Healthy Holiday!

Healthy Holiday!

The following is a Health Promotion Brief brought to you by: Marine Forces Reserve Semper Fit Health Promotions INJURY PREVENTION: Structural Integrity & Integrated Flexibility Overview

When [Some] Pain is Gain DOMS (Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness) When Pain is Not Gain Symptoms of Injury Classes of Injury

Its Your House Check Your Foundation Four Corners Pronation/Supination Check Your Frame Holding Patterns Musculoskeletal Imbalances Loosening Up Integrated Flexibility Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Foam Rolling

When [Some] Pain is Gain Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS): Most soreness occurs 24-48 hrs after PT Less soreness after 72 hrs Slight burning feeling No swelling or bruising Pain alleviated by gentle stretching / massage When Pain is Not Gain Symptoms of Injury:

Pain Swelling Numbness / Tingling Decreased Range of Motion

Discoloration / Bruising Spasm Loss of Strength Loss of Functional Capacity Metatarsal Stress Fracture When Pain is Not Gain: 2 Classes of Injuries Acute

Chronic Onset: Immediate Caused By: Trauma Ex: Muscle Tears, Sprains Onset: Gradual Caused By: Repeated Stress Ex: Stress Fractures, Plantar Faciitis Its Your House: Check Your Foundation

Four Corners of the Feet Small Toe Mound Outer Heel Pad Big Toe Mound Inner Heel Pad Its Your House: Check Your Foundation

Stretches for Supination Stretches for Pronation Its Your House: Check Your Frame Strengthen From the Inside Out Holding Patterns: Posture Aligned vice Out o Whack

Holding Patterns: Muscles Supportive vice Clenched Muscular Imbalances = Less Efficient Muscles Increased Potential of Overuse Injury Holding Patterns: Breath Diaphragmatic vice Chest Breathing Holding Patterns: Sources of Musculoskeletal Imbalances

Heredity Occupational Recreational Anatomical Holding Patterns: Musculoskeletal Imbalances

Holding Patterns: Lordosis Prevention Holding Patterns: Kyphosis Prevention Holding Patterns: Forward Head Prevention Integrated Flexibility Before: Dynamic Warm-Up

During: Mind over Muscle After: The Stretching Debate Integrated Flexibility Static: Low-force, long-duration, nonmoving Hold stretch for 15 30 seconds Has been shown to produce good results on warm muscles

Ballistic or Dynamic: *NOT RECOMMENDED* High-force, short-duration, bobbing, bouncing Invokes a stretch reflex or muscle contraction that can increase muscle tension Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF)

Static stretch immediately following contraction against resistance Developed for rehab purposes in physical therapy Superior to static & ballistic stretching *Requires PARTNER TRAINED IN THE TECHNIQUE* Self Myofascial Release (SMR or foam rolling)

A foam roller is a tool to used to apply self-massage to various muscles in the body. Use this technique by placing body weight on the foam roll and moving slowly up or down on a muscle, searching for tender areas or knots in the muscle. Once you find a tender area, stop and hold the pressure for 30 seconds. Flexibility Guidelines Warm up muscles before stretching Avoid bouncing or jerking Stretch gently only to point of perceived muscle tension Move within normal range of motion

Stretching should not be painful Flexibility varies greatly from person to person (based on genetics & training) Integrated Flexibility Progression Integrated Flexibility Progression Start in the plank position. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Lift your butt into the air, keep your legs straight and push your heels towards the ground. Push your shoulders back towards your knees. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Return to plank. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Lower to the ground. Keep your pelvis on the ground and lift your chest and head up. Keep as much space as

possible between your ears and shoulders. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Return to plank. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Lift your butt into the air, keep your legs straight and push your heels towards the ground. Push your shoulders back towards your knees. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Lift your RIGHT leg into the air. Bring your RIGHT foot flat between your hands on the ground. Keep your weight on your RIGHT quad. Make sure your hips stay pointed to the front. Lift both arms overhead. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Place your hands on the ground around your RIGHT foot. Then, move your RIGHT foot back in line with your LEFT foot. Lift your butt into the air, keep your legs straight and push your heels towards the ground. Push your shoulders back towards your knees. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Lift your LEFT leg into the air. Bring your LEFT foot flat between your hands on the ground. Keep your weight on your LEFT quad. Make sure your hips stay pointed to the front. Lift both arms overhead. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Place your hands on the ground around your LEFT foot. Then, move your LEFT foot back in line with your RIGHT foot.

Return to plank. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Integrated Flexibility Progression Integrated Flexibility Progression Lift your butt into the air, keep your legs straight and push your heels towards the ground. Push your shoulders back towards your knees. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Lift your RIGHT leg into the air. Bring your RIGHT foot flat between your hands on the ground. Keep your weight on your RIGHT quad. Make sure your hips stay pointed to the front. Lift both arms overhead. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Keeping your weight on your RIGHT quad and making sure not to lean forward, rotate your LEFT foot onto the ground and open your hips to the left. Bring your arms to shoulder height while looking over RIGHT wrist. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Rotate your LEFT foot back to the front and bring your hips back into alignment. Lift both arms overhead. Hold for 10-15

seconds. Lower your hands around your RIGHT foot. Bring your RIGHT foot back in line with your left. Return to plank. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Lift your butt into the air, keep your legs straight and push your heels towards the ground. Push your shoulders back towards your knees. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Lift your LEFT leg into the air. Bring your LEFT foot flat between your hands on the ground. Keep your weight on your LEFT quad. Make sure your hips stay pointed to the front. Lift both arms overhead. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Keeping your weight on your LEFT quad and making sure not to lean forward, rotate your RIGHT foot onto the ground and open your hips to the left. Bring your arms to shoulder height while looking over LEFT wrist. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Rotate your RIGHT foot back to the front and bring your hips back into alignment. Lift both arms overhead. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Lower your hands around your LEFT foot. Bring your LEFT foot back in line with your right. Return to plank. Hold for 10-15

seconds. Integrated Flexibility Progression Integrated Flexibility Progression Lower to the ground. Keep your pelvis on the ground and lift your chest and head up. Keep as much space as possible between your ears and shoulders. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Return to plank. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Lift your butt into the air, keep your legs straight and push your heels towards the ground. Push your shoulders back towards your knees. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Bring your RIGHT leg into the air, place your RIGHT foot flat on the ground between your hands. Bring your LEFT foot half-way to your hands. Slowly lift your LEFT foot off the ground as you straighten your RIGHT leg. Then, slowly lift your arms to hip

height. Make sure to keep your hips pointing straight down to the ground. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Lower your hands to the ground. Place your LEFT leg on the ground behind you. Bend your RIGHT leg and slowly lift your arms to shoulder height, looking over your RIGHT wrist, keeping your weight on your RIGHT quad. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Rotate to same position on opposite side with LEFT knee bent, weight on your LEFT quad, arms at shoulder height, looking over LEFT wrist. Rotate both hips to the LEFT, lower your hands to the ground around your LEFT foot. Bring your RIGHT foot half-way to your hands. Slowly lift your RIGHT foot off the ground as you straighten your LEFT leg. Then, slowly lift your arms to hip height. Make sure to keep your hips pointing straight down to the ground. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Lower your hands to the ground. Place your RIGHT leg on the ground behind you. Bend your LEFT leg and slowly lift your arms to shoulder height, looking over your LEFT wrist, keeping your weight on your LEFT quad. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Extend your LEFT hand as far to the LEFT as you can reach. Straighten your LEFT leg. Lower your LEFT hand as close to the ground as you can while keeping BOTH legs straight (you may only be able to reach your shin, and thats okay). Hold for 1015 seconds. Inhale as you slowly stand up right. Exhale as you bend your RIGHT leg, extend your RIGHT arm as far to the RIGHT as you can

reach. Straighten your RIGHT leg. Lower your RIGHT hand as close to the ground as you can while keeping both legs straight. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Integrated Flexibility Progression Integrated Flexibility Progression Inhale as you slowly stand upright. Keeping your feet spread wide (a good marker is if you extend your arms out sideways, the ankles should be under the wrists), keep your legs straight as you slowly lower yourself toward the ground. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Staying in this position, walk your feet closer together, bend your knees, sit down as low as you can and push your knees out with your elbows. Hold for 10-15 seconds. Place your hands on the ground in front of you. Bring your knees to the ground. Sit back on your heels. Either

extend your arms out in front of you or bring them along your sides. Breathe deeply and hold for 30 SECONDS! Push back up onto your hands and knees. Arch your back as high as you can as you exhale, inhale back to neutral, repeat 5 times. Return to neutral hands and knees and spine position. Extend your RIGHT arm next to your RIGHT ear. Straighten your LEFT leg behind you. Make sure to keep your hips pointing straight down to the ground. Hold for 10-15 seconds. * progression = bring your opposite elbow and knee together at your bellybutton and then extend back out to starting position. Repeat 8-12 times. Repeat with LEFT arm and RIGHT leg. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) - Static stretch immediately

following contraction against resistance - Superior to static stretching - Requires partner * chest, hamstring, quads Self Myofascial Release (SMR or foam rolling) - Using your own body weight to roll on the foam roller, massaging away restrictions to normal soft-tissue extensibility

SMR - Adductor Begin exercise in prone position with foam roller positioned on the inside of the leg. Using both hands and the leg not on the foam roller as support of body weight, begin to roll your groin muscle on the foam roller. Make sure to roll high and low and inside and outside of the groin muscle group. Never perform

rolling to the point of pain, but always make sure to take your rolling to the point just short of discomfort. This will allow for the greatest amount of muscle mobility enhancement. Repeat exercise on opposite side in same manner. SMR - Calf Begin exercise in supine position with calf placed

directly on the foam roller with both hands supporting body weight. Next, roll the calf across the foam roller from high to low and outside to inside. Never perform exercise to the point of pain, but make sure that your muscle is feeling just short of the pain threshold as this will help to establish the best mobility

in the muscle tissue. Never roll over top of the Achilles tendon. Repeat in same fashion on the opposite leg. SMR - Glutes Begin exercise in supine position with glutes placed directly on the foam roller with both hands supporting body weight. Next, roll the

glutes across the foam roller from high to low and outside to inside. Never perform exercise to the point of pain, but make sure that your muscle is feeling just short of the pain threshold as this will help to establish the best mobility in the muscle tissue. Repeat in same fashion on the opposite

glute. SMR - Hamstring Begin exercise in supine position with hamstring placed directly on the foam roller with both hands supporting body weight. Next, roll the hamstring across the foam roller from high to low and outside to inside. Never perform exercise to the point of pain, but make

sure that your muscle is feeling just short of the pain threshold as this will help to establish the best mobility in the muscle tissue. Repeat in same fashion on the opposite hamstring. Repeat in same fashion on the opposite glute. SMR - Lats Begin exercise in side-lying position with lats placed

directly on the foam roller with both legs supporting body weight. Next, roll the lats across the foam roller from high to low and outside to inside. Make sure to have the affected side's arm outstretched in front of the body. Never perform exercise to the point of pain, but make sure that your muscle is feeling just short of

the pain threshold as this will help to establish the best mobility in the muscle tissue. Repeat in same fashion on the opposite lat muscle. SMR Low Back Begin exercise in supine position with low back placed directly on the foam roller with both elbows supporting body weight. Next, roll the

low back across the foam roller from high to low. Never perform exercise to the point of pain, but make sure that your muscle is feeling just short of the pain threshold as this will help to establish the best mobility in the muscle tissue. SMR - Midback Begin exercise in supine

position with mid-back placed directly on the foam roller with both elbows in front of face and both legs supporting body weight. Next, roll the mid-back across the foam roller from high to low. You may allow the upper back to bend or fold around the foam roller while maintaining your hip height to promote greater

thoracic spine mobility (extension). Never perform exercise to the point of pain, but make sure that your muscle is feeling just short of the pain threshold as this will help to establish the best mobility in the muscle tissue. SMR - Quadriceps Begin exercise in prone

position with quad placed directly on the foam roller with both hands/elbows supporting body weight. Next, roll the quad across the foam roller from high to low and outside to inside. Never perform exercise to the point of pain, but make sure that your muscle is feeling just short of the pain threshold as this will

help to establish the best mobility in the muscle tissue. Repeat in same fashion on the opposite quad. SMR ITB Begin exercise in side-lying position with ITB placed directly on the foam roller with bottom hand and opposite leg supporting

body weight. Next, roll the ITB across the foam roller from high to low and outside to inside. Never perform exercise to the point of pain, but make sure that your muscle is feeling just short of the pain threshold as this will help to establish the best mobility in the muscle tissue. Repeat in same

fashion on the opposite ITB. REVIEW DOMS When Pain is Not Gain Check Your Foundation Check Your Frame Holding Patterns Integrated Flexibility MARFORRES - Marine Corps Community Services

Semper Fit Program 2000 Opelousas Avenue, New Orleans, LA 70146 (504) 697-9768 (Fax) http://www.marines.mil/unit/marforres/MFRHQ/MCCS/SemperFit/Health.aspx http://www.facebook.com/pages/New-Orleans-LA/MCCSSEMPER-FITMARFORRES/126284770729139 [email protected] Semper Fit Director Coordinator (504) 697-8121 Health Promotion Coordinator (504) 697-9693

Semper Fit (504) 697-9691

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