vs. Gram-Leach-Bliley Act Presented by Edward Brown April 16, 2013 Passed in 1933 due to pressures brought on by the great depression Senator Carter Glass (D) of Virginia Representative Henry B. Steagall (D) of Alabama Signed by President
Franklin Roosevelt Part of 1933 Banking Act  Glass-Steagal Act Separated banking activities Commercial Banking
Investment Banking Insurance Agencies Separated Current Affiliations Reduced what was considered risky banking Eliminated conflicts of interest Commercial Banks could not underwrite securities  Insurance InvestmentBanking Banking Commercial Separation of Banking
Section 16: Prohibited national banks from purchasing or selling securities. (except for government securities bank eligible securities) Section 20: Banks could not be affiliated with firms whose primary purpose was trading securities Section 21: If a bank traded securities, it could not take deposits Section 32: Officers and directors of commercial banks were barred from holding advisory positions in companies whose primary purpose was trading securities Glass-Steagall
1930s Sections 16 and 21 contradicted each other. Later clarified Senator Glass tried to repeal his own act. 1960s Federal Bank Regulators began interpreting provisions of the act to apply to expanding activities of volume and securities activities.  Senate allows commercial banks to enter municipal bonds market 1970s Brokerage firms start acting like commercial banks By offering checking accounts and other services 1980s atmosphere of deregulation laid the ground work for repeal Commercial banks aloud 5% of revenue from investment banking
Non-bank banks loop hole. Sears, GE. Subsidiaries could provide demand deposits but not business loans, or vice versa 1990s Allan Greenspan lead efforts for repeal President Clinton announced publically the act was no longer relevant 1998 Citibank was aloud affiliation by the Federal Reserve Board with Solomon Smith Barney, a US security firm in 1998 [4,5] Beginning of the end Due to many revisions in the interpretation of the GlassSteagall act many believed the act was already dead. According to Alan Greenspan and his supporters, the Act hurt U.S. commercial and investment banks competitiveness. Foreign banks were bigger and less regulated, so they were thought to be more competitive at the time. Separating commercial and investment banks imposed significant financial costs to firms. Many supporters of this theory thought competition between the two types of banks hurt their revenues. Some academics argued that securities activities in commercial
banking had nothing to do with the great depression. This is still highly debated.  Reasons for repeal An Act to enhance competition in the financial services industry by providing a prudential framework for the affiliation of banks, securities firms, and other financial service providers, and for other purposes.  Also known as the Financial Services Modernization Act of 1999 Enacted Nov 12, 1999 Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act repeals the Glass-Steagall Act. Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) GLBA goal said to modernize financial services This included ending regulations that prevented the merging of banks, stock brokerages and insurance companies.
irresponsible and creates a conflict of interest Leads to risky investing Financial Institutions must be managed Gives banking institutions too much information Say it caused the late 2000 financial crisis.  Say it laid the ground work for the 2008 housing crash
unfair playing field Conflicts of interest can be better regulated by being more precise with legislation Say activities that lead to the financial crisis were not prohibited by the Glass-Steagall Act Say that banks ability to acquire securities firms helped mitigate the financial crisis  Helped the competitiveness of US banks Both Sides GLBA The GLBA Vote
Status: This bill was introduced on July 7, 2011, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. died Full Title: To restore certain provisions of the Banking Act of 1933, commonly referred to as the "Glass-Steagall Act", and for other purposes. Sponsor: Rep. Maurice Hinchey [D] Last updated Jul 07, 2011  Glass-Steagall Restoration Act of 2011 Introduced: Jan 03, 2013 Sponsor: Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D]
Status: Referred to Committee Full Title: To repeal certain provisions of the GrammLeach-Bliley Act and revive the separation between commercial banking and the securities business, in the manner provided in the Banking Act of 1933, the socalled "Glass-Steagall Act", and for other purposes. Cosponsors: 52 cosponsors (49D, 3R)  Return to Prudent Banking Act of 2013 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Anisha. (2013) Glass Steagall Explained http://www.nerdwallet.com/blog/banking/glasssteagall-act-explained/
Government bills, GLBA (2013) http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/106/s900 Permissible Securities Activities of Commercial Banks Under the Glass Steagall Act. http://assets.opencrs.com/rpts/R41181_20100412.pdf Regulation and the Great Recession (n.d.) http://regulation.weebly.com/glass-steagallrepeal.html Gramm Leach Bliley did not cause the financial Crisis (jan 2010) http://www.aba.com/Issues/Documents/0b044fd57d78482b9ef3f2a7c194e973GrammLea chHelpedtoResolvenotCausetheCreditCrisisJa.pdf The Alarming Parallels Between 1929 and 2007 (Kuttner R. (Oct, 2, 2007) http://prospect.org/article/alarming-parallels-between-1929-and-2007 Glass-Steagall Restoration Act of 2011 gov page http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/112/hr2451 http://regulation.weebly.com/glass-steagall-repeal.html info The full GLBA act http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-106publ102/pdf/PLAW106publ102.pdf Resources GSA vs GLBA Cross word ACROSS 5
Guaranteed bank deposits 7 GLBA also known as 8 Senator ____ Glass 11 Glass Steagall Passed in 19- 12 By 1990s Glass-Steagall was effectively 13
GLBA signed 19- 14 Act that separated Commercial and investment banking 15 90 senate members voted GLBA DOWN 1 Glass-Steagall also known as 1933- 2 Glass Steagall Signed by President 3
GLB 4 GLBA Protects against the obtaining personal info through 6 GLBA signed by President 9 1999 Glass-Steagall was 10 Rep. ____ Steagall
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