Day 2 Chapter 2

Day 2 Chapter 2

Lesson Plan For Day Two Power point presentation 30 min Video AAA- signs, signals, etc. 20 min Quiz- Signs Etc 10 min Correct 10 min H/O- Signs 10 min Correct H/O 10 min Day 2

Chapter 2 Objectives 1- State the meaning of the eight shapes and eight colors used for traffic signs 2-Describe the actions to take at Stop, Yield, and Speed limit signs 3-Explain how guide signs and international signs help you when driving 4-Explain what to do at a green light, a yellow light, and a red light 5-Describe the action to take when you approach a flashing red signal or a flashing yellow signal 6-Describe the actions to take with pedestrian signals and traffic control officers

signals. 7- Describe the difference between broken yellow lines and broken white lines 8-Explain the differences between a shared left-turn lane and a left-turn lane. Traffic signs serve many purposes, each traffic sign has a specific shape and color. Each sign shape and color

has a special meaning. By knowing the meanings of these shapes and colors, you can get valuable information form a sign. Regulatory Signs (Control movement and flow of traffic)

Regulatory signs tell you about laws that you must obey. The most important signs, Stop and Yield, have unique shapes. All other regulatory signs are either white squares or rectangles with red or black lettering. Warning Signs (Usually Diamond Shaped) Warning signs alerts you to possible hazards

and road conditions. Stop Signs Always come to a full stop at a Stop sign. Once stopped, you must yield the right of way to pedestrians or other vehicles in or approaching the intersection. At some intersections, Stop signs are posted at all four corners. Each stop sign might include a small sign that says

4 way or All Ways follow these steps at a 4-way stop. 1- The driver who stopped first should be allowed to go first. 2-When vehicles stop to the right or left or each other at the same time, the driver on the left should yield to the driver on the right 3-When stopped across the intersection facing oncoming traffic, the driver going straight should be allowed to proceed. A driver turning left should wait. 4-show your intention to proceed by moving forward slowly before

entering the intersection. 5-Check for traffic ahead and to the sides before entering the intersection. Yield Signs Always slow or stop, and five the right of way to traffic when approaching a red and white triangular yield sign. Slowing enough ahead of time can often permit you to proceed

without completely stopping. Speed Limit Signs Speed limit signs are used to manage traffic flow at safe speeds. When traffic, roadway, or weather conditions are not ideal, you must obey the Basic Speed Law. This law states that you many not drive faster than is

safe and prudent for existing conditions, regardless of posted speed limits. Minimum speed limit is set on some roadway ways to keep traffic moving safely. Advisory speed limits are set for special conditions such as sharp curves. In some areas, special speed limits are set for different times of the day. For example, school zones have special speed

limits when children are present or during school hours. Night driving speed limits may be lower than daylight limits. Other Regulatory Signs such as those shown on the charts on the wall are used to Direct traffic to turn or go straight Direct one-way traffic Control parking and passing

Warning Signs A warning sign can help you avoid surprise situations. Most warning signs are diamondshaped. Warning signs have black symbols or lettering on a yellow background. School Signs Two signs are used in school zones. A school zone is portions or a street or highway near a school that is subject to special speed limits.

School Zone: School Crossing: Constructions Signs An orange sign, in a diamond or rectangular shape, alerts you to construction zones. Orange, triangular warning signs might be used on a construction vehicle to warn that

the vehicle is slow-moving. Railroad Signs A round, yellow sign with a blackX and two Rs warns of a railroad crossing ahead. This sign is posted about 250 feet before a railroad crossing in an urban area. Guide Signs

A guide sign provides a variety of information. Guide signs mark routes, intersections, service areas, and other points of interest or information. Route Signs Local, state, U.S., and interstate routes are posted with route signs.

Interstate route signs are red, white, and blue shields. Traffic lights, arrows, flashing signals, lane signals, and pedestrian signals are used to help traffic flow smoothly. Each of these devices is a traffic signal. All traffic signals have specific colors. Red means stop. Yellow means caution: be ready to stop. Green

means go: proceed if the way is clear and safe. Traffic Lights Various combinations of traffic lights can be place at intersections to control traffic. Remember the following types of lights so you will be familiar with

them while driving Green Light Proceed only if the intersection is clear. When approaching a green light, check traffic to the left, front, and right before entering the intersection. When approaching a light that has been green for some time, be prepared for the light to turn yellow. The green light will be mounted at the

bottom or to the right on the traffic signal. Yellow Light Make ever effort to stop safely for a yellow light. Sometimes you might be too close to stop safely when a yellow light appears. You then will have to proceed with caution. The yellow light will appear in the center on the traffic signal.

Red Light You must come to a complete stop. Stop behind the stop line, crosswalk, or before entering the intersection if no stop lines are used. Remember you can make a right turn on red light if you come to a complete stop and look for the intersection to be clear, remember to look for cross traffic.

Flashing Signals A flashing signal alerts drivers to dangerous conditions or tells them to stop. Flashing Red: come to complete stop and treat like a four way intersection Flashing Yellow: slow down, be prepared to stop if necessary. Roadway Marking

Roadway marking gives you a warning or direction. These markings are usually lines, words, or arrows painted yellow or white on the roadway. Sometimes special marking are used on curbs and other surfaces. Yellow Line Marking A broken yellow line separates two way traffic. It also means a driver may pass only when no traffic is coming

from the opposite direction. A solid yellow line on the drivers side of the center line indicates that passing is not allowed. Turning left across a solid yellow line into a driveway or alley is allowed after yielding to oncoming traffic. White Line Markings Broken white lines separate lanes of traffic that are moving in the same direction. You may cross these broken white lines when changing lanes.

Solid white lines indicate that you should not cross them. White arrows are painted in lanes to tell you when and where to turn. If you are in a lane with an arrow and the word ONLY, you must continue In the direction of the arrow. Solid white lines are also used to mark pedestrian crosswalks and stop lines. A special white marking on the roadway is used to show you where an exit ramp starts.

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