Finding Information in Nonfiction Text (Researching Topics) Mars Rover Celebration Lesson 3 TOPICS SEARCH PROCESS 1. Know your PURPOSE 2. Select KEY WORDS 3. Select KEY LOCATIONS 4. SCANNING
USEFUL TEXT FEATURES 5. Print Features 6. Organizational Aids 7. Illustrations 8. Graphic Aids SEARCH PROCESS 1. Know your PURPOSE 2. Select KEY WORDS 3. Select KEY LOCATIONS 4. SCANNING
1. Know your PURPOSE Develop and write down your PURPOSE. Remind yourself of your PURPOSE as you conduct your research. Dont get lost in the details. 2. Select KEY WORDS Know what youre looking for. Know your PURPOSE. Think about words or phrases the author would probably use to discuss the topic. These will be your KEY WORDS.
3. Select KEY LOCATIONS When you are looking at books or very large websites with a lot information and sections, read the section/chapter titles to identify places where the information you are looking for is most likely to be. These locations will be your KEY LOCATIONS. 4. SCANNING Skim the text looking for your keywords. Look for each one at a time.
Read the surrounding material at the place you locate the keyword. USEFUL TEXT FEATURES 1. Organizational Aids 2. Print Features 3. Illustrations 4. Graphic Aids USEFUL TEXT FEATURES 1. Organizational Aides Feature
Helps the reader. identify key topics in the book (or on Table of Contents/ the website) and where they are Navigation Bar presented. see everything in the text listed Index alphabetically. Glossary
define words contained in the text Preface get an overview of the content. Appendix by offering additional information. Search and Find
by providing an easy way to look for specific information. Table of Contents/Navigation Bar Lists the major topics or sections of the text with page numbers (or page links). Is usually found at the beginning of the book/text. Can help readers locate information in the book/text
and understand how information is organized. Table of Contents/Navigation Bar Navigation Bar Dropdown Menu Navigation Bar Navigation bars list the subjects found on the website. Sometimes additional choices become visible when you roll you cursor over the bar without clicking.
Index An alphabetical listing of the key topics, names, terms, and events presented in the text and the page(s) where it is discussed. Websites sometimes have an index with links to the related information.
Glossary A list of key or important terms in alphabetical order with their definition. Often found in the back of a book. Helps the reader understand the meaning of the words in the text. Preface
An introduction at the beginning of a book or a chapter of a book. Gives the reader an idea of what the text will be about. Appendix Gives the reader additional information on a subject discussed in the text.
Most often found at the end of a book or article. Search Most websites do not have indexes. Instead, they have a Search feature. To use this, type in your keyword and click on Search. The website will then display pages that have information on the key word
you searched for. Find FIND button (Type Control F) Type in keyword or phrase Click on Next (or enter) USEFUL TEXT FEATURES 2. Print Features Features
Helps the reader. Bold Print Colored Print understand the word is important and/ or found in the glossary. Italics Bullets emphasize key points/ concepts.
Titles Headings locate different topics and categories in the text and nagivate the text. Subheadings Captions understanding what is presented in a picture or illustration.
Labels identify a picture/ photograph and/ or its parts. Sidebars gather additional information. Bold Print, Colored Print, Italics Used to signal that the word is important
or may found in the glossary. May indicate a link to more information. Bullets Emphasize key points and concepts or show the steps in a process.
Title, Headings and Subheadings Titles, Headings and Subheadings are usually in larger print or bold print. Titles show the main idea of the text Headings and Subheadings divide the text into sections help you find information within longer text Title, Headings and Subheadings Title
Heading Subheading Captions Explain what in shown in a picture or illustration. Are located above or below the picture or illustration. Can provide additional information not in the text.
Labels Identify parts of a picture or a graph. Sidebars A short article or brief piece of information found in the margin of a
longer text. Often provide additional information about the main article. USEFUL TEXT FEATURES 3. Illustrations Feature Helps the reader.
Photographs understand exactly what something looks like. Drawings/ Sketches understand what something could or might have looked like or to understand an important concept.
Enlargements see the details of something that is usually too small to see well. Reductions see something all at once that is usually too large to see all together. Photographs Provide
information in a visual way. Help to tell the story in the text. When it lands, the shuttles main landing gear touches down on the runway at 214 to 226 miles per hour, followed by the nose gear. The drag chute is deployed, and the
orbiter coasts to a stop. Drawings/Sketches Provide information in a visual way. Help to tell the story in the text Help us understand what something could or might have looked. A new study finds ancient Antarctica was much
warmer and wetter than previously suspected, with a climate that was suitable to support substantial vegetationincluding stunted trees along the edges of the frozen continent. This artist's rendition created from a photograph of Antarctica shows what Antarctica possibly looked like during the middle Miocene epoch, based on pollen fossil data. Enlargements Are used when something is very
small and difficult to see. Help make information easier to understand. Reductions Are used when something is too large to see all at once. Help make
information easier to understand. USEFUL TEXT FEATURES 4. Graphic Aides Aide Helps the reader. Diagrams understand a more detailed or
simplified view of information. Flow Charts understand a complex sequence of movements or actions. Graphs understand how differnet pieces of information are related.
Maps understand where things are in the world. Charts/ Tables summarize/ compare information. Timelines understand the sequence of time.
Diagrams Provide simple drawings that show exactly where something is, what something looks like, or how something works. Help us understand a more detailed or simplified view of information.
Flowcharts Are drawings that use shapes and arrows to show the order of and steps of an activity or process. Help us understand a complex sequence of movements or actions. Graphs Are drawings that
show how two or more sets of measurements are related. Make complex information easier to understand. Maps Show where something is located or how to
move from one place to another. Can help us understand where things are in the world. Tables and Charts Summarize large amounts of information in a small place. Make it easy for the reader to compare information.
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