Declinatio Tertia

Declinatio Tertia

DECLINATI O TERTIA Third declension All genders Nominativus singularis different endings Genetivus singularis ending -is

Dictionary form Consists of three components: form of Nominativus singularis; ending of Genetivus singularis -is with the part of stem, which is changed (if necessary) or the form of Genetivus singularis: canlis, is m canal;

rego, nis f region; os, ossis n bone Masculine nouns of the 3rd declension The masculine nouns of the 3rd declension used in anatomical nomenclature

The masculine nouns of the 3rd declension used in anatomical nomenclature Feminine nouns of the 3rd declension The feminine nouns of the 3rd declension used in anatomical nomenclature

The feminine nouns of the 3rd declension used in anatomical nomenclature Neutral nouns of the 3rd declension The neutral nouns of the 3rd declension used in anatomical nomenclature

The neutral nouns of the 3rd declension used in anatomical nomenclature Types of nouns of the 3rd declension 1) Consonant group (classis consonans)

2) Vowel group (classis vocalis) 3) Mixed group (classis mixta) Parisyllaba and imparisyllaba third declension nouns parisyllaba nouns that have equal number of syllables in Nominative singular and Genitive

singular, such as: auris, is f ear cutis, is f skin imparisyllaba nouns that have one more syllable in Genitive singular than in Nominative singular:

corpus, ris n body caput, tis n head Consonant group nouns with different number of syllables in Nom. and Gen. Sing.; and with one consonant in the end of the stem: cavitas,-atis f Sg. Pl.

N. different N. -es(m,f) -a(n) G. -is G. -um D. -i D. -bus

Acc. -em (m,f) Acc. -es(m,f) =N (n) -a(n) Abl. -e Abl. -bus Examples of declension Vowel group

nouns of neutral with endings in Nom.Sg. -e, -al, -ar; in Gen.Sg. -is, -alis, -aris: mare,is n animal,alis n exemplar,aris n Sg. Pl. N. different N. -ia G.

-is G. -ium D. -i D. -bus Acc. =N (n) Acc. -ia Abl. -i Abl. -bus

Examples of declension Mixed group nouns with the same number of syllables in Nom. and Gen. Sg.: pubes, is f nouns with two consonants in the end of the stem: pars, partis f

Sg. Pl. N. different N. -es(m,f) -a(n) G. -is G. -ium D. -i D.

-bus Acc. -em (m,f) Acc. -es(m,f) =N (n) -a(n) Abl. -e Abl. -bus Examples of declension The endings

of the 3rd declension nouns Singularis Casus m,f n Pluralis

m, f n -es -a (-ia) Nom.

Various Gen. -is -um (-ium)

Dat. -i -bus Acc. Abl.

-em = Nom -e (-i) -es -a (-ia) -bus

The peculiarities of the 3rd declension nouns vas, vasis n vessel Greek borrowings with the ending -ma Feminine nouns

with the ending -sis The nouns with the ending -sis used in anatomical nomenclature LATIN MUSCLE NAMES The Latin muscle names are composed of two elements: 1)

the noun musclus muscle 2) a masculine noun ending in -or (ris) or -er (-ris). musclus flexor flexor (muscle) LATIN MUSCLE NAMES NB!!! In the Latin Anatomical Nomenclature all the muscle names are masculine third declension nouns ending in:

-or, ris m (e.g.: rottor, ris m); -er, ris m (e.g.: masster, ris m). Names of muscles The Latin muscle names are usually translated into English without a word muscle. Most of the muscle names are not translated but transliterated, i.e. reproduced with the Latin letters: Musclus

Musclus Musclus Musclus Musclus Musclus Musclus masster chewer

constrictor constrictor (muscle) prontor pronator (muscle) depressor depressor (muscle) levtor elevator (muscle) rottor rotator (muscle) tensor tensor (muscle) Word order

in the Latin muscle names 1) word musclus in Nominative; 2) name of the muscle a masculine noun in Nominative ending in -or (-ris) or -er (-ris). 3) any other noun is in Genitive; 4) adjectives are placed at the end of the term: Musculus constrictor pharyngis inferior - Inferior

constrictor Musculus constrictor pharyngis medius - Middle constrictor Musculus abductor digiti minimi - Abductor digiti minimi Exercises Agree adjective with noun: artuculatio,

onis f (compositus, a, um) auris, is f (medius, a, um) os, ossis n (sacer, cra, crum) caput, itis n (obliquus, a, um) crus, cruris n (longus, a, um) foramen, inis n (venosus, a, um) impressio, onis f (gastricus, a, um) tendo, inis m (calcaneus, a, um)

pulmo, onis m (dexter, tra, trum) Exercises Find the stem of nouns; determine the type declining of the nouns abdomen, inis n animal, alis n

apex, icis m articulatio, onis f axis, is m basis, is f bilis, is f calcar, aris n calx, calcis f cervix, icis f coccyx, igis m

cochlear, aris n cor, cordis n cortex, icis m dens, dentis m foramen, inis n glomus, eris n hepar, atis n impressio, onis f junctio, onis f lac, lactis n larynx, ngis m

lens, lentis f occiput, itis n os, oris n pecten, inis m pectus, oris n pelvis, is f pes, pedis m phalanx, ngis f pons, pontis m pulmo, onis m

radix, icis f regio, onis f ren, renis m sanguis, inis m systema, atis n tendo, inis m ureter, eris m tuberositas, atis f vomer, eris m

Exercises Define the group of the following nouns Exercises Decline Exercises

Define the number Exercises Transform the number Exercises Transform the number Exercises

Add endings to the following terms Exercises Add endings to the following terms Exercises Combine the terms according to

the scheme SnSg

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