Industrial Agriculture Anth 210, October 16, 2007 Shifting Agricultural Ecosystem Humans Sun Nutrients Fibers Drugs Decorations Etc. Energy Air Carbon, Oxygen
Useless plant Nutrients Water Soil Labor: Clearing Burning Planting Fencing Weeding Harvesting Pest Control Storage Etc. Useful plant
Intensive Agricultural Ecosystem Labor energy Sun Energy Animals Water source Manure (nutrients) Traction energy Nutrients Fibers Drugs Decorations
Etc. Humans Irrigation Air Useful plants (crops) Carbon, Oxygen Nutrients Water FARMLAND Labor energy: Plowing
Harrowing Planting Fencing Weeding Harvesting Pest Control Storage Etc. Industrial Monocrop Agricultural Ecosystem Sun Energy Consumer goods $ Humans
Exchange Value Air -cides Carbon, Oxygen Fertilizer Single crops Nutrients Water source Irrigation Nutrients Water
Machinery Fossil Fuel energy: Plowing Harrowing, Planting Fencing, Weeding Harvesting, Pest Control, Storage, etc. FARMLAND Agricultural Intensification: Energy Surplus Population density Output/input ratio
Fossil Fuel Energy Net energy/ land Energy output per unit of land Energy Input per unit of land Foraging Shifting Agriculture Intensive Agriculture Industrial Agriculture Agricultural Intensification:
Energy and Ecology Foraging Energy source Human Energy efficiency High Yield per person Low + Diet Protein High Biodiversity (farm) Population supported
Human High Low + Mod to low Moderate Biodiversity (landscape) High Value produced Shifting Agriculture Use V. low High Use Low Intensive
Agriculture Human+animal Moderate Industrial Agriculture Fossil fuel Lowest Low High Low* High Moderate Low
Moderate Mod to low Use+exchange Mod to high Exchange+use Highest Agricultural Intensification: Energy Efficiency Agricultural Intensification: Ecology The Landscape Approach Two agricultural landscapes Mixed forest
Pines Oats Buckwheat Potatoes Corn Near Walla Walla, Washington Near Yangjuan, China Plowed Wheat Wheat Fallow Wheat A large industrial farm: Mercer Ranch
3rd largest carrot producer in the U.S.: about 5% 20,000 acres; 10,000 in crops Rotate between potatoes, garlic, carrots, peas About 60,000 tons of carrots on 2,500 acres 2 harvesters, [40 total in U.S.] $600,000 each 75 irrigation circles Carrot production line Extensive Irrigation QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture. Extensive Irrigation 75 circles Single computer $50,000 each 20 pumps, 800-1500 hp. A factory in the field The carrots from the field are first washed then transported to lines where mechanically grade and transport separately for cell carrots, jumbos, clip-tops, juice and baby-peel carrots. Agricultural Intensification: Social and Technical Aspects
SAU OPT STEM Extension Mailing Instructions. This PowerPoint provides simple instructions to mail your OPT STEM Extension packet to USCIS. Introduction. This PowerPoint will explain how to mail your OPT documents to USCIS. Pictures will accompany where examples will be...
sur le point d'interrogation pour avoir un indice. Si vous le souhaitez, cliquez sur les lettres pour lire la phrase proposée. Orthographe: Après avoir fait l'exercice 1 pour se familiariser avec le vocabulaire, retrouver l'orthographe des homophones. 1. 2
Teacher probes for understanding, prediction, and explanation. Inquiry Lessons Teacher leads students through a simple experiment (e.g., Which variables affect buoyancy? How can we test this?) Define problem Define system Identify and control variables Teacher regularly speaks about nature of...
Mary Ainsworth. Types of parenting affect how attachments are formed. Responsive parenting. More time spent with child - more child becomes familiar with caregiver. Non-responsive parenting. ... Jonathan Landry Company:
Image Acquisition Photo sensors Photo diodes and photo diode array Photo transistor Video camera Primitive camera structure Slotted board, rotating disc Photosensitive device Lens Illumination for object Vidicon Color Images involves the capture of 3 images simultaneously, r,g,b placing filters...
Certain of the information set forth herein has been derived from external sources that have not been independently verified and no representation or warranty expressed or implied is made as to, and no reliance should be placed on the fairness,...
RBS Family friendly policies. RBS Flexible working policies. Maternity leave. Part time working . Paternity leave / Additional paternity leave. Job sharing . Shared parental leave. Home working . Adoption leave / Fostering leave
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