that the invar strip is pulled inwards. The burning match is strongly shaken and as a result the flame will be extinguished. 8. 9 [5] 4 .. Therefore, Therefore, Consequently, Consequently, As Asaaresult, result,

.. As Asaaconsequence, consequence, Hence, Hence, Thus, Thus, 8. 9 [5] 4 Water is heated to the boiling point. Therefore, it will change into vapor. She did not explain it clearly. Consequently, he could not understand. -particles contain two protons and two neutrons. As a result, they have a double positive electron charge. In a photoelectric experiment, the number of photons per second will decrease as the intensity of the light decreases. Hence, the current will be found to decrease. The energy equivalent of an electron is 0.5 MeV. Thus, the increase in mass is undetectable for energies on a macroscopic scale. 8. 9 [6] because becauseof of

++ on onaccount accountof of ++ owing owingto to due dueto to Metallic bonds occur because of the tendency for metals to lose their loosely bound outer electrons to an electron gas within the lattice. In a photograph, an image is formed owing to all types of radiation. The gas is ionized on account of the radiation. Due to high temperature, the metal melted. 8. 9 [7] 1 Because Because Since ++ Since ,, .. As

As Since plants contain chlorophyll, they look green. The circuit is called a coupling circuit, because the output is a faith copy of the input. As air is denser than hydrogen, hydrogen balloons rise into air. 8. 9 [8] 2 so so ,, therefore therefore .. hence hence Copper conducts electricity well, hence it is used for electric wire. Friction produces heat, so matches ignite when rubbed. You can see through the glass, therefore it is used for windows. 8. 9 [9] effect effect affect affect influence influence

have havean aneffect effecton on~~ The Theeffect effectof of~~isisto to~~ .. 8. 9 [9] The pH of the solution effects the color of indicators. Light greatly affects free radical reactions. Ammeters should ideally not affect the current which they are testing. If the rate of a chemical reaction is affected by light, it is called a photosensitive reaction. When a chemical reaction takes place, only the electrons are involved and the nuclei of atoms are not influenced during the formation of a compound. Inert electrodes, e.g. platinum and carbon, have no effect on the choice of ion for discharge. The ingredients of vegetable have the opposite effect on the chromosomes. The effect of the crack is to concentrate stress at the tip of the crack. 9. 2

[1] 1 AA consist consistof of be bemade madeup upof of be XXand becomposed composedof of andY. Y. be beconstituted constitutedby by comprise comprise 9. 2 [1] 1

Metallic materials consist of ferrous metals and non-ferrous metals. A metal consists of an array of positive ions permeated by an atmosphere of free electrons. All matter is made up of atoms. Rubber is composed of very long chain molecules. The radiation is constituted by a wide range of wavelengths. A calorimeter comprises a tube containing a heater and surrounded by a vacuum jacket with thermometers at the input and output. 9. 2 [2] 2 constitute constitute XXand andYY make makeup up A. A. form form Seven days constitute a week. Parents and children form a family. Atoms form themselves into rigid solids by interatomic bonding. 10. 4 [1] The Theaim

aimof of The Thegoal goalof of The Theobject objectof of XX isisto toY. Y. The Theobjective objectiveof of The Thepurpose purposeof of 10. 4 [1] The aim of this work is to develop a method for simultaneous measurements of the paper and water weights by using a microwave resonator. The goal of the present investigation is to show how the superconductive materials operating at room temperature can

be made. The object of this research is to research the technical development of diode lasers. The final goal is to develop a high-sensitive microwave sensor. 10. 4 [2] To To~~ so soas asto to~~ in inorder orderto to~~ for for~~ for forthe thepurpose purposeof of~~ with withthe theobject objectof

of~~ with withthe theaim aimof of~~ with withaaview viewto to(or (orof) of)~~ 10. 4 [2] To make a body move in a circle we require a lateral force called the centripetal force. For a body to start moving it must first be pushed, so work is done. The random motion has to be increased so as to raise the temperature of a body. The galvanometer is calibrated for the purpose of reading temperature directly. Two separate methods are needed with the aim of measuring thermal conductivity. 10. 4 [3] so

sothat that~~ in inorder orderthat that~~ Energy is required so that electrons can be removed from the gaseous atom in the ionization process. A carrier wave must be modulated so that a signal can be transmitted. A centripetal force is necessary so that a body can move in a circle. 10. 4 [4] reach reach effect effect attain attain achieve achieve accomplish accomplish 10. 4 [4] The apparatus is left to boil for a time to reach equilibrium. Once the steady state in continuous calorimeters has been reached,

electrical power put in is equal to the heat per second carried out by the fluid. The experiment was given up without effecting the purpose of our research project. Ideal gas behavior can be achieved if the molecules are separated sufficiently. The scientist was doing the experiment in his laboratory day and night to accomplish good research. 11. 7 [1] XX equal equal be beequal equalto to be YY beidentical identicalto to be beequivalent equivalentto

to be bethe thesame sameas as be berelated relatedin inthe thesame sameway wayas as 11. 7 [1] The process of heat conduction is mathematically identical to that of electric conduction. Torque and angular acceleration are related in the same way as force and linear acceleration. The impulse given by force time is equal to the change in momentum. Saturated vapor pressure is equal to at least the external pressure. 11. 7 [2] 1 be

beroughly roughlythe thesame sameas as XX be Y. besimilar similarto to Y. be belike like This is roughly the same machine that I saw the other day. What is the computer like? The output current is similar to the input current. The voltage across a conductor is roughly the same as the current multiplied by its resistance. 11. 7 [3] 2 be bethe thesame samein in XXand

andYY be beidentical identicalin in ~~ .. be bealike alikein in be besimilar similarin in CP/M and MS-DOS are alike in the capability of the operating systems. The pressure on both sides of a U-tube manometer is the same. 11. 7 [4] XX differ differfrom from be bedifferent differentfrom from

be bedistinguished distinguishedfrom from contrast contrastwith with be bein incontrast contrastto to Y. Y. Velocity has a slightly different meaning from speed in that velocity is a speed in a definite direction. An alternating current is in contrast to a direct current. Gases differ from solids and liquids in that they are relatively compressible. 11. 7 [5] differentiate differentiatebetween between distinguish

distinguishbetween between XXand andY. Y. make makeaadistinction distinctionbetween between It is necessary to distinguish between the energies of single bonds and those of double and triple bonds. What makes a distinction between the two cases? unlike unlike X, X, as asdifferent differentfrom fromY, Y,~~.. as asopposed opposedto to as asagainst against

XX as ascompared comparedwith with Y. Y. as asopposed opposedto to in incontrast contrastto to 11. 7 [6] be berelated relatedto to~~ be beassociated associatedwith with~~ be beconcerned concernedwith with~~

be beregarded regardedas as~~ be beconnected connectedwith with~~ correspond correspondto to~~ be berepresented representedas as~~ be beknown knownas as~~ 11. 7 [6] The Young's modulus is related to atomic quantities. Dynamics is associated with unbalanced forces and resultant accelerations. Atoms are regarded as spheres with a nucleus at the center. This corresponds to the observed Hooke's law behavior. Any electric source may conveniently be represented as a voltage

source in series with a resistance. Since capacitance can oppose a changing voltage, this resistance to AC is known as capacitive reactance. x = a sec and y = b tan can be regarded as the parametric equations of the hyperbola. 11. 7 [7] depend dependon on(upon) (upon) XX be bedependent dependenton on depending dependingon on be beindependent independentof of Y. Y. Japan is dependent on her hydroelectric resources for electric power.

The steel will be mild or hard, depending on the proportion of carbon which it contains. Two effects were independent of each other. The actual current flow will depend upon the total resistance of the current. 12. 6 [1] 1 The Thefunction functionof ofXXisisto toY. Y. The Theprinciple principleof of XXisisto toY. Y. The Theduty dutyof ofXXisisto toY. Y. XXhave havethe

thefunction functionof ofY. Y. The principle of electrometer is to measure the potential difference across a known large capacitor which effectively takes all the charge. The duty of professor is to teach special subjects and make academic researches. Batteries have the function of changing chemical energy to electrical energy. The function of an electic microphone is to change sound vibrations into electric vibrations. 12. 6 [2] 2 serve serveto to serve serveas asaameans meansof of XX act Y. actas asaamethod

methodof of Y. be beused usedas asaaway wayof of be beused usedfor for(or (orto) to) be bedesigned designedfor for(or (orto) to) serve serveas as XX act Y. actas as

Y. be beused usedas as 12. 6 [2] 2 An electric motor serves to change electrical energy into mechanical energy - either kinetic or potetial or both. Internal combustion engines act as a method of changing chemical energy into mechanical energy. A fluorescent tube is used as a way of producting more light and less heat than a filament bulb. The dynamo is used for generating electricity. Clinical thermometers are specially designed for finding the temperature of the human body. Lead chloride is sparingly soluble and serves as a test for Pb2+ ions. Ammonia can act as a reducing agent. 12. 6 [3] 3 be beaadevice devicefor fordoing doing be

bean anapparatus apparatusfor fordoing doing XX be Y. bean aninstrument instrumentfor fordoing doing Y. be bean aninstrument instrumentdesigned designedto todo do be beaaplace placefor fordoing doing be bean anorgan

organfor fordoing doing 12. 6 [3] 3 The stomach is a place for digesting protein. The brain is an organ for controlling the nervous system. The capacitor is a device for storing electric charge. A thermometer is an instrument designed to measure temperature. Wilson cloud chamber is a device for showing up the tracks of ionizing particles by using the phenomenon of condensation from critically supersaturated vapors onto charged particles. Wheatstone bridge is an apparatus for measuring electrical resistance. 12. 6 [4] can can be beable ableto to XX be Y. becapable capableof

of Y. have havethe theability abilityto to have havethe thecapacity capacityto to You were better able to go through the hardships than I was. The short-sighted eye can see clearly objects closer than 25 cm but distant objects are blurred. He is capable of neglecting his duty. The eye has the ability to see objects at different distances, which is called accommodation. 12. 6 [5] XXenable enable~~to toY. Y. XXcause cause~~to toY.

Y. XXallow allow~~to toY. Y. With Withthe thehelp helpof ofX, X,~~can canY. Y. Clinical thermometers have a very narrow capillary which enables them to be easily read to an accuracy of 0.1 C. Catalysts allow equilibrium to be reached more quickly. With the help of a tachometer, the driver can control the revolutions per minute. The presence of resistance causes the ohm-meter scale to be nonlinear. 12. 6 [6] regard regard XX consider YY consider take

takeaccount accountof of take takeinto intoconsideration consideration Taking Takinginto intoaccount account Assuming Y, Assumingthat that Y, X. X. Using Using 12. 6 [6] It is important to regard the problem from every point of view. Many chemical reactions can be considered to be reversible. Taking into account Kirchhoff's first law, we can find the cuurent in the circuit. Assuming that the acid is weak, the concentration of water will be constant and need not to be considered.

Consider a particle moving round a circle of radius, a, with constant angular velocity, . A number of factors must be taken into consideration in operating the laser equipment. Using the electrometer to measure the capacitance of two large flat metal plates, it can be shown by varying the overlapping areas that the capacitance is proportional to the area. 13. 3 [1] 1 IIthink think IIconsider consider IIcontemplate contemplate IIdeliberate deliberate IIagree agree IIdisagree disagree IIcontend that contend that~~.. IIclaim claim

IIargue argue IIam ampositive positive IIam amsure sure IIam amcertain certain ItItseems seemsto tome me 13. 3 [1] 1 I think that many solids are made of a crystal structure. I consider that 'velocity' has a slightly different meaning from 'speed'. I contemplate that all objects accelerate to the ground if dropped. I agree with you that respiration occurs in every living cell. I contend that respiration is the only way in which the cell obtains usable energy. I argue that the most of the rocks of the earth's crust have been subjected to enormous pressures known as tectonic forces. I am positive that Everest is composed of limestone which must have been deposited and formed on the sea bed.

It seems to me that electronics is the general term used to describe effects associated with the behavior of electrons. 13. 3 [2] 2 Personally, Personally, My Myopinion opinionisisthat that~~ It's It'smy myview viewthat that~~ It's It'smy myopinion opinionthat that~~ It's It'smy myunderstanding understandingthat that~~ In Inmy

myview, view, In Inmy myopinion, opinion, IIbase basemy myopinion opinionon on~~ 13. 3 [2] 2 My opinion is that new physics inevitably follows new experimental tools and techniques. It's our understanding that 'smalltalk' is an example of object-oriented programmings. It's my view that synthetic technique has been developed to make new information. In my opinion, GPS (Global Positioning System) conducted by the U. S. Air Force is very useful for general navigation system. I base my opinion on the fact that the language used in many political and social debates presupposes a knowledge of history. 13. 3 [3] 3 To

If I am not mistaken, Tome, me, To If I understand correctly, Tomy mymind, mind, To If I remember rightly, Tomy myknowledge, knowledge, To Tothe thebest bestof ofmy mymeory, meory, If my memory serves me right, For Forall allIIknow, know, As AsIIremember, remember, As

AsIIunderstand understandit, it, As Asfar faras asIIknow, know, As Asfar faras asIIam amaware, aware, As Asfar faras asIIcan canremember, remember, As Asfar faras asIIam amconcerned, concerned, 13. 3

[3] 3 To my knowledge, the principle of modulating a laser beam with an acousto-optic signal is not used for many practical applications. For all I know, there was an enormous improvement in the health of the Britsh people between 1815 and 1939. As I remember, children survived the diseases of infancy by 1939. As far as I know, most plants require a supply of water, mineral salts, and the gases of carbon dioxide and oxygen. If I am not mistaken, an atom is the smallest part of an element that can take part in a chemical change. If I understand correctly, non-metals burn in air to form oxides, e.g., the element sulfur burns in air to form sulfur dioxide. 14. 4 [1] 1 be bean anexample exampleof of~~ Take Takethe thecase caseof of~~ Consider Consider~~,,for

forexample. example. Look Lookat atititthis thisway. way. Let Letme meillustrate illustrate~~ Let Letme meexemplify exemplify~~ Let Letme mecite cite~~as asproof. proof. Let Letme meexplain explain~~with withthis thisexample. example.

This Thissupports supportsmy myargument argumentthat that~~ This Thisserves servesto tounderline underlinethe thefact factthat that~~ 14. 4 [1] 1 A heat energy is a good example of kinetic energy. Take the case of oxygen. Oxygen is an element which cannot be split up chemically into anything simpler. Consider the case of nitrogen, for example. Nitrogen is produced by warming a mixture of ammonium chloride and sodium nitrate. Let me illustrate oxidation and reduction by a familiar example. Let me explain the effect of photosynthesis with this example. This supports my argument that pure water freezes at 0 C and boils at 100 C at a pressure of 760 mm of mercury. The interference phenomena of light serve to underline the fact that light is a kind of wave.

Look at the light emitting diode this way. The LED is a particular type of semiconductor diode that emits visible light when forwardbiased. 14. 4 [2] 2 for forexample example for forinstance instance for forone onething thing as asfollows follows as asproof proofof ofthat that as asan anillustration illustration according

accordingto tostatistics statistics according accordingto tostatistical statisticalevidence evidence 14. 4 [2] 2 Atoms of elements are each represented by a symbol, for example, iron by Fe, sodium by Na, etc. The symbols in each case represent one atom of the substance for which they stand. For instance, Fe denotes one atom of iron. For one thing, the molecules acquire heat energy and increase speed in conduction process, for another, they strike molecules next to them. The main differences between physical and chemical changes are summarized as follows. Bromine is a volatile gas. As proof of that, the air will be filled with brown bromine vapor. Non-metals burn in air to form oxides. As an illustration, sulfur burns in air to form sulfur dioxide. According to statistics, the output of crops increased year by year. 14. 4 [3] 3

in inpractice practice in inother otherwords words in inany anycase case in inexplanation explanationof of in inclarification clarification in inaacertain certaininstance instance in insubstantiation substantiation To Toclarify clarify

To Toexplain explain To Toparaphrase paraphrase To Toillustrate illustrate To Tosubstantiate substantiate 14. 4 [3] 3 Pressure, temperature, and volume of a gas interact with each other. In other words, if one of them is changed, then another one is changed as well. In explanation of Avogadro's law, equal volumes of all gases under the same conditions of temperature and pressure contain the same number of molecules. To explain the function of the eye, it is a good idea to compare with the camera. To illustrate the process of electrical conduction, heat conduction is usually cited. 14. 4 [4]

IImean mean anyway anyway at atall allevents events by bywhich whichIImean mean that thatisisto tosay say apart apartfrom from~~ except exceptfor for~~ make makean anexception exceptionof of ~~ as

asan anexception exception with withthe theexception exceptionof of~~ 14. 4 [4] There will be an earthquake soon, by which I mean in the next ten years or so. Atoms are regarded as spheres with a nucleus at the center and the rest of the atom is empty, except for several discrete electron shells. Apart from helium which has two electrons in its ourter-most shell, the other noble gases have eight electrons. The world population is increasing exponentially, that is to say, by the same percentage of the whole each year. 15. 5 [1] IIpropose propose IIsugggest sugggest IIrecommend

recommend IIurge urge IIpress that press that~~ IIdemand demand IIclaim claim IIsupport support IIadvocate advocate I forbid I exclude I bar I prohibit that ~ 15. 5 [1] I'd like to propose that most digital electronic system should operate using two distinct voltage signal levels. I would only suggest that our graduate school should train more

teachers by using computers efficiently. I recommend that the potentiometer should be either linear or logarithmic. I urge that one of the most rapidly developing area of modern technology is that of information technology. I demand that digital logic system should produce output dependent on the particular combination of input signals. I advocate that resistance is the tendency of a material to resist the passage of an electric current. 15. 5 [2] We Wemust must It's It'shigh hightime timethat thatXXdid did The Theonly onlysolution solutionisisto to~~ There Thereisisno

noalternative alternativebut butto to~~ We Wesee seeno noother otheralternative alternativebut butto to~~ We must process and transmit all information in digital form which has high immunity to noise. It's high time that more students were encouraged to go abroad. The only solution is to make the electric circuits more reliabe by using ICs. There is no alternative but to modulate a carrier signal with information when the information is transmitted elecrically from one point to another. We see no other alternative but to regulate the output of a voltage supply by using the Zener diode. 15. 5 [3] How Howabout aboutdoing

doing~~ ?? What Whatabout aboutdoing doing~~ ?? We Wecould couldalways alwaysdo do~~?? Have ~~?? Haveyou youthought thoughtof ofdoing doing IfIfIImight mightmake makeaasuggestion suggestion Wouldn't Wouldn'tititbe bepossible possibleto to~~?? One Onesolution

solutionwould wouldbe beto to~~ ItItmight mightbe beaagood goodidea ideato to ~~ Surely Surelyititcould couldbe beaagood goodidea ideaifif~~ Mightn't Mightn'tititbe berather ratherbetter betterifif~~ How Howdoes doesthe theidea ideaof of~~appeal appealto

toyou? you? 15. 5 [3] What about giving special training of computer literacy to school teacher? If I might make a suggestion, the inductive reactacne should be measured in kiloohms. Wouldn't it be possible for more practical method to be used? One solution would be to take advantage of the cathode ray oscilloscope that could give a graphic representation of an alternating voltage. It might be a good idea to use the capacitor that would store electric charge and would allow AC to flow. Surely it could be a good idea if the government gave more money for agricultural development. 15. 5 [4] IIplan planto to~~ IIpledge pledgeto to~~ IIappeal appealto

to~~ IIplead pleadfor for~~ IIpropose proposeto to~~ I plan to connect the two resistances in series across a potential difference to divide up the voltage in the ratio of the values of the resistance. I propose to teach more practical subjects at the university. 15. 5 [5] ItItisisfeasible feasibleto to~~ ItItisisprofitable profitableto to~~ ItItisisexpedient expedientto to~~ ItItisisimperative imperativeto to~~ ItItisisdisastrous disastrousto

to~~ ItItisisbeneficial beneficialto to~~ It seems feasible that German scientists will succeed in the production of superconductive materials operating at room temperatures. It is expedient to state that inductance is a measure of the ability of an inductor to oppose a charge in current. It would be beneficial to use the semiconductor diode which consists of a single p-n junction. 16. 5 [1] as as since since because because due dueto to owing owingto to because becauseof of

in inview viewof of by byvirtue virtueof of on onaccount accountof of for forthis thisreason reason This is because ~ This is the reason why ~ 16. 5 [1] Due to the low temperature, the gas is liquefied. Because of the strong thermal radiation, the pyrex melted. In view of the greenhouse effect, the atmosphere temperature of the earth is gradually increasing year by year. For this reason, the interference between the two coherent rays can be observed.

Water changed into vapor. This is mainly (partly) because it was heated to the boiling point. This is the reason why the number of photons per second will decrease as the intensity of the light decreases in a photoelectic experiments. 16. 5 [2] in inshort short in inbrief brief in insummary summary eventually eventually on onthe thewhole whole to tosum sumup up to

toreview reviewbriefly briefly to tobe bebrief brief 16. 5 [2] In short, heat is a form of energy which can be measured in terms of our normal energy unit, the joule. In brief, vacuum flasks are a good example of prevention of all three types of heat transfer. Eventually, the capacitor is a device which can store electric charge. On the whole, the rectifier changes AC to DC. To sum up, the iris is a variable shutter that alters the sizes of the pupil. To review briefly, energy gained by the system is given by the product of heat capacity and temperature rise. 16. 5 [3] by byway wayof of~~ in inorder

orderto to~~ to tothe theend endthat that~~ for forthis thispurpose purpose for forthe thepurpose purposeof of~~ with withaaview viewto to(or (orof) of)~~ with withthe theaim aimof of~~ with

withthe theobject objectof of~~ 16. 5 [3] In oder to induce constructive interference, two waves of the same frequency should be in phase. For this purpose, we must measure the heat capacity which is required to raise the temperature of the body by 1 C. For the purpose of raising the temperature of the body, the random motion has to be increased. With the aim of observing the intensity of ultraviolet waves, we need a photodetector sensitive to higher frequency than that of visible light. 16. 5 [4] and and besides besides furthermore furthermore now now meanwhile

meanwhile afterwards afterwards in inthis thisway way in inaddition additionto to in inthis thiscase case during duringthis thisprocess process this thisisis(to (tosay) say) 16. 5 [4] In this way, Lissajous figures can be displayed. If, in addition to this, the operation is commutative, it is called a

commutative or Abelian group. In this case, eddy current is a disadvantage and has to be minimized. In the case of the square of a number less than 1, the following square should be appreciated: 0.12 = 0.01. Optical fibers can carry much more information than electrical cables. Besides, there is no crosstalk when using optical fibers. 16. 5 [5] so so thus thus hence hence therefore therefore accordingly accordingly consequently consequently as asaaresult result as asaaconsequence consequence consequent

consequentupon upon in inconclusion conclusion in inconsequence consequenceof of 16. 5 [5] The metal conducts heat well. So, it is used for radiators. The glass is transparent. Thus, it is used for windows. Only short-wavelength infrared waves will pass through the glass. Therefore, heat energy from the sun passes through the glass. A piece of metal is placed in a changing magnetic field. As a result, eddy currents are produced in the metal. In conclusion, we observed a new effect in quantum electronics, although this was theoretically predicted by German scientists. 17. 2 [1] Let Letme mesummarize summarizethat that~~..

Finally, Finally,we weconclude concludethat that~~.. I'd I'dlike liketo tomake makesome someconclusions. conclusions. I'd I'dlike liketo tosummarize summarizemy mytalk. talk. In Inconclusion conclusionwe wecan cansay saythat that~~.. So Soto

toconclude, conclude,~~.. Let me summarize that saturation effect cannot be neglected in laser spectoscopy. I'd like to make several conclusions on my new observation. Now, I'd like to summarize my talk with a couple of remarks. 17. 2 [2] Thank Thankyou. you. Thank you for your patience. Thank you very much indeed for your kind atttention. Thank you very much for your indulgence. I'd like to thank you for your endurance. - 1. 2. 3. 1. 6 [1] May MayIIask askyou?

you? IIwant wantto toask askyou. you. I'd I'dlike liketo toask, ask,Dr. Dr.Smith. Smith. Just Justone onequestion. question. My Myquestion questionisisfor forDr. Dr.Smith. Smith. My Myquestion questionisisconcerned concernedwith with~~..

There Thereisissomething somethingI'd I'dlike liketo toask. ask. 1. 6 [1] May I ask you a couple of questions? Dr. Smith, I want to ask you a question about the interference phenomena that you got in the experiment. I'd like to ask Dr. Smith to comment on our new theoretical development. Just one more question, please. My question is for Dr. Smith. What is the cause of the dramatic rise in your production? My question is concerned with your reliable computer system. There is something I'd like to ask. How did you make your new optical fibers? 1. 6 [2] ask askaaquestion question put

putaaquestion question have haveaaquestion question raise raiseaaquestion question direct directaaquestion question address addressaaquestion question inquire inquire query query question question interrogate interrogate concerning concerning~~ about about~~ regarding

regarding~~ 1. 6 [2] I have a question about the distinction between computer-aided testing and computer-aided manufacturing. I'd like to direct a question concerning the peculiar phenomena of your diode laser. Could I raise a question regarding the measurement of frequency to Dr. Smith? 1. 6 [3] Would Wouldyou youmind mindififIIask ask~~?? May MayIIpresume presumeto toask askyou youaaquestion? question? Could CouldIIventure ventureto

toask askyou youto to~~?? IIhope hopeyou youdon't don'tmind mindmy myasking, asking,but but~~.. IIwonder wonderififyou youcould couldelaborate elaborateon on~~.. IIam amwondering wonderingififyou youwould wouldtell tellus us~~.. IIwas wasjust justwondering

wonderingififyou youcould could~~.. 1. 6 [3] Would you mind if I ask a question about your special shape memory alloys? May I presume to ask you to explain how your system works effectively? Could I venture to ask you to comment on that? I wonder if you could elaborate on this point. I am wondering if you could tell us why. I was just wondering if you could explain why it changed. 1. 6 [4] IIam amcurious curiousabout about~~ IIam aminterested interestedin in~~ I'm I'mcurious curiousto

toknow know~~ I'd I'dlike liketo tohear hear~~ I'm I'manxious anxiousto toknow know~~ IIshould shouldbe beinterested interestedto toknow know~~ ItItwould wouldbe beinteresting interestingto tohear hear~~ ItItcould couldbe beuseful usefulto

toknow know~~ 1. 6 [4] I'm curious about your recent development of microchip manufacture. I'd like to hear a little more about your design of computer system. I'm anxious to know why you decided to choose this method. It could be useful to know how two types of germanium are used to make a bipolar transistor. 1. 6 [5] About About~~ As Asfor for~~ Now Nowfor for~~ Regarding Regarding~~ Concerning Concerning~~ Talking Talkingof of~~

Speaking Speakingof of~~ With Withregard regardto to~~ With Withrespect respectto to~~ With Withreference referenceto to~~ 1. 6 [5] As for your new observation, I'd like to make two comments. Regarding the control system, I want to make some remarks. Talking of your recent development, I'd like to ask you to document that. With respect to your final conclusion, I think that it's just an assumption. 1. 6 [6] What

Whatare areyour yourviews viewson on~~ What Whatare areyour yourfeelings feelingsabout about~~ What's What'syour youropinion opinionabout about ~~ What's ?? What'syour yourreaction reactionto to~~ What Whatdo doyou youthink thinkabout about~~

How Howdo doyou youfeel feelabout about~~ How Howdo doyou yousee see~~ 1. 6 [6] What are your views on the system of class formed according to degree of advancement? What are your feelings about the education of returnee children? What's your opinion about nuclear fuel reprocessing plant? What's your reaction to the wage negotiation if the union wins a 7 % raise? 2. 17 [1] the thecause causeof of the

thereason reasonof of the therationale rationalefor for Whats ~~?? Whats responsible responsiblefor for the theground groundfor for the thebasis basisfor for the thejustification justificationfor for What is the cause of the damage? What's your reason for the low resistance? What's the rationale for the frequency fluctuation? What's responsible for the big deviation from the theoretical value?

2. 17 [2] What's What'sthe theaim aimof of What's What'sthe thegoal goalof of What's X? What'sthe theobject objectof of X? What's What'sthe thepurpose purposeof of What's What'syour yourobjective

objectiveof of What Whatother otherpurpose purposedoes doesXXserve? serve? What's the main aim of the Zener diode? What's the final goal of your cancer research? What's the purpose of ELINT? What other purpose does your sophisticated computer system serve? 2. 17 [3] Do Doyou yousee seeany anyrelation relation~? ~? Do Doyou yousee seeany anyrelevance relevance~?

~? Do Doyou yousee seeany anyinterrelationship interrelationship~? ~? Do Doyou youthink thinkthere thereisisany anycorrelation correlation~? ~? Do Doyou youthink thinkthere thereisisany anyconnection connection~? ~? 2. 17 [3] Do you see any relation between a light emitting diode and a laser

diode? Do you see any interrelationship between an inverting amplifier and a noninverting amplifier? Do you think there is any correlation between overprotection and school violence? Do you think there is any connection between transistor-transistor logic (TTL) and complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS)? 2. 17 [4] What's What'sthe thedifference difference Could Couldyou youfind findany anydifference difference between betweenAAand andB? B? Could Couldyou youmake makeaadistinction

distinction How Howdo doyou youdifferentiate differentiate AAfrom fromB? B? How Howdo doyou youdistinguish distinguish 2. 17 [4] What's the difference between casting and molding? Could you find any difference between p-n-p junction and n-p-n junction? Could you make a distinction between an analogue meter and a digital meter? How do you differentiate between half-wave rectification and fullwave rectification? How do you distinguish a step-down transformer from a step-up transformer? 2. 17 [5] What

Whatdoes doesXXconsist consistof? of? What WhatisisXXmade madeup upof? of? What WhatisisXXcomposed composedof? of? What Whatdid didXXoriginally originallyconsist consistof? of? How Howare arethe thecomponents componentsof ofXXformed? formed? What does a hydrogen atom consist of ? How many bits is one byte made up of ?

What is a semiconductor diode composed of ? What did a fire alarm originally consist of ? How are the components of a combination logic circuit formed ? 2. 17 [6] Could Couldyou youtell tellus uswhy why~~?? Would Wouldyou yougive giveus usthe thereason reasonto todo do~~?? I'd I'dlike liketo toask askyou youwhy why~~..

Is Isthere thereany anyreason reasonto tobelieve believethat that~~?? I'd like to ask you why the pH of the solution effects the color of indicators. Is there any reason to believe that lihgt greatly affects free radical reaction? Could you tell us why the weight of the body varies from place to place? 2. 17 [7] What's What'sthe thefunction functionof ofXX?? What Whatfunction functiondoes doesXXperform perform?? What

Whatfunction functiondoes doesXXencompass encompass?? What Whatserved servedas asaastandard standardfor forXX?? When Whenwas wasXXimplemented? implemented? How Howdoes doesXXact actas asYY?? What's the function of a fire alarm composed of a temperature sensor, an electronic switch an an alarm buzzer? What function does the combination logic circuit perform? What functions does a numerical-controlled machine encompass? What served as a standard for the operating system of your computer? 2. 17 [8] What

Whatisisused usedwhen when~~?? What Whatisisused usedin insuch suchaacase case?? Where WhereisisXXused usedafter after~~?? What's What'sXXused usedfor for?? What's What'sone oneapplication applicationof ofXX?? What Whatdoes doesthe themethod methoduse useto

to~~?? What Whatnew newmethod methodwas wasutilized utilized?? Why Whywas wasXXutilized utilized?? What Whatdoes doesyour yourstudy studyuse useto to~~?? 2. 17 [8] What is used when you step down the high voltage in power supplies? What is used normally in such a case? What's the magnetic bubble memory used for? What's one application of super lattice devices? What new method was utilized to measure very weak current? Why was the sensitive multimeter utilized for the measurement? What does your study use to generate high electric power?

2. 17 [9] What's What'sthe thebasic basicelement elementof of What Whatare arethe themain mainelements elementsof of X? X? What's What'son onimportant importantfactor factorin in What Whatfactors factorshave haveled ledto

to What's the basic element of operational amplifiers? What are the main elements of field effective transistors? What's one important factor in the conversion of an analogue signal to a digital signal? What factors have led to the fast response in the TTL logic integrated circuits? 2. 17 [10] What Whatare arethe themerits meritsof of What Whatare arethe thedemerits demeritsof of What's X? What'sthe theadvantage advantageof of

X? What's What'sthe thebenefit benefitof of Is Isthere thereany anydisadvantage disadvantageto todoing doing What are the advantage and disadvantage of neclear reactors which have been commercially used to generate electricity? Is there any disadvantage to using the method of blow molding? What are the merits of electric discharge machining? 2. 17 [11] Do Doyou youhave haveany anyinformation informationon on~~ Have

Haveyou youany anyinformation informationabout about~~ Is Isthere thereany anyinformation informationconcerning concerning~~ IIwonder wonderififyou youcould couldgive giveus ussome someinformation informationabout about~~ IIwonder wonderwhether whetherthere thereisisany anyinformation informationon on~~ Do you have any information on the development of microwave

sensors for pulp and paper industry? Is there any information concerning radio astronomy receivers and infrared remote sensing? I wonder if you could give us some information about the fabrication of very large-scale integration. 2. 17 [12] Can Canyou youexplain explainthis this?? Could Couldyou youhave haveany anyexplanation explanationfor for~~?? Could Couldyou yougive givesome someexplanation explanationof of~~?? Would

Wouldyou youenlighten enlightenus uson on~~?? How Howdo doyou youaccount accountfor for~~?? IIwonder wonderififyou youcould couldexplain explain~~?? IIwonder wonderififyou youwould wouldclarify clarify~~?? 2. 17 [12] Can you explain details of the peripheral equipments of your computer? Could you have any explanation for the electrical isolation which you achieved under the difficult condition?

Could you give some clear explanation of the peculiar phenomena which you got in the experiment? How do you account for the rapid increase of the temperature? I wonder if you could explain the noticeable decline of the voltage? I wonder if you would clarify the fluctuating performance of the pressure at the end of the experiment? 2. 17 [13] What Whatdoes doesXXmean? mean? What Whatdoes doesXXimply? imply? What Whatdoes doesXXexpress? express? What Whatdoes doesXXstand standfor? for? What Whatisismeant

meantby byX? X? What does the space colony mean? What does the phased-array antenna imply? What does CVD express? What does APD represent? What does FORTRAN stand for? 2. 17 [14] What Whatdetermines determinesXX?? What Whatdoes doesYYdetermine determine?? How HowisisXXdetermined determined?? What Whatdetermines determineswhether whether~~?? What determines the high speed operation? What does the slow reaction determine? How is the output voltage determine?

2. 17 [15] What Whatprocess processdoes doesXXimprove improve?? What Whatimprovement improvementdoes doesXXbring bringabout about?? What Whatisisfound foundto toimprove improveYY?? What Whatrequirement requirementmust mustbe beconsidered? considered? What process does the short-wavelength laser improve in the microchip manufacture? What was found to have improved the date communication networks?

What requirement must be considered essentially to produce a reliable system? What improvement does the recent automation bring about?` 2. 17 [16] How Howwas wasXXaccomplished accomplished?? How Howwas wasXXcarried carriedout out?? Where Wherewas wasXXachieved achieved?? What Whatwas wasthe theapproach approachto toXX?? What Whatcould couldXXbecome

become?? At Atwhat whatpoint pointdid didXXreach reachaapeak peak?? How was the efficient method accomplished? How was the high temperature operation carried out? What was the approach to the easy installation of the software? At what point did the pressure reach a peak? 2. 17 [17] What Whatfactors factorsaffect affectXX?? How Howdoes doesXXeffect effectYY?? How Howhas hasXXinfluenced influencedYY?? How does the presence of hydrogen effect the electromotive force in

the electric cell? What factors affect the conversion efficiency from heat to electricity? 3. 6 [1] Sure Sure(Surely). (Surely). Certainly. Certainly. Yes, Yes,I'd I'dbe bedelighted delightedto. to. I'll I'llrespond respondto tothat thatquestion questionbriefly. briefly. My Myanswer answerto tothat thatquestion

questionisisthat that~~.. The Theanswer answerto tothe thesecond secondquestion questionisisthat that~~.. I'd I'dlike liketo toanswer answerthat thatquestion. question. 3. 6 [1] Certainly. Well, as you know, that causes a lot of problems. Yes, I'd be delighted to. The situation now is very difficult. We must consider what processes improve it. I'll respond to that question briefly. Let's go back to the third slide. My answer to that question is that the development of robots causes a lot of unemployment. I'd like to answer that question first. We are going to use a supercomputer in order to shorten the calculation time.

3. 6 [2] aagood good aabig big an animportant important Thats Thats an anexcellent excellent question. question. aadifficult difficult aahard hard aacomplicated complicated I'm I'mglad gladyou youasked askedthis thisquestion. question.

IIappreciate appreciatethat thatquestion, question,because because~~ 3. 6 [2] That's a good question. It's hard to answer that question exactly because a lot of parameters are unknown. That's a big question. Not my knowledge. That's an important question, because the problem has not been sloved yet. That's a complicated question. I'm sorry that I can't answer that. I appreciate that question, because that's what we struggled to have solved. 3. 6 [3] The Thepoint point The Thepoint pointI'm I'mtrying tryingto tomake

make IIthink thinkwhat whatIImean mean IIsuppose supposewhat whatI'm I'msaying saying What WhatIImean mean What WhatI'm I'msaying saying What WhatI'm I'mtrying tryingto tosay say All AllIImean mean All AllI'm

I'mtrying tryingto tosay say isisthat that~~.. 3. 6 [3] Well, what I am trying to say is that the program language of C is very useful to develop an operating system. The point I'm trying to make is that insulators offer very high resistance to the passage of an electic current so that the present current flow is negligible. I think what I mean is that the efficiency of all machines is never greater than 100 %. What I'm saying is that even the small voltage at the transistor turns the transistor fully ON, and as a result, the output voltage will be HIGH. All I mean is that information must first be represented in a digital form before it is transmitted. 3. 6 [4] I'm I'min incomplete

completeagreement. agreement. IIquite quiteagree. agree. IIcouldn't couldn'tagree agreemore. more. IItake takeyour yourpoint. point. I'd I'dgo goalong alongwith withyou youon onthat. that. IIthink thinkyou're you'reright rightthere. there. That's That'strue.

true. That's That'sright. right. 3. 6 [4] With regard to your interpretation of the strange phenomena, I'm in complete agreement with you. I quite agree with you. However, another problem arises gradually in that case. I couldn't agree more. That's quite correct. Exactly! That't what I'm saying. 3. 6 [5] That's That'sout outof ofquestion. question. That's That'sridiculous. ridiculous. That's That'snot nothow howIIsee

seeit. it. IIdisagree disagreecompletely. completely. IIwouldn't wouldn'tagree. agree. IIwouldn't wouldn'tsay saythat. that. IIthink thinkyou're you'rewrong. wrong. IIdisagree. disagree. 3. 6 [5] That's out of question. It's easy to understand that binary coded decimal is very useful when large number need to be represented in binary in electronic systems. That's ridiculous! I can't stand on that. I disagree completely. Because this value varies slightly from place to place. I wouldn't agree with you there. You see the whole point is that we

must measure the precise volume. 3. 6 [6] I'd I'dagree agreeup upto toaapoint, point,but but IIsee seeyour yourpoint, point,but but IItake takeyour yourpoint, point,but but IIsuppose supposeyou're you'reright, right,but but IIaccept acceptwhat

whatyou yousay, say,but but That Thatmay maywell wellbe, be,but but That Thatisistrue, true,but but Possibly, Possibly,but but Maybe Maybeso, so,but but 3. 6 [6] I'd agree with you to a certatin extent, but I still feel it could be very interesting. I take your point, but, you see, the spark discharges occur at frequencies ranging from 500 to 10, 000 pulses per second.

I accept what you say, but wouldn't you agree that enzymes work with optimum effects at a particular temperature and pH. Maybe so, but surely you must admit that enzymes will effect only one reaction. Thank you very much indeed for your kind atttention. Have a nice weekend!

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