Economic Goal 3: External Stability - Weebly

Economic Goal 3: External Stability - Weebly

Economic Goal : External Stability Goal of External Stability Definition of Goal: The Australian governments goal of external stability is defined as the desirable situation where

Australia is living within its means and able to pay its way in its international transactions, without the burden of these overseas payments causing severe problems that could reduce our living standards. Measuring External Stability Three

indicators can be used to gauge how well Australia is performing in relation to this goal: 1. The size of the current account deficit (CAD) should not be too large. CAD:GDP should be between 3 4 %. 2. The exchange rate should be reasonably stable to protect our purchasing power. Unwanted fluctuations in its value (as measured by the Trade Weight Index, TWI) should be avoided.

3. The Net Foreign Debt (NFD) and associated repayments should not be too high. The NFD:GDP should be below 40%. Balance of Payments The balance of payments account is an annual statistical record of the money

value of both current, and capital and financial transactions between Australia and the rest of the world. Money received by Australians is recorded as a credit Money paid by us to overseas countries is recorded as a debit. The Exchange Rate

There are two measures of the Exchange rate Individual Exchange Rate: the value of one nations currency in relation to another

is determined by the market forces of supply and demand for the currency. Eg. $Aust/$US, $Aust/ Yen The Exchange Rate Trade Weighted Index: the average value of the Australian dollar against a basket of

foreign currencies of Australias trading partners, weighted according to their relative trading importance with Australia. The statistic we use to measure the general trend in the exchange rate is the Trade Weighted Index (TWI)

Net Foreign Debt Net Foreign Debt (NFD): is the difference in the value between what Australian households, businesses and governments have borrowed from and owes overseas minus what Australia has lent or invested

abroad. Two types of borrowings: Public sector or official government borrowing Private sector or non-official borrowing

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