Early Roman Military - Crestwood Middle School

Early Roman Military - Crestwood Middle School

Early Roman Military Hastati Velites Triarii Principes The First Punic War 264-241 BC

Hamilcar Barca VS. Gaius Dullius and Gaius Catulus First appearance of the corvus in naval combat Key to Roman naval success Photo courtesy of

http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-mediumlarge/first-punic-war-battle-granger.jpg The Second Punic War 219- 201 BC Hannibal Barca VS. Publius Scipio The Romans lost battles at Trebia, Lake Trasimine, and Cannae

Finally achieved victory at Zama under Scipio Photo Courtesy of http://webs.bcp.org/sites/lwest/hannibal_Ele phants.jpg Photo courtesy of http://www.ancient.eu/uploads/images/553.gif The Third Punic War

149- 146 BC Photo Courtesy ofhttp://www.meodia.com/wpcontent/uploads/2012/10/27348tr oubleInParadise.jpg Haasdrubal Boetharch VS. Scipio the Younger Cato the Elder roused Rome to destroy Carthage After a 2 year siege, the Romans destroyed Carthage and sold the survivors into slavery

The Roman Military After Marius- 107 BC The Roman military was broken down into units, much like modern militaries Legions Cohorts Centuries Each level was run by a commanding officer

A Legatus legionis commanded a Legion of roughly 5,400 men Equivalent to a modern General, and served as a regional Governor Photo courtesy of http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ ac/Testudo_formation.jpg Similar to the current structure of the

American military, the Roman legions were broken down into smaller units, and some officers served as both military and civilian leaders similar to our state Governors. The military relied on heavy infantry, but was supported by archers, cavalry, chariots and light auxiliary troops.

The versatility and excellent training of the Roman military created one of the most effective fighting forces in history, and was crucial to the expansion of the Republic and the Empire. Photo courtesy of http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/04/Roman

_cavalry_reenactment_Carnuntum_2008_06.jpg Photo courtesy of http://roadchimp.files.wordpress.com/2013/01/legion.jpeg Photos courtesy of http://www.legionxxiv.org/catapulta Why it matters The strict discipline and versatile structure of the Roman Legion allowed the Romans to create the largest continuous Empire the

world had ever seen This led to a booming market economy with international trade possible on a scale comparable to modern markets

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