How a Mysterious Disease Laid Low Europe's Masses

How a Mysterious Disease Laid Low Europe's Masses

10th Euro Studies 9.27.16 Turn in: CSI: Skyline online Take out: Todays Agenda: Debrief the Black Death, the Plague, the Pestilence, the

Great Mortality Planner Notes & note-taking devices Todays Learning Objectives: I can describe how a mysterious illness began to spread across Europe in the late Middle Ages.

HW: CSI OUTLINE due to TII.com by Wednesday 9:55am TII.com Assignment To clarify: Please put paragraph in OUTLINE FORM I. Argument Perhaps who was responsible for the spread of the Plague through the village.

A. Evidencefrom your travels yesterday i. ii. Analysisthese are your thoughts on what the evidence means Analysisthese are your thoughts on how the evidence supports your argument. B. Evidenceanother piece from your travels yesterday

i. ii. Analysisthese are your thoughts on what the evidence means Analysisthese are your thoughts on how the evidence supports your argument. How a Mysterious Disease Laid Low Europes Masses

The Bubonic Plague The Origin of the Black Death The Bubonic Plague or Black Death comes from the bacillus Yersinia pestis Yersinia pestis can be carried by rodents and

transmitted to fleas The intestines of fleas are the ideal breading ground for the bacilli Most of the rats and fleas carrying Yersinia pestis have lived for millions of years in rodent nests in China, India, and even

the United States The Origin of the Black Death (cont.) The Plague had struck human populations in Constantinople in 541 and 542 C.E. killing about 40% of the citys people In 1345 C.E. news reached Europe, by trade routes, that the black death was laying waste to India, Mesopotamia, and Armenia

At the same time, rats had reached the Crimeaon the northern coast of the Black Seawhere Italian merchants had established many trading posts The Plague Spreads to Europe From the Black sea region, the plague entered Italian ports in 1347 C.E. The most famous account comes from the port in Messina

The townspeople blamed the sailors for the sickness and drove them out of port which started the rapid spread as they entered other European ports The Plague Spreads to Europe Symptoms of the Plague Headaches and general weakness followed by

aches and chills Soon the tongue was coated with white, pulse increased, speech slurred, and the staggering gait developed The flea bite would turn blackish and begin to ooze puss and by the third day the lymph nodes swelled Responses to the Plague

The city of Pistoia wrote nine pages of regulations to try to stop the spread of the Plague: Nobody could go to places were the plague was Anyone who did visit a plague infested place was not let back into the city No imported linen or wool Funerals could only be attended by immediate family None of the regulations worked

In Milan, those who were sick were locked in their homesit seemed to work, the fatality rate was lower in Milan Medieval Medicine & The Plague Cito, Longe, Tarde, Leave quickly, go far away, come back slowly Most doctors were viewed as skilled craftsmen, not men of real learning

Practices were based more on ancient texts than on clinical experience: Live chickens, flowers in your pockets, potions with arsenic, mercury, or ground horn from unicorns, & ornaments Pope Boniface VIII published a bulla decree from the church in 1300s aimed at stemming the sale of bones as holy relics by forbidding the mutilation of corpses; this bull also discouraged dissection

Medieval Medicine (cont.) Theories abounded on the cause of the plague; they ranged from the wrath of God to the corruption of the atmosphere Some people even made an entire group a scapegoatthousands of Jews were killed because people believed they started the Plague Consider the role of the Catholic Church in peoples

everyday lives & whether you were in or outas well as Jewish laws/traditions Medieval Medicine (cont.) THE HAT THE BIRD-LIKE MASK THE RED GLASS EYES THE BLACK OVERCOAT THE LEATHER BREECHES THE WOODEN CANE

Jewish Cleanliness Laws The conception of personal cleanliness as both a prerequisite of holiness and an aid to physical fitness is central to Jewish tradition. The hands must also be washed on certain occasions: after rising from bed in the morning, after urination and/or defecation, bathing, clipping of the fingernails, removal of shoes, touching the naked foot, washing the hair, visiting a cemetery,

touching a corpse, undressing, sexual intercourse, touching a louse, or touching any part of the body generally clothed. Jewish Cleanliness Laws It is a particularly important religious duty to wash hands before eating a meal. Similarly, hands should be washed after

the meal and before grace, because, inadvertently, a person may touch his eyes with salty hands. A person who neglects the washing of hands before or after a meal "will be uprooted from the world" Jewish Cleanliness Laws Scholars were forbidden to live

in a city in which there was no doctor or where there was no bathhouse. Hillel the Elder considered that the act of bathing is an act of caring for the vessel containing the divine spirit. Forms of the Plague

There are three forms of the plague Bubonic Transmitted from rat to person by flea bite how on Earth are they traveling so fast?!? Pneumonic The bacillus invades the lungsaaahhh-choo! Bless you!?!

Septocemic The bacillus invades through the bloodstream open sores, etc Consequences of the Plague Social 1/3 of Europes Population was killed

Towns were shutdown, trade slowed and interactions between different groups changed Groups were turned into scapegoatsa recurring theme Political The feudal system shows signs

of crumbling; after the deaths of nobility and peasants, monarchs and nations emerged The political power of the pope waned Consequences of the Plague Economic

With a smaller population, the demand for agriculture diminished, lowering prices and nobilitys wealth Skilled labor became a high demand area which increased wages Trade diminished

Cultural Whole family groups died Religion was questioned, shifting the focus from spiritual to material Bring Out Your Dead!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v The Coroners Report http://www.history.com/topics/black-death/vi deos/coroners-report-plague The Black Plague video https

://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AJfVmGQNM5 Y 10th Euro Studies 9.18.15 Turn in: CSI: Skyline summary/questions Take out:

Todays Agenda: Debrief the Black Death, the Plague, the Pestilence, the Great Mortality Planner, Paper, Pen, make KWL chart Todays Learning Objectives:

I can describe how a mysterious illness began to spread across Europe in the late Middle Ages. HW: NONE The Next Plague? Film produced in 1997

Keep this in mind Is this still relevant to us here and now?

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