Greek Mythology - schoolwires.henry.k12.ga.us

Greek Mythology - schoolwires.henry.k12.ga.us

Traditional stories of gods, kings, and heroes Show the relationship between gods and people Mythology was a form of early science to Greeks because it helped

explain the unexplainable. Myths seek to explain all those unexplainable or unknowable aspects of life. Where do we go after we die? How was the world created? Why can we see our reflection in water? Why are there four separate seasons? Why do we fall in love? How is lightning created? Why do our voices sometime echo? How was fire created, and why do we have it?

Fully developed by about 700 B.C. Homer is generally considered one of the earliest Greek poets whose work has survived

Death is inevitable and final, so the goal was to become a legend through great deeds. The Greeks were tough, restless, ambitious, hard-living, and imaginative. Honor was extremely important, and the Greeks were very vengeful if wronged. The gods mirrored human feelings and physical form. Their flaws were pride, cruelty, stubbornness, impulsiveness, lust for power, and a desire to be like the gods.

A group of 12 gods who ruled after the overthrow of the Titans All the Olympians related in some way Named after their dwelling place, Mount Olympus The Olympian Gods: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, Hera, Ares, Athena, Apollo, Aphrodite, Hermes, Artemis,

and Hephaestus Roman name: Jupiter Realm: King of gods, god of thunder and lightning Symbols: eagle, oak tree, lightning bolt Married to Hera; had many affairs and

many children, some of whom were gods and goddesses because as the Greeks conquered territories, they took on the new goddesses and married them to Zeus The spiritual father of gods and men

Roman name: Juno Realm: goddess of marriage Symbols: peacock, cow Married to Zeus Jealous of Zeuss affairs Because of this, asked a 100-eyed giant to watch him. When Hermes put the giant to sleep, she turned him into a peacock, an

animal with eyes on its tail feathers. Roman name: Neptune Realm: god of the sea and earthquakes

Symbol: trident Zeuss brother Controlled earthquakes, hurricanes, rough seas, tidal waves Gave the horse to mankind Roman name: Pluto Realm: god of the Underworld

Symbol: Cerberus, cypress Rarely visited Earth Not friendly, but not evil either Daughter of Cronos and Rhea Goddess of vegetation

Had powers of growth and resurrection Her daughter is Persephone Goddess of the Underworld Daughter of Zeus and Demeter Abducted by Hades Forced to live in

the Underworld 6 months of the year

Roman name: Minerva Also called Pallas Athena Realm: goddess of defensive warfare, wisdom, handicrafts Symbols: armor, owl, olive tree Emerged from Zeuss head fully grown City of Athens named for her after she gave them the olive tree Also created the spider

Goddess of Love and Beauty Mother to Eros/Cupid God of love Son of Ares and Aphrodite Often portrayed as a child, but not always. He has wings Uses a bow and arrow arrows cause one

to fall in love Roman name: Apollo Realm: god of light (the sun), music, shepherds Symbols: bow and arrow, the sun chariot, the lyre (small harp) Some myths say he drove the sun chariot, others give this job to Helios

His son Phaeton tried to drive it and burned part of the earth Always shown in pictures as being young, beardless, and

Roman name: Mercury Realm: messenger of gods; god of commerce, thieves, science (sometimes medicine) Symbols: winged helmet or sandals, caduceus (medical staff with 2 snakes) Created the lyre, which he gave to Apollo when Apollo caught him stealing his cows

Apollos Twin sister Goddess of the hunt, wild things, and crossways She is the moon goddess As Diana, she is also a goddess of light Son of Zeus and Semele God of wine and happiness

Goddess of the hearth and home Zeus sister Oldest of the original gods Gave up her spot on Mt. Olympus for Dionysus Worshipped daily A virgin priestesses

served her for 30 year time periods Does pretty much nothing in mythology God of fire and the forge Son of Zeus and Hera Ugly Lame because he

was thrown off Mt. Olympus for interfering with a fight between Hera and Zeus Husband to Aphrodite Son of Zeus and Hera He has three children with Aphrodite The fates daughters of Zeus Three blind sisters who

determined peoples lifespan One spun the thread of life (Clotho) One measured the thread (Lachesis) One cut the thread with scissors of death (Atropos) Mythology in nature and science Many of our planets (and many moons) are named after Roman gods Mercury- messenger god Mars- god of war

Venus- goddess of love Jupiter- king of the gods Saturn- god of agriculture Neptune- god of the seas Uranus- ancient Greek deity of the heavens Pluto- god of the underworld Using the lingo today Nike: Cupid: Son of the goddess of Love. This winged god can be seen to this day,

especially during Valentines day. One shot from his bow is supposed to The Greek goddess of victory Cyclops: Named after a mythological being with only one eye.

Odyssey The 10 year sea voyage endured by Odysseus. Odyssey Travel is a well known travel agency as well as a minivan. (Honda Odyssey) Saturn Roman name for Cronus, father of Zeus Saturn Automobiles Trident The three-pronged spear of Poseidon, god of the seas..Trident Gum (Tri for three, and dent for tooth)

Atlas Doomed to support the heavens on his shoulders; a modern moving company Hermes Olympian Herald and Messenger god FTD flower delivery company has Hermes as their logo Midas King with the golden touch a famous muffler and brake chain Nike Winged goddess of Victory Nike company

Amazon Race of warrior women amazon.com Apollo God of music Apollo Theater Ajax Greek warrior in Trojan War, who cleaned up in battle, popular household cleaner

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