In

In

Incorporating World Englishes into ESL / EFL classrooms Yuya Kurata (Japan) Saint Mary's University, IMTE TEFL NS, 2019 Fall Conference, 16 November Questions 1. Wait its on the tip of my throat her name is Fiona. tongue 2. Can you open the light?

turn on Outline World Englishes World Englishes vs. Inner-circle English in Japan Inner-Circle English personal experience The Value of Teachers using World Englishes: why? World Englishes into ESL / EFL classrooms(1)(2):How? Conclusion What is World Englishes? The Expanding Circle

refers to different forms and varieties of English used in various sociolinguistic contexts in different parts of the world. three types of varieties estimated number of English speakers is at least 800 million e.g. China / Egypt / Indonesia / Japan / Korea / Nepal / Saudi Arabia The Outer Circle

e.g. India / Malaysia/ Nigeria / Kenya / Philippines / Sri Lanka / Tanzania / Zambia The Inner Circle e.g. USA / UK / Canada / Australia / New Zealand (created from Kachru, 1992) World Englishes vs. Inner-circle English in Japan Textbooks in Japan tend to be predominantly American and also

British English (Suginaga, 2012) The Japanese government launched English program (JET) Assistant English teachers from Inner Circle countries in percentage year 1987 2000 2019

The percentage of AET from Inner Circle countries 100% 98% 89% (Matsuda, 2003; The Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR), 2019) (http://jetprogramme.org/en/countries/)

Inner-Circle English Personal Experience Japanese accent (Far from Inner-circle English accent) Less competent at speaking(pronunciation, fluency, appropriacy, etc.) Low self-esteem High Anxiety The Value of Teachers using World Englishes in ESL / EFL classrooms: why? To:

build open-mindedness and self-confidence have empathy and tolerance for unfamiliar Englishes Global competences How to Bring World Englishes into ESL / EFL classrooms (1) 1. Website / YouTube / Podcast India: https://www.ndtv.com/ (Website)

Singapore: https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/videos (Website) The International Dialects of English Archive (Website) https://www.dialectsarchive.com/ Accents of English Around the World (YouTube) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vpcG-xqPgRM CNN10: https://www.cnn.com/cnn10 (YouTube / Podcast) How to Bring World Englishes into ESL / EFL classrooms (2) 2. Video call (Skype)

Talk with outer and expanding circle people. e.g. Online English conversation Conclusion English is one of the elements for global citizenship Some benefits (open-mindedness / confidence / empathy / tolerance) Removing the Inner-Circle Englishes / replacing them with the other circle Englishes World Englishes Add some benefits and enrich "English"

How do you feel these sentences? Wait its on the tip of my throat her name is Fiona. Can you open the light? References The Council of Local Authorities for International Relations. 2019. Participating Countries. JET Program, http://jetprogramme.org/en/countries/. Accessed on 14 November. Farrell, Thomas S. C., and Sonia Martin. 2009. To Teach Standard English or World Englishes? A Balanced Approach to Instruction. English Teaching Forum 2. Jenkins, Jennifer. 2003. World Englishes: A Resource Book for Students. Psychology Press.

Kachru, Braj B. 1992. Teaching World Englishes. The Other Tongue: English across Cultures 2: 35566. Kubota, Ryuko, and Lori Ward. 2000. Exploring Linguistic Diversity through World Englishes. The English Journal 89 (6): 8086. Matsuda, Aya. 2003. Incorporating World Englishes in Teaching English as an International Language. TESOL Quarterly 37 (4): 71929. Suginaga, Jackie. 2012. World Englishes in Japan A Sociolinguistic Perspective. The Faculty Journal of Komazawa Womens University 19: 16976.

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