EECS Diversity Data 12/08

EECS Diversity Data 12/08

Internet Outreach to Prospectives Univ of Washington http://www.cs.washington.edu/WhyCSE Berkeley ME on YouTube Dean Dennis Lieu http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=SfjqWMPjYcQ Undergraduate Women in EECS The Numbers External Input Opportunities and Resources February 9, 2009 Sheila Humphreys, Ph.D. EECS Director of Diversity NCWIT collects data on female participation in computing from several sources. Figure 1 above shows that in 2008, females who indicate an intention to major in computing increased by one percent

(N>300,000 students). UC Berkeleys female applicant pool is slightly smaller each year than the percentage of girls intending to major in CS based on SAT scores. Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences and L&S Computer Science Female Student Census 1993-2008 35% 30% 25% 20% EECS UG % Female EECS GR % Female LS CS UG % Female

15% 10% 5% 0% Fall 1993 Fall 1994 Fall 1995 Fall 1996

Fall 1997 Fall 1998 Fall 1999 Fall 2000 Fall 2001 Fall 2002 Fall 2003

Fall 2004 Fall 2005 Fall 2006 Fall 2007 Fall 2008 All EECS UG Degrees, Percentages 100.0% 90.0% 80.0%

70.0% 60.0% Men,% 50.0% Women,% 40.0% 30.0% 20.0% 10.0% 0.0% 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06

2006-07 2007-08 Retention of EECS Women 20022004 Retention of women about the same as for men. Entry Women 2002 2003 % Graduated All 94% 81 % Median GPA 2005-7 women 3.1 men

3.3 89% 82% Enrollment Comparisons MIT CMU EECS CS ECE UW CS Harvard CS Stanford CS

EE UCLA CS CSE 28% Women 18% 16% 22% 17% 12% 18% 10% 9% UCB EECS Undergraduate Admissions 2008 EECS

Applied Admit (rate) Enroll Total 2161 447 (21%) 228 (51%) Women 314 74 (24%) 33 (45%) Women=15% of freshman class. URM 315 Source: College of Eng. 08 26 (8%)

4 (15%) EECS Adv. Board Challenges Can EECS increase yield of admitted women from 45% to 80% (eg Cal Tech) Can EECS match other COE depts% of women enrolled? EECS Advisory Board Recommendations You will need to get out of your comfort zone to change the department; it will be awkward and requires (faculty) leadership. Community matters; leverage the low numbers through 1-1 relationships/faculty Climate: student to student interaction very important: paintball vs. evening of theater NCWIT Recommendations Recruitment

Track enrollment data with faculty EECS is passive in HS recruitment Go after Undeclared Students Survey students as they enter major Generate hypotheses about decline NCWIT: Lower div. Curriculum Top recommendation: Clone Dan Garcia Promote lab-centric approach of CS 61B and 61C Evaluate lab-centric courses: persistence in CS, gender, as well as student achievement Reform & market Intro CS Opportunities for EECS Create presence on YouTube to reach HS Recruit newly admitted women even more vigorously March 30-May 1 Engage faculty (even more) in contacting

them Leverage ugrad involvement in recruiting Assign Big Sisters earlier, at admission Opportunities, cont. Increase research engagement Gamescrafters model: lower div ok. Intel Ugrad Research Program very effective for grad school admission 1/06-109 41 women participants out of 47- 2006-2009: 85% to graduate school SUPERB CS REU: 50% women but Discussion

Joe Hellerstein: We should be leading, developing strategies that others will want to us not fixing up our own Cal Day. Babak: We can be more active recruiting undeclared students. At MIT, decision is deferred. If we recruit them, we need to be flexible about point of entry to CS major Jeff: We can recruit from among undeclared students in the College. Dan: in early process of new CS0: Intro to Computing Linking CS to other fields, as the bio + CS shown in UW video Christos: we can link to UW web with attribution Ruzena: We need to hire more women to be role models. Brian: decline in our CS figures tracks national decline in interest. Dave P.: Taking on the teaching of hs CS is too big a project: focus on students already on our campus. There are enough to focus on.

Recruit not just L&S but COE undeclared students Change the name of computing to: Engergy Health and Information Technology in the interest of Society Fiona: Find ways to integrate relevant research themes into how we present ourselves to young women. Vel: women used to be limited in professions: more math majors then, to be teachers and now.? Paul H: factors that lower our yield are important: size of campus, classes, safety. Utilize peer testimonials more in recruitment; increase student-tostudent interaction Take a strategic rather than tactical approach Cast a wide net with broader intro courses

EECS Womens Community BIG Sister Program for freshmen/transfers AWE ugrad women meets weekly AWE reports at annual Faculty Retreat Mentoring by speakers,grads : WICSE/AWE lunch 1/month IEEE: woman president &11/37 officers Visitors: Fran Allen, Teresa Meng, Estrin, Landau, etc EECS Diversity Programs with external funds

CISCO Scholarships ($40-60k) Intel Undergrad Research Program $5060k NSF REU SUPERB-Computer Science in the Interests of Society $70k/year NSF Empowering Leadership Alliance Ruzena Bajcsy) $45k/year) Lessons from MIT EECS is PROACTIVE at PreFrosh level; women are courted Discover EECS Freshman Pre-orientation Program a week early: encourage women especially to attend--only 45 of whom half are women

Introductory course very effective Course VI recruits students freshman year SUMMER Program: 35-40 women students for one month; half are admitted Distribution in EECS Options Comnet 112

Elec 142 CS 180 CSE 80 General 378 Double 9 Minors 5 CS L& S= 112 Lessons from UW CS Freshmen identify influential high school teachers: annual dinner with faculty and students invited to annual dinner with students: Love-fest Reliance on specific faculty(Lazowska) for Intro

CS courses Recruit strong students from intro CS courses Make pre-CS majors part of the community early Lessons from CMU Admissions done by CS not campus Expanded criteria for admission (Blum) Active student recruiters Supportive culture BFOIT encourages girls and underrepresented minorities to consider IT majors and fields, by sponsoring middle and high school computer science and engineering campsScience for Youth (SCI-FY) and the Summer Institute for Future Computer Scientists and Engineers.

BFOIT started working with 25 students for one week, in 1999. This is the 10 th year and BFOIT/SCI-FY has served over 425 students, many for 4 years, and works with and average of 63 students per year, all year. Our students work with Alice, Scratch, LEGO Mindstorms, LOGO/jLOGO, TurtleGraphics, and Java. Over 9 years, BFOIT/SCI-FY has secured over $300,000 in small grants, from Sun Microsystems, Microsoft, HP, numerous private donations and especially the S.D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation. BFOIT has also supported WiSE scholarships, Sun scholarships, Kaplan and Princeton Review SAT prep and private college coaching, and co-sponsored with COE a couple of Recruitment Days. Ethnic Minority Enrollment

Dept. of Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences and L&S Computer Science Enrolled Underrepresented Ethnic Minority Student Census, Fall Semesters 10% 9% 8% 7% 6% EECS UG % UREM 5% EECS GR % UREM 4% LSCS UG % UREM

3% 2% 1% 0% Fall 1993 Fall 1994 Fall 1995 Fall 1996 Fall 1997 Fall

1998 Fall 1999 Fall 2000 Fall 2001 Fall 2002 Fall 2003 Fall 2004

Fall 2005 Fall 2006 Fall 2007 Fall 2008 Ugrad Women Profile Median Cumulative GPA 2005-07 Women 3.1 Men 3.3 Potential women grad students: # Seniors with GPA > 3.5 = 14/43 # Juniors with GPA > 3.5 = 6/17

EECS-ECE UG Degrees, Percentages 100.0% 90.0% 80.0% 70.0% 60.0% Men,% 50.0% Women,% 40.0% 30.0% 20.0% 10.0% 0.0% 2003-04

2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 EECS Degrees/Gender EECS-CSE UG Degrees, Percentages 120.0% 100.0% 80.0% Men,% 60.0% Women,% 40.0%

20.0% 0.0% 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Snapshots No women nominees to CRA Outstanding Undergraduate Award in 08 1 woman applied to UCB EECS grad 3 women applied to 5th year MS 1/27 women in EECS Honors Program 2/33 EE women doing 199 Research ? CS women (data to come from CS)

Diversity CA Proposition 209 constraints (1996) No preferences solely on basis of gender and ethnicity Socioeconomic, unusual challenges, disability, rural, etc Rules: http://www.ucop.edu/ogc/enhance_diversity.html Department/Campus Diversity EECS Graduate Affirmative Action Advisers: Ruzena Bajcsy Seth Sanders Campus: Vice-Chancellor Gibor Basri, Equity and Inclusion, $4.5 million Lessons from UCLA CENS Center focuses on pre-college pipeline

Leadership: Deborah Estrin, PI Targets LA Schools, summer research CENS HS Scholars Program: pipeline CENS trips to LA high schools Enrollment Comparisons COE Bioengineering Civil & Environmental Mechanical EECS 37% Women 34% 13% 10%

Ethnic Minority Enrollment Dept. of Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences and L&S Computer Science Enrolled Underrepresented Ethnic Minority Student Census, Fall Semesters 10% 9% 8% 7% 6% EECS UG % UREM 5% EECS GR % UREM 4%

LSCS UG % UREM 3% 2% 1% 0% Fall 1993 Fall 1994 Fall 1995 Fall 1996 Fall 1997

Fall 1998 Fall 1999 Fall 2000 Fall 2001 Fall 2002 Fall 2003 Fall

2004 Fall 2005 Fall 2006 Fall 2007 Fall 2008 National Imaging Campaign NCWIT http://www.ncwit.org/resources.res.outreach.html ACM http://computingcareers.acm.org/ NAE Marketing Study: Changing the Conversation

Girl Scouts http://www.girlscouts.org/news/news_releases/2008/ motorola_foundation.asp WICSE at SF State 11/08

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