Applying Risk, Need, Responsivity & Fidelity Principles with Correctional Clients Bridget Letnes, Facilities Reentry Manager Contributing to a Safer Minnesota | Contributing to a Safer Minnesota Reduce recidivism by promoting offender change through proven strategies during safe and secure incarceration and effective community supervision Eight Guiding Principles of Evidence-Based Practices

Contributing to a Safer Minnesota | Review of the Principles of Effective Intervention RISK NEED WHO WHAT Deliver more intense

interventions to higher risk participants RESPONSIVITY FIDELITY HOW HOW WELL Use CB Target approaches criminogenic Match mode/ needs to

style of reduce risk for service to recidivism participant Deliver services as designed Why The Principles of Effective Intervention? Put Research into Practice Organize Our Resources

Understand Dosage Focus on the Individual Reduce Risky Thinking and Behaviors Contributing to a Safer Minnesota | The Risk Principle Risk tells us who to target Determine risk level through validated risk tool Most tools categorize offenders into low, moderate, or high risk for reoffending Match risk level to appropriate interventions and supervision level Remember: its the risk of reoffending not the

severity of the crime The Need Principle Need tells us what to target Interventions and programs should target criminogenic factors Criminogenic factors are those highly correlated with recidivism Criminogenic factors are dynamic or changeable Criminogenic Need Factors Primary

Secondary Criminal History Education / Employment Attitudes, values, beliefs Family Peer associations Substance abuse

Personality Leisure / Recreation Need factors Antisocial/procriminal attitudes, values, beliefs & cognitive emotional states Familial factors that include criminality Procriminal associates & isolation

from anticriminal others Low levels of personal, educational, vocational, or financial achievement Temperamental and antisocial personality patterns conducive to criminal activity Low levels of involvement in prosocial leisure activities A history of antisocial behavior

Substance abuse Iceberg Model Contributing to a Safer Minnesota | The population were serving is not considered high risk because they have one need factor, but rather because they have

MULTIPLE factors Non-Criminogenic Examples Mental Health Trauma Poverty Physical Conditioning Self-Esteem Homelessness Recidivism impacts from targeting multiple criminogenic needs 60%

More criminogenic than noncriminogenic needs 0.51 50% 40% 0.32 30% 0.25 0.22 0.19 20%

0.14 More noncriminogenic than criminogenic needs 10% 0% 0 0 -0.05

-10% 13 -0.07 -20% 6 5 4 3

2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 (Andrews, Dowden, & Gendreau, 1999; Dowden,

1998) The Need Principle: Results from meta analyses Gendreau, P., French, S., & Taylor, A. (2002). What Works (What Doesnt Work) Revised 2002. Invited Submission to the International Community Corrections Association Monograph Series Project Level of Service/Case Management Inventory What is the LS/CMI? A paper and pencil assessment conducted by trained professionals to account for criminogenic needs of offenders. 43 items on the assessment. 0-4 Very Low

5-10 Low Medium 11-19 High 20-29 Very High 30+ Although designed and validated on a wide range of populations, it has not been validated on the MN prisoner population. Contributing to a Safer Minnesota | What would you target? Sally Seekingchange 35 years old Homicide Life sentence

No documented mental health concerns and no past suicidal or self-injurious behavior *Low Risk* Contributing to a Safer Minnesota | What would you target? Contributing to a Safer Minnesota | Table and Large Group Discussion Discuss one thing you learned today Discuss how you/your organization currently

addresses criminogenic needs/factors in services for correctional clients. What is one way you/your organization could/will use the needs principle after today Contributing to a Safer Minnesota | Thank you! Bridget Letnes [email protected] 651-361-7241 Contributing to a Safer Minnesota |

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