Egoism and Altruism - Geocities.ws

Egoism and Altruism - Geocities.ws

Chapter 7: Ethics Egoism and Altruism Introducing Philosophy, 10th edition Robert C. Solomon, Kathleen Higgins, and Clancy Martin The Moral Importance of Others Most moral rules enjoin us to take into account the interests, feelings,

or welfare of other people Thus, one of the important assumptions of any morality is that it is possible for us to act in the interests of other people Psychological Egoism Denies that we can be motivated by a concern for others This theory claims that everyone always acts to his or her own

advantage and that the only reason why a person performs morally good action is because it serves his or her own interests In popular language, this is called selfishness Ethical Egoism Claims that even though we can act in others interest because we are concerned for others, we ought to

always act in our own interest Ayn Rand is a famous ethical egoist who argued for what she called the virtue of selfishness Altruism Acting for the sake of other peoples interests Altruism can be divided into two theses: psychological altruism (people naturally act for each others sake) and ethical

altruism (people ought to act with each others interests in mind) Ethical altruism is perhaps best summarized in the so-called Golden Rule Psychological egoism claims that it is never possible to act altruistically Against Psychological Egoism Chinese philosophers debated over

whether one can act altruistically Mencius: people are basically benevolent Xun-zi: people are naturally selfish Against Psychological Egoism The most definitive argument against psychological egoism is by Bishop Joseph Butler (1692-1752)

Powerful English clergyman Formulated the standard arguments against psychological egoism in his Fifteen Sermons (1726) Butler argues that merely acting on ones own desires does not make an action selfish All actions are based on desires (in some sense), but at least some of

these desires are desires to serve someone elses interest Receiving a benefit from an action is not equivalent to motivating an action

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Interlibrary Loan, E-Reserves, Replacements: When can my ...

    Interlibrary Loan, E-Reserves, Replacements: When can my ...

    Interlibrary Loan, E-Reserves, Replacements: When Can My Library Make Legal Copies? Infopeople Webcast Tuesday April 6, 2004 12:00 noon to 1:00 p.m
  • Antigen Presenting Cells (Class II MHC expressing cells)

    Antigen Presenting Cells (Class II MHC expressing cells)

    Extracellular antigens are cross-presented by APC to both Th (via MHC II) and to Tc (via MHC I) 0 Peptides from digested foreign proteins are bound by MHC1 or MHCII proteins on antigen-presenting cells for recognition by T cells. 0...
  • Course 1: Room 6DE Computational Photography A.4: Understanding

    Course 1: Room 6DE Computational Photography A.4: Understanding

    'Center of Projection' 'Pinhole' Model: Rays copy scene onto 'film' Ray Scene Sensor Lens 'Center of Projection' Angle( , ) Ray Position (x,y) 'Pinhole' Model: Rays copy scene onto 'film' Scene Sensor Lens 'Center of Projection' Angle( , ) Ray...
  • Polynomial Interpolation - Marquette

    Polynomial Interpolation - Marquette

    Interpolation models may be suitable when measurements are believed to be exact. Interpolation models estimate values between known data points. NOT for forecasting Runge Phenomenon Divergence for some selection of nodes Splines can help solve these problems However, …
  • My Papa's Waltz - Georgetown High School

    My Papa's Waltz - Georgetown High School

    My Papa's Waltz The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy; But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy. We romped until the pans Slid from the kitchen shelf; My mother's countenance Could not...
  • Safe, Simple, Easy to Learn Making Flavored Vinegars

    Safe, Simple, Easy to Learn Making Flavored Vinegars

    Allow 1 to 2 cups of fruit per pint of vinegar, or the peel of one orange or lemon per pint of vinegar. Ingredients - Fruits. Ba. Equipment - Jars & Bottles. Only glass containers are recommended for your flavored...
  • Representation of Numbers - NYU

    Representation of Numbers - NYU

    Representations Example: Numbers 145 CVL 10010001 91 Meaning of Number Representation Examples: 145 = 1*102 + 4*101 + 5*100 Decimal CVL = 100 - 5 + 50 Roman 10010001=1*27 + 1*24 + 1*20 Binary 91 = 9*161 + 1*160 Hexadecimal...
  • Tips on AP EXAM

    Tips on AP EXAM

    To the east, the island State of Indonesia controls the western half of the island of New Guinea, yet the whole island is included in the pacific realm Heartland (H. MacKinder) vs. Rimland (N. Spykman) Theory of Geopolitics: 1904, Halford...