Goddard Sailing Association Laguna 26 Cruiser Qualification Course version 6 GSA Cruiser Qualification Course Part Three Rules of the Road And Emergency Procedures Rules of the Road Overview Where it comes from - Chart 1 http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/mwv/navrules/rotr_online.htm (Navigation Rules On Line) In the Chesapeake Bay Inland Rules apply (Note USA is the only country that has separate rules for inland waterways not much different from international rules)
For today: Review rules of the road under sail Rules of the road under power General Right of Way Rules Priority based on ability to maneuver: 1. Vessels not under command Anchored, aground, disabled 2. Vessels restricted in ability to maneuver
3. Vessels engaged in Fishing 4. 5. Ships turn and stop slowly Often have to stay in narrow deep channels Have limited visibility forward Law of gross tonnage! (but not all fishing vessels) Vessels under sail Power driven vessels
Rules of the Road Under Sail Opposite Tacks Port Tack Is Give Way Vessel (must keep clear) Starboard Tack is Stand On Vessel (has right of way But must maintain course and speed) Note: The Stand On Vessel formerly was called the Privileged Vessel but this might have implied that this vessel had no responsibilities (rather than being required to maintain course and speed).
Rules of the Road Under Sail (2) Boats on the same tack Windward boat gives way Leeward boat stands on Rules of the Road Under Sail (3) Overtaking Boat being overtaken Stands on Boat overtaking Gives way (even if to leeward or the other boat is under power)
Rules of the Road Under Power Crossing situations Boat held to port gives way Boat held to starboard Stands on Rules of the Road Under Power (2) Meeting situations
Neither boat is privileged Preferred passage is port to port (i.e., keep to the right) Sound 1 short blast to propose port to port passage Sound 2 short blasts to propose starboard to starboard passage Respond with the same signal to accept the proposed passage OR sound 5 short blasts to disagree follow with opposite signal Boat to boat: channel 13 Tugs known to speak One whistle Rules of the Road Under Power (3) Overtaking situations Boat overtaking keeps clear
Boat being overtaken stands on Rules of the Road - Miscellaneous General Prudential Rule You have an obligation to do your utmost to avoid collision, even if you have right of way under the rules. Even if racing Naval Vessels Operate at low speeds within 500 yards DO NOT APPROACH CLOSER THAN 100 YARDS!! Determining if there is a collision hazard assuming both boats stay on a constant heading: If the relative bearing to the other boat stays constant, a collision hazard exists.
If the relative bearing to the other boat moves aft, you will pass in front If the relative bearing to the other boat moves forward, you will pass behind Emergency Procedures Fire Flooding Heavy Weather / Thunderstorms Grounding
Man Overboard Medical Abandon Ship FIRE Two CO2 fire extinguishers are mounted in the cabin, forward and aft Most effective for Class C - electrical fire, less effective for Class A general combustibles, and B oil / gasoline Check satisfactory charge before sailing Drill Call FIRE! FIRE! FIRE! Stop the engine, if running, and select OFF on the battery switch, clear cabin of unnecessary crew Pull pin on extinguisher, point at the base of the flames, pull handle and sweep back and forth. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO FIGHT AN ELECTRICAL OR GASOLINE FIRE WITH WATER!!
When the fire is out, ventilate the smoke from the cabin, set a re--flash watch and return to port. Flooding Taking on water Stop head into the wind to decrease flow pressure If the water is coming from the marine head, close the inlet hull valve Close any other thru hulls if it might help Stuff anything into the hole that might slow the in-flow clothing, rags, anything. Make sure the bilge pump is running bail with buckets also. If flooding can be controlled, return to port ASAP Find the nearest marina with haulout capability Use motor for better speed
Otherwise: Get a flare up and a distress call out on the radio Abandon ship? See last slide. Heavy Weather and Storms Preparation: Get into storm configuration early! Reef or take down main and jib Close all ports and hatches Secure Loose Gear Put on PFDs
Prepare storm gear Determine Location Head for safe water: well protected or deep water Running the engine can provide additional control Head close to the wind pinching is good if sails are up Downwind is next best option reduces apparent wind But steering can be difficult Can tow a line to reduce speed, improve steering Waves on the beam is most difficult severe rolling, knockdown Maintain slow forward speed Avoid shallow water in large waves Heave to Heaving to From a close reach, come about.
Tack the mainsail, but do not tack the jib leave it backwinded Lose speed and try to point up leave the helm trying to tack back. The boat will attain a stable, direction, near head to wind, with very slow progress forward, and considerable leeway. Running Aground Fixed 4 keel The good news: The bottom in the bay is mostly mud, so grounding often does no damage
Go slowly in shallow water Determine which way the deeper water is So you dont run hard aground Oar or pole Use motor to try to go in that direction Since the depth is only 4`, you can stand on the bottom and push Kedge off:
Swim the anchor out in the direction of deep water Use a PFD to float the anchor, and wear one yourself Set the anchor Winch the boat toward the anchor Can also attach the anchor line to the main halyard
90 to boats heading Winch in the halyard and the boat will heel Apply weight to increase heeling Heeling reduces draft Other boaters may help Call for a commercial tow phone or radio expensive! Try not to run aground at high tide! Man Overboard Use standard MOB procedure:
React immediately Alert crew: Man Overboard Assign one crew member to observe and point at MOB Throw PFD Turn to beam reach sail away about 5 boat lengths Tack (or jibe) to return to a point 1-2 boat lengths downwind of MOB Point head to wind and come to a full stop next to MOB Throw a line attached to boat Deploy swim ladder at stern If MOB is injuredand cant climb back in Life Sling would help if we had one Medical Emergencies
Exposure / Hypothermia Drowning / cardiac CPR Injury cuts, burns, fractures First Aid kit aboard Get trained Distress call on the radio (or 911 on cell phone). Abandon Ship Get a flare up and a distress call out on the radio. Get all the crew into PFDs - DO NOT REMOVE CLOTHING! (helps delay onset of hypothermia) Do not abandon ship unless its a step UP Ship may remain afloat and provide buoyancy
Easier to be found by rescuer Enter the water with legs crossed and arms folded across the chest.
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