Gr. 9 Soc. Studies Unit 2: Geographic influences on identity ...

Gr. 9 Soc. Studies Unit 2: Geographic influences on identity ...

GR. 9 SOC. STUDIES CHAPTER 3: CANADAS PEOPLE Work Sample # 2 If you could live anywhere in Canada where would you choose to live? What type of landforms (nature and human) exist in this area?

Why did you choose this area? 3.1 Canadas Human Landscape Population distribution: where people have chosen to live. Ex. Some choose to live near the ocean, forest, etc. (See fig. 3.2 pg. 43) Where is most of Canadas Population distributed? Along

the southern Canadian border Archipelago Effect: A pocket of settlements (They resemble little islands throughout the forest, tundra, etc.) Population Distribution Population Distribution Population Distribution

Population Density: a tool used by geographer to analyze how close together people live in a certain area. (The average number of people occupying an area) To find the population density you divide the number of people by the size of the area. Canada has about 3.1 people per square Km .

Netherlands has 400 people per square Km. Does this mean that Canadas population is small? How can this calculation tool be misleading? Population Distribution Site and Situation Factors Site

The site is the actual location of a settlement on the earth and is composed of its physical characteristics Situation Situation is defined as the location of a place relative to its surroundings and other places

Site and Situation Factors Site factors include: Physical landscape Fertile soil

Abundant trees Plentiful fish Presence of minerals Situation factors include:

Economy Trade Markets Transportation Political What site and situation factors promoted the establishment of St. Johns? Site: Situation

Settlement Patterns European settlers were attracted by site and situation factors to the same areas that had attracted the First Nations before them. Many First Nations were forced to relocate (move to another area) by the Europeans. (NL, NB, PEI, NS etc)

The Seigneurial System was a system used in France which involved long, narrow lots facing rivers. (QB) Settlement Patterns Settlement Patterns The Township System consists of square blocks of land (approx 100 acres).

(Used mostly in Ontario) Sections were used in the prairies which consisted of 640 acres divided into quarter sections. (AB, MB, SK) 3.2 - Growth and Decline of Settlements Growth

1800s Great Lakes Area was prime spot due to fertile land and favourable site and situation factors. This is how Montreal, Toronto and Hamilton developed. Atlantic Canada and West Coast (BC) promoted fishing, lumbering, and shipbuilding. Thats why we have port cities like St. Johns, Halifax and Saint John. See pg. 49 Fig. 3.9 Halifaxs growth over time.

Urban Vs Rural Activity You will be provided with a piece of large paper and your topic (Centreville/Gander/St. Johns). In 3 groups of 3 you are to brainstorm and write down all of the amenities available to you in your chosen area. This can include Schools, extracurricular activities, shopping centers, sporting

facilities, hospitals, etc. When you are done, you will display your findings on the wall for other group Growth and Decline of Settlements Decline: In 1881 Canadians lived in rural areas

(Outside of towns or cities, example Musgrave Harbour) After the industrial revolution (1900s) more and more people moved to urban areas (towns with 1000 or more people/cities, example Gander) The movement of people from rural to urban is called: rural to urban drift. Sometimes this can occur between provinces. For example, Ontario was once the hot spot for skilled trades jobs, now it is ..? Growth and Decline of Settlements Fort McMurray

Fur Trade in 1700s Oil was noticed in late 1800s Some cities/towns in Canada have become Ghost Towns after the resources were depleted. Do you think Fort Mac will

be one? Census History Populatio Year n 1951 926 1961 1,186 1971 6,847 1981 31,000 1991

34,706 2001 38,667 2006 47,705 2010 76,797 Alberta Oil Sands- Rick Mercer Report http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HNSbiNxxlTQ&feature =relmfu Global Perspectives: Mega Cities

Mega Cities: massive urban areas that are so large that city life becomes difficult to sustain. Sao Paulo Shanghai Mexico City Mumbai (Once called BomBay)

People face: Poverty Poor water and air quality Traffic congestion Inadequate services (electricity, water, sewage, etc) Global Perspectives: Mega Cities

http://www.youtu be.com/watch?v= -8waJqyvORY (Mumbai) http://www.youtu be.com/watch?v= DUl6uy6eIDc&fea ture=related (Sao Paulo) 3.3 - Canada: A Regional Perspective

This means breaking a whole into parts Characteristics of regions can be broken down into: Location (Atlantic vs. Prairies region) Physical and cultural characteristics (Canadian Shield vs. St. Lawrence Lowlands) Political perspective

Hierarchy (Atlantic Canada and New England sharing a common landscape but different political boundaries) (Regions containing smaller regions like Newfoundland with the Avalon Peninsula or Port au Port Peninsula) Canadas Political Regions Canadas Political Regions

See table 3.12 (p. 54) This table summarizes Canada based upon factors such as location, physical/cultural attributes, political perspective, hierarchy. Very Important to have a general idea!!!! Core and Periphery

The core is the nucleus of a geographic region. It is the most developed area, greatest wealth, and highest population density. Example: St. Johns The periphery is all other areas outside the core. Sometimes referred to as hinterland. Example: CBS, Mt. Pearl,

Paradise, Torbay Refer to table 3.14 p. 56 What is the main function of the following areas?

Toronto? Business Services Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo? Manufacturing St. Johns? Government & Healthcare Victoria? - Government Saskatoon? Energy & Agriculture Calgary? - Energy 3.4 - Regional Identities Historical and cultural legacies influence the identity of an area. For example, the timber trade of the 1800s in northern NB, QB, and Ont. Promoted the image of the lumberjack once thought of as a man

with a plaid jacket and toque, now there is modern equipment Log Drivers Waltz ( A NL Spin) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ekqs HP9Sck Past http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Frp0egKBkXA Present 3.4 - Regional Identities Log Drivers Waltz ( A NL Spin)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ekqsH P9Sck Regional Identities Sometimes regional identities can create stereotypes. Stereotypes can be inaccurate, reflect narrow or biased views, and promote political and cultural strife (awkwardness). Regional Identities

Use the chart provided by your teacher to describe the stereotypes for: Groups Fisherman Fisherman Loggers NewfoundlandersLoggers Main Landers Newfoundlan

ders Townies Main Landers Townies Stereotypes

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