FCAT Review - Mater Gardens Academy

FCAT Review - Mater Gardens Academy

FCAT Review Life Science What does Being Alive mean?

Made of cells Respond to stimuli Respire (use energy) Adapt Reproduce Excrete wastes Secrete

Have a life span Life Needs:

Energy (solar or chemical) Water Tolerable Temperatures Light Agreeable Atmosphere Structure of the Cell Single Cell vs. Multicellular

Cell Organization

Atom Molecule Organelle Cell Tissue Organ System Organism

Major Systems Excretory Respiratory Male Reproductive

Digestive Female Major Systems Nervous Skeletal

Circulatory Muscular Chemistry of the Cell Cells are made of atoms and molecules

Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Iron, Sodium, Potassium, etc. Organic Organic compounds contain carbon

Inorganic Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, nucleic acids, etc. Inorganic compounds are also necessary for life Water, salt, vitamins, etc.

Cell Transportnote error on class notes Passive Transport Exocytosis Active Transport Endocytosis Cellular Respiration

organisms use oxygen to break down glucose and release water and carbon dioxide as waste C6H12O6 + 6O2 Energy + 6CO2 + 6H2O Photosynthesis plants use solar energy to make glucose from water and carbon dioxide and release oxygen as waste

Energy + 6CO2 + 6H2O C6H12O6 + 6O2 Mitosis Cell division for body cells - diploid Meiosis

Cell division to produce sex cells - haploid DNA Nitrogen bases Adenine Thymine

Guanine Cytosine Sexual vs. Asexual Reproduction Heredity passing of traits from parents of offspring Alleles different forms a gene has for a trait

A dominant allele for a trait (upper case) a recessive allele for a trait (lower case) Heterozygous different alleles Homozygous identical alleles

Punnett Squares Tools for predicting genetic crosses Genotype genetic makeup

What alleles are present Phenotype physical makeup What is shown Fill in the Punnett Square

T t t T tall plants t short plants t

How many offspring plants will be tall? How many offspring plants will be short? What percentage of offspring will be tall plants? Fill in the Punnett Square T t

t Tt tt t Tt

tt T tall plants t short plants How many offspring plants will be tall? How many offspring plants will be short? What percentage of offspring will be tall plants? Evolution changes in kinds of animals

and plants over time Evidence Fossil record

Continental drift Why do kangaroos live in Australia? From Eohippus to Equus Survival of the Fittest

Ability to reproduce successfully Charles Darwin The fittest? Ecology

Biotic Factors Living things Abiotic Factors

Non-living things Food Chain vs. Food Web Energy Pyramid Adaptation for Survival

Changes in structure behavior Cycles of Nature

Carbon Nitrogen Phosphorus Water Environmental Issues

Decrease in resources leads to decrease in natural populations Human activities

Pollution Global warming Destruction of habitat Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources Renewable

Wind Solar Water

Trees Biomass Non-renewable Coal Oil

Gas Scientific Classification Scientific Classification Dichotomous Key Plant Kindom

Plant Reproduction Spores vs. Seeds Fern Gymnosperm Angiosperm Virus

Viruses are not alive until they invade a cell

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