Feminisms - fju.edu.tw

Feminisms - fju.edu.tw

Feminisms II: Examples Housekeeping and Female Artists Outline History of Womens Writings since 19th Century Virginia Woolf and A Room of Ones Own (her Story of Shakespeares Sister) Sylvia Plath and The 15-Dollar Eagle Katherine Anne Porter and The Jilting Some Other Stories of Housekeeping Some Other Stories of Female Artists

History of Womens Writings since 19th Century According to Elaine Showalter (textbook chap 1, p. 184) 1. imitation (the feminine phase) 2. Protest (the feminist phase) 3. developing female understanding (the female phase) Womens writings in the 19th century 1. Very few of them got to write; write diaries or letters. 2. the use of pseudonyms to write,

3. The use of madness, death as tropes of self-preservation e.g. Christina Rossettie, Emily Dickenson, Yellow Wallpaper, etc. 4. Followed the general plot in Victorian novels: exclusion+ death or domestication (marriage; e.g. Jane Eyre) Feminist Writings and Criticism in the 20 century (gynocriticism p. 185) Writings

Bring about changes in both form and content. Content: 1. Critique of patriarchal society, e.g. A Room of Ones Own. 2. empowerment of female roles and female bonding. Granny W 3. Discovery of female desires. 4. Analysis of female psyche. Criticisms main

concerns: 1. Linguistic 2. Cultural 3. Biological 4. Psychoanalytic Virginia Woolf (1882-1941) An extremely important Modernist novelist of Stream of Consciousness. Daughter of Sir Leslie (a biographer, critic, and scholar) Self-educated

Committed suicide by drowning, March 28, 1941, Mrs. Dalloway appears on bestseller lists following the release of The Hours (directed by Stephen Daldry, stars Meryl Streep, Nicole Kidman, and Julianne Moore) Virginia Woolf (1882-1941) : Causes for her Sensitivity to Life Witnessed in her early years several members of her family fall victim to insanity and illness. (e.g. her

half and her cousin's madness) Endured sexual abuse as a young girl by her older half brother which permanently altered her attitude toward sex and may have contributed to Woolf's frigidity as a married woman. (Quentin Bell Virginia Woolf: A Biography, 1972) The combined effect of these childhood experiences heightened her sensitivity to the harsh realities of life, but also seriously damaged her ability to cope. (source: Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2003.) Virginia Woolfs A Room of Ones Own.

Womens position in fiction and in real life.( clip 1) Why did not women write poetry in the Elizabethan age? (clip 2) e.g. Shakespeare vs. Shakespeares sister life in the living room, arranged marriage, not being able to work and survive by herself in London, with child. Androgyny: manly woman, womanly man. Sylvia Plath (1932-1963)

First Turning Point: Her fathers death in 1940. (Her poems show both rebellion and guilt.) Second Turning Point: won a Mademoiselle fiction contest and was invited to be a guest of the magazine the following summer. After that summer, she suffered from a severe nervous breakdown and, at the age of 19, attempted suicide by swallowing sleeping pills. She survived the attempt and was hospitalized, receiving treatment with electro-shock therapy. The Third: Meeting and Marrying Ted

Hughes Sylvia Plath (1932-1963): Ted and Sylvia Married Ted Hughes (a poet), June 16, 1956 (separated, 1962); Under Ted Hughes influences both during her life and after her death. Anxious about her not being able to write, or write well. The Plath Estate has a strict control over Plath materials. controversies in her biographies. The only biography endorsed by them (Bitter Fame: A Life of Sylvia Plath 1989 ) presented Plath as a spoiled product of the 1950s whose egoistic rage inspired brilliant but obsessive poetry

BBC produces the film Ted and Sylvia, starring Gwyneth Paltrow. The Estate, again, does not let the film use her poems. (source: Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 152: American Novelists Since World War II, Fourth Series. A Bruccoli Clark Layman Book. Edited by James Giles, Northern Illinois University and Wanda Giles, Northern Illinois University. The Gale Group, 1995. pp. 194-201. ) . The Fifteen-Dollar Eagle The Tattooist -- Is Carney an artist or a craftsman? If the former, what kind of artist is Carney? What is he proud of? Where are his limits?

How is his tattoo art presented differently in this story from the way we understand it today? What do you think about the no face, hands and feet law? Tattoo in context: What does the title mean? In this story we have several characters who serve as foil to Carney: Mr. Tomolillo, his customers (the sailor, the boy) and the narrator? What do they each think about tattoo? What role does Laura play in this story? The Fifteen-Dollar Eagle: Carney As an artist the best and all capable, an artist of meticulous details, making dreams and constructing

identities for his customers. (p. 93) As a craftsman cater to the customers needs with a mixture of signs (animals, the exotic, religious) A walking ad: p. 95 His pride and limits? Adding colors to the Eagle; Limits: the no face, hands and feet law; no tattoo in Japan; no photos of ladies with butterflies on their legs; narrow understanding of women; solemn in front of his wife The Fifteen-Dollar Eagle: Tattoo in context Tattoo in context:

A commercial world: All of his work carefully priced, just as the customers express themselves differently with the amount of money they have. Mr. Tomolillo no tattoo, comes for the spring; the sailor wants the best, to show his power and have his vision (militaristic) the boy no heart, just a name which can be hidden the narrator so nervous that she faints. Laura not interested at all. Plath as the author her ambiguities shown

in the presentations of Carney, tattoo, Laura and the narrator. The Fifteen-Dollar Eagle: the humorous and subtly ironic parts Plaths descriptions of faces and appearance: 1. Mr. T p. 94; a praying mantis; 2. Carney: p. 95 Like a comic strip out in the rain; 3. The sailor: p. 97 diamond-shaped head 4. Carneys action: p. 98 like a priest whetting his machete for the fatted calf 5. The boy: a smile which is a public substitute for tears (104)

Katherine Ann Porter (1890-1980) Born in Texas. Many of Porter's stories echo her past, but she herself remained taciturn about the past. A Formalist writer under the influence of Henry James. Katherine Ann Porter (1890-1980) After her mother's death in 1892, her family moved and Porter was raised by her grandmother until the grandmother's death in 1901. --She gave out romanticized stories about those early years in Kyle--rooms filled with books, faithful

ex-slaves in attendance, education in a convent school; --The reality: The family of six was cramped together in a tiny house (later sold for ten dollars), and Harrison Porter, devastated by his wife's death, made no attempt to provide the economic necessities for his children. More affluent neighbors gave cast-off clothes to the Porter children. KAP, even then proud and defiant, felt the shame of poverty. (source: George Hendrick, "Katherine Anne Porter", In Twayne's United States Authors Series Online New York: G. K. Hall & Co., 1999 Previously published in print in 1988 by Twayne Publishers. ) Katherine Ann Porter (1890-1980)

James William Johnson: critical judgment, . . ., has limited her artistry in several ways. It has not permitted her to universalize but has confined her to being a `witness to life. Consequently her fiction has been closely tied to what she herself has experienced firsthand. The Jilting of Granny Weatherall (1929) From 1964 Collected Stories (which incorporates Flowering Judas and Porter's other collections as discrete

units) -- the theme of betrayal What does the title mean? p. 382 Jilting of GW 1. How do you characterize Granny? What does she feel about being jilted? What is she proud of? 2. How does Granny relate to the people around her? Why is she impatient with the doctor as well as her daughter Cornelia? 3. Why is Granny pre-occupied with Hapsy?

Ref. Jilting of GW: Some Interpretations 1. John Hagopian: the moral of the story "to be that the universe has no order, the proper bridegroom never comes--to expect him will inevitably lead to cruel disillusionment." 2. Darlene Unrue-- Granny "has identified the absent George with Christ and feels abandoned by both. 3. A lesbian/queer reading Hapsy is not Grannys daughter, but her female friend.

Ref. Jilting of GW: A Different Presentation The Film Version: 1. Told in a chronological way, from before Granny falls ill. (clip 1: her views of housework and memory of the past) 2. How the film presents Grannys memory of being jilted (clip 2): more dramatic. 3. The death scene (clip 3). Some Other Stories/Films about House-keeping

Late 19th -- Modern Trifles by Charlotte Perkin Gilman Sunday at Minton by S. Plath A Rose for Emily Contemporary I Stand Here Ironing (1961) Tillie Olsen Dancing in the Dark (a film) Housekeeping by Marilyn Robinson (1983 ) Some Other Stories/Films of Female Artists (or Knstlerinroman) Modern

To The Lighthouse (Mrs. Ramsey and Lily Briscoe) Contemporary The Lover (M. Duras) Ive Heard the Mermaid Singing; Mansfield Park (P. Rozema) The Woman Warrior (Maxine Hong Kingston) Disappearing Moon Caf (SKY Lee) Margaret Atwoods later novels

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