Exploring the American Dream in 20th Century Literature - Weebly

Exploring the American Dream in 20th Century Literature - Weebly

Exploring the American Dream th in 20 Century Literature John Steinbecks Of Mice and Men and Lorraine Hansberrys A Raisin in the Sun Writers Notebook: Journaling your definition of the American Dream.

Pulitzer Prize-winning American poet Rita Dove once said, [t]he American Dream is a phrase well have to wrestle with all our lives. It means a lot of things to different people. I think were redefining it now. FOR DISCUSSION: Has anyone ever given you an explanation of what the phrase means? If so, what was it? If not, how do you picture the American Dream?

Do we all have the same idea of what the American Dream is? What might the American Dream be for an immigrant, a person living in poverty or a kid from a wealthy family? Writers Notebook: Journaling your definition of the American Dream. In your notebook, list three goals or dreams you would like to accomplish before the age of thirty. Then, list three goals or

dreams you would like to accomplish before you die. When you are finished listing these goals, explain which of the goals/dreams you have listed are most important and how you plan to fulfill those goals/dreams. How would you feel if you were unable to obtain those goals/dreams? What do your dreams say about you? Pick a partner and share your ideas. Journal 18 Write a Half-Page in your Journal about the following

idea. The phrase the American Dream is curious. Does the American Dream mean the same thing to all people? The poor? The immigrant? The wealthy? Is the American Dream still alive today? Describe your vision of the American Dream or how other people like the ones above might define the American dream Challenges to the American Dream

Poverty, Unemployment and Uncertainty during the Great Depression The Great Depression, Black Tuesday and the Stock Market Crash of 1929 --Started with the catastrophic collapse of stock market prices on the New

York Stock Exchange in October 1929 --Most severe economic slump ever experienced in the industrialized Western world --Lasted from 1929 to 1939 --Began in the

United States but quickly spread throughout the entire world James N. Rosenberg, Oct 29 Dies Irae ("Days of Wrath"), 1929 The Psychological Impact of the Crash --U.S. suicide rate

increased steadily in the years following Black Tuesday (Galbraith, 1955) --British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, visiting New York, was awakened the day after Black Tuesday by the noise of a crowd outside

his hotel: "Under my very window a gentleman cast himself down fifteen stories and was dashed to pieces, causing a wild commotion and the arrival of the fire brigade.

The Great Depression in Perspective By 1932, almost 15 million people were unemployed. (The population of Texas in 2013 was approximately 27 million.) By 1933, 11,000 out of 25,000 banks in the United States had failed. (There are currently 7,891 banks in the state of Texas.) By 1932, in New York City alone, over 750,000 people were receiving welfare from NYC. (In 2013, the city of Austin had a

population of 885,400.) From 1929-1939, 60% of the US population, which was approximately 123 million, was considered poor by the federal government. Popular Art During the Great Depression Documenting the Misery and Questioning the Dream William Gropper, The Coffee

Pot (1932) Nicolai Cikovsky, On the East River (c. 1934) Blanche Grambs, No Work (1935) Reginald Marsh, Union Square (1933) Bing Crosbys Buddy, Can You Spare a Dime?**

They used to tell me I was building a dream And so I followed the mob When there was earth to plow or guns to bear I was always there, right on the job Once I built a tower up to the sun

Brick and rivet and lime Once I built a tower, now it's done Brother, can you spare a dime? They used to tell me I was building a dream With peace and glory ahead Why should I be standing in line

Just waiting for bread? Once in khaki suits, gee, we looked swell Full of that Yankee Doodly Dum Half a million boots went slogging through Hell And I was the kid with the drum

Once I built a railroad, I made it run Made it race against time Once I built a railroad, now it's done Brother, can you spare a dime? Say, don't you remember? They called me 'Al'

It was 'Al' all the time Why don't you remember? I'm your pal Say buddy, can you spare a dime? **The most popular song during the Great Depression. Rise in Escapism through Comic

Strips Challenges to the American Dream Racism and Xenophobia: Symptomatic or Systematic? Racism and Xenophobia (fear of foreigners, strangers, the unknown)

Symptomatic Systematic Argument: Argument: Racism and Xenophobia Racism and were engrained in the Xenophobia were just American ethos and products of the times. culture.

People were unhappy These events only because of poor added to underlying conditions in their own fears of people of lives, and this resulted different race, ethnicity, in negative and fearful or nation of origin. It

attitudes towards was built into the people of different morals of society at that race, ethnicity, and time. Resentment of "foreign" workers increases along with unemployment rolls. In Los Angeles, California, Mexican Americans are accused of stealing jobs from "real" Americans. During the month, 6,024 Mexican Americans are

deported (PBS, 2014). Louis Lozowick, Lynching (Lynch Law) (1936) The Dust Bowl and the Migrant Worker Context for Steinbecks Of Mice and Men

Dorothea Lange's "Migrant Mother photographed in a pea picker's camp in California in 1936. The family had just sold its tent in order to buy food. In 1939, there were 4 million migrant workers on the roads of America. By 1940, 2.5 million people had fled the Great Plains to escape the devastation caused by the Dust Bowl storms. Roughly 200,000 moved to California. Bindlestiffsitinerant, migrant workers. Synonyms: hobo, bum

Bindle [Slang]a bundle, as of bedding, carried by a hobo or migrant worker Watchin that Blackboard Employment agencies would post available jobs on a blackboard in

front of their offices. Prospective employees would watch the blackboard for any new jobs. John Steinbecks Of Mice and Men -Written by

Noble Prizingwinning author John Steinbeck in 1937 based on the authors experiences as a bindlestiff. -Chosen as a Book of the Month Club selection

before it was even published. John Steinbecks Of Mice and Men The story technically, a novellahas been banned from various US

public and school libraries or curricula for containing socalled "vulgar" and "offensive language and promoting controversial ideas.

Writers Notebook: Reading Notes for Chapter One in Of Mice and Men As you read Chapter One (pages 1-16), record your responses to the following questions in your Writers Notebook: 1. Generate a list of five words that describe Lenny and George (ten total). After making the list, choose the one word you think best describes each character (two total), then explain why you have chosen each word, using examples from the text to support and illustrate your idea. 2. Complete the following sentence: The relationship between George

and Lenny is like . . . After you complete the sentence, explain why their relationship is like X, then provide examples to support and illustrate your idea. Explain how these examples relate to the main idea. 3. Speculate about what happened in Weed that caused Lenny and George to leave and predict what you think will happen in this story based on what happened before. List a few details on which you base your prediction. Writers Notebook: Writing Prompt OneSetting Description (PART ONE)

Good writing starts with examining a model of good writing. Review and analyze the following paragraph (next slide) from Chapter One to understand how Steinbeck creates vibrant imagery for his readers. Respond to the following questions in your Writers Notebook:

1. Identify words/phrases that appeal to the sense of sight. 2. Identify words/phrases that appeal to the sense of smell. 3. Identify words/phrases that appeal to the sense of touch. 4. Identify words/phrases that appeal to the sense of hearing. 5. Identify words/phrases that appeal to feelings/atmosphere. 6. Identify words/phrases that describe location. 7. Look over the words you have identified in the previous section. What do

these words/phrases have in common? Are there any words that stand out as being distinctly different or unique? Are the words concrete or abstract? Explain how Steinbeck creates vivid imagery in these paragraphs. A few miles south of Soledad, the Salinas River drops in close to the hillside bank and runs deep and green. The water is warm too, for it has slipped twinkling over the yellow sands in the sunlight before reaching the narrow pool. On one side of the river the golden foothill slopes curve up to the strong and rocky Gabilan Mountains, but on the valley side the water is lined with trees- willows fresh and green with every spring,

carrying in their lower leaf junctures the debris of the winter's flooding; and sycamores with mottled, white, recumbent limbs and branches that arch over the pool. On the sandy bank under the trees the leaves lie deep and so crisp that a lizard makes a great skittering if he runs among them. Rabbits come out of the brush to sit on the sand in the evening, and the damp flats are covered with the night tracks of 'coons, and with the spread pads of dogs from the ranches, and with the split-wedge tracks of deer that come to drink in the dark. There is a path through the willows and among the sycamores, a path beaten hard by boys coming down from the ranches to swim in the deep pool,

and beaten hard by tramps who come wearily down from the highway in the evening to jungle-up near water. In front of the low horizontal limb of a giant sycamore there is an ash pile made by many fires; the limb is worn smooth by men who have sat on it. Writers Notebook: Writing Prompt OneSetting Description (PART TWO) Steinbeck is known for his vivid descriptive language. Your task is to write a descriptive paragraph based on a place. It can be real or a product of your imagination. Your paragraph must include the

following: IDENTIFICATION OF THE LOCATION Specifically stated Given through relationship to other places Uses context clues to help build a visual SENSORY DESCRIPTION Describes the sights, smells, feeling/atmosphere, sounds, and shapes/styles STYLE AND ORGANIZATION

There is clear organization in the paragraph evident through transitions and a logical progression of thoughts Correct sentence structure/grammar Writing style is creative and unique Sentence structure varies (use simple, compound and complex sentences) Writers Notebook: Reading Notes for Chapter Two (pages 17-27) in Of Mice and Men 1. List three (3) qualities of a good friend. Write down the three adjectives. A good friend is _____________, ______________, and ______________.

2. Provide examples from the text for each of the qualities you have identified (write down the page number for each example). 3. What animal would you say Curley is most like? (Focus on pages 2427.) Explain by including examples and quotations from the text to support and illustrate your point. 4. Last Six Weeks we studied foreshadowing. What event is foreshadowed on pages 26-27? What specific words support your prediction? 5. Based on the details Steinbeck uses to describe the bunkhouse (pages 17-19), how would you characterize the lives of the men who work on the ranch? Use specific words and explain why those are the right words to describe them.

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