Forms of Poetry

Forms of Poetry

Poetry Poetry Easy Intro 1.Poetry What is it? a type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)

A very unique form of literature A special way of capturing experiences or feelings Good poetry uses vivid imagery Comes in all shapes and forms Can be short or long Manages to say a lot with just a few carefully chosen words Is intended to be read aloud Is personal and can be about anything

and everything Poetry is Everywhere! Poetry Vocabulary 2. Line: a unit of meaning (1 word, a phrase, or even a sentence)

3.Stanza:lines that are grouped together (usually each has the same number of lines) 4.Rhyme: The repetition of sounds at the end of lines or with in lines (rhyming pattern) 5. Rhyme Scheme: The pattern of rhyme in a poem (aabb or abab)

Rhyme Scheme Uses the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually see the pattern Are labeled according to their rhyme sounds (aabbcc) 1st rhyme sound in a poem is a and each time the 1st rhyme sound is heard, it is a 2nd rhyme sound in a poem is b and each time the 2nd rhyme sound is heard, it is b The pattern continues with c, d, etc. I Like My Nose

Im glad that my nose points down to my toes, and doesnt point up to the sky. For now I can sneeze just as much as I please, without getting goo in my eye. Smelly People Uncle Oswald smells of tobacco. Aunt Agatha smells of rope.

Cousin Darren smells of airplane glue. Cousin Tracey smells of soap. My mum smells of garlic and cabbage. My dad smells of cups of tea. My baby sister smells of sick. and my brother of scabby knee. Our classroom smells of stinky socks. Our teacher smells of Old Spice. I wonder what I smell of? Ill just have a sniffhmmmquite nice.

6.Poe m: a piece of writing often having a rhyme or rhythm which tells a story or describes a feeling 7.Free poetry that does not have a regular Verse: pattern of rhythm or rhyme 8.Literal a way in which you express Language: yourself by saying exactly

what you mean 9.Characters: the people or animals that act like people in poems that tell a story Poetry Terms: Types of Poems Free Verse

(form) Written without rhyme or rhythm Is very conversational sounds like someone talking with you Some do not use punctuation or capitalization, or other ways of breaking the rules of grammar. A more modern type of poetry Use your senses when writing I Dreamd in a Dream I DREAMD in a dream I saw a city

invincible to the attacks of the whole of the rest of the earth, I dreamd that was the new city of Friends, Nothing was greater there than the quality of robust love, it led to rest, It was seen every hour n the actions of the men of that city, And in all their looks and words. A Snowy Day A snowy day is white

A snowy day is snowmen and snow angels A snowy day is sledding A snowy day is cold Cold Wear your coat, hat, gloves and scarf. See your breath. My teeth shiver. Listen to the wind blow. The cold smells like frozen snow.

Review Name three ways you can describe poetry. What are lines that are grouped together? What do you call the pattern of rhyme in a poem? What type of poem uses no rhyme or rhythm? Activity One I am structured yet fair. I wonder if my students are

ready for my class. I hear the frustration in the room. I see the confusion of my students. I want my students to do well. I am structured yet fair. 10. Couplet (form) Definition:

A unit of verse consisting of 2 lines that usually rhyme A couple = 2 people, 2 things, 2 of everything May be humorous or serious Can be song lyrics, jokes, Dr. Seuss books, etc.

Examples: Chocolate candy is sweet and yummy It goes down smoothly in my tummy! Make that chili good and hot Cook it in a Texas pot! Complete the couplet

Twinkle, twinkle . Twinkle, twinkle, little star, How I wonder what you are, Up above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky Then the traveler in the dark Thanks you for your tiny spark; How could he see where to go, If you did not twinkle so? - Mother Goose

Bed in Summer In winter I get up at night And dress by yellow candle-light. In summer quite the other way, I have to go to bed by day. I have to go to bed and see The birds still hopping on the tree, Or hear the grown-up peoples feet Still going past me in the street. And does it not seem hard to you, When all the sky is clear and blue, And I should like so much to play,

To have to go to bed by day? -Robert Louis Stevenson Song Couplet Theres no promise that I wont keep Ill climb a mountain, theres none too steep Open your mind, clear your head Aint gotta wake up to an empty bed -JB

How is song a form of poetry? The lyrics and words in songs are poetry The poem is a song once its put to music Listen to your favorite song. Then read the lyrics. See if you can find a poem hiding in the song. Definition:

11. Acrostic Poetry (form) The first letters of each line form a word or message relating to the subject The letters of the subject written vertically Each line begins with a word or phrase that starts with that letter

Does not have to rhyme Simple, based upon one word Example: Music M y head is full of rhythm U ntil I can barely sit still S ee me move to the beat I t does the same for others

C an you feel the magic of music? A fast swimmer I am B rown-eyed girl, Ive got two B rave heart full of courage Y ells for the Blue Sharks Teacher T akes time to listen E ach student is important

A lot of patience C ares about learning H as all the answers (or will look it up!) E ach day a new adventure (or headache, up to you) R eally organized (most of the time!) Review 1. What is a unit of meaning in a poem? 2. What is the repetition of sounds at the end of lines or within lines?

3. Name a place where you can find a couplet. 4. Identify: The tiny bird in the tree Was singing songs just for me. 12. Haiku (form) A 3 line poem consisting of 17 syllables.

(5-7-5 pattern) 1st line = 5 syllables 2nd line = 7 syllables 3rd line = 5 syllables Ancient Japanese form of poetry Typically expresses a single thought, feeling or idea

Usually has nature themes Does not rhyme Raindrops Raindrops falling down On the windowpane making wonderful music -Jason Worm

At night, quietly, a worm under the moonlight digs into a nut. -Basho Worm At / night,/ qui / et / ly, a / worm / un / der / the / moon / light digs / in / to / a / nut. Haiku Example

A rain drop, drop top I just wanna eat nonstop Feed me a pork chop 13. Quatrain (form) Is not some strange train that is taken to The Land of Qua. Quatr means 4

Has 4 lines with a rhyming pattern of aabb, abab, aaaa, or abcd One of the most common forms of poetry Can you guess who spoke in this Quatrain?

Fee, fi, fo, fum I smell the blood of an Englishman, Be he alive, or be he dead Ill grind his bones to make my bread. The mean, giant orge in Jack and the Beanstalk 14. Cinquain (form) A five line poem that follows a strict pattern/format

Have 14 lines, 10 syllables per line Sonnets follow a strict rhyme scheme which is determined if the sonnet is Petrarchan (Italian), Shakespearean, or Spenserian Sonnets have a turn somewhere in

the poem 15. Sonnet (form) Poetry Terms: Sound Devices 16. Alliteration (sound device) The repetition of the initial letter or sound in two or more words in a

line To the lay-person, these are called tonguetwisters. Example: How much dew would a dewdrop drop if a dewdrop did drop dew? Alliteration Alliteration She Walks in Beauty I.

She walks in beauty, like the night Of cloudless climes and starry skies; And all thats best of dark and bright Meet in her aspect and her eyes: Thus mellowed to that tender light Which Heaven to gaudy day denies. These examples use the beginning sounds of words only twice in a line, but by definition, thats all you

need. Alliteration Lets see what this looks like in a poem we are familiar with. 17. Repetition

(sound device) Using the same key word or phrase throughout a poem. This should be fairly selfexplanatory, but . . . at risk of sounding like a broken record . . . Valued Treasure by Chris R. Carey Time to spend;

Time will eventually time to mend. show us the truth. Time to hate; Time is a mystery; time to wait.

time is a measure. Time is the essence; Time for us is time is the key. valued treasure. Time will tell us

Time to spend; what we will be. time to mend. Time is the enemy; Time to cry . . . time is the proof.

Time to die. So, which is the repeated key word or phrase? Valued Treasure by Chris R. Carey Time to spend; Time will eventually

time to mend. show us the truth. Time to hate; Time is a mystery; time to wait. time is a measure.

Time is the essence; Time for us is time is the key. valued treasure. Time will tell us Time to spend;

what we will be. time to mend. Time is the enemy; Time to cry . . . time is the proof. Time to die.

18. Onomatopoeia (sound device) The creation of words that mimic the natural sound Example: The buzz of the bee created instant fear in Amy. Know any songs with Onomatopoeia???

Poetry Terms: Figurative Language 19.Figurative Language: an elaborate way of expressing yourself in which you dont say exactly what you mean 20.Simile:a comparison of 2 unlike things that uses a

word of comparison such as like or as or than (a type of figurative language) 21.Metaphor: compares 2 unlike things, but does not use a word of comparison (a type of figurative language) gives human qualities to nonhuman 22.Personification: things

(a type of figurative language) Similes (figurative language) A comparison of two things using like or as or than Usually comparing 2 unlike things

Example: She is as beautiful as a sunrise. My love is like a red rose. Metaphors (figurative language) A form of figurative language in which things are

compared by stating one thing is another. Like and as are not used. Example: Her hair is silk. Whats in a poem? A poet paints a picture or expresses a feeling with words.

Poems are usually written in a brief songlike manner. The poet uses unusual combination of words to describe people, places, and things. I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud by William Wadsworth I wandered lonely as a cloud That floats on high oer vales and hills, When all at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils;

Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. Personification (figurative language) Definition: An animal given human-like qualities or an object given lifelike qualities Examples: My dog smiles

at me. The house glowed with happiness. 23.Hyperbole (figurative language) An extreme exaggeration used for emphasize

something, not to be taken literally 24.Idiom (figurative language) A common saying that does not mean what in each sentence. Circle the letter that has the same or almost the same meaning.

he tree fought the wind with its branches. .A battle was being fought beneath the tree. b.The tree branches were moving in the wind. he fog crept silently into the valley. .The fog came slowly into the valley. b.Animals were creeping into the valley. he hikers left the meadow and were swallowed by the forest .The hikers disappeared among the forest trees. b.The forest ate the hikers.

Identify the correct forms of Figurative Language? His feet were as big as boots. The tropical storm slept for two days. All the worlds a stage, and we are merely players. -William Shakespeare Directions: Underline the similes, draw a circle around the metaphors, and mark an X on the examples of personification. The Storm

The great storm swept over the countryside like a giant mop. Sandy watched worriedly from the timid little house sitting lonely on the plains. The storm was a dark gray wave that seemed sure to crash down on her. Sandy turned back inside her house. She did not like storms. She waited for the rain that would sound like rocks hitting the tin roof. She waited for the storm to sing its fierce song. Sandy knew, though, that it would all soon pass. What have you learned? 1. The sun played peek-a-boo with the

clouds. __________ 2. The surface of the water looked as smooth as glass. __________ 3. The clouds are cottonballs in the sky. __________ What is the rhyme scheme of this poem? Hey! Suns a settin, This is what Im gonna sing.

Suns a settin, This is what Im gonna sing: I feels de blues a comin, Wonder what de bluesll bring? -Langston Hughes Is the sentence figurative or literal language? ____ 1. The chair was so heavy that I couldnt lift it. ____ 2. My whole life is one big circus. ____ 3. The bridge of my nose was bruised. ____ 4. The cozy living room waited like a tired friend.

____ 5. The warm evening lingered, quiet as a mouse. 25.Oxymoron (figurative language) An expression in which TWO contradictory terms are in conjunction (next to each other) 26.Paradox

(device) A group of words Example: The silence in the room was deafening. or a phrase that seem contradictory and impossible but are actually true or possible

27.Understatement (figurative language) A rhetorical expression with less strength than expected; the opposite of hyperbole Example: Ill be there in one second. This wont hurt a bit.

28.Allusion (device) A brief reference to a WELLKNOWN person, place, thing or idea of significance 29.Metonymy A figure of speech

in which a person, place or thing is referred to by something closely associated with it Ex: The White House stated today The Crown reported that ..

30.Synecdoche A figure of speech in which a part of something is used to represent the whole Additional Literary TERMS

31.Irony A contradictory statement or situation to reveal a reality different from expected 32-34.Three types of Irony In poetry, the speaker in the poem

is the voice that talks the reader, similar to the narrator in fiction Sometimes, the poet is the speaker Poet may create a different voice (child, man, woman, object, animal, etc.) 35.Speaker Example:

Know me by my final call, heart stopped by a rifle shot. Hung by my hind legs, left to freeze. My fur, crystalline gray, moon-blurred, darker where I bled. 36. Point of View:

The angle or perspective from which a story is told. It allows the reader to get inside a Three points characters head. of view: 1.First person 2.Second Person 3.Third Person

37.First Person Point of View: The character tells the story. Uses pronouns: I, me, mine, ours, and us I checked into a hotel called the Olympia, which is right on the main street of town. I was hanging around and I got to talking to the guy at the desk. I asked him if this wasnt the town where that kid named Maneri played ball.

38. 39. 40.Third-Person Limited Narrator is limited to one character. Tells thoughts & feelings of one character Example Tim was mad at Shay. He blamed her.

Shay just left without saying anything. She left a note and then left him. 41.Third-Person Omniscient Narrator is all knowing. Narrator tells thoughts and feelings of more than one character. Omni = All Scient = Knowing

Example Tim was mad at Shay. He blamed her. Shay knew Tim would be mad, but she wanted to live her life. Fun poetry websites _my_poem.htm

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