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PRESENTATION BY THE DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM TO THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON TOURISM BILATERAL AND MULTILATERAL ENGAGEMENTS ON TOURISM 22 AUGUST 2018 TABLE OF CONTENT Item Description Slide 1. Purpose 4 2. Definitions/ Terminology 5 3. Legislative Mandate 6 4. Background 7 5. Multilateral Forums that South Africa is signatory to 8-9 6. Membership to Multilateral Forums 10-16

7. Mandate: International Relations 17 8. Stages in concluding MoUs 18 9. Common areas of cooperation on MoUs 19 10. Status of signed MoUs 20 International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 2 TABLE OF CONTENT (cont.) Item Description Slide 11. Benefits of common areas of cooperation on MOUs 21-24 12. Key statistics 25-27 13.

Top five source markets 28 14. MOUs under negotiation 29 15. Examples of projects 30 16. Benefits and costs 31-41 17. Challenges 42 18. Way forward 43 19. Conclusion 44 20. Acronyms 45-46 International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018

3 1. PURPOSE The purpose of the presentation is to provide: the Multilateral Forums that South Africa is signatory to and members of status of signed Agreements/ Memorandums of Understanding (MOUs) progress on the implementation of the signed MOUs an update regarding MOUs under negotiation benefits derived Note: For the purpose of this presentation, the word MOU will be used to also refer to an Agreement. International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 4 2. DEFINITIONS/ TERMINOLOGY International agreement refers to an agreement between states or between states and international organisations that creates or intends to create a relationship between them operating under international law. Treaty normally used for more formal agreements dealing with matters of gravity. Convention usually used for multilateral agreements. Agreement less formal agreements with limited scope and fewer parties. Protocol usually an ancillary agreement to the original agreement. Memorandum of Understanding a less formal agreement, usually of an administrative or technical nature. Exchange Notes a less formal agreement. Concluded through two or more diplomatic notes between the parties. Declaration of Intent is an instrument which the parties express their intentions, without creating any obligations, and therefore cannot be an international agreement as contemplated in Section 231 of the Constitution. Note: Agreements are concluded between Governments and not Departments. Departments can be designated as the authority for implementing agreements (Competent authority). The South African side to the Agreements is always to be cited as the Government of the Republic of South Africa. International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 5 3. LEGISLATIVE MANDATE The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, Act 108 of 1996 Tourism Act, (Act No 3 of 2014) makes provision for the promotion of

tourism National Development Plan Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP) identified tourism as an important driver of both domestic consumer spending and foreign exchange earnings The New Growth Path identifies tourism sector as one of the six (6) key sectors to be prioritised to support employment creation National Tourism Sector Strategy South Africas Foreign Policy International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 6 4. BACKGROUND Drives South Africas national interest Strengthening bilateral and multilateral relations Strengthening regional integration Strategic partnerships and collaboration Contributes to achieving national priorities such as job creation and economic growth Contributes to South Africas foreign policy to build a better Africa and better world Strategically position South Africa as a destination of choice International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 7 5. MULTILATERAL FORUMS THAT SA IS SIGNATORY TO Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Secretariat in Mauritius SA is one of the founding members 1997 Highest decision making body is the Council of Ministers Tourism was prioritised in 2013 Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS) forum No Secretariat, functions through the Sherpa meetings led by DIRCO Tourism track/work stream approved during the 2nd Sherpa Meeting of April 2018 Deliverables by Tourism are incorporated in the 2018 BRICS Johannesburg Declaration (27 July 2018) 1st BRICS Tourism Senior Officials Meeting planned for later this year India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) Trilateral forum

No Secretariat, functions through the Sherpa meetings by DIRCO Agreement signed in October 2008, active February 2013 Tourism is a strategic sector International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 8 5. MULTILATERAL FORUMS THAT SA IS SIGNATORY TO (cont.) Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Participation since 2012 Access to committee meetings as well as access to strategic documents, credible databases and peer review reports, tourism trends in the OECD member countries, and exposure and participation in the programmes that promote competitive and sustainable tourism World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) SA is a member of the UNWTO since 1994 Executive Council Regional structures (Commission for Africa) International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 9 6.MEMBERSHIP TO MULTILATERAL FORUMS Forum IORA Subscription Paid by DIRCO from a country perspective no subscription by the Department International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 SAs Role/Position Benefits for SA Current chair of Public private partnership to fully benefit the IORA tourism industry.

Establishment Exchange of information and best practices of an IORA to benefit SAs priorities e.g. the Coastal Tourism Core and Marine Tourism Workshop benefited Group to focus Operation Phakisa in terms of sustainable on specific use of the environment for tourism purposes tourism related and destination development. Potential to benefit the tourism sector projects and programmes through the IORA fund available to member states for projects initiated by the IORA member states. Potential investment/economic support by the IORA dialogue partners. 10 6. MEMBERSHIP TO MULTILATERAL FORUMS (cont.) Forum OECD BRICS Subscription SAs Role/ Position Participant fee to the Information working fund of the Tourism sharing on Committee of the OECD = Tourism policies 10 800 and travel Voluntary contribution to the trends working fund of the Tourism Committee of the OECD = 15 000 Total 25 800 = R417 699 Current chair of Contributions are paid by DIRCO from a country BRICS perspective no subscription Establishment of

by the Department. a BRICS Tourism Working Group International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 Benefits for SA Regular observer. Participation in the committee including access to strategic documents, credible databases and peer review reports, tourism trends in the OECD member countries, and exposure and participation in the programmes that promote competitive and sustainable tourism. Public private partnership to fully benefit the tourism industry. Ease of travel amongst the BRICS countries to enable increase in tourists and selling of tourism products. Exchange of information and best practice. 11 6. MEMBERSHIP TO MULTILATERAL FORUMS (cont.) Forum Subscription IBSA SAs Benefits for SA Position/Role Exchange of The IBSA fund has been key in Paid by DIRCO from a information and addressing alleviation of poverty, country best practices. especially in Africa. This addresses, perspective amongst others, SAs priorities in terms of no African Agenda. subscription by the Department

International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 12 6. MEMBERSHIP TO MULTILATERAL FORUMS (cont.) Forum Subscription SAs Position/Role Benefits for SA UNWTO Member-ship SA is a member of the UNWTO fee: since 1994. R2 388 969 for 2018/19 Specialised agency of the UN responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism. As the international organisation in the field of tourism, the UNWTO promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide. Setting of Methodology and Training on Statistics. Technical Expertise and assistance e.g. SA invites the UNWTO Secretariat to make presentations, even at Indaba Ministerial Session at no costs, except for travel. CAF No membership fee UNWTOs Commission for Africa (CAF) is one of the six regional commissions for UNWTO. CAF has 51 members and is the biggest region of the UNWTO. Strengthening regional integration and collective decision making for the development and tourism growth in the continent SA is serving as

Vice-Chair of CAF for the period 2017-2019, as elected at the 60th meeting International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 13 6. MEMBERSHIP TO MULTILATERAL FORUMS (cont.) Forum Subscription AU SAs Position/Role The African There is no tourism forum Developestablished except that there is ment Bank AU Specialised Technical (AfDB) is Committee on Transport, involved in Intercontinental and mobilising Interregional Infrastructures, funding for Energy and Tourism SA supports the establishment the implementa of a tourism directorate within tion of the African Union Commission transport (AUC) to provide policy support and energy and coordination on tourism. projects for SA supports the revision of the the year Tourism Action Plan (TAP) as it 2020 is a blue print that seeks to address challenges that face tourism in Africa. International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 Benefits for SA Agenda 2063 and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable

Development provides a framework for sustainable structural transformation in Africa. The first ten year implementation plan is a mechanism that is designed to facilitate the implementation of both agendas at all levels, (namely, National, Regional and Continentally). Through the process of domestication. Challenges highlighted for the tourism sector: Lack of prioritisation Poor Treasury Support to Tourism Underdeveloped Tourism Infrastructure and limited product range Lack of timely and reliable tourism data affecting availability of important planning data input. Poor Destination Accessibility Wide human resource capacity demand vs. supply gap The challenge of price competitiveness 14 6. MEMBERSHIP TO MULTILATERAL FORUMS (cont.) Forum Subscription SAs Position/ Benefits for SA Role AU CONVERGENCE OF AVIATION AND TOURISM POLICIES Efforts towards the liberalisation of Africas aviation industry (cont.) and establishment integrated intra-regional air transportation results in the several treaties, declarations and MOUs being signed in Africa. Africa has witnessed a sustained growth in its air transportation sector, rising by 6.6 % over the last decade, making it the second fastest growing region globally after Asia. Traffic to, from, and within Africa is projected to grow by about 6% per year for the next 20 years (Boeings long term forecast 2014-2033). International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 15 6. MEMBERSHIP TO MULTILATERAL FORUMS (cont.) Forum SADC Subscription Membership is paid by

DIRCO SAs Position/Role Benefits for SA SA was the Chair of SADC from Its main objective is to achieve August 2017 to August 2018. development, peace and security, From August 2018 to August 2019 and economic growth, to alleviate SA will serve in the Troika as the poverty, enhance the standard and outgoing Chair. quality of life of the peoples of Southern Africa, and support the socially disadvantaged through regional integration, built on democratic principles and equitable and sustainable development. RETOSA Membership subscription SA served on the Financial and fee: R3 983 000 in 2017Human Resource Committee from 2018 financial year. 2015 to 2017. Criteria for calculating SA served on Legal Expert, contributions is based on Transformation Committee and the countrys GDP and Finance and HR Committees that SA is currently the highest led the transformation process of contributor to RETOSA RETOSA between 2013-17 RETOSA is a legal entity of Southern Africa Development Community SADC and the promotional and marketing arm of SADCs Tourism Sector. RETOSA will be winding up after the SADC Council decision. 16 International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 7. MANDATE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS & CO-OPERATION

Drive SAs national interest and values through tourism Drive SAs national priorities (maintain government to government relations) Negotiate and implement international tourism agreements Stakeholder engagement to identify and resolve international tourism-related barriers Provide advise and support for engagements Facilitate capacity building initiatives as a contribution to regional integration (International best practices workshop) Development of tourism through strategic interventions and the formation of partnerships International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 17 8. STAGES IN CONCLUDING MOUs Stage 1 Identifying areas of cooperation Stage 14 Signing Ceremony Stage 13 Binding of Agreement Stage 12 Obtain Presidential Minute Stage 2 Consult stakeholders Stage 3 Incorporate inputs from all stakeholders Stage 4 Internal legal services Stage 5 DoJ&CS domestic law

Stage 6 Department incorporate comments from DOJ&CS & send to DIRCO Stage 15 Tabling in Parliament Stage 16 Giving notice to counterpart Stage 17 Implementation Draft MoU sent to counterparts for consultation through stages 5-9 Stage 11 DIRCO Certify International Relations and Co-operation International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 22 August 2018 Stage 10 Minister signs Certificate & Presidential Minute Stage 9 Send to counterparts via diplomatic channels Stage 7 DIRCOInternational law Stage 8 Dept. Incorporate comments from DIRCO and send to counterpart 18 9. COMMON AREAS OF COOPERATION ON MOUs

Heritage and Cultural Tourism Promotion of Sector Skills Development e.g. Language Training Research, Policy Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Share grading standards and procedures Exchange of information on Public Private Partnerships and programmes. Sustainable Tourism Development Promotion of Mega Events Human Resource development and training Community tourism development Joint marketing and tourism development Tourism investment Development of cross-border tourism Product development Establishment of Joint Technical Committees International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 19 10. STATUS OF SIGNED MOUs Signed: 25 MoUs 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Algeria Angola Brazil Bulgaria China DRC France India Lesotho Gabon Chana Malawi 13. Mexico

14. Mozambique 15. Nigeria 16. Saudi Arabia 17. Russia 18. Senegal 19. Seychelles 20. Singapore 21. Tunisia 22. Turkey 23. Vietnam 24. Zambia 25. Zimbabwe International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 MoUs under negotiation: 8 MoUs 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Botswana Ethiopia Iran Palestine Mauritius Namibia Sri Lanka Uganda Expired MoUs; Declaration of Intent & Exchange of Notes 2 Expired MoUs Egypt - signed: 26/8/1997 Kenya signed: 19/8/2009 *Pursuing renewal of the two expired MoUs as these are strategic and potential markets 1 Expired Declaration of Intent: Sri Lanka Signed: 24/02/2015

* Pursuing a fully fledged MoU 1 Exchange of Notes: Japan Signed: 7/02/2001 * A new Declaration of Intent is being negotiated Dormant MoUs and Declaration of Intent 2 MoUs Bulgaria signed: 1997 Greece - signed: 1998 * Pursuing collaboration 1 Dormant Declaration of Intent: Spain Signed: 4/9/2003 * Pursuing collaboration 20 11. BENEFITS OF COMMON AREAS ON MOUs Article / Clause Project Benefits / Outcomes Countries Heritage and Cultural Tourism To facilitate promotion and development of heritage and cultural tourism To enhance visitor experience in line with the NTSS pillars Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Gabon, DRC

Promotion of Sector Skills Development e.g. Language Training Language Training, e.g. Mandarin, French, Spanish, Portuguese exchange of information, officials or programmes exchange of researchers, lectures and other personnel in the tourism industry Facilitate and encourage collaboration of women and youth in tourism Facilitate cross border tour guide training Empowering Tourist Guides, Receptionists, Development of Curriculum, Visitor Experience in line with NTSS pillars Chefs placement programme Add value in terms of capacity building to various academic institutions specifically tourism and hospitality institutions Exchange and share information on best practises Enhancing transformation in the sector by empowering women and youth in tourism Empowering cross border tourist guides and similarly ensure that quality harmonised service excellence is enhanced China, France, Russia, Seychelles - MoU signed between CPUT and STA Hosting and undertaking Study Visits and Benchmarking exercises Sharing of Best Practices Workshop Gaining knowledge to enhance capacity building which also strengthen bilateral cooperation

Zimbabwe and Mozambique (All countries that we signed MoUs with are invited to the Workshop) Human Resource development and training Research, Policy Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation MoU signed between the Department and UNISA Namibia (draft MoU) 21 International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 11. BENEFITS OF COMMON AREAS OF MOUs WITH COUNTERPARTS (cont.) Article / Clause Project Benefits / Outcomes Countries Share grading standards and procedures Coordinating the training offered by SA Tourism on grading and classification The departments role is to contribute to regional integration Malawi, Zambia, Seychelles, Lesotho, Mozambique Joint marketing and tourism development

Facilitate the joint packaging of products Facilitate the sharing of expertise on the marketing and promotion of programmes through the marketing Agencies Strengthen the positioning of the countries Strengthening and enhancement of regional integration All countries with whom the department signed MoUs Tourism investment Organising seminars or workshops to share information about business opportunities in each others country Creating a platform and empowering mutual business growth All countries with whom the department signed MoUs Development of crossborder tourism Facilitation of harmonisation of standards, policies and legislation for the development of cross border tourism To address the needs of communities that lives in proximity to those resources To ensure smooth cross border tourism Namibia, Mozambique, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland International Relations and Co-operation

22 August 2018 22 11. BENEFITS OF COMMON AREAS OF MOUs WITH COUNTERPARTS (cont.) Article / Clause Project Benefits / Outcomes Countries Product development Facilitate product development of common resources Enhance visitor experience Contributes to job creation and economic growth Lesotho Namibia (MoU in draft) In addition: Facilitate ease of travel for inbound tourists to SA Boost and increase the number of tourists visiting SA Russia visa waiver Angola visa waiver China simplification of visa requirements India simplification of visa requirements under negotiation Ensure development of implementation plan Oversee the implementation of the

signed agreement Effective implementation, monitoring and evaluation Most of the countries that MoUs have been signed with Ease of travel facilitation Establishment of Joint Technical Committees International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 23 11. BENEFITS OF COMMON AREAS OF MOUs WITH COUNTERPARTS (cont.) Article / Clause Project Benefits / Outcomes Exchange of information on Public Private Partnerships and programmes Facilitate participation of SMMEs and Enterprises at the tourism exhibitions and roadshows Facilitate and promote collaboration amongst public and private tourism associations Understanding the market segments and empowering the SMMEs and Enterprises in negotiating and sealing

deals Sustainable Tourism Development Organise seminars to promote Contribute to the sustainable and responsible enhancement of best tourism practices and mutual compliance to regulations and tourism growth DRC, Senegal, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe Promotion of Mega Events Facilitate participation and hosting of Mega events Zimbabwe, Malawi, DRC, Lesotho, Zambia International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 Strengthen bilateral relations and cooperation. Contributes to economic growth and job creation Countries Zimbabwe 24 12. KEY STATISTICS: Africa and Middle East Country & Date Signed Tourist Arrivals 2017

Population (millions) 2017 GDP - per capita 2017 1. Algeria 28/04/1998 1 202 41 318 142 170.4 billion (US$) 2. Angola 23/01/1992 49 299 29 310 273 192 billion (US$) 3. DRC 16/10/2015 29 675 83 301 151 67.99 billion (US$) 4. Egypt 26/081997 8 500 99 375 741 237.37 billion (US$) 5. Gabon 26/11/2003 7 982 1.98

14.21 billion (US$) 6. Ghana 23/08/2011 17 705 27 499 924 130.2 billion (US$) 7. Kenya 19/08/2009 28 944 50 950 879 74.94 billion (US$) 8. Lesotho 12/05/2012 1 747 211 2 263 010 7.448 billion (US$) Source: Stats SA, World Bank Index Mundi International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 25 12. KEY STATISTICS (cont.): Africa and Middle East Country Date Signed Tourist Arrivals 2017 9. Malawi 31/08/2017 Population 2017

GDP - per capita 2017 175 014 19 196 246 22.47 billion (US$) 1 339 245 26 573 706 37.39 billion (US$) 11. Nigeria 23/05/2008 50 921 190 632 261 1.118 trillion (US$) 12. Saudi Arabia 06/02/2014 11 164 32 938 213 683.827 billion (US$) 13. Senegal 10/6/2017 2 609 14 668 522 43.07 billion (US$) 14. Seychelles 05/08/2013 8 152 95 843

1.486 billion (US$) 15. Tunisia 05/04/1995 1 146 11 659 174 40.26 billion (US$) 16. Zambia 29/06/2017 173 033 15 972 000 68.9 billion(US$) 2 039 932 13 805 084 33.87 billion (US$) 10. Mozambique 28/02/1995 17. Zimbabwe 12/05/2012 International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 Source: Stats SA, World Bank Index Mundi 26 12. KEY STATISTICS (cont.): Rest of the World Country & Date Signed Tourist Arrivals 2017 Population 2017 GDP - per capita 2017

18. Brazil 24/09/2014 67 797 207 353 391 15.500 (US$) 19. China 28/10/2013 97 069 1 379 302 771 17.000 (US$) 20. France 28/02/2008 196 165 67 106 161 43.600 (US$) 21. India 08/07/2016 97 921 1 281 935 911 7.200 (US$) 22. Mexico 16/01/2014 4 625 124 574 795 19.500 (US$) 23. Turkey 23/06/2000

14 387 67 106 161 43.600 (US$) 24. Singapore 2005 10 964 5 888 920 90.500 (US$) 25. Russia 23/11/1998 12 532 142 257 519 27.900 (US$) Source: Stats SA, World Bank Index Mundi International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 27 13. TOP FIVE SOURCE MARKETS Latest report Jan- May 2018 Top five overseas source markets Up/down from 2017 Top five overseas source markets Up/down from 2017 Country Tourist Arrivals Country Tourist Arrivals UK

198 816 -5.3% Zimbabwe 942 895 8.8% Germany 152 365 - 0.6% Lesotho 790 692 1.6% USA 144 118 0.9% Mozambique 580 993 4.72% France 82 133 -2.6% Swaziland 353 058 0.4% Netherlands 54 629 - 6.1% Botswana 261 794 2.6% International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018

International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 28 14. MoUs UNDER NEGOTIATION Country 1. Botswana 2. Iran Tourist Arrivals (Stats SA) Population (World Bank: 2017) 681 379 2 0214 858 5 311 96 926 270 3. Palestine 254 4 816 503 4. Namibia 208 747 2 484 780 8 598 104 957 438 5. Ethiopia 6. Mauritius 7. Sri Lanka 8. Uganda 19 525 1 264 613 3 026 22 409 381 11 561 42 862 958 International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018

GDP (World Bank: 2017) Status 39.55 billion US$ MoU bound, waiting for Botswana to confirm their readiness and date for signing. 427.7 billion US$ Negotiations were concluded and the MoU will be signed at the next state/ presidential visit. 11.95 billion US$ Negotiations were concluded and the MoU is ready for signature. The Department is currently engaging the State of Palestine on a possible date for signing. 27.02 billion US$ Consultation processes completed, waiting for confirmation from Namibia with possible signing during the BNC. 80.561 billion US$ Negotiations have been concluded. The MoU has been sent to Ethiopia for final consultation. 13.338 billion US$ A draft MoU is currently being considered by the Department of Tourism and will be forwarded for legal opinion once all inputs are concluded. 3.000 million USS$ Currently the department is negotiating a fully - fledged MoU with Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka sent a draft text of the proposed MoU and its under consideration 25.891 billion U$ Draft MoU under consultation in both countries. 29 15. EXAMPLES OF PROJECTS Specific Projects Country Outcomes for South Africa Pilot Russian Training Programme (8 tourism practitioners in South Africa) Russia The MOU strengthened SA relationship with Russia. This contributed to the visa waiver and 51% increase in tourist arrivals from Russia. Language training. Sharing of Best Practices Workshop

Countries we signed MOUs with in Europe, Asia, Americas and all African countries Learning from each other - best practices and sharing knowledge through presentations done by country representatives during the workshop. Placement of chefs programme Seychelles Skilled and empowered leaners chefs who are also exposed to permanent employee opportunities. Hosting counterparts on benchmarking/study tours Number of countries Strengthening bilateral cooperation and benefits to SMMEs as the delegation stays at B&Bs or lodges (e.g. Tanzania and Zimbabwe delegation who visited Soweto and Gert Sibande District Municipality in June and July respectively). Mandarin Training Programme (20 tourism practitioners in South Africa) China The MoU strengthened SA relations with China. The latter contributed to the simplification of visa processes. The language training is beneficial for tourist arriving in South Africa. Pilot Chefs Teaching Staff Project in partnership with the Mafikeng Hotel School in North West, 2016 France This MoU strengthened the relation between SA and France. Empowered chefs on theory and practical. International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018

30 16. BENEFITS AND COSTS ON MOUs Country Angola Status of MoU Implementation Plan for period 2014-2017 expired. Parties developing a new plan Costs Official travel for SA delegation Brazil Implementation Plan International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 Official travel for SA delegation Benefits Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. Former Deputy Minister undertook a working visit to Angola in 2016. SA Tourism intended opening the country office in Angola, however due to high costs it has been put on hold. Angolan Minister attended the Indaba Ministerial Session in 2018 and committed that the two countries need to strengthen relations and implement the signed MoU. There is now a visa waiver between SA and Angola. Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted.

Benchmarking of best practice in policy formulation and implementation. Strengthening of bilateral and multilateral relations. Department together with SANParks hosted the IBSA workshop on eco-tourism in March 2016. Brazil attended the 2018 Sharing of Best Practice Workshop held in SA. Tourism statistics have been shared with the Embassy as per the MOU requirement Brazils to host a Beach Tourism Workshop in 2018. Awaiting confirmation of dates. 31 16. BENEFITS AND COSTS ON MOUs (cont.) Country Status of MoU Costs Benefits China Implementation plan developed Costs for Mandarin Training: R2 270, 598 CATHSSETA is funding the WIL programme. DRC Implementation Plan developed and shared with DRC Official travel for SA Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. DRC has been exhibiting at Indaba, Ministers and delegation officials from DRC participates at Indaba Ministerial Session and the Sharing of Best Practices Workshop in February 2018. Investment opportunities.

Egypt Efforts to revive the agreement and the development of an action plan for implementing the agreements is under consideration None as yet International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. Mandarin Language and Chinese culture training undertaken for 20 tourism practitioners. One leaner offered full scholarship and studying towards a degree at the Yangzhou University. 120 leaners to be placed in Chinese institutions through the Work Integrated Learning (WIL) Programme. Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. Egypt is a potential market for SA. There is rich cultural and heritage experience that SA could learn from Egypt. Egypt is annually invited to SAs Tourism Indaba. 32 16. BENEFITS AND COSTS ON MOUs Country Status of MoU Costs Benefits France Implementation Plan Costs were shared between the department

and the school in the North West Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. Upskilling of chefs trainers between Mafikeng Hotel School and Jean Drouant School (Paris) in 2016. Empowered chefs on theory and practical experience . This MOU strengthened the relation between SA and France. Sharing of best practices workshop. Building relationships between the public, private partnerships between the two countries. Gabon Implementation plan developed Official travel for SA delegation Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. Officials from Gabon attended a senior officials meeting in Pretoria in 2014. Following the meeting it was agreed that Gabon will attend the 2014 Indaba. The 2014 Indaba was attended by the Minister of Tourism and DG of Tourism from Gabon. Dept. led by Minister participated at the SA-Gabon Cultural Season in collaboration with Dept. of Arts and Culture held in Libreville in 2016. The Cultural Seasons provided a platform to promote SA culture and Tourism Senior officials from Gabon participated at the Sharing Best Practice workshop in 2017. International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 33 16. BENEFITS AND COSTS ON MOUs (cont.) Country Status of MoU Ghana Implementation Plan developed Costs None as yet

Benefits Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. India The Joint Working Group (JWG) established and first meeting held India is developing the Implementation plan Official travel for SA delegation Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. The department & SANParks hosted the India, Brazil and South Africa (IBSA) workshop on eco-tourism in March 2016. Following the JWG, India shared two documents outlining their guidelines on rural tourism development as part of information exchange and knowledge sharing. Lesotho Implementation Plan developed None as yet Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. Ministers from Lesotho participates annually at Indaba Ministerial Sessions, LTDC exhibits annually at Indaba SA and Lesotho jointly are working on promoting the Maloti Drakensberg Route. International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 34 16. BENEFITS AND COSTS ON MOUs (cont.) Country Status of MoU Costs Malawi

Implementation Official Plan developed travel for SA and exchanged delegation with counterpart Benefits Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. Three SMMEs were supported by the TIP programme of the Department to participate at the Malawi Takulandirani Tourism Expo. Malawi has invited SA to assist them with the development of the Malawi Lake on tourism attraction places such as Resorts, hotels etc. Malawi exhibits at Indaba annually and their officials participates at Sharing of Best Practices Workshop and Ministerial Session. Former Minister Tokozile Xasa accompanied by two officials and three SMMEs visited Malawi in August 2017 for a tourism fair and signing of the agreement. NDT is focusing on improving bilateral relations through high level visits, including participation at each others fairs and workshops. Mexico Implementation Plan has been developed which will be shared with counterparts International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 Official travel for SA delegation Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. Benchmarking of best practice in policy formulation and implementation. In 2016 the department participated in a tourism information exchange workshop hosted by the government of Mexico in Mexico City. Mexico was invited to participate in the 2018 Best Practice Workshop, but could not attend citing budgetary constraints. Tourism statistics have been shared with the Embassy as per the MOU requirement. 35 16. BENEFITS AND COSTS ON MOUs (cont.)

Country Mozambique Status of MoU Costs Implementation Official Plan developed travel for SA and active delegation Nigeria Implementati on Plan developed, Flagship programme: National Careers Expo (NTCE) International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 Official travel for SA delegation Benefits Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. SA receives a high number of tourists from Mozambique. Mozambique exhibits at Indaba and Ministers of Mozambique participates at Indaba Ministerial Sessions annually. The Ministers of tourism of both countries launched the Holiday Season together through the SABC Morning Live Programme in Langebaan & in Limpopo and Kruger National Park in 2012 and 2013 respectively. SA attended the Mozambique International Tourism Fair in 2014 and October 2017. Strengthening relationships and regional integration through bilateral cooperation. Hosted Mozambican delegation on benchmarking exercise, Mozambique participates at Sharing of Best Practices Workshop annually. Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. In 2010 Deputy Minister led the delegation that participated at the Tourism

Investment Seminar in Abuja. In 2010 SA hosted ten school kids from Nigeria who attended the NTCE in Durban. In 2013 SA and Nigerian Ministers of Tourism launched the Holiday Season through the SABC Morning Live Programme. The signed MoU was an instrument used for lobbying the Nigerian government for the opening of South African Tourism country office in Lagos. 36 16. BENEFITS AND COSTS ON MOUs (cont.) Country Status of MoU Costs-where applicable Benefits Russia Implementation Plan developed Training course incl. 2 students on a 2 week training programme in Russia: R154 160 Official travel This contributed to the visa waiver and 51% increase in tourist arrivals from Russia. Developed skills in Russian language and an understanding of Russian culture This MOU strengthened the relation between SA and Russia. The implementation of the signed MOU strengthened SA relationship with Russia. Language training for two tour operators International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 37 16. BENEFITS AND COSTS ON MOUs (cont.) Country

Saudi Arabia Status of MoU Implementation Plan developed International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 Costs Benefits The cost of hosting the Prince: estimated R70 000 The cost of the Technical visit was limited to the travel expenses for the official accompanying the delegation. Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. Since 2014 Arrivals from Saudi increased from 6 545 to 11 164 (70%). In June 2017, The Minister of Tourism hosted His Royal Highness Prince Sultan Bin Salman Bin Abdulaziz, President of the Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage. The visit improved tourism relations between SA and Saudi Arabia. In October the Department hosted the delegation of 6 officials from the Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage on a technical visit. During the visit the Saudi delegation invited the SA experts to assist them with the development of their routes and planning on their tourists attraction places. 38 16. BENEFITS AND COSTS ON MOUs (cont.) Country Status of MoU Costs

Benefits Senegal Implementation Plan developed and exchanged with counterpart None as yet Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. Seychelles Implementation plan developed Exchange Programme SA paid return tickets for 20 Chefs: R244 000 Seychelles paid monthly stipend of 300 and full board. Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. SA Chefs gained experience, learnt the Creole cuisine, exposed to employment opportunities as the Seychellois establishment offered some of them permanent jobs. SA hosted the Seychelles delegation in 2013 on a study tour. Seychelles establishments currently requires more SA Chefs, accommodation and food services as well as Sommeliers for permanent jobs. 20 Chefs placed in Seychelles for 12 months (April 2017 to March 2018). Seychelles participates and exhibits annually at Indaba and Sharing of Best Practice Workshop. Singapore DIRCO is the lead No record implementing Department. International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018

Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. Two officials from the department participated in the course on Developing Government Policies & Strategies for SME Development in 2012 offered through the Singapore Cooperation Programme (SCP) developed under this MoU. 39 16. BENEFITS AND COSTS ON MOUs (cont.) Country Status of MoU Costs-where applicable Tunisia Implementation Plan developed Turkey Implementation None as yet plan developed and will be discussed with the Embassy International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 Official travel for SA delegation Benefits Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. Tunisia participated and presented at the Sharing of Best Practices Workshop in February 2018. Bilateral cooperation strengthened and promoted. SA through SA Tourism participates in the annual East Mediterranean International Tourism & Travel Exhibition (EMITT) hosted by Turkey. Huge potential especially focusing on cultural tourism. Strained political relations between SA and Turkey as well as the present political

situation in Turkey are placing a serious strain on developing this partnership. 40 16. BENEFITS AND COSTS ON MOUs (cont.) Country Status of MoU Costs Benefits Vietnam MoU in force None as yet Zambia Implementation Plan developed Official travel for Bilateral cooperation strengthened and SA delegation promoted. Zimbabwe Implementation Plan developed and is active International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 No tangible projects Official travel for Bilateral cooperation strengthened and SA delegation promoted Exchange of Information SA hosted Zimbabwe for a benchmarking tour and the Joint Tourism Technical Committee (JTTC) meeting from 9-13 July 2018 41

17. CHALLENGES ON IMPLEMENTATION OF MOUs Lack of buy in from counterparts on the implementation plans either due to lack of engagement with the projects proposed or financial constraints on their part. Budget cuts for the Department of Tourism. The rotation of staff at the Embassies in Pretoria. This rotation often causes challenges as new relations needs to be formed and stagnates thus collaboration already commenced with. Changes in governments hampers continuity as different administrations pursue or prioritise different interests. Agreements may have been signed purely for political considerations as mechanism to strengthen diplomatic relations between states. Political instability civil wars. Health challenges, outbreak of Ebola in other parts of Africa. Restructuring of Governments which results in movement of Political Heads and/or officials responsible for tourism. International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 42 18. WAY FORWARD Continue servicing the current existing agreements. Identify the agreements that are dormant, as they are not yielding any outcomes, and establish a mutual process to formally terminate dormant MoUs with counterparts. Pursue the signing of MOUs with countries that have indicated a keen interest in signing an agreement with SA. In deserving cases, the Department could opt to agree on a Project for a short period instead of signing a MOU. The Department is prioritising the establishment of Joint Working Groups, for each of the countries that we have signed a MoU with, to facilitate the implementation of Bilateral Agreements to advance SAs tourism objectives as highlighted in the areas of cooperation. National and provincial government collaboration coordination i.e. National and Provincial departments are in the process of drafting a coordinated framework to implement MOUs with international countries. Contribute towards investment opportunities and economic growth. Continue to advance interest and strengthen tourism through participation in multilateral fora. International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 43 19. CONCLUSION Bilateral relations (MOUs) are platforms that could also be used as influential tools to lobby support from our partners for future Candidatures and aligning positions in Multilateral Foras such as in the UNWTO. It is imperative that the department should enter into agreements and participate in multilateral fora after making strategic assessment on how

such cooperation will advance SAs tourism national interests. International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 44 20. ACRONYMS Acronym Description AU AUC AfDB BNC BRICS CAF Dept EMITT IBSA IORA IPAP JCC JTTC MOU NTCE NTSS OECD RETOSA SA SADC African Union African Union Commission The African Development Bank Bi-National Commission Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa Commission for Africa (under UNWTO) Department East Mediterranean International Tourism & Travel Exhibition India-Brazil-South Africa Indian Ocean Rim Association Industrial Policy Action Plan Joint Commission for Cooperation Joint Tourism Technical Committee Memorandum of Understanding National Careers Expo

National Tourism Sector Strategy Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Regional Tourism Organisation for Southern Africa South Africa Southern African Development Community International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 45 20. ACRONYMS (cont.) Acronym Description SCP STA UNWTO WIL WTTC Singapore Cooperation Programme Seychelles Tourism Academy World Tourism Organisation Work Integrated Learning United Nations World Tourism Organisation World Travel & Tourism Council International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 46 Thank you International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 47 International Relations and Co-operation 22 August 2018 48

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