This presentation will explain the basic parts of the academic essay. An Essay is a Puzzle o Think of an essay as a puzzle consisting of three main pieces: o The Introduction Paragraph
o Body Paragraphs o The Conclusion Paragraph The Introduction The Introduction is the first puzzle piece, and is the first paragraph in the essay. The introduction has three main purposes: Hooks the reader Provides context
Provides the thesis statement Introduction: The Hook A hook is an interesting statement, rhetorical question, or statistic that grabs the readers attention. The hook usually comes early in the introduction. Examples: One out of three people drive four wheel drive
vehicles... Twenty five percent of cat owners are actually allergic to them Introduction: Context oContext refers to the brief discussion that occurs after the hook but before the thesis statement. oFunctions like a wide-shot in a movie: it provides the bigger picture.
oIt usually consists of several general statements about the overall topic of the essay. The Introduction: Thesis Statement o The thesis statement is typically the last sentence in the introduction.
o It is normally one sentence. o It tells the reader what your essay will argue, and it should also preview your main points. Body Paragraph o The body paragraph is the next puzzle piece, and an essay usually consists of several of them. For the body paragraph, always remember TEEC:
Topic sentence Evidence Explanation Concluding Sentence Body Paragraph: TEEC Topic Sentence: o A topic sentence is the first sentence in a body paragraph.
o It is like a mini-thesis statement because it tells the reader what that particular body paragraph will be about. Body Paragraph: TEEC Evidence: Your body paragraphs should always feature several pieces of evidence. These are facts and/or direct quotes from
the text that support your points. Think of this as your proof. Body Paragraph: TEEC Explanation: After you provide evidence, you must analyze it. How does it connect to your topic sentence and thesis statement?
What sort of analysis does your statistic, quote, etc. provoke? Body Paragraph: TEEC Concluding Sentence: The concluding sentence is the final sentence in your body paragraph. It wraps up the paragraph and transitions to the next one.
The Conclusion The conclusion is the final puzzle piece. It consists of three parts: A rephrased thesis statement A recap of main points A lasting thought The Conclusion:
Rephrased Thesis Rephrased thesis: Begin your conclusion with a rephrased thesis. Make the same point that you made in your thesis statement, but say it by phrasing your sentence differently. The Conclusion: Recap
Recap: The middle of your conclusion should consist of a recap of your essays main points. Think of this as the highlight reel of your essay. What should the reader remember about your writing? Conclusion: Lasting
Thought Lasting Thought: This is the final part of the conclusion. The lasting thought is the final sentence that tells the reader why he or she should care about your essays topic/argument. What is truly at stake?
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