Note on Posted Slides These are the slides that I intended to show in class on Mon. Jan. 7, 2013. They contain important ideas and questions from your reading. Due to time constraints, I was probably not able to show all the slides during class. They are all posted here for completeness. PHY205H1S Physics of Everyday Life
Class 1 Welcome - please make yourself comfortable! I am Jason Harlow, the instructor for this course Today I will introduce the course, and start in on the first chapter: Chapter 2: Newtons First Law of Motion Inertia Conceptual Physics by P.G.Hewitt
Todays Outline Introduction Who am I? What is physics? Run of the Course Clickers, Tutorials, Problem Sets,Tests and Exam Starting Chapter 2 of Conceptual Physics (we are skipping chapter 1..) Motion, Force, Inertia Newtons First Law Who am I?
Jason Harlow, Senior Lecturer B.Sc. in Physics at U of Toronto 1993 Ph.D. in Astronomy and Astrophysics at Penn State 2000 I have been teaching at U of T for 8 years Contact Info:
[email protected] 416-946-4071 Office: MP121B Office hours: Mondays: 4-5PM, Fridays: 9-10AM. In addition to these hours, you have are invited to call or email for an appointment, or just drop by my office. Other Important Contacts
Ms. April Seeley, Course Administrative Assistant [email protected] 416-946-0531 Office: MP129 Office hours: Monday,Tuesday, Thursday, Friday 9:30am to 5:00pm, and Wednesdays from 9:30am to 4:30pm
Your T.A. you will meet Jan.9-14 What is Physics? Paul Hewitt, the author of the course textbook, says: You know you cant enjoy a game unless you know its rules; whether its a ball game, a computer game, or simply a party game. Likewise, you cant fully appreciate your surroundings until you understand the rules of nature.
Physics is the study of these rules, which show how everything in nature is beautifully connected. So the main reason to study physics is to enhance the way you see the physical world. Youll see the mathematical structure of physics in frequent equations, but more than being recipes for computation, youll see the equations as guides to thinking. PhysicsThe Basic Science Physical sciences include geology, astronomy, chemistry, and physics.
Life sciences include biology, zoology, and botany. Physics underlies all the sciences. Physics at U of T Some of the top research fields in our department are: Atmospheric Observational and Computational Biological Physics Condensed Matter Physics Theoretical and Experimental
High Energy Particle Physics Theoretical and Experimental Geophysics Quantum Optics Physics Education Research Physics at U of T Physics at U of T Angry Birds at Summer Science Camp, led by Professor Sabine Stanley (Earth, Atmospheric and
Planetary Physics) Show of hands What would you describe as your main area of study at U of T? Humanities (Arts) Rotman Commerce Computer Science Social Sciences Other?
Who Should be Taking This Course? To do well in this course, you must be familiar with life on earth, including moving, breathing and eating. It also helps if you have some experience thinking about light, sound or music, and if you have ever used an electric device, or played with magnets. There are no pre-requisites for this course but there are exclusions! This course is primarily intended to be a breadth course for students in the humanities, social sciences,
commerce, etc. You may not take this course if you have ever taken or are taking PHY131, PHY151, or any equivalent laboratory-based first year physics course. My Goals for You Begin to see physics in everyday life Learn that physics isnt frightening Learn to think logically in order to solve physics problems Develop and expand your physical intuition Learn how things work
Begin to understand that the universe is predictable rather than magical Obtain a perspective on the history of science and technology My Goals for Me To try to teach well and explain physics clearly, at an appropriate level. To treat you with courtesy, respect and kindness. To be fair.
To be in my office at scheduled office hours. To answer emails within 48 hours. To begin class at 10 after the hour and end on the hour. What you need to buy (3 things) 1. The required textbook: "Conceptual Physics" 11th edition, by Paul Hewitt 2011 by Pearson Education. There is a custom edition for U of T St. George at the campus bookstore which includes only the chapters we will be covering in this course: 2-8, 12-16, and 19-28. It
also contains an i-clicker rebate coupon. Custom cover: Regular cover What you need to buy (3 things) 2. An i-clicker personal remote. Available at the campus bookstore New: $36, used: $27. You will be registering this online with your UTORid for marks.
What you need to buy (3 things) 3. A calculator - this doesnt need to be too fancy, but it must have SIN, COS, TAN buttons on it. For example a new Casio fx-260 is $16. Tutorials Tutorials begin this Wednesday You should go to your tutorial section every Wednesday, Friday or Monday See the web-site for your room location based on what TUT section you are
enrolled in Tutorial worksheets are worth 5% of the course mark. Problem Set 1 will be distributed in tutorial this week and next Monday. Tests
Test 1 is Wednesday, Jan. 30 during class time in EX100 Test 2 is Wednesday, Mar. 6 during class time in EX100 Each test is worth 17.5% of the course mark. The tests will involve a combination of multiple choice and written questions, which will test your understanding of course material and ability to
think and apply what you have learned to simple problems and explaining phenomena. A simple pocket calculator and a 5"3" index card with your own hand-written notes will be permitted during the tests. Two balls are launched along a pair of tracks with equal velocities, as shown. Both balls reach the end of the track. Predict: Which ball will reach the end of the track first? A
B C: They will reach the end of the track at the same time 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Demo: Two balls were launched along a pair of tracks with equal velocities. Both balls reached the end of the track. Observe: Which ball reached the end of the track first? A B
C: They reached the end of the track at the same time 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Why does ball B reach the end of the track first? Explanation: Balls A and B start and end with the same speed. But while ball B is on the lower part, it is going faster than ball A because gravity has sped it up. Its average speed is greater, so it gets there first!
2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Galileos Inertia Experiment A ball rolls down a hill, along a flat part, and then up a hill again It tends to roll up to the same height from which it was released (or a little less) What if there was no second hill? Q: What keeps an object going if it is already moving? A: Its inertia.
Isaac Newton 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Born in 1643, the year Galileo died. Was a physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian
and one of the most influential people in human history. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Newton) In Philosophi Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published 1687, he described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion, laying the groundwork for classical mechanics.
What is a force? A force is a push or a pull A force acts on an object Pushes and pulls are applied to something From the objects perspective, it has a force exerted on it The S.I. unit of force is
the Newton (N) 1 N = 1 kg m s2 25 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. What is a force? Vector quantity a quantity whose description requires both magnitude (how much) and direction (which way) can be represented by arrows drawn to scale, called vectors
length of arrow represents magnitude and arrowhead shows direction Net Force Net force is the combination of all forces that change an objects state of motion. Examples: Net Force One person pushes a cart to the right with a force of 5 N.
At the same time, a second person pushes the same cart to the left with a force of 10 N. What is the magnitude of the net force on the cart? A. 0 N B. 5 N C. 10 N D. 15 N Net Force One person pushes a cart to the right with a
force of 5 N. At the same time, a second person pushes the same cart to the left with a force of 10 N. What is the direction of the net force on the cart? A. To the left B. To the right Net Force One person pushes a cart to the right with a force of 5 N.
At the same time, a second person pushes the same cart to the left with a force of 10 N. The net force on the cart is 5 N to the left. Two forces are in opposite directions, so they subtract. The direction is determined by the direction of the larger force. The Equilibrium Rule The vector sum of forces acting on a nonaccelerating object equals zero. In equation form: F = 0.
The Equilibrium Rule : Example A string holding up a bag of flour Two forces act on the bag of flour: Tension force acts upward. Weight acts downward. Both are equal in magnitude and opposite in direction. When added, they cancel to zero. So, the bag of flour remains at rest.
Normal Force The normal force on an object resting on a flat surface is an upward force on an object that is opposite to the force of gravity. Example: A book on a table compresses Atoms in the table, and the compressed atoms produce the support force. Understanding Normal Force When you push down on
a spring, the spring pushes back up on you. Similarly, when a book pushes down on a table, the table pushes back up on the book. Equilibrium of Moving Things Equilibrium: a state of no change with no net force acting Static equilibrium
Example: hockey puck at rest on slippery ice Dynamic equilibrium Example: hockey puck sliding at constant speed on slippery ice Equilibrium of Moving Things A man pushes a crate with a force to the right. The downward gravity force is balanced by an upward normal force. normal
push gravity Can this crate move at a constant velocity? A. Yes B. No, there must be another force involved. Equilibrium of Moving Things Equilibrium test: whether something undergoes changes in motion
Example: A crate at rest is in static equilibrium. Example: When pushed at a steady speed, it is in dynamic equilibrium. 1 Newtons First Law The natural state of an object with no net external force on it is to either remain at rest or continue to move in a straight line with a constant velocity.
2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Thinking About Force Forces exist due to interactions happening now, not due to what happened in the past Consider a flying arrow A pushing force was required to accelerate the arrow as it was shot However, no force is
needed to keep the arrow moving forward as it flies It continues to move because of inertia 39 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. The Reference Frame of a Moving Car Is it possible to juggle in a car that is moving at 100 km/h on the highway? Yes!
Velocity is relative. If your laboratory is enclosed inside the back of a truck with no windows, there is no experiment you can do to determine whether the truck is at rest or moving along the highway at a steady speed.
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