Human Growth and Development - SOCIAL SCIENCES

Human Growth and Development - SOCIAL SCIENCES

Expected Life Events The expected life events that can affect human growth and development and the positive and negative effects of the events on growth and development starting, being in and leaving education moving house/location entering and being in employment living with a partner/marriage/civil ceremony parenthood retirement. Starting, being in and leaving education

Positive Build new friendships Learn and develop new skills Improved self-esteem Improved communication skills Negative Anxiety about the new routines and meeting new people Insecurity about leaving parents for the first time Moving house/location Positive

New challenges are exciting Develop new friendships Negative Loss of friends Anxiety and stress of moving May feel isolated Entering and being in employment Positive Develop independence Improved self-image and self-esteem Build new relationships

Learn new skills (creative thinking and problem solving) through training Negative Stress and anxiety of meeting new people Living with a partner/marriage/civil ceremony Positive Feel secure and content Develop intimate relationships Develop relationships with in-laws

Negative Loss of independence Have to share Parenthood Positive Feel content Improved emotional wellbeing Develop strong attachments Negative Worried about responsibilities Feel tired

Loss of independence Jealousy of siblings Retirement Positive Reduced stress More time to socialise with friends and family Negative Loss of relationships May have negative self-image May lose mobility/fitness

Unexpected Life Events The unexpected life events that can affect human growth and development and the effects of the events on personal growth and development and that of others: death of a partner, relative or friend accidents and injury, ill health exclusion, dropping out of education imprisonment promotion/redundancy/unemployment. Death of a partner, relative or friend Effects:

Loss and grief Low self-confidence Loss of friends Unable to function at work Accidents and injury, ill health Effects: Loss of mobility Depression Restriction of social activities Lack of interest in appearance Exclusion, dropping out of education

Effects: Low self-esteem Loss of friends Restriction of social activities Imprisonment Effects: Depression Loss of social contact Low self-esteem Loss of independence Effects:

Promotion Improved self-esteem Positive self-image More independence Redundancy or unemployment Effects: Low self-esteem Stress Fewer opportunities for learning and developing skills Fewer opportunities to interact and develop new relationships

Opportunities to train for a new job Understanding how to manage the changes caused by life events types of support (formal, informal, emotional, physical) support offered by people (family, friends, partners, professional carers, including district nurse and social care worker) support offered by community groups, voluntary and faith-based organisations managing expectations.

Types of support (formal, informal, emotional, physical) Formal Physical and emotional support from professionals, e.g. doctors and care workers. Informal Unpaid physical or emotional support from family or friends Emotional Support for coping with feelings e.g. from counsellors

Physical Support for day-to-day care needs e.g. help with mobility or shopping Support offered by people (family, friends, partners, professional carers, including district nurse and social care worker) Informal support is from family, friends and partners. They can:

Provide reassurance Help to cope with change Support with health and change of circumstances Help with washing and dressing Help with day-to-day tasks Help to maintain independence Support offered by people (family, friends, partners, professional carers, including

district nurse and social care worker) Formal support is from professional carers Nurses, social workers, physiotherapists, counsellors etc. Change dressings Prescribe medication

Refer to other services for help Counselling to help with worries Advise about how to improve health and wellbeing Liaise with others about care needs Support offered by community groups, voluntary and faith-based organisations Community group Based in the local area They understand the needs of local people Can include self-help groups Offer support to people who cant drive, food banks, low wage/unemployed people.

Voluntary groups National or local Can help with health needs, dementia, diabetes, welfare needs (e.g. bereavement) Provide information and support May work with professionals Faith-based organisations These are linked to a particular faith They provide support for the health and welfare needs of religious groups Support and advice is based on religious beliefs and morals

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