Diseases Caused by Bacteria and Viruses

Diseases Caused by Bacteria and Viruses

Diseases Caused by Bacteria and Viruses Section 19-3 This section describes bacterial and viral diseases. Bacterial Disease in Humans

What are pathogens? They are disease-causing agents. Bacterial Disease in Humans What are the two general ways that

bacteria cause disease? Some damage the tissues of the infected organism directly by breaking them down for food. Others release toxins that harm the body. Bacterial Disease in

Humans What kind of tissue do the bacteria that cause tuberculosis break down? They break down lung tissue. Bacterial Disease in Humans

What are antibiotics? They are compounds that block the growth and reproduction of bacteria. Bacterial Disease in Humans

What is one of the major reasons for the dramatic increase in life expectancy during the past two centuries? There is an increased understanding of how to prevent and cure bacterial infections. Controlling Bacteria

What is sterilization? It is a way of destroying all bacteria by subjecting them to great heat. Controlling Bacteria A chemical solution that kills pathogenic bacteria is called a(an) _____.

disinfectant Controlling Bacteria Why will food stored at low temperatures keep longer? The bacteria in the food will

take much longer to multiply. Controlling Bacteria How can food be preserved through canning? This method involves heating food to a high temperature and then immediately placing it into sterile

glass jars or metal cans and sealing the container. Controlling Bacteria What everyday chemicals can be used to inhibit the growth of bacteria in food? They include salt, vinegar, and sugar.

Viral Disease in Humans What are some human diseases that viruses cause? Viruses cause polio, measles, aids, mumps, influenza, yellow fever, smallpox, the common cold, and many other diseases.

Bacteria and Viruses Viral Disease in Animals Cancer-causing viruses are known as_____. oncogenic viruses Bacteria and Viruses

Viroids and Prions A disease-causing particle that contains only protein and not DNA or RNA is called a(an)_____. prion WordWise

What is the viral DNA that is embedded in a hosts DNA? prophage BACTERIA AND VIRUSES What is a rod-shaped bacterium?

bacillus BACTERIA AND VIRUSES What is a compound that blocks the growth and reproduction of bacteria? antibiotic

BACTERIA AND VIRUSES What is a virus that infects bacteria? bacteriophag e BACTERIA AND VIRUSES What is a prokaryote that can capture

sunlight for energy but also needs organic compounds for nutrition? photoheterotrop h BACTERIA AND VIRUSES What is the exchange of genetic

information that occurs from one bacterium to another through a hollow bridge? conjugation BACTERIA AND VIRUSES What is a virus that contains RNA as its

genetic information? retrovirus BACTERIA AND VIRUSES What is the process in which nitrogen is converted into a form plants can use?

nitrogen fixation BACTERIA AND VIRUSES Hidden Word:

pathogen A disease-causing agent Definition:

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