Existentialism, Albert Camus, and The Stranger

Existentialism, Albert Camus, and The Stranger

Existentialism, Albert Camus, and The Stranger Albert Camus (1913 - 1960), a French philosopher of the absurd, novelist, and dramatist History of Algeria French become involved because of political disagreement with the Ottomans Evidence of human presence since 4000 B.C. Settlers include African civilizations, Romans, Arabs, Turks, Europeans

The Turks win control of the area and allow pirates to monitor as representatives of Ottoman Empire French army lands in 1830 and begins colonizing the area French colonizers face rebellions and a large Muslim population Both groups want equal rights Conflicts in Algeria Left: Place de la republique, Algiers, 1899

French settlers have ruling rights, excluding natives, Muslims, and others from power French force Muslims to pay higher taxes French hold the majority of farmable land French government decides to grant French citizenship to Algerian Jews but not Muslims Furthers separation between different groups Conflicts last until the mid 1900s Algeri a in the early

1900s Life in Algeria for Albert Camus Born November 7, 1913 in Mondovi, Algeria Father dies in WWI before Camus is a year old and mother is physically disabled Grows up in poverty Receives a scholarship to attend school Contracts tuberculosis

which stays with him for the rest of his life Receives a degree in philosophy in 1936 from University of Algiers Begins writing stories and essays reflecting his life in Algeria with the common themes: Poverty, racism, corruption, mistreatment of women Vulnerability of human life Never-ending status of world

Works as a playwright and actor, eventually becomes journalist for Alger-Republicain in 1938 Moves to France at start of WWII and joins resistance movement Awarded a Nobel Prize in Literature in 1957 Dies in automobile accident in 1960 A Poem by Stephen Crane A man said to the universe: Sir I exist!

What is the relationship like between the man and the universe? However, replied the universe, the fact has not created in me a sense of obligation. What does obligation mean? What does this poem say about our

role in the world? What is Existentialism? 1. a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will 2. A body of ethical thought centering about the uniqueness and isolation of individual experience in a universe indifferent or hostile to man, regarding human existence as unexplainable, and emphasizing mans freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of his acts What is Existentialism? The word first appeared in

1941 Individuals must not allow their choices to be constrained by ANYTHING -- not even reason or morality. One has the ultimate freedom to choose. Death: According to Existentialists Simply put: Life is short, then you die. According to Sartre, death is an absurd birthit is nothing but the wiping out of my existence as a conscious being

Whats the point of anything if everyone dies? Moral Individualism No standards for whats right and wrong No single standard for moral decisions I decide whats moral. Im responsible for the consequences of my actions. The Stranger

Published in 1942 smack in the middle of World War Two Also called The Outsider Camus first novel Focuses on the philosophies of absurdity and existentialism Takes place in Algeria First-person POV (Meursault) Separated into two parts (first part leading up to a major incident; second part after the incident) Discussion

points: 1. Existence is absurd and true meaning in life is impossible. 2. Day to day existence is filled with anxiety and fear. 3. The idea that I am born into a particular time, place, family, and economic environment is absurd. 4. When I am born, I am undefined without any prior essence or preconceived personality or soul. 5. In life, I must make choices regardless of whats best for others. I can only choose whats best for me.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Unit 1 - MHS English: Ms. Ward

    Unit 1 - MHS English: Ms. Ward

    Answer reading questions "Stars, rainbows, and all other such heavenly sideshows had been permanently withdrawn, and if the radio announced that there was a blind of sunshine in such and such a place, where the cloud belt had thinned for...
  • WHERE ARE THE JOBS? A Summary of Cook

    WHERE ARE THE JOBS? A Summary of Cook

    SKILLS-Customer service-Administrative functions (filing,scheduling, office mgmt.)-Data entry & spreadsheets-Accounting, billing, payroll & invoice processing. SKILLS-Patient care, treatment planning & therapy-Scheduling-Customer service & communication skills-Quality assurance & control-Home health
  • Dissolved Oxygen - FAU

    Dissolved Oxygen - FAU

    This enclosed coastal body of water is a transitional environment between the land and the ocean. This creates a . mix. of both fresh and salt water. ... These stations are mounted to Coast Guard channel markers throughout the Lagoon.
  • KUKCI - Prezentacije.org

    KUKCI - Prezentacije.org

    Claudia Kuzmić , 7. b KUKCI Kukci su vrstama najbrojniji razred velike grupe člankonožaca. Većina ih živi na kopnu a dobro naseljavaju i kopnene vode, dok ih svega par vrsta živi u moru.
  • Finding Top-k Profitable Products

    Finding Top-k Profitable Products

    Qian Wan, Raymond Chi-Wing Wong, Yu Peng. ... Finding Top-k Profitable Products (TPP) Given a set ? of existing products and a set ? of possible new products, the goal is to find a subset ?′ of ? such that...
  • Lecture 13 Saving Biodiversity and Protecting Ecosystem Services

    Lecture 13 Saving Biodiversity and Protecting Ecosystem Services

    Lecture 13 Saving Biodiversity and Protecting Ecosystem Services, part 1 The Age of Sustainable Development 13.1. Relationships between Ecosystems and Well-being Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005.
  •    86 1 ()http://ce.aut.ac.ir/islab  1 2   . ()http://ce.aut.ac.ir/islab  3

    86 1 ()http://ce.aut.ac.ir/islab 1 2 . ()http://ce.aut.ac.ir/islab 3

    به نام خدا تمرينهاي سري دوم طراحي و پياده سازي سيستمهاي نرم افزاري بزرگ الناز دل پيشه
  • What Is Seller Financing?

    What Is Seller Financing?

    That is a 6.25-7.25 minimum investment in down payment on an FHA loan. On top of that there's a 1.35% add to the rate over the life of the loan. So if interest rates are 4.5% the effective rate on...