EXEGESIS OF PHILIPPIANS 2:6-11 - WordPress.com

EXEGESIS OF PHILIPPIANS 2:6-11 - WordPress.com

EXEGESIS OF PHILIPPIANS 2:6-11 T H E C A R M EN C H R I S T I APPLIEDAPOLOGETICS.WORDPRESS.COM The Text 6 who, existing in the form of God, did not consider being equal with God something to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself by* taking the form of a slave, by* becoming in the likeness of people. And being found in appearance like a man, 8 he humbled himself by* becoming obedient to the point of death, that is, death on a cross.

9 Therefore also God exalted him and graciously granted him the name above every name, 10 so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven and of those on earth and of those under the earth, 11 and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (Phil 2:6-11, LEB) Verse 6-a 6 who, existing in the form of God, did not consider being equal with God something to be grasped, Verse 6-a

6 who, existing in the form of God, did not consider being equal with God something to be grasped, Existing Verse 6 existing to be in a state or circumstance, be present active participle The first phrase of verse 6 sets the tone for the

theological discussion to follow. Paul says that Christ was existing (huparchon) in the form of God. . . The participle is again timeless in that it does not point to any moment when Jesus started to exist . . . Christ has always been in the form of God. James R. White. "The Pre-existence of Christ in Scripture, Patristics and Creed." Alpha and Omega Ministries. Various Translators who, existing a in b (the) form c of-God, LEXICONa. pres. act. participle of (LN 13.77) (BAGD 2. p. 838): to exist [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], to be

[Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Ea, HNTC, WBC; KJV, NAB, NIV, NJB, NRSV, REB], to subsist [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Mou], to exist from eternity [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], ICC], to share from the beginning [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], TNT], to be by nature [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Pl]. The phrase who, existing in the form of God is translated he always had the nature of God [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], TEV]. This verb means to be originally [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Alf, WC], to be by nature [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], EGT, TH], to be from eternity [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], El], implying Christs pre-existence [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Lg, Lt]; his eternal existence is also implied in the context [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Lt]. The present tense indicates that this was a continuing condition [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], EBC, NTC, Pl, TH, WC] both in his preincarnate existence and his existence afterward [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], NIC]. Greenlee, J. H. (1992). An exegetical summary of Philippians. Dallas, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics. EXISTING

Timeless Eternal Exist by nature as God The participle here indicates that the Son eternally existed But how? Verse 6-a who, existing in the form of God, did not consider being equal with God something to be grasped,

FORM Jesus timelessly existed in the of God form, outward appearance, shape, (LN 58.2) (BAGD p. 528): form [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], BAGD, Ea, HNTC, Ln, NTC, Pl, WBC, WEC; KJV, NAB, NASB, NJB, NSV, REB], nature [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], LN; TEV], very nature [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], LN; NIV, TNT], a state of equality [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], ICC]. The phrase form of

God is translated Gods manifested Being [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Mou]. Greenlee, J. H. (1992). An exegetical summary of Philippians. Dallas, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics. The form or nature that makes God, God. Same word used in verse 7 regarding Jesus humanity form of a slave Jesus, being in the form of God, implies that His

(hupostasews, Heb. 1:3) is fully divine, a claim that cannot be made by any mere creature Various Translators The interpretation of in Phil 2:67 as equivalent, in meaning or at least in reference, to o commands widespread allegiance among evangelical scholars as well. F. F. Bruce, for instance, follows Lightfoot in holding that the noun morphe implies not the external accidents but the essential attributes. Leon Morris, likewise, believes that, by describing Christ as , Paul unambiguously ascribes deity to him. It is not easy, writes Morris, to see being in the form of God as meaning anything less. I. H. Marshall, similarly, affirms that in Phil 2:67 there is described the way in which a being who had the nature of God renounced the privileges of

that state and took on the form of a human servant of God. David J. MacLeod contends that in Phil 2:67 refers to nature or essence. In the view of Gerald Hawthorne, verse 6a indicates that Christ was God, possessed of the very nature of God. Gordon Fee identifies the phrases and as among the strongest expressions of Christs deity in the NT; and Richard Melick declares that the NIV correctly translates in the form of God as in very nature God. Dennis W. Jowers, "The Meaning of Morphe in Philippians 2:6-7." Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 49, no. 4 (December 2006), 763.) Phil 2:6-b 6 who, existing in the form of God, did not consider being equal with God

something to be grasped, Theme of Philippians Teaching Point What about robbery in the KJVas if Christ is NOT attempting to gain equality like the evil one? Equal to God QUESTIONWhat is meant by he considered the being equal with God as not something to be grasped? 1. He already was equal with God [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Alf, Ea, EBC, El, GNC, HNTC, ICC, Lt, Mou, My, NIC, NTC, TNTC, WBC, WC, WEC; TNT].

1.1 He was willing to relinquish that existence of equality with God in order to come to earth as a human being [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Alf, Ea, EBC, El, GNC, ICC, Lt, Mou, NIC, NTC, WC, WEC]: he did not regard his equality with God as something which he should hold on to. As such, this clause focuses the emphasis upon Christs utter unselfishness in laying aside his equality with God [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Alf]. 1.2 He was equal to God but subordinate to him [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], My]. He rejected any thought of taking advantage of his coming to earth to seize power and glory and no longer be subordinate to the Father [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], My, TNTC]; instead, he chose to secure this equality by his incarnation and humiliation [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], TNTC]. 1.3 He did not accept the thought that being equal with God meant that he could take all power and glory to himself [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], WBC]. 1.4 He did not consider that he was robbing God of his glory by being equal with God [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Blm].

Greenlee, J. H. (1992). An exegetical summary of Philippians. Dallas, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics. NIV 2011 Nails It did not consider equality with God something to be used to his own advantage This fits the theme of Pauls Epistle perfectly And while its not a literal translation, it does relay the thought of the apostle on this

subject Verse 6-b 6 who, existing in the form of God, did not consider being equal with God something to be grasped, equal EQUAL The Son was/is equal to the Father But did not grasp on to His equality or consider

it something to hold on to. Boice states, Paul's use of this word in reference to Jesus teaches that Jesus is equal to God. James M. Boice. Foundations of the Christian Faith. Downers Grove, IL: Inter Varsity Press, 1986, 269. Isa with the Father The neuter singular form of this

adjective is used as an adverb [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], BAGD, Bg, Ea, EBC, EGT, El, ICC, Lg, Ln, Lt, My, NTC]; it states the manner in which Christ existed [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], EBC, NTC]. This being equal with God implies the fullness and the exaltation of God [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Bg], possessing the attributes and perfections of God the Father [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], Blm]. Greenlee, J. H. (1992). An exegetical summary of Philippians. Dallas, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics. Summation of Verse 6

Jesus timelessly existed (6a) Timelessly existed in the morphe of God (6a) He held isa with God = EQUAL (6b) But did not consider it something to be grasped for His own advantage (6b) SEE VERSES 3-5 CONTEXT 3 Do nothing according to selfish ambition or according to empty conceit, but in humility considering one another better than yourselves, 4 each of you not looking out for

your own interests, but also each of you for the interests of others. 5 Think this in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus, This is what Jesus did in verse 6 He did not count His equality with the Father as something to be held on to VERSE 7 7 but emptied himself by* taking the form of a slave, by* becoming in the likeness of people. And being found in appearance like a man,

Emptied divestiture of position or prestige (BDAG, 539) Pauls figurative use of (kenow) is a veiling, but retention of the Divine glory and attributes of the eternal Son. Ps. 102:25-27 Also note that Jesus did not consider His equality prior to His emptying Verses 6-7 together demonstrate the two natures

of Christ John 1:1 & 1:14 The (kenow) took place not by a subtraction of Divine attributes, but rather, by the addition of human (morphe). This self emptying of Christ is explained by the use of two participles, (labwn, to take) and (genomenos, to be born, to become). Meaning, Jesus emptied Himself by addition But DID NOT relinquish any of His divine

attributes Wayne Grudem We must first realize that no recognized teacher in the first 1,800 years of church history, including those who were native speakers of Greek, thought that emptied Himself in Phil. 2:7 meant that the Son of God gave up some of His divine attributes . . . the text does describe what Jesus did in this emptying; he did not do it by giving up any of his attributes, but rather by taking the form of a servant, that is, by coming to live as a man. Wayne Grudem. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine, (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan,

1994), 550. Scholar Translations Paul does not mean that Christ emptied himself of something, referring to either form or likeness [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], NIC, WBC, WC, WEC]. At his incarnation, he retained the form of God and he emptied himself by taking the form of a slave [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], NIC]. The sense is he poured himself out, denying himself of his rights for the sake of others [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], WBC, WC], thus indicating how complete his self-denial was [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], WEC]. It simply means he made himself nothing [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], WEC].

Greenlee, J. H. (1992). An exegetical summary of Philippians. Dallas, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics. Verse 7 The apostle goes on to explain the nature of true and absolute humility when he qualifies Jesus form and forfeited equality in verse 7 NOTE the relationship between 6-7 - (form [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], of] God) v. 6 - (form [Ea, Ln, NTC, WEC; NASB], of] slave) v. 7 If Jesus was truly a man, He was truly

God Verse 8 8 he humbled himself by* becoming obedient to the point of death, that is, death on a cross. Note that this fits with Pauls theme to the Philippian church 1) Christ is divine 2) Form of God 3) Equal to God BUT

a. Emptied Himself b. Humbled Himself Follow the Pronouns He (Jesus) did not count equality to be grasped He emptied Himself He took on human flesh He became a slave He humbled Himself He demonstrated obedience He died the Cross Death NO Coercion

VERSE 9 Therefore also God exalted him and graciously granted him the name above every name, The conjunction (dio) translated For this reason by the NASB and Therefore by the ESV and Lexham grammatically summarizes all of the previous points (did not count equality v. 6, emptied himself v. 7, taking v. 7, being born v. 7, becoming obedient to the point of death v. 8) of Christs self

humiliation VERSE 9 Therefore also God exalted him and graciously granted him the name above every name And now, Father, glorify me in your own presence with the glory that I had with you before the world existed. (Jn 17:5) For my sake alone I will act, for how can I allow my name to be defiled? I will not share my glory with anyone else! (Isa

48:11) VERSE 9 Therefore also God exalted him and graciously granted him the name above every name the name or Hashem is utilized as a term for God in substitute of the divine name in Jewish literature EXAMPLE: Thus saith Hashem to His Moshiach (Isa 45:1a, OJB)

VERSE 9 This is also seen in the OT, where in Lev 24:11, the text reads; The Israelite woman's son misused the Name and cursed, so they brought him to Moses. (Now his mother's name was Shelomith daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan.) (Lev 24:11, NET) Just one verse later, the Name is identified as YHWH (vs. 12)

THE GREEK LXX 24:11 (Lev 24:11, LXX) = the name THE GREEK LXX Lev 24:11

(LXX) 9 , (Phil 2:9, NA28) Jews had a prohibition against the use of the divine name, opting rather to utilize substitutes such as G_D, Adonia and

Elohim. One of these substitutes was that of hashem ) or the name) And, not only does Jesus possess the name, but He also possesses the name above every name. And what is the name above every name? The Tetragrammaton 15 And God said again to Moses, So you must say to the Israelites, Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent

me to you. This is my name forever, and this is my remembrance from generation to generation. (Ex 3:15, LEB) The Tetragrammaton YHWH, the Lord, or Yahweh, the personal name of God and his most frequent designation in Scripture, occurring 5321 times in the OTScripture speaks of the Tetragrammaton as this glorious and fearful name (Deut 28:58) or simply the name (Lev 24:11). TWOT, 484 Kostenberger Notes The Jews referred to God using substitutions for the divine name.

Approved substitutions were called kinnuyim. The common substitutions were Lord (Adonai); the Name (Hb. Hashem); the Separate name; God's own name; and the name of four letters (tetragrammaton). In Phil 2: 9 Paul used the kinnuyim the name (with the definite article in Greek) and further described this name as that above every name. Every Jew in Philippi who heard this phrase would automatically recognize these words as an allusion to the divine name. Paul identified this supreme divine name in the confession Jesus Christ is Lord. Since the Greek title Lord (kyrios) was the translation of the name Yahweh in the OT and since the description name above every other name is a clear example of kinnuyim, Paul explicitly identified Jesus as God who possesses the very name of God Kostenberger, Cradle, Cross, Crown, 17626-17633.

VERSE 10 10 so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven and of those on earth and of those under the earth, Coming out of a discussion regarding the name which is given to Jesus (now incarnate) The apostle equates Jesus name with that of YHWHs so at the name of JESUS

The Name of Jesus Meaning, to profess or announce the name of Jesus is to proclaim or announce the name of YHWH The apostle (or ancient hymn writer) reinforces this understand with a YHWH specific citation from Isa 45:23 Verse 10-11a 23 I have sworn by myself; a word that shall not return has gone forth from my mouth in

righteousness: Every knee shall kneel down to me; every tongue shall swear. (Isa 45:23, LEB) 10 so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth,11 and every tongue confess (Phil 2:10-11a, ESV) Verse 10-11a 23 I have sworn by myself; a word that shall not return has gone forth from my mouth in righteousness: Every knee

shall kneel down to me; every tongue shall swear. (Isa 45:23, LEB) 10 so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11 and every tongue confess (Phil 2:10-11a, ESV) 23 I am swearing an oath according to myself: Unless righteousness shall go forth from my mouth, my words shall not turn back, because every knee shall bend to me, and every tongue shall swear by God, (Isa 45:23, LES-LXX) Use of Isa 45:23 This YHWH specific passage is applied to the Son,

the one who holds the name above all names. And note what is being said about the Son, as James White explains. In context, this passage is specifically about Yahweh, the God of Israel . . . Yet Paul quotes from this passage and says that it is to Jesus that every knee shall bow . . . How can Paul say this? Does he believe in more than one God? Certainly not! But he realizes that both the Father and the Son are worthy of the name Yahweh. (White, Trinity, 128) VERSE 11 11 and every tongue confess that Jesus

Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. QUESTION: What is the Bible of the 1st Century And how was the name of God translated in that Bible? Isa 45:5 45:5 I am Yahweh, and there is none besides me; besides me there is no god. (LEB)

BHS 45:5 45:5 I am the Lord, I have no peer, there is

no God but me... (NET) 45:5 (LXX) Isa 45:5 (LXX) LORD THE GOD Phil 2: 11 . (SBLGNT)

LORD JESUS CHRIST Jn 20:28 . THE LORD OF ME AND THE GOD OF ME Jesus is YHWH Summary: 1) Jesus is given the name (reserved for YHWH) 2) Hes given the name above every name 3) 4) 5) 6) (reserved for YHWH)

Isa 45:23 (specific YHWH text) Homage in Isa 45:23 c.f. Phil 2:10-11 Use of Kurios (Lord LXX rendering of YHWH) Pauls intent: EVERY KNEE SHALL BOW AND EVERY TONGUE SHALL CONFESS THAT JESUS CHRIST IS YHWH To What End? to the glory of God the Father Two persons identified as YHWH/God in the verse Jesus, the timeless morphe of God (v. 6) Jesus, equal to God (v. 6)

1. Identified as YHWH (vs. 9-11) God the Father (v. 11) Perfect Trinitarian Unity John 17:5 c.f. 1:1b, 1:18c QUESTIONS

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