English Grammar - New Providence School District

English Grammar Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives a word or word group that is used to name a person, place, a compound-single nounor made up of thing, an idea

more than one word one wordcupcake hyphenatedlight-year two wordsjumping jack common-any TIPP no capital letter book Nouns

mnemonicstudy aid TIPP-thing, idea, person, place properparticular TIPP capital letterMorroco pun-play on words lawyer -Sue N. Court Nouns concrete- names TIPP

that can be perceived by one or more of the senses (sight, hearing, taste, touch, smell) music abstract- names idea, a feeling, quality, or characteristicfreedom, joy, courage Nouns collective-word that names a group

batch, team, jury The Pronoun antecedentword a pronouns stands for Catherine told Catherine Catherine's (ante) father told her (pn) Catherine would be late. father she(pn) would be late.

Sometimes the antecedent is not stated. example: Who (pn) invented the telephone? Personal Pronouns ReflexiveIntensiverefers to the subject emphasizes a noun and functions as a or another complement or an

pronoun object of the preposition The firemen did not I myself knew the consider themselves answer. heroes. First Person myself, ourselves Second Person yourself, yourselves Third Person himself, herself, itself, themselves

Relative Pronouns introduces a subordinate clause (contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought) that, which, who, whom, whose Joe, who is new, ran for president. Interrogative Pronouns introduce questions

what, which, who, whom, whose Who wrote the book? The Adjective an adjective is a word used to modify a noun or a pronoun. Modify-describe a word or make the

meaning more definite -What kind? ex. stone house -Which one? ex. first day -How much or how many? ex. more money You can make your writing more lively

by using specific vivid adjectives. (avoid overused adjectives like good, nice, big) Writing DULL The small man was accompanied

by two big dogs. VIVID The short slim man was accompanie d by two massive dogs. Articles A, an, the Indefinite-refer to any

member of a general group (a, an) an is used before a vowel sound Definite- refers to someone or something in particular (the) a gerbil a uniform an accident the shuttle Demonstrative Adjectives

this, that, these, those when they modify a noun- demonstrative adj. when they take the place of a noun demonstrative pronoun Adjective: These flags are more colorful than those banners are. Pronoun:

These are more colorful than those are. Adjectives in a Sentence We brought USED BOOKS to school. Adjectives can come before or The DRESS, once after the words they BRIGHT, looks faded. modify.

These coins are valuable. (LV-predicate adj.) Proper Adjectives formed from a proper noun and begins with a capital letter Islam- noun Islamic lawProper Adjective

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