Bellwork: EOC Writing Preparation What are the three rhetorical appeals we have studied? What do you recall about how the EOC essay last year was scored? Elements of an Argument Introduction: Hook and thesis Support Paragraphs Topic sentence reason for support Specific details of support Conclusion Concession Refutation
Call to action and concluding statement Use ethos, logos, and pathos Reminders: Demonstrate all Elements of an Argument Introduction: Hook and thesis Support Paragraphs Topic sentence reason for support Specific details of support Conclusion Concession Refutation Call to action and concluding statement
Use ethos, logos, and pathos Scoring Guide Review the example essay in your groups folder. Look over scoring guides provided. Decide as a group what score your essay deserves. Persuasive-1 Score Point 4 In this thoughtful and engaging essay, the writer argues that small towns are better places to live because you can actually
know and love the people and places around you. The argument is skillfully crafted because the writer combines cause/ effect and compare/contrast organizational strategies, which are particularly well suited to the persuasive task. Using specific evidence, the writer develops the idea that, in small towns, people are truly connected to those around them, as opposed to citydwellers, who sacrifice personal connections for convenience. The writer concludes the essay with a call to action, demonstrating a thorough understanding of the persuasive task. The specific word choice and overall strength of the conventions further contribute to the
effectiveness of the essay. Persuasive-2 Score Point 3 The writer immediately establishes a clear position that a big city provides the best career opportunities. The writer supports her position with appropriate examples taken from a movie and a television show. Both examples feature characters that relocate to big cities in search of careers in the arts. Although the writers synopsis of what happens to each
character shows that the opportunity would not have been available in a small town, the overall development of her body paragraphs could be more specific (it was an opportunity she wouldnt have received in her small town; the big city makes her dream of a career in dance one step closer). Overall, the strong focus, the controlled progression of ideas, and the good command of conventions outweigh the somewhat general development in this satisfactory writing performance. Persuasive-3
Score Point 2 The writer takes the position that she prefers small towns to big cities. The writer offers several reasons to support her position; however, the development is superficial because the evidence is too briefly presented. In addition, the transitions and sentence-tosentence connections are too perfunctory to support the flow of the essay. This essay represents a basic writing performance. Persuasive-4 Score Point 1
In this essay the writer takes the position that large cities are better than small cities. Awkward sentences limit the effectiveness of the essay, and serious and persistent errors in grammar and usage create disruptions in the fluency of the writing. Although the writer attempts to provide some reasons and evidence, the uncontrolled sentences and conventions errors interfere with meaning and prevent the reader from fully
understanding the argument. This composition represents a very limited writing performance. Persuasive-5 Score Point 3 The writer of this satisfactory essay establishes the clear position that small towns are better than big cities. He uses a compare/contrast organizational strategy to focus on the negatives of living in cities (paragraph two) versus the positives
of living in small towns (paragraph three). Within each body paragraph, the writer moves quickly from idea to idea, and the flow of the essay from sentence to sentence is not always seamless. However, the argument is largely convincing because the writer uses appropriate reasons and evidence. Specific word choice helps the writer establish a consistent persuasive tone, which contributes to the quality of the essay. Persuasive-6
Score Point 4 In this concise, accomplished writing performance, the writer uses a compare/contrast organizing structure to develop the argument. He establishes a clear position in the last sentence of the first paragraph and maintains a tone that is appropriate to the persuasive task throughout the essay. Meaningful transitions (e.g., The people are the seller, though) and strong sentence-to-sentence connections make the writers train of thought easy to follow. The writer uses his own unique experiences as a basis for writing and
connects ideas in interesting ways. For example, cities provide opportunities, from fresh fruit to social interactions, that small towns cannot provide. By recounting his discussion with a man on a bus, the writer effectively supports the idea that living in a city allows you to learn from all kinds of people. Purposeful and precise word choice further contributes to the quality and clarity of the essay. Yay! More EOC Practice Take the packet at the table. I am going to hand you a sheet for your group. Decide who will be the writer for your group.
I will give a prompt, and your group will come up with three reasons for it and three reasons against it. Should schools allows corporate sponsorships of products in their buildings? Yes, NO But Yes, NO
But Money for school programs Corporations push agendas that may not be appropriate for school children Ads are everywhere anyway Feeds consumerism (our societys obsession with buying the next new thing)
The advertisements are modestly placed throughout the building Distracts from focus on learning Sample Claims (Thesis Statements) Proficient: Corporate sponsorship of schools is appropriate. Exemplary: Although corporate sponsorships often provide a range of school programs, the public school environment should be free from advertisements
and corporate influence. Example of a Basic Outline: Hook: Example of a child buying only expensive Nike clothes due to advertisement on athletic uniforms. (Use logos here.) Bridge with ethos: student at CSHS Claim: Although corporate sponsorships often provide a range of school programs, the public school environment should be free from advertisements and corporate influence. Concessions: Underfunding makes use of ads tempting. Cite statistics from other side. Refutation: use pathos of moral high ground and not corrupting kids with consumerism
Support: Corporate agendas distract students from learning. More facts from articles Call to action: Reword thesis. Your turn With a partner, read the prompt for your packet. Come up three reasons for and against. Decide what stance you want to take. Write a thesis for your essay. Write with your partner at least one paragraph using the three appeals (with one concession). Write a conclusion that has a call to action.
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