Group Success - collyerspe.weebly.com

Group Success - collyerspe.weebly.com

A2 PE PHED 3 Sport Psychology GROUP COHESION Theories of Cohesion What is Steiners model of productivity? What is the Ringlemann effect and Social loafing? How can a team reach its potential?

A champion team will defeat a team of champions. Do you agree? Steiners Model Steiner (1972) produced a theoretical model of productivity Actual Productivity Potential Productivit

y Losses due to faulty group processes Steiners Model explained Actual productivity The team performance at any given time (due to successful interaction)

Potential Productivity The maximum capability of the group when cohesiveness is strongest Losses due to faulty group processes Factors that go wrong in team performance which impede/ prevent group cohesion Faulty group processes There are 2 types of losses due to faulty group processes:Co-ordination losses Operational effectiveness of group cannot be maintained

during the match Strategies or tactics go wrong due to positional error or bad timing (lineout's, penalty corners, free kicks) Motivation losses Reduction of effort causing someone to coast Might think task is too difficult or have had a bad experience Duplication of roles The Ringlemann effect As a group grows larger the contribution

of an individual diminishes. Observed tug of war and found that the more people on the rope the less hard each individual pulled. Originally was thought to be a co-ordination loss as it became more difficult to co-ordinate effort as size increased. Now known as a motivational loss. Social Loafing As a group grows larger the contribution of an individual diminishes.

May feel personal contributions have little effect on group May see others reducing their effort Reduced likelihood when people feel their efforts are being monitored. (Modern technology) Reaching a teams potential For a team to reach its Motivation losses potential they need Ensure everyones contribution is noted

to reduce the co Develop intrinsic and ordination and extrinsic motivation motivation losses. (praise and man of Co-ordination losses match etc) Engage in drills that Develop task cohesion by ensuring objective is develop interactive clearly understood

play Ensure all members Ensure leadership role (captain) is effective in have role clarity stopping any losses Practice set plays during game

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