Its Grammar Time! CLAUSES ALL CLAUSES have a SUBJECT and its VERB. Independent Clause: Group of words with a Subject AND its Verb.
Expresses a complete thought. Strong like bull. Dependent Clause: Group of words with a Subject and its Verb. It does NOT express a complete thought.
Wimpy, Wimpy, Wimpy. They usually begin with an AAAWWUBBIS! Example: Dependent & Independent Clause Sentence Types INDEPENDENT CLAUSE
DEPENDENT CLAUSE Simple (S) 1 0 Compound (CD)
2+ 0 Complex (CX) 1
1+ Compound-Complex (CD-CX) 2+ 1+ Identify the Type of Each
Sentence 1. When we study for the exam, we smile because we are almost finished school. 2. In a few weeks, we will be frolicking and celebrating, but we will miss Mrs. Timmins. 3. Llamas are life. 4. Because he is a special creature who makes us all happy, we decided to have a National Cael Day once a year, and we smile.
Run-on Sentences Joining TWO or more INDEPENDENT CLAUSES without proper punctuation. Example: WRONG: I like tacos so I eat them often. (s) (v) (object) (s) (v) (object)
Where, oh where, does the comma go? Correct! RIGHT: I like tacos, so I eat them often. (s) (v) (object) (s) (v) (object)
Sentence Fragment A group of words that doesnt express a complete thought. Its missing a SUBJECT and/or its VERB. Fragment: I need to find a new roommate. Because the one I have now isn't working out too well. Possible Revision: I need to find a new roommate because the one I have now isn't working out too well.
Comma Usage Comma Usage 1. Use a comma when the prepositional phrase begins the sentence. EXAMPLE: At the party, we celebrated! 2. Use a comma between items in a list. EXAMPLE: I will buy apples, bananas, and mangos today. Comma Usage
3. When beginning a sentence with a DEPENDENT CLAUSE, use a comma AFTER the DEPENDENT CLAUSE. (Think AAAWWUBBIS!!) AAAWWUBBIS! (AKA: Dependent Clauses) While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door.
Because her alarm clock was broken, she was late for class. If you are ill, you ought to see a doctor. When the snow stops falling, we'll shovel the driveway. Comma Usage 4. Use a comma to combine two INDEPENDENT CLAUSES joined by a conjunction. EXAMPLE: I hear the birds singing, and I want to cry.
Usage Who/Whom https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cnKbOAuA4iI Who = Subject of the sentence (He) Whom = Object of the verb (Him)
Affect/Effect https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCY7FbBQrCY Affect = Verb Effect = Noun its/its Its = contraction for it is Ex. Its getting late, so I should leave.
Its = possession Ex. The dog licked its paw. Whos/Whose Whos contraction for Who is or Who has Example: Whos coming to my party? Whose- Possession
Example: Carl knows the girl whose phone was stolen. Whose pencil is this? Theyre/Their/There Theyre = contraction for They are Example: Theyre going to Avalon for vacation. (They are) Their= Possession Example: Their beach house is beautiful.
(ownership) There = Location Example: Evil seagulls lurk over there. (location) Fewer/Less Singular: Less Plural: Fewer
Candy is . . . less candy M&Ms are . . . fewer M&Ms Water is . . . less water Glasses of water are . . . fewer glasses of water
Potato salad is . . . less potato salad Potatoes are . . . fewer potatoes Fewer/Lessan exception to the rule Time, Money, Distance, and Weight Time: I can fix the roof in less than 12 hours.
Money:We had less than $1,000 dollars in the bank. Distance: Were less than 50 miles away. Weight: Since Luke snatched some big toys from the bag, it weighed less than I thought it would. Finished/Done Finished = task complete Done = cooked to the proper temperature Cakes and steaks are done. Humans finish.
Among/Between Between is used when naming distinct, individual items (can be 2, 3, or more) Example: The negotiations between Brazil, Argentina, and Chile going well. are Among is used when the items are part of a group, or are not specifically
named (MUST be 3 or more) Example: The negotiations among the countries of going well. South America are Compliment Complement
A complement, with an e, is a full crew or a set, and when something complements something else, it means they go well together. The sauce is a nice complement to the vegetables. Good= Adjective
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