Era of Good Feelings? 1816-1824 - Mr. Padgett's Webpage
Era of Good Feelings? 1816-1824 EQ: Which was the most powerful force during the Era of Good Feelings? Nationalism or Sectionalism? BIG Vocab Words
Nationalism: Pride in ones country Ex: War of 1812 Ex: Monroe Doctrine Sectionalism: a devotion to the interests of one geographic region over the interests of the country as a whole, ultimately led to the Union's
worst crisis: civil war between the North and the South in the early 1860s Ex: Slavery Ex: Tariffs What caused Nationalism? Which of the following can be considered a
major cause of a growth of nationalism that happened in the period after the War of 1812? 1. Victory at the Battle of New Orleans 2. Francis Scott Keys Star Spangled Banner 3. Manufacturing grows in response to embargo during war 4.Earning of respect by standing up to England
What caused Sectionalism?
1. Loyalty to region 2. Social & Cultural differences 3. Economic Differences 4. Fedreral vs. States Rights Election of 1816
James Monroe Geographic Growth Illinois Indiana Alabama
Mississippi Recognizing Cause: Why did so many people migrate west? Which of the following can be considered a major cause of a growth of to the West that happened in the period after the War of 1812?
1. Lots of cheap land while land in the east became more expensive 2. Embargo pushed people West looking for money 3. Victories over Indians Setting a Border with British Canada
Adams Onis Treaty 1819 Population Density 1810 1820
Henry Clay This guy will be around forever! Role of Government: Should the government help pay for the development of
internal improvements (infrastructure) in the country? Costs Benefits The American System
p Tariff of 1816 p Chartering of the Second Bank of the United States [BUS].
p Internal improvements at federal expense. - National Road Memory Aid for Henry Clays American System: BIT B ank of the U.S. (BUS)
I nternal Improvements T ariff of 1816 Transportation Revolution Let us bind the Republic together
with a perfect system of roads and canals. Let us conquer space. Cumberland Road The Erie Canal
What does The Canal Song indicate about the mood of Americans toward the new forms of transportation that were being developed in the 1800s? Robert Fulton & the Steamboat Role of Government:
Who should pay for these improvements? The American System Protective Tariffs
Internal Improvements: Roads and Canals National
Bank Public Land Policies Bonus Bill
GOAL: to set aside money (1.5 million to states) made on stock sales from the Bank of the United States for internal improvements. March, 1817 Madison vetoed the bill because he believed in strict interpretation, and using federal money for internal improvements is not a power granted to the federal government in the Constitution, nor is it necessary
and proper the General Welfare Clause of the Constitution was never intended to become a Pandoras box for special-interest legislation Tariff of 1816 Calhouns Tariff of 1816 The South believed that
the development of a home market would help the U.S. economy which would benefit everyone But Protested that the tariff, which was disproportionately paid by trade-dependent southerners, would be primarily used to finance road and canal projects in the northern states.
Role of Government: How did the tariff lead to the growth of manufacturing? Textile industry led to the beginning of the factory system. This was made possible thanks to two developments:
#1 system of interchangeable parts Eli Whitney #2 system of all the work done in one building was developed by Lowell Bank of the United States Renewed
FIRST BUS: In 1811 the original charter for the Bank of the United States ended and wasnt renewed by James Madison and the Republican Congress PROBLEM The number of state banks then increased, but in most states there was little banking control. Credit was easily given to many people who couldnt pay back loans. The financial situation wasnt good (Sound
familiar???) SOLUTION 1816 the Second Bank of the United States was chartered. Henry Clay and John C Calhoun had led the move in Congress. Panic of 1819 First financial panic since
the Critical Period (1780s) under the Articles of Confederation Cyclic panics and depressions will occur every 20 years CAUSES #1 Over speculation of frontier lands by Banks (especially BUS) #2 Inflation from war of 1812 + economic drop-off = vulnerable economy
#3 Deficit trade in balance with Britain #4 BUS forced wildcat western banks to foreclose on western farms Election of 1820
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