Empowering Writers through the Interactive Notebook - TLI - Home
Empowering Writers through the Interactive Notebook By Jason Galvan & Alma Sanchez Objectives & CPQ Objective Provide teachers with fun activities to helps students generate ideas as they write. Provide various writing activities that can be used in an interactive notebook. Use various activities to
promote effective structure in student writing. CPQ How can these strategies help in writing powerful compositions? (Narrative & Expository) Narrative Writing Diamond ENTERTAINING BEGINNING ELABORATIVE DETAIL-Story
Critical Character, Setting, Object SUSPENSE-or anticipation leading to the main event THE MAIN EVENT-Show action in slow motion, frame by frame, stretch it out! Include description and main characters thoughts and feelings? Action leading to SOLUTION or problem or CONCLUSION EXTENDED ENDING: Memory, Decision, Feeling, Wish
Entertaining Beginning-Character, Setting & Theme Types of beginnings AN ACTION: Put your main character in your setting doing something interesting and relevant to the story. DIALOGUE: Have your main character say something. A THOUGHT OR QUESTION: Show the main characters thoughts, or raise a story question. A SOUND: Grab the readers attention through the use of a sound.
Ask yourself What would you do? What might you say or exclaim? What would you wonder or worry? What might you hear? Word Referent 1. Read your topic card-person, place or thing 2. Write a main idea sentence which includes your topic word. (Please do not write on your card.) 3. Generate a list of alternative nouns and adjectives to create synonymous words or phrases that can be used in place of your
underlined word. (be sure to try out your new word referents in place of your underlined topic word.) 4. Number your word referents from the MOST GENERAL to the MOST SPECIFIC. Word Referent Tiger Adjective Nouns Big Cat
grassland dweller Word Referent Tiger 1. Wild animal 2. Big creature 3. Stealthy hunter 4. Striped cat Magic of Three 1. Provide list of Red Flag Words and Phrases 2. Complete Template for Magic of Three
Red Flag Words & Phrases A moment later Before I knew it In an instant In the blink of an eye Just as I realized The next thing I knew
After that A second later Suddenly Just then All of a sudden A moment later
In the blink of an eye Without warning The next thing I knew Instantly To my surprise Magic of Three Red Flag Words & Phrases Without warning 1st Hint
a flock of birds flew from the forest. No Discovery Startled from it, I looked toward the sky and nothing else seemed out of order. Reaction So, I ignored the incident and meandered on. Red Flag Words & Phrases
In an instant 2nd Hint I heard branches breaking under the weight of something heavy behind me. No Discovery I turned around, but there was nothing there. Reaction With an uneasy feeling, I continued walking. Red Flag
Words & Phrases Suddenly 3rd Hint I heard a loud roar behind me. Revelation or Discovery I turned around and found myself peering into the eyes of a giant bear! F.A.D.D.S./Main Event
Dont Summarize! Make a Scene! Feelings/thoughts: What were you wondering, worrying, feeling? Action: What did you do? (Tell it in slow motion, S-T-R-E-T-C-H I-T O-U-T!) Description: What did you see, hear, feel? Dialogue/Exclamation: What did you say or exclaim? Sound Effect: What did you hear? F.A.D.D.S./Main Event I went for a ride on a roller coaster... I went for a ride on a roller coaster. While standing in line waiting, I heard the screams coming from the air. I stepped up on my tippy toes and saw the cars looping
on two large curlicue rails. I felt my stomach rise to the top of my throat because this would be my first attempt at riding a roller coaster. I now worried if I was going to make it through without vomiting. Agh!, my cousin had just pushed me and told me to stop holding up the line. I sat in the empty cart and heard the slam of the roller coaster restraint as the attendant pressed the button for lift off. Extended Ending: Memory, Decision, Feeling, Wish End with Learning a lesson Making a decision Forming an opinion Hope for something similar or
different to happen to you in the future. Expository Writing: Pillar of Writing Summarizing Frameworks Narrative Summarizing Framework This is a story about ________________. The problem/adventure/experience was _________________________. The problem/adventure/experience concluded when __________________. Expository Summarizing Framework Topic: _________________________. Main Idea #1: ____________________.
Main Idea #2: ____________________. Main Idea #3: ____________________. Informative Verbs: Explains, shows, discover, reveal, study, examine, observe, explore Example: Come explore the desert and discover the unique landscape, observe the extreme climate, and examine the fascinating wildlife. Sentence Starters Sentence Starters for Compare and Contrast Similar However On the other hand In the same way
The traits they share Sentence Starters for how to The next step involves Be sure to In my experience Cut and Paste: Identifying Main Idea and Details Lets play cut and paste. The introduction and conclusion will be provided. Cut out the main ideas & details, then organize them. Pick, List & Choose (Expository Writing)
1. Pick a subject. 2. Write down words that are related to your subject. 3. Classify the words into main ideas by circling them using different colored markers. 4. Have students choose 2 to 3 main ideas and 3 to 4 details for their Expository composition. Pick, List & Choose Step 1 & Step 2 Dogs Dogs
German Sheppard pit-bull boarding Cancer sniffing dog chew collar comfort dog dance drool drug dog fetch fleas Step 3 food
guard dog hunting dog kenel play dead rescue dog roll over shake hand shed sit smell tics toys vet working dog pit bull
German Sheppard food toys collar vet boarding kennel shed accidents chew smell drool fleas sit fetch
roll over play dead shake hand dance drug dog rescue dog comfort dog working dog hunting dog guard dog Cancer sniffing dog Pick, List & Choose Expenses
Negatives Food Toys Shed Accidents Collar Vet Chew
Smell Tricks Sit Fetch Roll Over Play Dead The Missing Main Idea How do we create broad, yet distinct, main ideas? 1. Read the paragraphs in your handout. You will notice there are details, but each paragraph is missing a main idea.
2. Generate a main idea sentence for each incomplete paragraph This requires you to use inductive reasoning: in this case, going from particular to general, or related specific details to a broad main idea. Main Idea Blurbs Take you first main idea and turn it into a sentence. Example: Food to pack-Packing the right picnic foods takes a lot of thought and planning
Main Idea Sentence Starters provide some interesting sentence starters to build sentence variety and encourage authors voice in the writing! Students need alternatives to what theyre comfortable with! Detail Generating Question Game 1. Just the facts! 2. What does it look like? 3. Why is it important?
Detail Generating Question Game 1. Just the facts! Ex. I have a wrench. 2. What does it look like? Ex. I have an orange gray and green colored wrench with a made in China inscription on the side. 3. Why is it important? Ex. I have a wrench. I have an orange gray and green colored wrench with a made in China inscription on the side. I have a wrench that tightens bolts and pipes. Detail Generative Questions for
Persuasive Writing What does that look like? Why is that important to your argument? (What does the reader have to gain by agreeing or lose by disagreeing? Can you give a specific example? Did you acknowledge the opposing view and counter it with a yes but statement? Did you ask a rhetorical question? Introductions and Conclusions Golden Bricks
More powerful ways of showing rather than telling! Page 243 Quote Words of an authority/expert on the topic Statistic Information presented as a number, ratio, or percentage Amazing fact Unusual, amazing, little-known fact that will surprise your reader Anecdote SHORT explicit story used to illustrate a main idea Descriptive Statement
Vivid 2-3 sentence description using the 5 senses Golden Bricks - Examples Historian Elizabeth Carrera says, The golden age of exploration was dominated by the Portuguese and the Spaniards. While at NASA, space exploration advocate and administrator Goldin increased productivity by 40%. Last summer my family was vacationing in Missouri where we visited the Lewis and Clark Boat House and Nature Center. We sow realistic displays of the Missouri River habitat and dioramas that tell the story of the Lewis and Clark expedition and the Native American tribes they met. Look at the basic eight stud LEGO brick. If you have six of these, you can combine them in 102,981,500 different ways. In other words, LEGO collectors have millions of
choices. Golden Bricks - Posters Great Assignment! Find published examples of GOLDEN BRICKS and/or transitional phrases. Make Posters with examples that you cut out from magazines, newspapers, or other sources! Golden Bricks - Posters What your expository introduction paragraph needs: A Lead
Catch the readers attention! A Topic Sentence Briefly, clearly tell the reader what the piece will be about! (Sometimes known as thesis statement) Types of Leads
Amazing or unusual fact Descriptive segment Quote Question (kids gravitate to this one!) Statistic Anecdote Types of Persuasive Leads Descriptive segment
Quote or Testimonial Statistic Anecdote Rhetorical Question Bandwagon Statement How to Write an Introduction (Easy to teach once theyve learned the Golden Bricks) Leads and topic sentences Write an attention grabbing lead Effective topic sentences Expository Conclusion Paragraph
Sums Up the Main Idea Should NOT be totally redundant, restating the main idea. Example: So now you know what frogs look like, where they live and how they grow and change. THE END. Lets look at: (specific alternatives to I hope you enjoyed reading my report) Expository Conclusion Paragraph Restate each main idea as a question Would you enjoy a nature walk by the marsh or pond? Are you entertained by
the flopping about of tadpoles and the leaping of long-legged green frogs? If so, you should get to know the common, yet fascinating frog! Expository Conclusion Paragraph Hypothetical Anecdote If you ever stroll along the banks of a pond, or take a kayak or canoe out on a small lake, be on the lookout for these interesting creatures. From egg to tadpole, from tadpole to frog, these long-legged, green hopping amphibians will definitely catch your eye. Without a doubt, these comical croakers are
fascinating! Expository Conclusion Paragraph Word Referent Would you enjoy a nature walk by the marsh or pond? Are you entertained by the flopping about of tadpoles and the leaping of long-legged green amphibians? If so, you should get to know the common, yet fascinating frog! Expository Conclusion Paragraph Use a definitive word or phrase Would you enjoy a nature walk by the marsh or pond? Are you entertained by
the flopping about of tadpoles and the leaping of long-legged green frogs? If so, you should certainly get to know the common, yet fascinating frog! Expository Conclusion Paragraph Informative verbs If you ever stroll along the banks of a pond, or take a kayak or canoe out on a small lake, be on the lookout for these interesting creatures. You can explore their habitat and observe them from egg to tadpole, tadpole to frog. These long-legged, green hopping amphibians will certainly catch your eye. Without a
doubt, these comical croakers are fascinating! Expository Conclusion Paragraph Restate the general topic sentence Would you enjoy a nature walk by the marsh or pond? Are you entertained by the flopping about of tadpoles and the leaping of long-legged green frogs? If so, you should certainly get to know the amazing, fascinating frog! Persuasive Conclusion Paragraphs Use vivid language Now or Never statement
Highlight the most important argument Use a definitive word or phrase Call to action Flip the Sentence Students recognize redundant sentence variety (the broken record) and learn how to flip the sentence subject. Flip the Sentence 1. She had long black curly hair. Long black curly hair fell over her shoulders. 2. She had sparkling green eyes.
Sparkling green eyes twinkled at me. 3. She had a white fur coat. A white fur coat draped over her small frame. 4. She had black shiny boots. Black shiny boots covered her feet. 5. She had a big black poodle on a leash. A big black poodle on a leash led the way.
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