HYPNOSIS - Los Alamitos Unified School District

HYPNOSIS - Los Alamitos Unified School District

HYPNOSIS What? A social interaction in which the subject responds to another persons (the hypnotists) suggestions regarding certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, and/or behaviors (a heightened state of suggestibility) HYPNOSIS How?

A hypnotic induction can proceed in various ways and may involve the soft-spoken, repetitive, suggestion that the subject is relaxing, feeling tired or drowsy, breathing is deep, and the eyelids/limbs are growing heavy HYPNOSIS Who? People vary in their hypnotic susceptibility, which can be measured using

standardized susceptibility scales, but about 10-20% are highly hypnotizable and the same %s are not CAN HYPNOSIS RELIEVE PAIN? Yes! Hypnosis is used effectively by physicians and dentists as an alternative for anesthesia (10% of hypnotizable people can have surgery w/o any anesthetic drugs)

typical explanations for reduced pain such as relaxation, placebos and endorphins appear to play no part CAN HYPNOSIS ENHANCE MEMORY RECALL? Hypnotically recalled memories generally combine fact and fiction (remember, not all memories are permanently encoded); pseudomemories can be planted by the hypnotist

hypnosis-induced evidence is not allowed in court CAN HYPNOSIS LEAD PEOPLE TO DO THINGS AGAINST THEIR WILL/ BECOME DISINHIBITED? Hypnotized people have indeed been coerced into doing dangerous/otherwise unacceptable things (throwing acid into the hypnotists face)

unhypnotized control groups in lab settings have perform the same acts as the hypnotized experimental group CAN POSTHYPNOTIC SUGGESTIONS WORK? Subjects told that they will forget that they were hypnotized posthypnotic amnesia admit to remembering posthypnotic suggestions have been successful in treating

headaches, stress-related skin disorders, and obesity, but causal relationships havent been established IS HYPNOSIS ALTERED CONSCIOUSNESS?: TWO THEORIES NO says the social influence/role-playing theory: there is no measurable change in brain-wave activity involved with hypnosis

subjects play their roles like actors according to social expectations as long as they like and trust the hypnotist this is supported by nonhypnotized subjects performing similar acts IS HYPNOSIS ALTERED CONSCIOUSNESS?: TWO THEORIES

YES says the divided-consciousness theory: certain distinctive brain activities may accompany hypnosis hypnotized subjects sometimes carry out suggested behaviors when they think noone is watchingand then there is that bit about pain IS HYPNOSIS ALTERED CONSCIOUSNESS?: TWO

THEORIES Ernest Hilgard proposed the idea of disassociation, a split in consciousness allowing different layers to occur simultaneously, to explain pain-tolerance specifically and hypnosis in general MEDITATION Meditation involves a deliberate effort to alter consciousness using a variety of techniques that may or may not have religious significance

open monitoring meditation involves remaining open and attentive to whatever arises in your consciousness from moment to moment w/o latching on to it MEDITATION focused attention meditation involves concentrating on something specific (your breath, a mantra, etc.) in order to remove the clutter in the mind

MEDITATION Meditation does involve changes in brain wave activity as well as both short-term (decreased state of arousal) and long-term (reduced stress, blood pressure, etc.; increased self-esteem, awareness, etc.) benefits the verdict is out if these results are meditation-specific or common to any type of relaxation technique

DRUGS People want to alter their consciousness and imbibing the chemical substances in psychoactive drugs are a commonly used and abused method drug use and effect are based on a multitude of factors that vary from person to person, situation to situation, and culture to culture DRUGS

Drug effect are based on both multifactorial causation and subjectivity of experience: age, mood, experience, body weight, dosage, potency, environment, expectations all contribute to the impact of drug use different drugs also vary in the rate in which tolerance diminishing effect of a drug, thus requiring larger doses is produced DRUGS In general, psychoactive drugs work by manipulating specific

neurotransmitter action in the synaptic clefts in the brain the increased release of dopamine in the mesolimbic dopamine pathway - the so-called reward pathway is consistent with most drug use and abuse DRUG DEPENDENCE AND RISK People can and do become addicted to drugS physically avoid

withdrawal symptoms - and/or psychologically to satisfy cravings like most aspects of drug use, withdrawal symptoms from physical and psychological addiction vary, but for both they can be intense and powerful DRUG DEPENDENCE AND RISK Drug use comes with the risks of long-term physiological effects, indirect

behavior-related problems, and the potential for overdose overdose risk is greatest among sedatives, narcotics and alcohol; in particular, combinations of these and/or other drugs

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • PowerPoint-presentasjon - folk.uio.no

    PowerPoint-presentasjon - folk.uio.no

    SCOPIC-clause. Main advantages compared to art. 14 of the salvage convention. No threat of damage to the environment required. Geographical scope. A fixed uplift (25%) not linked to success
  • TEKS 5.8C: Demonstrate that Earth rotates on its

    TEKS 5.8C: Demonstrate that Earth rotates on its

    Explain How could you use the view from a merry-go-round as a model to show why the sun appears to move? TEKS 5.8C: Demonstrate that Earth rotates on its axis once approximately every 24 hours causing the day/night cycle and...
  • 예수님의 신성 인식 - All for Jesus!

    예수님의 신성 인식 - All for Jesus!

    예수안에 신성과 인성이 본질적으로 함께 한다는 소위 "후포스테틱 유니온" 교리가 최초로 반포된 것은 기원후 451년 챨스돈 공회에서였다. 예수 그리스도라는 하나의 본질 (Hupostasis) 혹은 인격 (Person)안에신성과 인성이 어떻게 함께 했나를 규정한 것이다.
  • Co-Limitation of Phytoplankton by Light and Multiple Nutrients

    Co-Limitation of Phytoplankton by Light and Multiple Nutrients

    Bozec et al, manuscript in preparation Comparison of nutrient stoichiometry of the November 2000 Polarstern experiment in the Southern Ocean, versus the previous Ironex II experiment in the equatorial Pacific, the classical Redfield stoichiometry, and similar anomalies published by Takeda.
  • Crucible Advanced Questions

    Crucible Advanced Questions

    1. Using at least two character archetypes and supporting quotes, describe Abigail's personality in Act I. 2. Describe Abigail's relationships with John Proctor and her other friends. What motivates Abigail in her treatment of her friends? 3. How does Tituba...
  • K O O B C B A A

    K O O B C B A A

    Iowa abc book. By: Cale Nelson. A is for Agriculture. Cale Nelson. ... The Mill Greek and Glenwood cultures were in the area between 1,000-1,300 AD. They made pottery, tools, and other artifacts when they were in the Loess Hills....
  • Addressing Funding and Conflict of Interest in Randomised ...

    Addressing Funding and Conflict of Interest in Randomised ...

    Lisa Bero, Peter Gøtzsche, Tom Jefferson, Kay Dickersin, Julian Higgins, Jonathan Sterne, Brett Thombs and An-Wen Chan. Set-up and time line. Andreas Lund willwork on the project on a day to day basis. Wehope to have a toolready for pilot...
  • Media Timeline: Key Events Cindy Royal, Ph.D Associate

    Media Timeline: Key Events Cindy Royal, Ph.D Associate

    Media Timeline: Key Events Cindy Royal, Ph.D Associate Professor Texas State University School of Journalism and Mass Communication [email protected]