Expository Writing unit:

Expository Writing unit:

EXPOSITORY WRITING UNIT: THE COMPARE/CONTRAST ESSAY PURPOSES FOR COMPARISON AND CONTRAST Clarify something unknown or not well understood Lead to a fresh insight or new way of viewing something Bring one or both of the subjects into sharper focus

COMPARE/CONTRAST GROUP WARM UP Discuss the similarities and differences between these objects. Brainstorm these points on the chart you have been given. Are there more similarities or more differences? Choose 3 main points of comparison. OUTLINING FOR COMPARE/CONTRAST ESSAY Block Order (each main subject is fully described; ideal for focus on similarities)

BODY PARAGRAPH #1HONDA CIVIC: Gas mileage Engine size Extras BODY PARAGRAPH #2 TOYOTA CAMRY: Gas mileage Engine size Extras NOTE: Body paragraph #2 must continually refer back to the information given in Body paragraph #1 in order to establish similarities and/or differences. Using transitional words is essential for this format.

OUTLINING FOR COMPARE/CONTRAST ESSAY Point by Point Order: (ideal for focus on differences) BODY PARAGRAPH #1 GAS MILEAGE: Honda Civic Toyota Camry BODY PARAGRAPH #2 ENGINE SIZE: Honda Civic Toyota Camry BODY PARAGRAPH #3 EXTRAS:

Honda Civic Toyota Camry OUTLINING FOR COMPARE/CONTRAST ESSAY: PRACTICE Create two different outlines for an essay based on the introductory paragraph you wrote. (Include more details than given in the previous examples) Organize your ideas into block order Organize your ideas into point by point

POINTS OF COMPARISON Choose the 2-4 most important areas that you will compare between two things. Thesis Statement: While both dogs and cats make excellent pets, their needs for exercise, grooming, and social interaction differ significantly. Points of Comparison: - Need for exercise - Need for grooming - Need for social interaction with owner

THESIS STATEMENT FOR COMPARE/CONTRAST ESSAY 1.Decide if you will focus on similarities or differences 2.Acknowledge similarities or differences you wont focus on 3.State the two subjects being compared 4.State the three points of comparison 5.Be clear, concise, and consistent (parallel structure) Example Thesis Statement focusing on differences: Although they are both effective means of transportation, cars and motorcycles differ in their safety, economy, and comfort.

THESIS STATEMENT FOR COMPARE/CONTRAST ESSAY 1.Decide if you will focus on similarities or differences 2.Acknowledge similarities or differences you wont focus on 3.State the two subjects being compared 4.State the three points of comparison 5.Be clear, concise, and consistent (parallel structure) Example Thesis Statement focusing on similarities: Although they communicate stories in different ways, books and movies are alike in plot structure, character types, and entertainment value.

THESIS STATEMENT EVALUATION Is the focus clear? (Similarities or differences?) Does it acknowledge similarities or differences that wont be discussed in the essay? Does it state the two subjects being compared? Does it state the three points of comparison? Is it short and simple? Does it have consistent (parallel) structure? WRITING THE INTRODUCTION The first sentence (hook) is usually a general statement to draw the readers attention. The bridge sentence or sentences:

are more specific, drawing the reader closer to your main subjects of comparison give some background information (context) do not give specific details that should belong in the body paragraphs The thesis statement is the last sentence of the paragraph. INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH: ZOOM IN General statement (hook): Most people desire companionship, and for some, that friendship comes in the form of a pet. Narrow the topic (bridge):

It may be difficult to choose the animal that will best suit ones family, so it is important to make an educated decision. Thesis statement: While both dogs and cats make excellent pets, their needs for exercise, grooming, and social interaction differ significantly. EXAMPLE: INTRODUCTION PARAGRAPH Most people desire companionship, and for some, that friendship comes in the form of a pet. It may be difficult to choose the animal that will best suit ones family, so it is important to make an educated decision. While both dogs

and cats make excellent pets, their needs for exercise, grooming, and social interaction differ significantly. INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH WRITING PRACTICE Write an introductory paragraph to go with the following thesis statement. Although school bullies and dictators rule in different places, they both use violence, lack empathy, and demonstrate immature behavior.

INTRODUCTION EVALUATION Is the first sentence (hook) a general statement? Do your bridge sentences gradually become more specific? Is some background information (context) given? Are there any details that should be saved for your body paragraphs? (Take these out.) Is the thesis statement the last sentence? CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH: ZOOM OUT Repeat purpose and main idea (as in Thesis statement):

Clearly, dogs and cats are very different in regard to exercise, care, and social involvement with their owners. Broaden the topic: Considering the varied needs and the unique characteristics of ones family will make it easier to come to a decision about which animal will be the better pet. General statement: Being wise about choosing a pet will result in many years of REVIEW: INTRODUCTION PARAGRAPH

Most people desire companionship, and for some, that friendship comes in the form of a pet. It may be difficult to choose the animal that will best suit ones family, so it is important to make an educated decision. While both dogs and cats make excellent pets, their needs for exercise, grooming, and social interaction differ significantly. CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH Clearly, dogs and cats are very different in regard to exercise, care, and social involvement with their owners. Considering the varied needs and the unique characteristics of ones family will make it

easier to come to a decision about which animal will be the better pet. Being wise about choosing a pet will result in many CONNECTING WORDS AND PHRASES Connecting words and phrases that show comparison (similarities): Connecting words and phrases that show contrast (differences): In addition

Even though Similarly Likewise Correspondingly Just as However Unlike On the contrary In contrast

Same as Conversely Compared to On the other hand As well as Although At the same time

Meanwhile EMBEDDING A QUOTE USE SIGNAL PHRASES AND COMMAS TO SET OFF QUOTATIONS: EXAMPLES OF SETTING OFF QUOTATIONS: As Jane Smith explains, A ducks quack doesnt echo. Cheese is the most stolen food in the world, according to Jane Smith. In the article, Jane Smith writes that snails can sleep for three years without eating. Dolphins, as Jane Smith notes, have highly developed emotion

centers in their brains. EMBEDDING A QUOTE REMINDERS: Keep quotes short Quote the good stuff (your quote must relate to & support what you are trying to communicate) Use author tags and signal phrases (let the reader know where this quote comes from) Explain how this quote relates to your point

EMBEDDING A QUOTE EXAMPLE: Cats and dogs have very different needs in regard to exercise. James Herriot, a wellloved Yorkshire veterinarian, once said that cats are connoisseurs of comfort (ix). As Herriot implies, a cat would more likely prefer to curl up and sleep the day away rather than go for a walk around the CITING SOURCES In-text Citations are inserted directly after a quote or paraphrase from a source Example:

One creationist argues that because our planet is so complex, it must have a deliberate Designer who not only created our universe, but sustains it today (Adamson). *************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************** Works Cited: A page at the end of your essay that lists the sources you used. Adamson, Marilyn. Is There a God? EveryStudent.com, https://www.everystudent.com/features/isthere.html . Accessed 8 October 2017. ************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************ Best Resource for Citing Sources: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/

WORKS CITED (Example) Herriot, James. James Herriots Cat Stories. St. Martins Press, 1994. SOURCES FOR THIS POWERPOINT Homann, Cassia. Embedding Quotations, San Jos State University Writing Center. Fall 2013. Rev. Summer 2014. 1 of 3 www.Sjsu.Edu/writingcenter. Accessed 6 October 2017. Janof, Linda. Notes on Journaling from a High School English Teacher. www.lifejournal.com. Accessed 7 October 2017. The Comparison and Contrast Essay. National Geographic Learning. www.ngl.cengage.com. Accessed 7 October 2017. Writing a Compare Contrast Essay. Santa Barbara City College CLRC Writing Center.

https://www.sbcc.edu/clrc/files/wl/downloads/WritingaCompareContrastEssay.pdf. Accessed 8 October 2017. Weller, Worth. Building an Essay from Sources: Quoting Made Easy. PPT

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Russian Oil and Gas Reserves

    Russian Oil and Gas Reserves

    RUSSIAN OIL AND GAS RESERVES Ray Leonard YUKOS Uppsala, May 22, 2001 Factors to consider Existing Reserves Production Capability Export Capability Future Discoveries CONCLUSIONS Russian oil reserves are probably in the range of 90-105 Billion barrels These reserves will be...
  • Universitatea Politehnica Bucuresti Faculatea de Electronica, Telecomunicatii si

    Universitatea Politehnica Bucuresti Faculatea de Electronica, Telecomunicatii si

    Corectitudinea protocolului Chord se bazeaza pe faptul ca fiecare peer este constient de succesorii sai. Tapestry propune o structură de date distribuită, cunoscută drept plasa Plaxton (Plaxton mesh), optimizată pentru a suporta o rețea acoperită pentru localizarea obiectelor de date...
  • Data Structures and Other Objects Using C++

    Data Structures and Other Objects Using C++

    (Kung Fu) Martial Arts. Shaolin martial arts (kung fu) and philosophy. Suppose your program also has another data type, called Gongfu. This could be a class that you wrote yourself for some purpose. Anyway, perhaps Gongfuobjects can be compared with...
  • Enabling Grids for E-sciencE IVOA Interoperability May 2009

    Enabling Grids for E-sciencE IVOA Interoperability May 2009

    IVOA Interoperability May 2009 A&A Transition to EGI C. Vuerli (1,2) and F. Pasian (1,2) (1) INAF - Astronomical Observatory of Trieste (2) INAF - Information System Unit
  • Apes Exam Review - Queenbegumscience

    Apes Exam Review - Queenbegumscience

    The AP Environmental Science Exam is 3 hours long and has two parts — multiple choice questions and free response questions. ... APES EXAM POWERPOINT YOUTUBE REVIEW . PART 1 OF 6. PART 2 OF 6. PART 3 OF 6....
  • WAVE Trust Presentation for Partners Network Event

    WAVE Trust Presentation for Partners Network Event

    • Promotion of mental wellbeing through positive relationships and personal coping skills • Many people experience poor mental health and support is available for them• Five steps to mental wellbeing (#connect #be active #keep learning #give to others #be mindful)...
  • Hyena - WordPress.com

    Hyena - WordPress.com

    Hyena - Edwin Morgan "I am waiting for you" ... "When the moon pours hard an cold on the veldt I sing" ...
  • Company name DEPARTMENT Quality Systems

    Company name DEPARTMENT Quality Systems

    The Overview. The Quality System. Quality Systems and Inspections. How ICH Q 10 can and will contribute. How to Set-up a Good Quality System. Recommendations for the Quality Unit