Getting Ready for Java - University of Pennsylvania
Getting Ready for Java Jan 30, 2020 What is Java? Java is a programming language: a language that you can learn to write, and the computer can be made to understand Java is currently a very popular language Java is a large, powerful language but it is not simple!
Compared to C++, Java is elegant Declarations, statements, comments A declaration gives some information to the computer A statement tells the computer to do something Statements should really be called commands Comments are ignored by the computerthey are explanations of your program for human beings to read Syntax and semantics
Syntax is the grammar of the language The syntax of Java is large, but finite Syntax must be absolutely correct The computer will point out every syntax error Error messages may be helpful or misleading Semantics is the meaning of your program Semantic errors cause your answers to be wrong You may or may not get error messages
Two aspects of Java Java has syntax and semantics This is where you begin It is possible to learn everything about Javas syntax and semantics We will cover most of Javas syntax and semantics Java also has packages
Packages are sort of like vocabulary bundles To be good at Java, you need to learn many packages There are more Java packages than you can ever learn Versions of Java Java 1 Java 1.0: Original, not very good version Java 1.1: Greatly revised and improved Java 2
Java 1.2: Includes Swing Java 1.3: Last years best version Java 1.4: The latest and best version Java 1.5: Not yet released Vocabulary I JRE, Java Runtime Environment SDK, System Development Kit (previously called JDK, Java Development Kit)
This is the software that allows you to run Java programs on your computer The software that allows you to create and run Java programs on your computer When you install the SDK, you get a JRE along with it IDE, Integrated Development Environment A tool that makes it easier to write programs Vocabulary II
Beta software Interface Software that is new, untested, often buggy the place where things touch each other the way that distinct things communicate GUI, Graphical User Interface A way for the computer and the user to communicate via graphics (pictures) on the screen
BlueJ BlueJ is an IDE (Integrated Development Environment). It includes an editor, which you use to write your programs a debugger, to help you find your mistakes a viewer, to see the parts of your program an easy way to run Java programs an easy way to view documentation Elegance
Powerful software can do everything you want to do--for example, Microsoft Word Complex software is hard to learn and hard to use-for example, Microsoft Word More power usually means more complexity Elegant software somehow manages to be both powerful and simple BlueJ is elegant What You Need
128 MB of RAM (256 MB recommended) 500 MHz Pentium or better Java SDK 1.4 (includes JRE) BlueJ 1.3.0 or better Macintosh: must run Mac OS X Earlier versions of BlueJ have serious problems If you have an older version, update! By the way: the SDK and BlueJ are free
Getting Ready If you plan to use your own computer: Download and install Java SDK 1.4 Download and install BlueJ 1.3.0 http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.4.2/download.html Download J2SETM v 1.4.0_02
Windows (all languages, including English)--SDK http://www.bluej.org/ [Optional, but strongly recommended] Download the Java documentation http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.4.2/download.html J2SE 1.4 Documentation The End
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