Industrial Agriculture - University of Washington

Industrial Agriculture - University of Washington

Industrial Agriculture Anth 210, October 16, 2007 Shifting Agricultural Ecosystem Humans Sun Nutrients Fibers Drugs Decorations Etc. Energy Air Carbon, Oxygen

Useless plant Nutrients Water Soil Labor: Clearing Burning Planting Fencing Weeding Harvesting Pest Control Storage Etc. Useful plant

Intensive Agricultural Ecosystem Labor energy Sun Energy Animals Water source Manure (nutrients) Traction energy Nutrients Fibers Drugs Decorations

Etc. Humans Irrigation Air Useful plants (crops) Carbon, Oxygen Nutrients Water FARMLAND Labor energy: Plowing

Harrowing Planting Fencing Weeding Harvesting Pest Control Storage Etc. Industrial Monocrop Agricultural Ecosystem Sun Energy Consumer goods $ Humans

Exchange Value Air -cides Carbon, Oxygen Fertilizer Single crops Nutrients Water source Irrigation Nutrients Water

Machinery Fossil Fuel energy: Plowing Harrowing, Planting Fencing, Weeding Harvesting, Pest Control, Storage, etc. FARMLAND Agricultural Intensification: Energy Surplus Population density Output/input ratio

Fossil Fuel Energy Net energy/ land Energy output per unit of land Energy Input per unit of land Foraging Shifting Agriculture Intensive Agriculture Industrial Agriculture Agricultural Intensification:

Energy and Ecology Foraging Energy source Human Energy efficiency High Yield per person Low + Diet Protein High Biodiversity (farm) Population supported

Human High Low + Mod to low Moderate Biodiversity (landscape) High Value produced Shifting Agriculture Use V. low High Use Low Intensive

Agriculture Human+animal Moderate Industrial Agriculture Fossil fuel Lowest Low High Low* High Moderate Low

Moderate Mod to low Use+exchange Mod to high Exchange+use Highest Agricultural Intensification: Energy Efficiency Agricultural Intensification: Ecology The Landscape Approach Two agricultural landscapes Mixed forest

Pines Oats Buckwheat Potatoes Corn Near Walla Walla, Washington Near Yangjuan, China Plowed Wheat Wheat Fallow Wheat A large industrial farm: Mercer Ranch

3rd largest carrot producer in the U.S.: about 5% 20,000 acres; 10,000 in crops Rotate between potatoes, garlic, carrots, peas About 60,000 tons of carrots on 2,500 acres 2 harvesters, [40 total in U.S.] $600,000 each 75 irrigation circles Carrot production line Extensive Irrigation QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor

are needed to see this picture. Extensive Irrigation 75 circles Single computer $50,000 each 20 pumps, 800-1500 hp. A factory in the field The carrots from the field are first washed then transported to lines where mechanically grade and transport separately for cell carrots, jumbos, clip-tops, juice and baby-peel carrots. Agricultural Intensification: Social and Technical Aspects

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