Figurative Language

Figurative Language

Figurative Language figurative language figurative language (FIG-yer-uh-tiv LANGgwidj): The literal meaning of a word is its definition as you would find it in a dictionary. Figurative language uses words in some way

other than for their literal meanings to make a comparison, add emphasis, or say something in a fresh and creative way. Examples of figurative language include alliteration, hyperbole, idiom, imagery, metaphor, onomatopoeia, personification, and simile.

figurative language Figurative language figurative language Poetry is a type of writing that

uses figurative language to create images and ideas appeal to the five senses appeal to emotions alliterati on

When two or more words in a group of words begin with the same sound (usually, the same letter or group of letters). For example: Annes awesome apple; Freds frozen french fries

alliterati on Alliteration Grammar Song allusion A figure of speech that

makes a reference to people, places, events, or literary works directly or implying them. It is up to the audience to make the allusion

Allusion Video 1 hyperbole hyperbole (hahy-PUR-buh-lee): Extreme exaggeration used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement that is not

meant to be taken literally. For example: I almost died of boredom. Hyperbole is frequently used in humorous hyperbole Hyperbole

idiom An expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its individual words. For example, its raining cats and dogs is an idiom that means its raining

really hardbut there is no way to know that from the meanings of its individual words. idiom Idioms' Song Idioms

imagery Language that portrays sensory experiences, or experiences of the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. Authors use imagery to describe actions, characters, objects,

and ideas, and to heighten the emotional effect of their writing. One way authors create imagery is through the use of figurative language. imagery imagery

irony There are three types of irony: (1) dramatic irony, when the reader or audience member is aware of something that the characters are not aware of; (2) situational irony, when

something happens that is the reverse of what you expected; and (3) verbal irony, when the name or description of something implies the opposite of the truth (for example, calling a very irony

Irony Irony Video 1 metaphor The comparison of two unlike things to illuminate a particular quality or aspect of one of those things. For example, Karen was

a ray of sunshine is a metaphor in which Karen is compared with a ray of sunshine. The metaphor suggests that Karen was cheerful, happy, warm, hopefulqualities we associate with the sun. Metaphors state that one thing is something else; they do not use the words like or as.

metaphor Metaphor Metaphor Video 2 onomatopoeia The use of words whose

sounds imitate the sounds of what they describe, such as hiss, murmur, growl, honk, buzz, woof, etc. onomatopoeia onomatopoeia

oxymoron An oxymoron is a figure of speech in which words or phrases that appear to express opposite thoughts are used in conjunction and

describe a situation where both words or phrases are oxymoron oxymoron personificati

on Describing nonhuman animals, objects, or ideas as though they possess human qualities or emotions. For example: The moon smiled down at her, I felt the cold hand of death on my

shoulder, There is a battle being fought in my garden personificatio n Personification

simile When two unlike things are comparedusing like or asin order to illuminate a particular quality or aspect of one of those things. For example, Randys voice is like melted chocolate is

a simile in which Randys voice is compared to melted chocolate. The simile suggests that Randys voice is rich, smooth, sweet, simile similes and metaphors

symbol An object, setting, event, animal, or person that on one level is itself, but that has another meaning as well. For example, the American flag is really a piece of fabric with stars and stripes on it, but it also represents

the United States and ideals like freedom, patriotism, and pride. In a story or play, rain could be a symbol; the rain would really be rain, but it might also represent an idea like sadness or leaving the past behind. Symbolize means to be a symbol of.

symbol Symbols symbolism The practice of using symbols.

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