How to Approach A Hardware Problem - Youngstown State University

How to Approach A Hardware Problem - Youngstown State University

A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition Chapter 13 Troubleshooting Hardware Problems Objectives Learn how to approach and solve a computer problem related to hardware, especially when the problem occurs during the boot Learn how to troubleshoot problems with the electrical system Learn how to troubleshoot problems that occur during POST before video is active Learn how to troubleshoot error messages that occur during the POST

A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 2 Cengage Learning 2014 Objectives Learn how to troubleshoot problems with the motherboard, processor, and RAM Learn how to troubleshoot hard drive problems Learn how to troubleshoot problems with the monitor and video Learn about protecting a computer and the environment

A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 3 Cengage Learning 2014 How to Approach A Hardware Problem First step: Interview the customer Include these questions: Can you describe the problem, when did it first start, and when does it occur? Was the computer recently moved? Was any new hardware or software recently installed? Was any software recently reconfigured or upgraded? Did someone else use your computer recently?

A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 4 Cengage Learning 2014 How to Approach A Hardware Problem Include these questions (contd): Does the computer have a history of similar problems? Is there important data on the drive that is not backed up? Can you show me how to reproduce the problem? After gathering information: Prioritize what to do and begin diagnosing and

addressing the problem A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 5 Cengage Learning 2014 How to Approach A Hardware Problem Troubleshooting resources:

User manuals Internet Chat, telephone, or email technical support Manufacturers diagnostic software Technical associates in your organization Technicians need a game plan on how to solve PC problems The flowchart on the following slide is a great example A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 6 Cengage Learning 2014

Figure 13-2 Use this flowchart when first facing a computer problem A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 7 Cengage Learning 2014 How to Approach A Hardware Problem On a computer that is not booting properly: If the hard drive has important data on it, consider moving the hard drive to a working computer as a second drive No need to install the drive in a bay, just connect it with a data cable and power cable Use Windows Explorer to copy files from non-booting drive to the hard drive of the working computer

Return drive to the original system and continue trying to solve the original problem A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 8 Cengage Learning 2014 Figure 13-4 A POST error message on a black screen shown early in the boot A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 9 Cengage Learning 2014

Figure 13-5 Move a hard drive to a working computer to recover data on the drive A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 10 Cengage Learning 2014 Figure 13-6 Use an IDE-to-USB converter for diagnostic testing and to recover data from a failing PATA hard drive A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 11 Cengage Learning 2014

Troubleshooting the Electrical System Electrical problems can: Occur before or after the boot Be consistent or intermittent Possible symptoms of electrical problem: PC appears to be dead PC sometimes locks up during booting

Error codes or beeps occur during booting Smell burnt parts or odors PC powers down at unexpected times PC appears dead except you hear a whine coming from the power supply A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 12 Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting the Electrical System Try these simple things first: If you small any burnt part, dont turn system on Find burnt up part and replace

If power supply is whining, dont turn system on Open case and look for short or consider upgrading Test power supply with a power supply tester Check power cord connection and power bar it may be plugged into Is power outlet controlled by wall switch? If so, turn it on Are any cable connections loose? A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 13 Cengage Learning 2014

Troubleshooting the Electrical System Try these simple things first (contd): Is the circuit breaker blown? Is the house circuit overloaded? Are all switches on the system turned on? Is it possible the system has overheated? If so, wait awhile and try again Older computers might be affected by electromagnetic interference (EMI) Check for sources of EMI such as fluorescent lighting or an electric fan or copier sitting near PC A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 14

Cengage Learning 2014 Problems That Come and Go Generally, intermittent problems are more difficult to solve Symptoms of what may be an intermittent problem: Computer stops or hangs for no reason Memory errors appear intermittently

Data is written incorrectly to the hard drive Keyboard stops working at odd times Motherboard fails or is damaged Power supply overheats and becomes hot to touch Power supply fan whines and becomes noisy A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 15 Cengage Learning 2014 Power Problems With the Motherboard Short might occur if a motherboard component makes improper contact with the chassis Can seriously damage the motherboard

Check for missing/loose standoffs or loose screws Shorts in motherboard circuits might also cause problems Look for damage on the bottom of the motherboard Look for burned-out capacitors that are spotted brown or corroded A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 16 Cengage Learning 2014 Problems With Overheating Symptoms of overheating:

System hangs or freezes at odd times or after the boot starts Windows BSOD (blue screen of death) error occurs during the boot You cannot hear a fan running or the fan makes a whining sound You cannot feel air being pulled into or out of the case You can purchase a temperature sensor that will sound an alarm when the inside of the case is too hot A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 17 Cengage Learning 2014

Problems With Overheating Things to do to solve overheating: If system hangs, go into BIOS setup and find the CPU screen that reports temperature (should not exceed 38 degrees C) Use compressed air, a blower, or antistatic vacuum to remove dust from the power supply and vents Check airflow inside the case to see if fans are running (may need to replace a fan) Install extra fans if case will hold them Can the side of the case hold a chassis air guide that guides air to the processor? If so, install one A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition

18 Cengage Learning 2014 Figure 13-9 Dust in the cooler fan can cause the fan to fail and the processor to overheat A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 19 Cengage Learning 2014 Figure 13-10 Install one exhaust fan on the rear of the case to help pull air through the case A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition

20 Cengage Learning 2014 Problems With Overheating Things to do to solve overheating (contd): To improve airflow, replace missing faceplates and expansion slot covers Ensure cables are not in the way of airflow Place case so that there are a few inches of space on both sides and the top of the case Verify the cooler is connected properly to the processor After closing the case, leave system off for at least 30 minutes A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition

21 Cengage Learning 2014 Figure 13-11 For optimum airflow, dont leave empty expansion slots and bays uncovered A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 22 Cengage Learning 2014 Figure 13-12 Use cable ties to hold cables out of the way of fans and airflow A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your

PC, 8th Edition 23 Cengage Learning 2014 Problems With Overheating Things to do to solve overheating (contd): Check BIOS setup to see if the processor is being overclocked (can cause system to overheat) Have too many peripherals been installed inside the case? Try to leave an empty slot between each card Flash BIOS to update firmware on motherboard Replace thermal compound if it has hardened A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition

24 Cengage Learning 2014 Figure 13-14 Vents and fans need to be arranged for best airflow A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 25 Cengage Learning 2014 Problems With Overheating Use a power supply that has vents on the bottom and front for better ventilation

Figure 13-15 This power supply has vents on the bottom to provide better airflow inside the case A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 26 Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting POST Before Video Is Active If power is getting to system, but screen is blank: Turn off and then back on Listen carefully to any beep codes or BIOS speech messages One beep or no beep indicates all is well If you hear more than one beep

Look up beep code in the motherboard or BIOS documentation A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 27 Cengage Learning 2014 Table 8-2 Common beep codes and their meanings for Intel and Award BIOS A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 28 Cengage Learning 2014

Troubleshooting Error Messages During the Boot If video and electrical systems are working Most boot problems show up as an error message on the screen Error messages that occur before Windows starts to load usually apply to hardware components See table on following slide If Windows boot manager program has problems loading Windows Different set of error messages will be displayed A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition

29 Cengage Learning 2014 Table 8-3 Error messages that occur before Windows starts A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 30 Cengage Learning 2014 Figure 13-17 A Windows error early in the boot that is related to software A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 31

Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting the Motherboard, Processor, and RAM Symptoms that a motherboard, processor, or memory is failing: System begins to boot put then powers down Error message is displayed during the boot System becomes unstable, hangs, or freezes at odd times Intermittent Windows or hard drive errors occur Components on the motherboard or devices connected to it dont work Check simple things first A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your

PC, 8th Edition 32 Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting the Motherboard, Processor, and RAM Follow these steps to find source of problem: 1. The problem might be a virus Run antivirus software to check for viruses 2. A memory module might be failing Use Memory Diagnostics tool to test memory 3. Check for potential hardware problems using Device Manager

4. Download and install any Windows updates or patches 5. If problem began after a change or new install, uninstall device or application A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 33 Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting the Motherboard, Processor, and RAM Follow these steps to find source of problem (contd): 6. Use System window to find out how much RAM is installed (consider upgrading if not enough) 7. Check BIOS setup to ensure proper settings

8. Disable any quick booting features in BIOS Then look for errors reported during the boot 9. Flash BIOS to update firmware on the board 10. Check CD that came with motherboard May have diagnostic tests 11. Update all drivers of motherboard components that are not working A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 34 Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting the Motherboard,

Processor, and RAM Follow these steps to find source of problem (contd): 12. If an onboard port is not working: Verify the problem is not with the device using the port Go into BIOS setup and verify the port is enabled Check Device Manager and verify Windows recognizes port with no errors Update motherboard drivers for this port from manufacturers web site Use a loop-back plug to test the port Disable the port in BIOS setup and install an expansion card A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 35

Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting the Motherboard, Processor, and RAM Follow these steps to find source of problem (contd): 13. Suspect the problem is a failing hard drive 14. Suspect the problem is caused by overheating 15. Search the support section of the web sites 16. Verify the installed processor is supported by the motherboard

A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 36 Cengage Learning 2014 Problems With Installations If new processor, DIMM, or other component has been installed and system does not boot: 1. Check simple things first Check all power and data connections 2. Open case and check installation of the new component 3. Reboot the system If problem still occurs, make sure new component is

compatible with system A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 37 Cengage Learning 2014 Problems With Installations If new processor, DIMM, or other component has been installed and system does not boot (contd): 4. Try taking out new component and checking for physical defects (bent pins on processor) 5. Is case getting too hot? 6. Clean edge connectors on memory or expansion cards (blow out any dust from inside case)

7. When upgrading processor Reinstall old processor, flash BIOS and try the new processor again A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 38 Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting Hard Drives Problems caused by hard drive during the boot can be caused by: Hard drive subsystem File system on the drive Files required by Windows when it begins to load

Hardware problems usually show up at POST Could be due to : The drive, data cable, electrical system, motherboard, SCSI host adapter A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 39 Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting Hard Drives Things to do and check before opening case: Check to see if BIOS displays a numeric error code or other message during POST

Check BIOS setup for errors in the hard drive configuration Try booting from another bootable media For a RAID array, use the firmware utility to check the status of each disk in the array and check for errors A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 40 Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting Hard Drives If the problem is still not solved, open case and check these things: Remove and reattach all drive cables

If using a RAID, SATA, PATA, or SCSI controller card, remove and reseat it or place in a different slot Check jumper settings on IDE drives Inspect drive for damage Determine if hard drive is spinning by listening to it Check the cable for frayed edges Check installation manual A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 41 Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting Hard Drives If the problem is still not solved, open case and check these things (contd):

Use Windows tools for checking a hard drive Check the drive manufacturers web site for diagnostic software Move the device to a working computer and install it as a second drive Exchange the three field replaceable units Reconnect or swap the data cable Reseat or exchange the controller card Exchange the hard drive for a known good drive A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 42 Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting Hard Drives

If the problem is still not solved, open case and check these things (contd): If your drives whines loudly, try replacing it A bad power supply or a bad motherboard also might cause a disk boot failure A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 43 Cengage Learning 2014 Troubleshooting Monitors and Video For monitor and video problems: Try easy things first such as: Check cable connections

Check contrast/brightness adjustments A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 44 Cengage Learning 2014 Monitor Indicator Light Is NOT On; No Image On-Screen Ask these questions and try: Is the monitor power cable plugged in? Is the monitor turned on? Is the monitor cable plugged into the video port at the back of the PC? Try a different monitor and a different monitor cable

A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 45 Cengage Learning 2014 Monitor Indicator Light IS On; No Image On-Screen Try the following: Ensure video cable is securely connected If monitor displays POST but goes blank when Windows starts to load: Problem is with Windows, not monitor

Ensure monitor is set to correct voltage (110 vs. 220) Might be problem with video card Verify video cable connection inside case Check the contrast adjustment Check brightness or backlight adjustment A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 46 Cengage Learning 2014

Monitor Indicator Light IS On; No Image On-Screen Try the following: Switch out monitor-to-computer cable Test a monitor you know is good on the computer you suspect is bad Open computer case and reseat video card Trade a good video for suspected bad video card Test the RAM on the motherboard Try using a backup PCI video card if using a PCIExpress or AGP video card Trade the motherboard for one you know is good A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 47

Cengage Learning 2014 Monitor Indicator Light IS On; No Image On-Screen Try the following (contd): For notebook computers, is the LCD switch turned on? For notebook computers, try connecting a second monitor to the notebook and use the function key to toggle between the LCD panel and second monitor A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 48 Cengage Learning 2014

Poor Display Solve these problems by using controls on the monitor and Windows settings - Do the following: LCD monitor controls usually located on front of monitor Windows display settings use to adjust font size, screen resolution, brightness, color, and Clear Type text Update video drivers A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 49 Cengage Learning 2014

Problems With CRT Monitors If monitor flickers, has wavy lines or a distorted image, try the following: Monitor flicker can be caused by poor cable connections Odd-colored blotches or screen flicker can be result of EMI Use degauss button to eliminate accumulated or stray magnetic fields Change refresh rate to the highest value supported Consider purchasing a newer monitor A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 50

Cengage Learning 2014 Display Settings Make the Screen Unreadable Return to standard VGA settings called VGA mode Do the following: Reboot the system and press F8 to get to Advanced Boot Options menu Select Safe Mode to boot up with minimal configuration of Windows After you have changed display settings, restart Windows A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition

51 Cengage Learning 2014 Protecting A Computer and The Environment Avoid future problems by protecting your computer against environmental factors such as: Humidity Dust Out-of-control electricity Technicians must learn how to properly dispose of used computer equipment A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition

52 Cengage Learning 2014 Physically Protect Your Equipment Dos and Donts to protect a computer: Do not move or jar computer when on Protect a computer against dust and other airborne particles Allow for good ventilation inside and outside the system Figure 13-39 This dust-jammed case fan caused a system to overheat A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your

PC, 8th Edition 53 Cengage Learning 2014 Physically Protect Your Equipment Dos and Donts to protect a computer (contd): High temperatures and humidity can be dangerous Use BIOS setup to disable ability to write to the hard dive boot sector Protect your CDs, DVDs, BDs, and other storage media Dont leave a computer turned off for weeks or months at a time Do not unpack and turn on a cold computer Protect electrical equipment from power surges

Use uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to protect against power surges, brownouts, or sags A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 54 Cengage Learning 2014 Document Preventative Maintenance Keep a record book for each new computer Record any changes in setup data and any problems or maintenance Keep a record of all changes to BIOS setup data and jumpers on the motherboard Label documentation and keep in a safe place

A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 55 Cengage Learning 2014 How to Dispose Of Used Equipment First check to see if any equipment can be donated or at least recycled If computer is to be given away Uninstall any applications software Delete private data (use a zero-fill utility) If trashing a computer Use a degausser to erase everything on a magnetic

hard drive or drill holes through the drive Comply with local government regulation when disposing of any type of equipment A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 56 Cengage Learning 2014 How to Dispose Of Used Equipment Table 8-4 Computer parts and how to dispose of them A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 57

Cengage Learning 2014 Summary Always begin troubleshooting my interviewing the user Decide if problem occurs before or after a successful boot and if it is caused by hardware or software Listen for spinning fans or drives and look for indicator lights to ensure a system is getting power Removing dust from a system, providing for proper ventilation, and installing extra fans can help keep a system from overheating A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition

58 Cengage Learning 2014 Summary BIOS gives beep codes when a POST error occurs during the boot before it tests video Error messages on a black screen during the boot are usually put there by startup BIOS during the POST The motherboard, processor, RAM, processor cooler assembly, and CMOS battery are field replaceable units Problems caused by the hard drive during a boot can be caused by the hard drive subsystem, file system, or by files required by Windows to load A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your

PC, 8th Edition 59 Cengage Learning 2014 Summary Video problems can be caused by the monitor, video cable, video card, onboard video, video drivers, or Windows display settings A CRT monitor might have a degauss button to eliminate stray EMI Protect a computer against dust and other airborne particles using protective enclosures and air filters, and ridding the inside of a computer from dust Dispose of used equipment and consumables according to local government environmental

guidelines A+ Guide to Managing & Maintaining Your PC, 8th Edition 60 Cengage Learning 2014

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Mr. Kullman's Midterm Review

    Mr. Kullman's Midterm Review

    Calibri Arial Lucida Sans Unicode Wingdings 3 Verdana Wingdings 2 Concourse 1_Concourse 2_Concourse 3_Concourse 4_Concourse 5_Concourse 6_Concourse 7_Concourse Initial Activity Mr. Kullman's Midterm Review What is geography What is a Peninsula What is an Artifact?
  • Web-based searching Understanding student experiences to enhance the

    Web-based searching Understanding student experiences to enhance the

    Dip.Lib.(RMIT), GCEd(HE), MIT(Res.), AALIA, MACS Abstract: Web-based information searching is a critical graduate capability. As teachers we can impressed by the students' ability to "talk the talk" and make it sound like they understand the process of searching. Unfortunately, later,...
  • Welcome to Cluster

    Welcome to Cluster

    Rubrics will be sent home and the IB grade will be posted on GradeSpeed (Parent Student Connect) Late Work Policies . Work that is not completed by the start of class. Will be accepted for 5 calendar days after due...
  • Civil Rights, Affirmative Action and Policy & Procedure

    Civil Rights, Affirmative Action and Policy & Procedure

    Civil Rights & Affirmative Action. All Employees of OCES have a responsibility to civil rights! CED is ultimately responsible for compliance. Everyone must abide not only by the letter of the law(s), but also the spirit of the law(s)
  • The Ruby Programming Language COMP 205 - Week

    The Ruby Programming Language COMP 205 - Week

    Why OOP? Modularity: The source code for an object can be written and maintained independently of the source code for other objects. Information-hiding: By interacting only with an object's methods, the details of its internal implementation remain hidden from the...
  • AP Human Geography Notes

    AP Human Geography Notes

    Formal Region . Formal Region - a region with a defined boundary that has a homogeneous characteristic or uniformity . A homogeneous characteristic could be language. EX: In a linguistic region, everyone speaks the same language, however groups of people...
  • Knowledge Processes in Tourism Development Towards an ...

    Knowledge Processes in Tourism Development Towards an ...

    KNOWLEDGE DYNAMICS POLICY IMPLICATIONS Today and tomorrow Introduction: Policy within EURODITE Survey: Rise of the learning regions Case-studies: Knowledge transformation policies
  • Differentiating Bacterial and Viral Sepsis in the Newborn

    Differentiating Bacterial and Viral Sepsis in the Newborn

    Infants of obese mothers may require supplementation banked human milk feeding or formula until the mother's breast milk is enough to meet the infant's nutritional requirements Jorgensen AM NICU Currents June 2010 volume1, Issue 1.