Facts - WordPress.com

Facts - WordPress.com

Knowledge at the core: why all students need facts Adam Boxer @adamboxer1 [email protected] Take-homes 1. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to

learn more about that thing 2. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to understand texts about that thing 3. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to solve problems related to that thing 4. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to be creative in areas related to that thing 5. Knowing lots about things means you have enriched experiences of those things

When they are allowed to apply their natural creativity and curiosity, children love learningThen they get to school, and we suppress this instinct by sitting them down, force-feeding them with inert facts and testing the life out

of them. Defining terms Fact: A thing that is known or proved to be true. Fact or non-fact? The chemical formula for water is H2O In Nietzsches opinion, God is dead

British security services kidnapped the Skripals The capital city of Israel is Jerusalem Superman would beat Batman any day According to Pyrrho, nothing can be proved A cognitive approach to facts

I am going to use fact to refer to any piece of information We will look at: How facts are arranged in the mind How facts help learning How facts help thinking Comprehension Problem solving Creativity

Phenomenology I am going to use fact to refer to any piece of information: Adam is representing researchEd

He appears to be Jewish Adam is the presenter of this session Zooming in

He is representing researchEd Evidence based education Metacognition

boosts progress Marking is probably a waste of time Direct Instruction is

an excellent way to teach Schema Schema theory was introduced in the 1930s by Sir Fred BartlettThe core idea is that a schema is a sort of mental template that describes the key features of something.

For instance, the schema for a typical car includes having four wheels, a chassis, a body, doors, seats and a steering wheel. (Gordon Rugg, 2013) How do facts help? How facts are arranged in the mind How facts help learning How facts help thinking

Comprehension Problem solving Creativity Phenomenology How do facts help? For to every one who has will more be

given, and he will have abundance; but from him who has not, even what he has will be taken away. Matthew, 25:29 Which new fact is easiest for you to remember?

Harry and Meghan just got divorced Adams friend David recently got a job in the tax department at Bambridge & Lesser Adams uncle Yerucham Barkani lives in Silwan and served in Duvdavonim , When you learn, new information is placed into the context of old

information Learner with well-developed schema Learner with poorly developed

schema New knowledge Beier and Ackerman, 2005 Research generally shows that prior knowledge is important for new knowledge acquisition... We found, as we expected, that prior

knowledge was an important and significant predictor of knowledge acquisition for learning for both topic areas examined. Take-homes 1. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to learn more about that thing

Comprehension Harry and Meghan just got divorced Adams friend David recently got a job in the tax department at Bambridge & Lesser Adams uncle Yerucham Barkani lives in Silwan and served in Duvdavonim ,

The Chinese Room Environmen t This process is what we call learning it only occurs

with practice and thinking Working memory Long-term memory

The working memory can hold approximately five items. This is universal. Symbol input

Output The rule book Knowledge of language

Symbol input Output To comprehend something, new information must be tied to old information This study deals with the nitration of phenol in a multimode

MW reaction system operating under continuous microwave (MW) irradiation. Reactions were carried out with two nitric acid (HNO3)/phenol molar ratios: 1.25 and 1.1, under the following conditions: applied (nominal) MW power, Pnom = 600 W, adsorbed power P = 16.0 kW dm3, reaction temperature, TR = 6890 C, reaction time, t = 59 min, heating rate 0.10.25 C s1. At the end of the synthesis, para/ortho (p/o) isomer distribution of nitrophenol product was determined by high-pressure liquid chromatography

(HPLC). Furthermore, conventional (CH) experiments were conducted also under the same conditions. Then, MW and CH methods were compared in terms of product yield and isomer distribution. According to results, yield and paraselectivity of MW-assisted synthesis were higher than the CH counterpart although the reaction temperature of the MW method was lower than that of the CH method. Schmitt et al., 2011 This study focused on the relationship between

percentage of vocabulary known in a text and level of comprehension of the same text. The results revealed a relatively linear relationship between the percentage of vocabulary known and the degree of reading comprehension. There was no indication of a vocabulary threshold, where comprehension increased dramatically at a particular percentage of vocabulary knowledge.

Results suggest that the 98% estimate is a more reasonable coverage target for readers of academic texts. Take-homes 1. People who already know lots about something find it easier to learn more about that thing 2. People who already know lots about

something find it easier to understand texts about that thing Take-homes 1. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to learn more about that thing 2. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to understand texts about that thing

Problem solving Everyday problems Vocational problems Academic problems Everyday problems Problem: I have lost my keys Problem: what is the best way to keep

track of my domestic finances? Vocational problems Palumbo et al 2005 the job knowledge measure was a stronger predictor of performance than cognitive ability. Academic problems

E.g. 1 surface vs. deep structure Interpreting physics calculation questions 71J of energy are transferred by a device with a potential difference of 12V. How much charge has passed through it? Show all your working

Surface structure: the values in the question Deep structure: relevant equation Other details from Q 71J energy

12V potential difference Which equation to choose, how to manipulate it

Take-homes 1. People who already know lots about something find it easier to learn more about that thing 2. People who already know lots about something find it easier to understand texts about that thing 3. Domain knowledge improves your problem-solving in that domain

Take-homes 1. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to learn more about that thing 2. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to understand texts about that thing 3. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to solve problems related to that

thing Creativity You have to draw on a fair amount of experience in order to be

able to put ideas together At what age do scientists tend to produce great ideas? Edge of the domain: New knowledge being added to the

domain Take-homes 1. People who already know lots about something find it easier to learn more about that thing 2. People who already know lots about something find it easier to understand texts about that thing

3. Domain knowledge improves your problem-solving in that domain 4. Domain knowledge improves your creativity in that domain Take-homes 1. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to learn more about that thing 2. Knowing lots about something makes it easier

to understand texts about that thing 3. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to solve problems related to that thing 4. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to be creative in areas related to that thing Phenomenology But what if Mary had a

brother? Take-homes 1. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to learn more about that thing 2. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to understand texts about that thing 3. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to solve problems related to that thing

4. Knowing lots about something makes it easier to be creative in areas related to that thing 5. Knowing lots about things means you have enriched experiences of those things

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Urban Water Management to Achieve Sustainable Water Quality ...

    Urban Water Management to Achieve Sustainable Water Quality ...

    urban water management to achieve sustainable water quality and conservation outcomes Water Management is one of the most serious challenges facing major citiesOf all our natural resources, water underpins sustainable development more than any other.
  • Scientific Notation - Campbell County Central

    Scientific Notation - Campbell County Central

    Writing Scientific Notation Scientific notation is written using the product of 2 factors. 1.0 x 106 = 1,000,000 First factor is a number ≥ 1 but < 10. 1,000,000 = 1.0 Second factor is a power of 10 = (106)...
  • Diapositiva 1 - WordPress.com

    Diapositiva 1 - WordPress.com

    Ep =mgh = 1,5 · 9,8 · 1,25 = 18,4 J TRABAJO Y VARIACIÓN DE ENERGÍA POTENCIAL (TEOREMA DE LA ENERGÍA POTENCIAL) El trabajo realizado por el peso sobre el cuerpo es: W = F· r · cos mg ·...
  • Pankaj K. AGGARWAL IUFRO Division 5 Conference 5.01.01

    Pankaj K. AGGARWAL IUFRO Division 5 Conference 5.01.01

    Growth stresses are generally resolved in the longitudinal, radial and tangential directions following the natural geometry of the trees. These are common to all species however their magnitudes differ from species to species. ... Gap between demand and supply of...
  • Clauses: Building Blocks for Sentences

    Clauses: Building Blocks for Sentences

    Clauses: Building Blocks for Sentences A clause is a group of related words containing a subject and a verb. It is different from a phrase in that a phrase does not include a subject and a verb relationship. There are...
  • 2016 - 2017 Budget - Owensboro Fire Department

    2016 - 2017 Budget - Owensboro Fire Department

    Leading Fire Incident Calls For Service Cause: Cooking . 2016 - 111. 2015 - 185. 2016 Civilian Fire Related Deaths . ZERO. OFD, along with local partners such as the Red Cross and Neighborhood Alliances, provided fire safety information for...
  • Musikkplagiat Fra Bach til Led Zeppelin - folk.uio.no

    Musikkplagiat Fra Bach til Led Zeppelin - folk.uio.no

    Paul McCartney Lady Madonna Live Montreal 2011 HD 1080P. https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=HURqswGX-38 (Fra NRK radio "Vår daglige Beatles") Humphrey Lyttelton ...
  • 16-Revelation-6v9-17

    16-Revelation-6v9-17

    The $1.7bn facility, two years in the making, will soon host supercomputers to store gargantuan quantities of data from emails, phone calls, Google searches and other sources...Since January 2011 a reported 10,000 labourers have built four 25,000-sq ft halls filled...