GURBANI & CO Advocates & Solicitors

GURBANI & CO Advocates & Solicitors

GURBANI & CO Advocates & Solicitors INSTITUTE CARGO CLAUSES A comparison of the 1982 and 2009 Clauses Title GURBANI & CO No changes in title of Clauses A revision not a new set of Clauses Margin Side Headings 1982 Clauses Margin Side Headings for Clauses 4 to 7 (i.e. exclusion clauses) led to confusion. Eg. Clause 6 War Exclusion Clause Clause 7 Strikes Exclusion Clause Removed in 2009 Clauses. Other margin side headings replaced by conventional subheadings. GURBANI & CO RISK CLAUSE 1/1/82

Risks Clause RISKS COVERED 1. This insurance covers all risks of loss of or damage to the subject-matter insured except as provided in Clauses 4, 5, 6 and 7 below. 1/1/09 RISKS COVERED Risks 1 This insurance covers all risks of loss of or damage to the subject-matter insured except as excluded by the provisions of Clauses 4, 5, 6 and 7 below. Cosmetic change to give a clear indication that the clauses 4, 5, 6 and 7 are exclusions. GURBANI & CO G.A. etc 1/1/82 2. This insurance covers general average and salvage charges, adjusted or determined according to the contract of affreightment and/or the governing law and practice, incurred to avoid or in connection with the avoidance of loss from any cause except those excluded in Clauses 4,

5, 6 and 7 or elsewhere in this insurance. General Average Clause 1/1/09 General Average 2 This insurance covers general average and salvage charges, adjusted or determined according to the contract of carriage and/or the governing law and practice, incurred to avoid or in connection with the avoidance of loss from any cause except those excluded in Clauses 4, 5, 6 and 7 below. Minor changes. The word affreightment is replaced by the simplified word carriage. The words or elsewhere in this insurance in the 1982 clause are deleted as being surplusage. GURBANI & CO BOTH TO BLAME COLLISION CLAUSE 1/1/82 3. This insurance is extended to indemnify the Assured against such proportion of liability under the contract of affreightment Both to Blame Collision Clause as is in respect of a loss recoverable hereunder. In the event of any claim by shipowners under the said Clause the Assured agree to notify the Underwriters who shall have the right, at their own cost and expense, to defend the Assured

against such claim. Both to Blame Collision Clause 1/1/09 Both to Blame Collision Clause 3 This insurance indemnifies the Assured, in respect of any risk insured herein, against liability incurred under any Both to Blame Collision Clause in the contract of carriage. In the event of any claim by carriers under the said Clause, the Assured agree to notify the insurers who shall have the right, at their own cost and expense, to defend the Assured against such claim. Revised clause uses clearer language but it neither widens nor narrows the cover. The word shipowners is replaced by the more appropriate word carriers. Affreightment to Carriage. Underwriters to insurers. WILFUL MISCONDUCT GURBANI & CO 1/1/09 EXCLUSIONS

4. In no case shall this insurance cover 4.1 loss damage or expense attributable to wilful misconduct of the Assured. No change. ORDINARY LEAKAGE ETC 1/1/09 4. In no case shall this insurance cover 4.2 ordinary leakage, ordinary loss in weight or volume, or ordinary wear and tear of the subject-matter insured. No change. INSUFFICIENCY OR UNSUITABLILIY OF PACKING ETC GURBANI & CO 1/1/82 4 1/1/09 4.

In no case shall this insurance cover 4.3 loss damage or expense caused by insufficiency or unsuitability of packing or preparation of the subject-matter insured (for the purpose of this Clause 4.3 packing shall be deemed to include stowage in a container or liftvan but only when such stowage is carried out prior to attachment of this insurance or by the Assured or their servants). In no case shall this insurance cover 4.3 loss damage or expense caused by insufficiency or unsuitability of packing or preparation of the subject-matter insured to withstand the ordinary incidents of the insured transit where such packing or preparation is carried out by the Assured or their employees or prior to the attachment of this insurance (for the purpose of these Clauses packing shall be deemed to include stowage in a container and employees shall not include independent contractors). Limited to 2 situations/Ordinary incidents of transit Liftvan Employees INHERENT VICE

GURBANI & CO 1/1/09 4. In no case shall this insurance cover 4.4 loss damage or expense caused by inherent vice or nature of the subject-matter insured. No change. DELAY 1/1/82 4 In no case shall this insurance cover 4.5 loss damage or expense proximately caused by delay, even though the delay be caused by a risk insured against (except expenses payable under Clause 2 above). 1/1/09 4.5

loss damage or expense caused by delay, even though the delay be caused by a risk insured against (except expenses payable under Clause 2 above). Word proximately is deleted. GURBANI & CO ILLUSTRATION Transformer to be shipped from say Southampton to Penang, Malaysia. Shipped on board Vessel A from Southampton to Rotterdam. Vessel A encountered Force 7 and 8 winds for 2 days. At Rotterdam transferred to Vessel B bound for Penang. Vessel B met Force 7 to 10 winds for 2 days. On arrival at Penang, the transformer was found damaged the joints were separated, the limbs were distorted and there were movements in the parts. Is it covered under the 1982 Clauses and/or the 2009 Clauses? INSOLVENCY OR FINANCIAL DEFAULT GURBANI & CO 1/1/82 4

In no case shall this insurance cover 4.6 loss damage or expense arising from insolvency or financial default of the owners managers charterers or operators of the vessel. 1/1/09 4. In no case shall this insurance cover 4.6 loss damage or expense caused by insolvency or financial default of the owners managers charterers or operators of the vessel where, at the time of loading of the subject-matter insured on board the vessel, the Assured are aware, or in the ordinary course of business should be aware, that such insolvency or financial default could prevent the normal prosecution of the voyage. This exclusion shall not apply where the contract of insurance has been assigned to the party claiming hereunder who has bought or agreed to buy the subject-matter insured in good faith under a binding contract. Exclusion is reduced in scope Innocent Assured Good faith assignee Arising from become caused by

ICTC (A) 5/9/83 CL. 275 IFMC (A) 1/1/86 CL. 323 GURBANI & CO NUCLEAR FISSION AND/OR FUSION 1/1/82 4 In no case shall this insurance cover 4.7 loss damage or expense arising from the use of any weapon of war employing atomic or nuclear fission and/or fusion or other like reaction or radioactive force or matter. 1/1/09 4. In no case shall this insurance cover 4.7 loss damage or expense directly or indirectly caused by or arising from the use of any weapon or device employing atomic or nuclear fission and/or fusion or other like reaction or radioactive force or matter. Exclusion is now wider directly or indirectly caused by; including weapon or device not necessarily of war. GURBANI & CO UNSEAWORTHINESS AND UNFITNESS

1/1/82 5. 5.1 In no case shall this insurance cover loss damage or expense arising from unseaworthiness of vessel or craft, unfitness of vessel craft conveyance container or liftvan for the safe carriage of the subject-matter insured, where the Assured or their servants are privy to such unseaworthiness or unfitness, at the time the subject-matter insured is loaded therein. 5.2 The Underwriters waive any breach of the implied warranties of seaworthiness of the ship and fitness of the ship to carry the subject-matter insured to destination, unless the Assured or their servants are privy to such unseaworthiness or unfitness. 1/1/09 5. 5.1 5.2 5.3

In no case shall this insurance cover loss damage or expense arising from 5.1.1 unseaworthiness of vessel or craft or unfitness of vessel or craft for the safe carriage of the subject-matter insured, where the Assured are privy to such unseaworthiness or unfitness, at the time the subject-matter insured is loaded therein, 5.1.2 unfitness of container or conveyance for the safe carriage of the subjectmatter insured, where loading therein or thereon is carried out prior to attachment of this insurance or by the Assured or their employees and they are privy to such unfitness at the time of loading. Exclusion 5.1.1 above shall not apply where the contract of insurance has been assigned to the party claiming hereunder who has bought or agreed to buy the subject-matter insured in good faith under a binding contract. The Insurers waive any breach of the implied warranties of seaworthiness of the ship and fitness of the ship to carry the subject-matter insured to destination. Unseaworthiness and Unfitness Exclusion Clause GURBANI & CO Vessel/craft dealt with separately from container/conveyance Cl. 5.1.1 refers to Assureds. Cl. 5.1.2 refers to Assureds or their employees Liftvan

Servants become employees Assignee ICTC (A) 5/9/83 CL. 275 GURBANI & CO WAR ETC EXCLUSION 1/1/09 6 In no case shall this insurance cover loss damage or expense caused by 6.1war civil war revolution rebellion insurrection, or civil strife arising therefrom, or any hostile act by or against a belligerent power 6.2capture seizure arrest restraint or detainment (piracy excepted), and the consequences thereof or any attempt thereat 6.3derelict mines torpedoes bombs or other derelict weapons of war. No change. Note: Only the A Clauses contain the words (piracy excepted) in the capture/seizure/arrest etc exclusion in Clause 6.2. A claim relating to piracy is therefore covered under the A Clauses but not under the B and C Clauses. STRIKES ETC EXCLUSION

GURBANI & CO 1/1/82 7. In no case shall this insurance cover loss damage or expense 7.1 caused by strikers, locked-out workmen, or persons taking part in labour disturbances, riots or civil commotions 7.2 resulting from strikes, lock-outs, labour disturbances, riots or civil commotions 7.3 caused by any terrorist or any person acting from a political motive. Strikes Exclusion Clause 1/1/09 7. In no case shall this insurance cover loss damage or expense 7.1 caused by strikers, locked-out workmen, or persons taking part in labour disturbances, riots or civil commotions

7.2 resulting from strikes, lock-outs, labour disturbances, riots or civil commotions 7.3 caused by any act of terrorism being an act of any person acting on behalf of, or in connection with, any organisation which carries out activities directed towards the overthrowing or influencing, by force or violence, of any government whether or not legally constituted 7.4 caused by any person acting from a political, ideological or religious motive. Strikes exclusion unchanged Terrorism exclusion extended The Institute Strikes Clauses (Cargo) 1/1/09 have been amended accordingly to give back to back cover. DURATION GURBANI & CO 1/1/82 DURATION

8. 8.1 This insurance attaches from the time the goods leave the warehouse or place of storage at the place named herein for the commencement of the transit, continues during the ordinary course of transit and terminates either 8.1.1 on delivery to the Consignees or other final warehouse or place of storage at the destination named herein 8.1.2 on delivery to any other warehouse or place of storage, whether prior to or at the destination named herein, which the Assured elect to use either 8.1.2.1 for storage other than in the ordinary course of transit or 8.1.2.2 for allocation or distribution, or 8.1.3 on the expiry of 60 days after completion of discharge overside of the goods hereby insured from the oversea vessel at the final port of discharge, whichever shall first occur. 1/1/09 DURATION Transit Clause 8. 8.1 Subject to Clause 11 below, this insurance attaches from the time the subject-matter insured is first moved in the warehouse or at the place of storage (at the place named in the contract of insurance) for the purpose of the immediate loading into or onto the carrying vehicle or other conveyance for the commencement of transit, continues during the ordinary course of transit and terminates either 8.1.1 on completion of unloading from the carrying vehicle or other conveyance in or at the final warehouse or place of storage at the destination named in the contract of insurance,

8.1.2 on completion of unloading from the carrying vehicle or other conveyance in or at any other warehouse or place of storage, whether prior to or at the destination named in the contract of insurance, which the Assured or their employees elect to use either for storage other than in the ordinary course of transit or for allocation or distribution, or 8.1.3 when the Assured or their employees elect to use any carrying vehicle or other conveyance or any container for storage other than in the ordinary course of transit or 8.1.4 on the expiry of 60 days after completion of discharge overside of the subject-matter insured from the oversea vessel at the final port of discharge, whichever first occur. Transit Clause GURBANI & CO 1/1/82 DURATION 8. 8.1 This insurance attaches from the time the goods leave the warehouse or place of storage at the place named herein for the commencement of the transit, continues during the ordinary course of transit and terminates either 8.1.1 on delivery to the Consignees or other final warehouse or place of storage at the destination named herein 8.1.2 on delivery to any other warehouse or place of storage, whether prior to or at the destination named herein, which the Assured elect to

use either 1/1/09 DURATION Transit Clause 8. 8.1 Subject to Clause 11 below, this insurance attaches from the time the subjectmatter insured is first moved in the warehouse or at the place of storage (at the place named in the contract of insurance) for the purpose of the immediate loading into or onto the carrying vehicle or other conveyance for the commencement of transit, continues during the ordinary course of transit and terminates either 8.1.1 on completion of unloading from the carrying vehicle or other conveyance in or at the final warehouse or place of storage at the destination named in the contract of insurance, 8.1.2 on completion of unloading from the carrying vehicle or other conveyance in or at any other warehouse or place of storage, Transit Clause GURBANI & CO

1982 Warehouse Gate to Warehouse Gate - from the time the goods leave the warehouse. 2009 - first moved into warehouse Requirement of continuous flow On delivery to becomes on completion of unloading revised clause covers both loading and unloading Effect of new Cl. 8.1.3 Effect of Assured or their employees as distinct from Assured ILLUSTRATION GURBANI & CO Insurance on electronic goods from Singapore to Amsterdam. Goods were transported from suppliers factory in Defu Lane to seller/insureds warehouse in Tuas at 10am to be stowed into a container. Loading and stowage into the container was completed at 6pm. Prime mover and trailer arrived at 8.30pm and container was

loaded onto the trailer. It was too late to send the container to Keppel CY. The prime mover and trailer moved out of the warehouse and parked at the parking lot outside the warehouse. The intention was to transport the container to Keppel CY the next morning at 6.30am. Later that night the container was stolen. Is the loss covered under the 1982 Clauses and/or the 2009 Clauses? GURBANI & CO ILLUSTRATION Facts are as stated earlier except that the loading and stowage of the goods into the container was completed at 7pm and the intention was to transport the container from the warehouse to Keppel CY. The prime mover and trailer to transport the container to Keppel CY was expected to arrive at between 7 to 8pm. The warehouse caught fire at 7.30pm before the prime mover/trailer arrived and the goods were totally lost. Is the loss covered under the 1982 Clauses and/or the 2009 Clauses? GURBANI & CO ILLUSTRATION

The insured containerised goods arrived at the final port of Amsterdam. The container was transported by the prime mover to the consignees final warehouse. At the consignees final warehouse before the container could be unloaded from the trailer/prime mover, an armed gang held up the warehouse staff. The prime mover/trailer and the container were driven off and stolen. Is the loss covered under the 1982 Clauses and/or the 2009 Clauses? GURBANI & CO ILLUSTRATION The insured machine arrived at the final port of Singapore. The machine was transported by the lorry to the consignees final warehouse in Tuas. It is unloaded from the lorry onto the ground outside the warehouse. As the machine was being hoisted to the 3rd floor, it fell onto the ground. Is the damage covered under the 1982 Clauses and/or the 2009 Clauses? GURBANI & CO 1/1/82 8.2 If, after discharge overside from the oversea vessel at the final port of discharge, but prior to termination of this insurance, the goods are to be

forwarded to a destination other than that to which they are insured hereunder, this insurance, whilst remaining subject to termination as provided for above, shall not extend beyond the commencement of transit to such other destination. 1/1/09 8.2 If, after discharge overside from the oversea vessel at the final port of discharge, but prior to termination of this insurance, the subject-matter insured is to be forwarded to a destination other than that to which it is insured, this insurance, whilst remaining subject to termination as provided in Clauses 8.1.1 to 8.1.4, shall not extend beyond the time the subject-matter insured is first moved for the purpose of the commencement of transit to such other destination. Some tidying of language but the effect remains unchanged. GURBANI & CO 1/1/82 8.3 This insurance shall remain in force (subject to termination as provided for above and to the provisions of Clause 9 below) during delay beyond the control of the Assured, any deviation, forced discharge, reshipment or transhipment and during any variation of the adventure arising from the exercise of a liberty granted to shipowners or charterers under the contract of affreightment. 1/1/09 8.3 This insurance shall remain in force (subject to termination as provided for in Clauses 8.1.1 to 8.1.4 above and to the provisions of Clause 9

below) during delay beyond the control of the Assured, any deviation, forced discharge, reshipment or transhipment and during any variation of the adventure arising from the exercise of a liberty granted to carriers under the contract of carriage. The effect remains the same. GURBANI & CO TERMINATION OF CONTRACT OF CARRIAGE 1/1/82 9. If owing to circumstances beyond the control of the Assured either the contract of carriage is terminated at a port or place other than the destination named therein or the transit is otherwise terminated before delivery of the goods as provided for in Clause 8 above, then this insurance shall also terminate unless prompt notice is given to the Underwriters and continuation of cover is requested when the insurance shall remain in force, subject to an additional premium if required by the Underwriters, either 9.1 until the goods are sold and delivered at such port or place, or, unless otherwise specially agreed, until the expiry of 60 days after arrival of the goods hereby insured at such port or place, whichever shall first occur, 9.2 if the goods are forwarded within the said period of 60 days (or any agreed extension thereof) to the destination named herein or to any other destination, until terminated in accordance with the provisions of Clause 8 above. 1/1/09 Termination of Contract of Carriage

9. If owing to circumstances beyond the control of the Assured either the contract of carriage is terminated at a port or place other than the destination named therein or the transit is otherwise terminated before unloading of the subject-matter insured as provided for in Clause 8 above, then this insurance shall also terminate unless prompt notice is given to the Insurers and continuation of cover is requested when this insurance shall remain in force, subject to an additional premium if required by the Insurers, either 9.1 until the subject-matter insured is sold and delivered at such port or place, or, unless otherwise specially agreed, until the expiry of 60 days after arrival of the subject-matter insured at such port or place, whichever shall first occur, or 9.2 if the subject-matter insured is forwarded within the said period of 60 days (or any agreed extension thereof) to the destination named in the contract of insurance or to any other destination, until terminated in accordance with the provisions of Clause 8 above. Minor changes in wording:delivery becomes unloading to make it consistent with Clause 8. named herein in Clause 9.2 becomes named in the contract of insurance. goods becomes subject-matter insured. Termination of Contract of Carriage Clause GURBANI & CO

CHANGE OF VOYAGE 1/1/82 10 Where, after attachment of this insurance, the destination is changed by the Assured, held covered at a premium and on conditions to be arranged subject to prompt notice being given to the Underwriters. 1/1/09 Change of Voyage 10. 10.1 Where, after attachment of this insurance, the destination is changed by the Assured, this must be notified promptly to Insurers for rates and terms to be agreed. Should a loss occur prior to such agreement being obtained cover may be provided but only if cover would have been available at a reasonable commercial market rate on reasonable market terms. 10.2 Where the subject-matter insured commences the transit contemplated by this insurance (in accordance with Clause 8.1), but, without the knowledge of the Assured or their employees the ship sails for another destination, this insurance will nevertheless be deemed to have attached at commencement of such transit. Change of

Voyage Clause GURBANI & CO Section 44 MIA Sailing for different destination Where the destination is specified in the policy, and the ship, instead of sailing for that destination, sails for any other destination, the risk does not attach. In phantom ship cases the ship will sail for a different (and unknown) destination without the knowledge of the Assureds. In such cases there is no cover. New Cl. 10.2 cover such losses provided (i) transit commences and (ii) assured and their employees had no knowledge. GURBANI & CO Old Clause 10 used the phrase held covered. New Clause 10 explains the meaning of held covered in line with Institute Classification Clauses 1/1/2001 CL. 354. The Note at the end of the end of the new Clauses stresses the prompt notice requirement as with the old Clauses. 1/1/09 NOTE:- Where a continuation of cover is requested under Clause 9, or a change of destination is notified under Clause 10, there is an obligation to give prompt notice to the Insurers and the right to such cover is dependent upon

compliance with this obligation. 1/1/82 NOTE:- It is necessary for the Assured when they become aware of an event which is held covered under this insurance to give prompt notice to the Underwriters and the right to such cover is dependent upon compliance with this obligation. The minor revisions are to reflect the updating of the relevant clauses above eg. the words held covered no longer appear in the Clauses so the Note require consequential amendment, but do not change the extent or width of the cover. GURBANI & CO ILLUSTRATION Insurance on bags of rice from Bangkok to Hong Kong. The bags of rice were in a warehouse in Bangkok. They were transported to and loaded on a vessel called the Jubilee at Bangkok. Vessel is a phantom ship and it disappeared with the cargo after leaving Bangkok. Is the loss covered under the 1982 Clauses and/or the 2009 Clauses? GURBANI & CO ILLUSTRATION Facts are as stated earlier except that the vessel Jubilee

is not a phantom ship. The insureds intended the rice to be shipped from Bangkok to Hong Kong, as per the policy, but the vessel was actually bound for Colombo. The insureds did not discover this mistake until after the vessel sailed and sunk shortly thereafter. Is it covered under the 1982 Clauses and/or the 2009 Clauses? GURBANI & CO CLAIMS 1/1/09 CLAIMS Insurable Interest 11. 11.1 In order to recover under this insurance the Assured must have an insurable interest in the subjectmatter insured at the time of the loss. 11.2 Subject to Clause 11.1 above, the Assured shall be entitled to recover for insured loss occurring during the period covered by this insurance, notwithstanding that the loss occurred before the contract of insurance was concluded, unless the Assured were aware of the loss and the Insurers were not. No change.

FORWARDING CHARGES GURBANI & CO 1/1/82 12. Where, as a result of the operation of a risk covered by this insurance, the insured transit is terminated at a port or place other than that to which the subject-matter is covered under this insurance, the Underwriters will reimburse the Assured for any extra charges properly and reasonably incurred in unloading storing and forwarding the subject-matter to the destination to which it is insured hereunder. This Clause 12, which does not apply to general average or salvage charges, shall be subject to the exclusions contained in Clauses 4, 5, 6 and 7 above, and shall not include charges arising from the fault negligence insolvency or financial default of the Assured or their servants. 1/1/09 12. Where, as a result of the operation of a risk covered by this insurance, the insured transit is terminated at a port or place other than that to which the subject-matter is covered under this insurance, the Insurers will reimburse the Assured for any extra charges properly and reasonably incurred in unloading storing and forwarding the subject-matter to the destination to which it is insured. This Clause 12, which does not apply to general average or salvage charges, shall be subject to the exclusions contained in Clauses 4, 5, 6 and 7 above, and

shall not include charges arising from the fault negligence insolvency or financial default of the Assured or their employees. Only minor changes, eg. hereunder has been deleted and servants have become employees. Forwarding Charges Clause GURBANI & CO CONSTRUCTIVE TOTAL LOSS 1/1/09 Constructive Total Loss 13. No claim for Constructive Total Loss shall be recoverable hereunder unless the subject-matter insured is reasonably abandoned either on account of its actual loss appearing to be unavoidable or because the cost of recovering, reconditioning and forwarding the subject-matter to the destination to which it is insured would exceed its value on arrival. No change. GURBANI & CO INCREASED VALUE 1/1/82 14

14.1 If any Increased Value insurance is effected by the Assured on the cargo insured herein the agreed value of the cargo shall be deemed to be increased to the total amount insured under this insurance and all Increased Value insurances covering the loss, and liability under this insurance shall be in such proportion as the sum insured herein bears to such total amount insured. In the event of claim the Assured shall provide the Underwriters with evidence of the amounts insured under all other insurances. 14.2 Where this insurance is on Increased Value the following clause shall apply: Increased Value Clause The agreed value of the cargo shall be deemed to be equal to the total amount insured under the primary insurance and all Increased Value insurances covering the loss and effected on the cargo by the Assured, and liability under this insurance shall be in such proportion as the sum insured herein bears to such total amount insured. In the event of claim the Assured shall provide the Underwriters with evidence of the amounts insured under all other insurances. 1/1/09 Increased Value 14. 14.1 If any increased Value insurance is effected by the Assured on the subject-matter insured under this insurance the agreed value of the subject-matter insured shall be deemed to be

increased to the total amount insured under this insurance and all Increased Value insurances covering the loss, and liability under this insurance shall be in such proportion as the sum insured under this insurance bears to such total amount insured. In the event of claim the Assured shall provide the Insurers with evidence of the amounts insured under all other insurances. 14.2 Where this insurance is on Increased Value the following clause shall apply: The agreed value of the subject-matter insured shall be deemed to be equal to the total amount insured under the primary insurance and all Increased Value insurances covering the loss and effected on the subject-matter insured by the Assured, and liability under this insurance shall be in such proportion as the sum insured under this insurance bears to such total amount insured. In the event of claim the Assured shall provide the Insurers with evidence of the amounts insured under all other insurances. No change, except herein becomes under this insurance, Underwriter becomes Insurers, cargo becomes subject-matter insured. GURBANI & CO BENEFIT OF INSURANCE 1/1/82 BENEFIT OF INSURANCE 15 This insurance shall not inure to the benefit of the carrier or other bailee. Not Inure

Clause to 1/1/09 15. This insurance 15.1 covers the Assured which includes the person claiming indemnity either as the person by or on whose behalf the contract of insurance was effected or as an assignee, 15.2 shall not extend to or otherwise benefit the carrier or other bailee. A definition of the Assured has been inserted for extra clarity, i.e. it makes it clear that an assignee and the principal have the benefit of the insurance. The word inure has multiple dictionary meaning and is replaced with more contemporary wording. MINIMISING LOSSES GURBANI & CO 1/1/82 MINIMISING LOSSES Duty of Assured 16 It is the duty of the Assured and their servants and agents in respect of loss recoverable hereunder 16.1 to take such measures as may be reasonable for the purpose of averting or minimising

such loss, and 16.2 to ensure that all rights against carriers, bailees or other third parties are properly preserved and exercised and the Underwriters will, in addition to any loss recoverable hereunder, reimburse the Assured for any charges properly and reasonably incurred in pursuance of these duties. 1/1/09 MINIMISING LOSSES Duty of Assured 16. It is the duty of the Assured and their employees and agents in respect of loss recoverable hereunder 16.1 to take such measures as may be reasonable for the purpose of averting or minimising such loss, and 16.2 to ensure that all rights against carriers, bailees and other third parties are properly preserved and exercised, and the Insurers will, in addition to any loss recoverable hereunder, reimburse the Assured for any charges properly and reasonably incurred in pursuance of these duties. Servants become employees and Underwriters become Insurers, but otherwise no changes. Duty of Assured Clause

WAIVER CLAUSE 1/1/82 17 Measures taken by the Assured or the Underwriters with the object of saving, protecting or recovering the subject-matter insured shall not be considered as a waiver or acceptance of abandonment or otherwise prejudice the rights of either party. 1/1/09 Waiver 17. Measures taken by the Assured or the Insurers with the object of saving, protecting or recovering the subject-matter insured shall not be considered as a waiver or acceptance of abandonment or otherwise prejudice the rights of either party. Insurers has replaced Underwriters but otherwise no change. AVOIDANCE OF DELAY 1/1/09 AVOIDANCE OF DELAY 18. It is a condition of this insurance that the Assured shall act with reasonable despatch in all circumstances within their control. No change. GURBANI & CO Waiver Clause

GURBANI & CO LAW AND PRACTICE 1/1/09 LAW AND PRACTICE 19. This insurance is subject to English law and practice. No change. MINOR AMENDMENTS (i) Insurers has been substituted for Underwriters, eg. Clauses 3, 5, 12, 14, (ii) cargo and goods have been substituted for subject-matter insured, eg. Clause 8.1, 8.2, 9.14, (iii) the Clauses now distinguish between this insurance (the insurance cover provided by the Clauses) and the contract of insurance being the overall open cover or the facultative contract of insurance, to clarify the position of the Clauses, eg. Clauses 5.2, 8.1.1 and 15.1, (iv) reference is also made to the word ship (Cl. 5.3) as distinct from vessel (Cl. 4.6 and 8.2) perhaps for stylistic reasons (i.e. Cl. 5.3 unseaworthiness is generally referred to a ship, rather than a vessel).

SUMMARY Major revision Clause 4.3 Clause 4.6 Clause 5 Clause 8 Clause 10 - Exclusion of insufficiency or unsuitability of packing etc Exclusion of insolvency or financial default Exclusion of unseaworthiness and unfitness Duration of insurance Change of voyage Minor revision Clause 4.7 Clause 7 Clause 9 Clause 15 - Exclusion of nuclear fission and/or fusion Strikes etc exclusion

Termination of contract of carriage Benefit of insurance Cosmetic Changes Clause 1 Clause 2 Clause 3 Clause 4.5 Clause 12 Clause 14 Clause 16 Clause 17 - Risks clause GA clause Both to Blame Collision clause Exclusion of delay Forwarding charges Increased value Minimising losses Waiver clause GURBANI & CO

GURBANI & CO B AND C CLAUSES The B and C Clauses have been amended in accordance with the changes in the A Clauses. Note: EXCLUSIONS 4. In no case shall this insurance cover 4.7 deliberate damage to or deliberate destruction of the subject-matter insured or any part thereof by the wrongful act of any person or persons. There is therefore no cover for piracy unlike the A Clause (Cl. 6.2). It is therefore necessary to add the Institute Malicious Damage Clause 1/1/82 CL. 266 to the cover if deliberate damage (including privacy) is to be covered. INSTITUTE STRIKE CLAUSES (CARGO) 1/1/90 INSTITUTE WAR CLAUSE (CARGO) 1/1/09 GURBANI & CO The above Clauses have been amended in line with A Clauses. STRIKE CLAUSES 1/1/82 RISKS COVERED

1 This insurance covers, except as provided in Clauses 3 and 4 below, loss of or damage to the subject-matter insured caused by 1.1 strikers, locked-out workmen, or persons taking part in labour disturbances, riots or civil commotions 1.2 any terrorist or any person acting from a political motive. Risks Clause 1/1/09 RISKS COVERED Risks 1. This insurance covers, except as excluded by the provisions of Clauses 3 and 4 below, loss of or damage to the subject-matter insured caused by 1.1 strikers, locked-out workmen, or persons taking part in labour disturbances, riots or civil commotions 1.2 any act of terrorism being an act of any person acting on behalf of, or in connection with, any organisation which carries out activities directed towards the overthrowing or influencing, by force or violence, of any government whether or not legally constituted 1.3 any person acting from a political, ideological or religious motive. In line with the exception in the new Clause 7 of the A Clauses the cover has been extended to take back what is excluded under the new A Clauses. Note the Strike Clauses only cover physical damage arising from the perils insured and does not cover losses arising from delay or

interruption of the transit. Both the old and the new Clause 3.7 and 3.8 of the Strikes Clauses make this clear. GURBANI & CO WAR RISKS CLAUSES 1/1/82 1 This insurance covers, except as provided in Clauses 3 and 4 below, loss of or damage to the subject-matter insured caused by 1.1 war civil war revolution rebellion insurrection, or civil strife arising therefrom, or any hostile act by or against a belligerent power 1.2 capture seizure arrest restraint or detainment, arising from risks covered under 1.1 above, and the consequences thereof or any attempt thereat 1.3 derelict mines torpedoes bombs or other derelict weapons of war. 1/1/09 1 This insurance covers, except as excluded by the provisions of Clauses 3 and 4 below, loss of or damage to the subject-matter insured caused by 1.1 war civil war revolution rebellion insurrection, or civil strife arising therefrom, or any hostile act by or against a belligerent power 1.2 capture seizure arrest restraint or detainment, arising from risks covered under 1.1 above, and the consequences thereof or any attempt thereat 1.3 derelict mines torpedoes bombs or other derelict weapons of war.

No change except that provided is replaced by excluded. Risks Clause

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Brief History - Computer Action Team

    Brief History - Computer Action Team

    Ethical egosim is the idea the everyone should do whatever is in their self-interest but is not the same as psychological egoism which states that people can only act in their self-interest. Ethical egoism contradicts ethical altruism which states that...
  • Title 1 Title 2

    Title 1 Title 2

    Planning / T. Parr-CSC, K. Milligan-CSC, D. Wicks-CSC, J. Rogers-CSC Business Support / Mandy Tatum-SERV, Bobbie Power-SGT Business Support Financial Manager Elaine Blazosky Resource Analyst Tracy Felton, Linnette Morales, Beverly Thomas Mission Systems Engineering Systems Engineer / Shane Hynes -...
  • Flourishing as the Aim of Education - Open University

    Flourishing as the Aim of Education - Open University

    I have answered this very question in a book where I argue for the claim that emotions constitute the self in the deep sense of ... (I do not want to be seen doing a methodological hatchet job on these...
  • iBanking-Business User Experience Learning Objectives Use the Business

    iBanking-Business User Experience Learning Objectives Use the Business

    The dynamic Help option provides assistance as needed. If one of the Help links are selected the system highlights the boxes related to the inquiry. In this example the Business Administrator select the first link to find out how to...
  • USAL Overview - Yilan County Government

    USAL Overview - Yilan County Government

    優良英文學習網站推薦 推薦人:張其耀 發音推薦網站 聽力網站推薦 口說能力推薦網站 閱讀能力推薦網站 寫作推薦網站 文法推薦網站 投影片結束 謝謝觀賞 優良英文學習網站推薦 推薦人:張其耀 發音推薦網站 聽力網站推薦 口說能力推薦網站 閱讀能力推薦網站 寫作推薦網站 文法推薦網站 投影片 ...
  • This is Post- Classical China

    This is Post- Classical China

    This is Post- Classical China. AP World- Sui, Tang, Song. Tang Dynasty618-907 CE. Golden age of Imperial China. Cosmopolitan society. Buddhism continued to Rise (BELIEF CHANGE) Founder: Li Yuan (dynastic duke of Tang) Expanded and Consolidated Empire.
  • "Methodology for the Infinite Archive": Exploring the ...

    "Methodology for the Infinite Archive": Exploring the ...

    "Methodology for the Infinite Archive": Exploring the Implications of Digital Resources and Tools for Literary Scholarship Lisa Spiro April 2009
  • Religions of India

    Religions of India

    Reincarnation is central to Hindu beliefs. A person builds good or bad karma through their actions, thoughts, and doing their duty. At death a persons good and bad karma determine if they are reborn in a higher or lower caste....