Improving social mobility for able students in state schools

Improving social mobility for able students Conor Ryan South West Teaching Schools Conference UWE, 22 June 2015 Sutton Trust Improving social mobility through education Work from early years to access to university and the professions 45m spent over 17 years

Funded 100s of projects reaching 10,000s of pupils and students, plus over 150 research studies, from early years to professions Do tank approach - evaluation, policy influence, leverage and scale-up Lead partner in Education Endowment Foundation, which has 135m Government endowment to improve results for disadvantaged pupils Since its launch the EEF has awarded 52 million to 93 projects working with over 600,000 pupils in over 4,700 schools across England. Our research: the access gap 9.5 fold access gap to top universities including Oxbridge, 6 fold to Russell Group,

compared with 2.5 times gap for higher education generally 50.0% 45.0% 40.0% 35.0% 30.0% Polar 1 higher tariff Polar 5 higher tariff Polar 1 all HE Polar 5 all HE 25.0% 20.0% 15.0% 10.0%

5.0% 0.0% 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: UCAS End of Cycle Report 2014 2011

2012 2013 2014 Private school premium 50% 51% 54% 70% Cabinet Ministers Medics Leading news journalists

Judges Between the ages of 26 and 42, someone who attends an independent school will earn a total of 193,700 more than someone who attends a state school. Five elite schools account for as many Oxbridge places at 2000 state schools/ colleges combined 2,000

Source: Sutton Trust Blog, http://www.suttontrust.com/newsarchive/race-top/ UK compares poorly internationally on maths and literacy at the top. Half OECD average in Maths. Biggest gap between rich and poor in reading. 2 years difference 2 years Source: Reading Gap (Jerrim, 2013) Missing Talent 15% of highly able pupils who score in the top 10% nationally at age 11 fail to achieve in the top 25% at GCSE

Boys, and particularly pupil premium eligible boys, are most likely to be in this missing talent group Highly able pupil premium pupils achieve half a grade less than other highly able pupils, on average, with a very long tail to underachievement Highly able pupil premium pupils are less likely to be taking GCSEs in history, geography, triple sciences or a language http://www.suttontrust.com/researcharchive/missing-talent/ Subject to Background

Bright but disadvantaged students were significantly more likely to go on to get four or more ASlevels when they had attended any pre-school, especially one of higher quality (rather than no pre-school) and where they had competent teachers and engaged in academic enrichment activities at home, such as reading or learning opportunities including family visits to museums and galleries, between the ages of 11 and 14. Bright but disadvantaged students were significantly more likely to go on to attain three or more A-levels when they attended a secondary school rated outstanding by Ofsted for the quality of its pupils learning and where they experienced average or good levels of academic enrichment at home. Students who reported they spent significant amounts of time on homework daily in Year 11 were nine times more likely to get three A-levels than those who did no regular homework. Nearly twice as many advantaged as disadvantaged bright students are taking one or more of the A-level subjects seen as providing access to good universities.

http://www.suttontrust.com/researcharchive/subject-to-background/ Our research: teacher attitudes 42% teachers in state secondary schools say they would rarely or never advise academically-gifted pupils to apply to 11.00% Oxbridge 15.00% Always 13.00% Usually Rarely

Never 32.00%Dont know 29.00% Source: NFER Teacher Voice Survey 2014. N=561 Sutton Trust Summer Schools Sutton Trust summer schools 2015 - UK nearly 2000 students at 10 top universities incl Cambridge and Bristol. Week-long residentials. - US 150 students at Yale, MIT with day at Harvard - UK 76% go to Russell Group - US over 120 students have already gained full scholarship places worth $225k each

UK programme 2016 from January US programme 2016 from November http://summerschools.suttontrust.com/ http://us.suttontrust.com/ Teacher summer schools Schools with limited experience of sending pupils to Oxbridge and top unis 400 teachers a year at Bristol, Cambridge, Durham, UCL, St Andrews, Kings/Imperial/RVC Observe summer school subject sessions, academic seminars, university admissions advice. Funded places. Residential. Places at Bristol are still available for July http://www.suttontrust.com/programmes/teacher-summer-schools/

Sutton Scholars Two years academic support for highly able 11-16 year-olds in the top 10% at comprehensive schools and academies 400 places next year targeted on high FSM schools Working with Cambridge, Nottingham, UCL and Warwick Typical activities discovery days on topics from Ancient Worlds to Mission to Mars. Residential seminar on the theme of London: Past, Present and Future. http://www.suttontrust.com/programmes/sutton-scholars/ Pathways programmes Long-term programme helping access to professions

Law, Medicine, Property, Accountancy, Banking Combines work experience at top firms with links to leading universities. Some undergraduate support and internships. Over 500 places a year Apply from August http://www.suttontrust.com/programmes/ Policies wed like to see Teacher professional development entitlement Improved careers advice National gifted and talented/highly able fund Better co-ordination of access with new body More advanced and higher apprenticeships

http://www.suttontrust.com/researcharchive/mobility-manifesto-2015/ The challenge to schools Are you tailoring provision for highly able students? Are you enabling them to do the subjects they need to go to top universities? Are you encouraging enough ambition in highly able students on choices? Sutton Trust may be able to help lift aspirations for your students. www.SuttonTrust.com Twitter: @suttontrust

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