Do Now - 2/9 & 2/10

Do Now - 2/9 & 2/10

Do Now 2/9 & 2/10 Summarize the power of the Catholic Church, and in particular the Pope, during the Middle Ages. What role does he (or the Church) play in medieval life? HW: Video Lesson

4.8 - Crusades Do Now (10 min) Intro to Crusades & Map Analysis (30 min) Pope Urban IIs Speech (35 min) the Day:(5 min)

Word ExitofTicket crusade (n): a holy war fought for religious reasons Our Goals Objectives SWBAT analyze a primary source in

order to identify the causes and predict the effects of the Crusades. Essential Questions What were the Crusades, and why were they fought?

Based on where the Crusades were fought, what could be some possible outcomes? East-West Schism East-West Schism: (1054) Byzantine Eastern Orthodox Christians were unwilling to

accept the popes claim that he was the sole head of the church Pope Leo IX of the West & Patriarch Michael Cerularius of the Byzantine empire excommunicate (kick out) each other leads to a permanent split in Christian

church Patriarch: title given to the E. Orthodox leader Arabs & Turks Meanwhile, in the Islamic Empire the Abbasid caliphate (think Golden Age) is disintegrating (falling apart) Fatimids: Shiite group that conquered Egypt & ultimately became more powerful than Baghdad (Abbasid capital)

Arabs & Turks Fatimids practiced religious toleration & created a strong army by using mercenaries (professional soldiers) from the Seljuk Turks Seljuk Turks: nomadic

central Asian group, converts to Islam; viewed as ruthless warriors but effective leaders Turkish Sultan: holder of power; becomes source of military & political power in region

Map Analysis As we look at the following maps, try to find the answers to the following questions: 1. Why did the Crusades begin? 2. Who started the Crusades? 3. What was the ultimate goal of the Crusades?

Pope Urban IIs Speech Goal: Many people summarize the Crusades as wars fought between Christians & Muslims for control of Jerusalem. But, is this truly an accurate summary of the causes of war? Task: Complete each of the checkpoints for Pope Urban IIs speech in the established timeframe. Exit Ticket

Is Pope Urban II justified in his reasoning for initiating the Crusades? Justified: warranted, reasonable, right HANDING IN TODAY: Pope Urban IIs Speech Analysis HW: Video Lesson 4.8 - Crusades

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