Equine Hoof Anatomy - Verona Agriculture

Equine Hoof Anatomy - Verona Agriculture

How long have horseshoes been used on horses? ~ 2,000 years (Egyptians, Persians) Why

do we shoe horses? To protect from excessive wear Help prevent disease and injury Neglect = problems and

unsoundness The Horses Second Heart Feet are vital to the health of the horse Good care prevention of lameness

What are hooves designed for? Support Weight Absorb Shock Provide Traction

Conduct Moisture Assist in Pumping Blood . . . . .

. . Bulb of Heel Bar(s) Sole Wall Toe

White Line Frog A. Central groove B. Ridge C. Lateral groove D. Apex Answer: The finger nail

Answer: Keratin Answer: Yes, the hoof grows at a rate of inch per month, on average. Hoof

pick: from heel toward toe, sides/cleft of frog Fine-bristled wire brush Do not apply too much pressure with either tool. This can cause: Damage-bruising, abcess, infection, etc. Important

to support weight and movement Frog: indicator of horse health Trimmed regularly

Every 4-6 weeks, depending on their location Hard on tendons and legs, wrong

angle of foot 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Make sure he is safely tied up and calm Approach him, and face towards rear, keeping attentive of behavior Run hand down back of leg (front leg) and gently squeeze tendons below fetlock Lift hoof with hand under hoof wall

Once he shifts weight to lift the foot, adjust hands to have dominant hand free for cleaning http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJMlX6pJUJc What does a farrier do? Removes old shoes and nails

Cleans and levels (with rasp) Shapes shoe (furnace) Nailing shoe on (just outside of white line) Setting nails with clinching bar (strike off head to tighten shoe) Level/rasp the burs under nails

12 front incisors Circular motion Causes grinding of teeth over time Floating: Required to keep

them from having sharp edges Several factors... Width vs. depth

Wider = younger Deeper, more triangular = older Angle of incidence contact of incisors Galvaynes groove upper corner incisors

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3 A2-ndxZIxI What happens? Angle of incidence increases

Teeth wear down Gums recede Teeth become more triangular in shape

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