The Mighty Stinson 2000M-2 MIDI Concert Band Organ Example Sold for $135,000 for export Florida Tech Solar-Powered Band Organ Concept by Frank R. Leslie, Adjunct Professor, DMES Florida Tech 904/2008 Background/History While a calliope is identified with circuses, Indiana University has one that is used at sports events and parades Florida Tech students might construct a band organ as a Capstone Project to show the integration of science, engineering, and fine arts Circus calliope, lithograph by Gibson & Co., 1872. 080521 Introduction Florida Tech has been introducing courses that express our motto of High Tech with a Human Touch The Music Department can bridge the engineering disciplines with some development of an automated band organ to play at various events
An keyboardist can play it manually Other MIDI-output instruments could play it A computer can play it automatically An auxiliary power source of solar modules can provide air pressure and power for actuation outside 080904 Performance Venues Florida Tech has occasional events where students playing this organ or the computer automatically playing it would be interesting and unique Building dedications Parades for the university, high schools, or city events Performance concerts Presidents Picnic Outdoor city events Retirement home shows And many more
080904 Band Organ vs. Calliope Band organs date from Basically pipe organs, but often expanded to include piano, bells, drums, violins, horns, chimes, etc., primarily in theater organs Also called festival or fair organs Calliopes are high-pressure steampowered; patented 1855 by Joshua Stoddard in New York and demonstrated on a train Early steamboats had calliopes to alert a town of their arrival Newer versions use compressed air and have less range (usually under 1 mile) These are one rank organs; one set of whistles Calliope on the Minnie-Ha-Ha, a stern-wheeler on Lake George, NY 080529 Indiana Universitys 1924 Calliope Indiana University
plays this steam calliope at various events! Shouldnt Florida Tech have one, too? This is direct from steam whistles to sound The range is typically about three miles on a quiet day The original Boom Car Too loud for within Melbourne! caliope8.mp3 080521 Modern Calliope Example Kitch Greenhouse Steam Calliope at the Ohio Historical Society - July, 2006 080319 Band Organ Example http://www.freewebs.com/ mechanicalorgangallery/gdsf2004.htm
Mobile fairground organ and a small horn organ 080521 Music Playing and Control Keyboards (some 25 to 44 notes) control solenoids that open a valve to sound a note, strike a drum, triangle, or chime, etc. Early units were derived from Jacquard fabricweaving loom control and used pin drive, perforated cards , and later, paper piano rolls Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) is now used in new and upgraded bandorgans Conversion from other formats exist and MIDI-todiscrete translators can drive solenoid actuators with direct current to blow pipes or beat drums, etc. 080529 Music Composition The solenoid valve operation can move quickly, and fast music can be performed at normal tempi Music composition software can read MIDI inputs from a keyboard or other instrument for modification and adaptation for driving the instrument A MIDI-output guitar could drive the bandorgan! When the final MIDI file is sent to the band organ, it plays automatically as directed by the composition orchestration 080904 Psychological Planning The instrument can impress the audience with
music not normally associated with circus compositions Classical, rock, jazz, popular, bluegrass, etc. The visual design of the pipes for stereo (not symmetry) and exterior faade embellishments Two-sided vs. one-sided display (parade trailer or fixed full width for against a wall) design possible for show flexibility An emotional appeal comes from hearing the unique sounds and seeing moving parts as it plays 080904 Design and Construction Skills, Etc. Engineering Systems Dr. ? and 1 student System design School of Business Mechanical Engrg Dr. ? and 2 students Case and mountings; trailer; tuning Dr. ? and 1 student Cost management and schedule Musical Dept
Computer Engineering Physics Dept Dr. ? and 2 students MIDI interfaces Electrical Engineering Dr. ? and 2 students Controls and power Faade Art Dr. ?, (C. F?) and 2 students Dr. Younkin and 2 students MIDI compositions/organist Dr. ? and 2 students Pipe/percussion design; pneumatics Psychology Dr. B? and 1 student Visual/auditory impact design 080529 System Architecture Keyboard permits manually played recitals MIDI interpreter converts .mid files into discrete pipe/percussion actuator signals at 12 volts d.c.
Pipes and percussion provide wide sonic variety Power supply provides sufficient drive for all instruments at once Case supports all other components and allows moving to a trailer, room, or storage Exterior faade decoration provides visual interest and nostalgia Florida Tech and space themed 080529 Budgetary Estimate for Initial Build Budget Bogey Number $6,000 Bogey plus 30% Margin Totals Comments $7,800 Notes Case, Main $298.00 Two-piece; ~76"H OA x 120"W total x 24" D 1
Cases, Wings $130.00 Two-piece; ~48"H x 30"W x 18" D 1 Faade $324.00 Six pieces 1/2" plywood; textiles 1 includes notebook computer 1 MIDI Devices $1,389.00 Electrical/Air Supply $681.30 low pressure 1
Software $100.00 MIDI S/W, etc. 1 Pipes $216.00 two ranks: flutes Percussion $141.00 bass and snare drums plus xylophone 1 hardware 1 1, 2 Misc $42.00
Labor $900.00 Extent is TBD; volunteers? 1 Trailer, Parade/Moving $725.00 utility trailer, basic low-side 3 LED highlighting 3 3 Lighting $24.00 Solar Power $670.00 optional for parades and other outdoors events Trips
$190.00 purchase trips to Sanford FL at RMR Presentation/Publicity $170.00 optional, (?) Main Budget Total $6,000.30 Main Budget Margin -$0.30 With Donated Labor $5,100.30 1, 8 3 with 30% margin + is under budget $7,800.39 -$0.39
volunteer or student project work reduces cost 080529 Conclusion Creation of this instrument provides a lasting tribute to interdisciplinary teamwork across the multiple colleges displayed at university events Periodically, the band organ would be presented in local parades and for demonstration at schools to stimulate students in pursuing careers in arts, sciences, and engineering The system provides an example of how fine art, science, and engineering can be blended in a unique, entertaining display for public entertainment --High Tech with a Human Touch! 080904 Questions or Comments? Band Organ Demonstrations, Etc. Solar powered carousel http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5XSshVv5VGk Band organ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D6bFo5MRGQk Hand built Band organ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4vPg9QjyC-c
Band Organ Flutes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m9CgKMrVZCo&feature=related Bandorgan Ghost Riders http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vEnQ4FsThos&NR=1 Card-reader band organ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CTwDQCUdp08&feature=related http://mama.indstate.edu/users/nizrael/midis/bigtop.mid Organ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hKDJ6Z_stvg&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ITZkuqDiBc Organ playing basics http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y4-GSlqyYzs&feature=related Childs piano http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y81Zu9AJlGk http://www.theatreorgans.com/walnuthill/eugenehayek.htm http://www.popsci.com/video/2007-11/breakdown-singing-tesla-coils MIDIs: http://mama.indstate.edu/users/nizrael/midis/ 080425 References
www.robertsmusicalrestorations.com http://www.bandorganmusic.com/music/sound/RescueofMadamLaura.mpg http://www.doyleintl.com/ http://www.stinsonbandorgans.com/ http://www.doyleintl.com/band_organ_music_midi_library.htm http://www.doyleintl.com/band_organ_pot_10mmd.htm http://www.doyleintl.com/links.htm http://www.doyleintl.com/band_organ_pot_11powerofmmd.htm http://www.doyleintl.com/band_organ_pot_hme_bopp.htm http://www.theotherpages.org/poems/amv13_3.html by Kaliyope Yell Vachel Lindsey http://www.steamboats.org/forum/showthread.php?t=916 David Morecroft, calliope builder, Peru, Indiana http://www.youtube.com/v/34OXeV_ZrqQ&hl=en Band organ Kit Carson Fairground, CO http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=organ+pipe&search_type= Tuning: http://www.mmdigest.com/Archives/KWIC/T/tuning.html PVC Pipes: http://rpartos.org/ http://rpartos.org/calliope.html Building: http://www.carousels.com/wyman/wympt1.htm http://www.carousels.com/ Calliola Project: http://www.carousels.com/caliola/
080321 Misc. Websites Organists Guild: http://www.spokaneago.org/February.pdf Australian Mechanical Organs: http://homepage.mac.com/ozorgans/ http://www.freewebs.com/mechanicalorgangallery/ http://www.freewebs.com/mechanicalorgangallery/organfestivaldingles.htm http://www.freewebs.com/mechanicalorgangallery/gdsf2007.htm http://ago-spacecoast.tripod.com/id6.html http://www.blitzbasic.com/Community/posts.php?topic=55076 http://www.fops.org/ http://www.staugustine.com/directory/visit/239038.shtml Lightner Museum 080523 Band Organ Construction
080411 Band Organ Pipeworks, Etc. 2x bourdon celeste, 2x violin celeste on melody with tremulant, stopped & cello accompaniment, 4', 8', & extra 16' stopped on bass: also a glockenspiel & bass drum, cymbal & snare drum. Stopped Diapason 8, Flute 4, Principal 2, Stopped Diapason 8, Principal 4, Chimney Flute 4, Fifteenth2, SesquialteraII Manual I 1 Open Diapason8 2 Clarabella8 3 Principal 4 4 Nazard2 2/3 5 Fifteenth2 6 Tierce1 3/5 i Manual II to Manual I Manual II 7 Stopped Diapason 8 8 Salicional8 9 Chimney Flute 4 10 Flageolet2 11 Oboe8 Tremulant to manuals Pedal12 Sub Bass16 ii Manual I to Pedal iii Manual II to Pedal Manual Stopped Diapason 8 Principal4 Chimney Flute 4 Twelfth2 2/3 Fifteenth2 Sydney Town Hall 64' stop http://www.ohta.org.au/confs/Sydney/SYDNEYTOWNHALL.html http://www.arts.ufl.edu/organ/organ_specifications.shtml 080411 Calliope Poem by Vachel Lindsey
The correct pronunciation of the word 'calliope' has always been disputed: some proponents claim it should be pronounced 'cal-eyeoh-pee', after the Greek muse, while others claim that 'cal-ly-ope' is correct. A nineteenth century magazine, Reedys Mirror, attempted to settle the dispute by publishing this rhyme: Proud folk stare after me, Call me Calliope; Tooting joy, tooting hope, I am the calliope. After The Kalliope Yell, by Vachel Lindsey, 1913 http://www.jmww.150m.com/Lindsay.html 080319 The Kallyope Yell by Vachel Lindsey The Kallyope Yell [Loudly and rapidly with a leader, College yell fashion] I Proud men Eternally Go about, Slander me, Call me the "Calliope." Sizz . . . . . Fizz . . . . . II I am the Gutter Dream, Tune-maker, born of steam,
Tooting joy, tooting hope. I am the Kallyope, Car called the Kallyope. Willy willy willy wah hoo! See the flags: snow-white tent, See the bear and elephant, See the monkey jump the rope, Listen to the Kallyope, Kallyope, Kallyope! Soul of the rhinoceros And the hippopotamus (Listen to the lion roar!) Jaguar, cockatoot, Loons, owls, Hoot, Hoot. Listen to the lion roar, Listen to the lion roar, Listen to the lion R-O-A-R! Hear the leopard cry for gore, Willy willy willy wah hoo! Hail the bloody Indian band, Hail, all hail the popcorn stand, Hail to Barnum's picture there, People's idol everywhere, Whoop, whoop, whoop, whoop! Music of the mob am I, Circus day's tremendous cry: -I am the Kallyope, Kallyope, Kallyope! Hoot toot, hoot toot, hoot toot, hoot toot, Willy willy willy wah hoo! Sizz, fixx . . . . . III Born of mobs, born of steam,
Listen to my golden dream, Listen to my golden dream, Listen to my G-O-L-D-E-N D-R-E-A-M! Whoop whoop whoop whoop >b?whoop! I will blow the proud folk low, Humanize the dour and slow, I will shake the proud folk down, (Listen to the lion roar!) Popcorn crowds shall rule the town -Willy willy willy wah hoo! Steam shall work melodiously, Brotherhood increase. You'll see the world and all it holds For fifty cents apiece. Willy willy willy wah hoo! Every day a circus day. What? Well, almost every day. Nevermore the sweater's den, Nevermore the prison pen. Gone the war on land and sea That aforetime troubled men. Nations all in amity, Happy in their plumes arrayed In the long bright street parade. Bands a-playing every day. What? Well, almost every day. I am the Kallyope, Kallyope, Kallyope! Willy willy willy wah hoo! Hoot, toot, hoot, toot, Whoop whoop whoop whoop, Willy willy willy wah hoo!
Sizz, fizz . . . . . The Kallyope Yell by Vachel Lindsey, 2 IV Every soul Resident In the earth's one circus tent! Every man a trapeze king Then a pleased spectator there. On the benches! In the ring! While the neighbours gawk and stare And the cheering rolls along. Almost every day a race When the merry starting gong Rings, each chariot on the line, Every driver fit and fine With the steel-spring Roman grace. Almost every day a dream, Almost every day a dream. Every girl, Maid or wife, Wild with music, Eyes a-gleam With that marvel called desire: Actress, princess, fit for life, Armed with honor like a knife, Jumping thro' the hoops of fire. (Listen to the lion roar!) Making all the children shout Clowns shall tumble all about, Painted high and full of song While the cheering rolls along,
Tho' they scream, Tho' they rage, Every beast In his cage, Every beast In his den That aforetime troubled men. V I am the Kallyope, Kallyope, Kallyope, Tooting hope, tooting hope, tooting hope, tooting hope; Shaking window-pane and door With a crashing cosmic tune, With the war-cry of the spheres, Rhythm of the roar of noon, Rhythm of Niagara's roar, Voicing planet, star and moon, Shrieking of the better years. Prophet-singers will arise, Prophets coming after me, Sing my song in softer guise With more delicate surprise; I am but the pioneer Voice of the Democracy; I am the gutter-dream, I am the golden dream, Singing science, singing steam. I will blow the proud folk down, (Listen to the lion roar!) I am the Kallyope, Kallyope, Kallyope, Tooting hope, tooting hope, tooting hope, tooting hope, Willy willy willy wah hoo!
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