Innovative Partnerships at NASA

Innovative Partnerships at NASA

Providing Value Through Partnerships with NASA Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee Federal Aviation Administration May 18, 2007 Doug Comstock Director, Innovative Partnerships Program Topics Who? 1. Who is the Innovative Partnerships Program (IPP)? 2. Why does NASA do partnerships? 3. How are partnerships implemented? 4. What can IPP offer the commercial space community? 5. Where can I find my IPP contact? Why? How? What?

Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Who? Why? How? Who is the Innovative Partnerships Program? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 2006 NASA Strategic Plan Who? Why? How? What? The Innovative Partnerships Program (IPP) will facilitate partnering with the U.S. private sector, and leverage private sector resources, to produce

technologies needed for NASA missions. The IPP and NASAs Mission Directorates will identify new opportunities to adopt technologies developed through innovative partnerships. Where? Strategic Goal 5 Encourage the pursuit of appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Agency Organization Who? Why? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Innovative Partnerships Program Office Who? Director Deputy Director Secretary

Why? Staff Functions Resources Management Administrative Officer Chief Technologist Communications How? What? Technology Infusion Where? Innovation Incubator Centennial Challenges FAST Innovation Transfusion New Activities SBIR/STTR Seed Fund Partnership Development Technology Transfer Intellectual Property New Innovative Partnerships IPP Offices at each of NASAs Field Centers ARC COMSTAC DFRC GRC

GSFC JPL JSC KSC LaRC MSFC SSC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 FY 2008 Budget Request Who? Why? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 IPP Themes Who? Why?

How? What? Where? PRIMARY ROLES Facilitator Bring parties together (both inside and outside) Bridge communication gaps Catalyst Implement new things = change agent Create new partnerships Demonstrate new approaches and methods HOW DO WE APPROACH AN ISSUE? Always add value to Agency priorities and objectives Mindset must be Yes we can do this if COMSTAC No we cant do this because Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Program Elements Who? Why? Technology Infusion Innovation

Incubator Partnership Development How? What? Where? SBIR STTR IPP Seed Fund COMSTAC Centennial Intellectual Challenges Property management New Business Technology Models Transfer Innovation New Transfusion Innovative Partnerships Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Who? Why Does NASA Do

Partnerships? Why? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Overview Who? Why? How? What? Where? Looking For: Win-Win-Win (NASA-Partner-Taxpayer/Public Good) Complementary Interests (1+1>>2) Common Interests Compatible Goals Skin in the Game COMSTAC Doug Comstock

May 18, 2007 Partnership Goals Who? Why? Provide: Leveraged technology investments Dual-use technology-related partnerships create socio-economic benefits within the broader community through technology transfer How? Technology solutions for NASA What? Enable: Cost avoidance Accelerate technology maturation Where? Increase: NASA's connection to emerging technologies in the external communities COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 How Are Partnerships Implemented? Who? Why?

How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 IPPs Dynamic Innovation Process Who? Why? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Partnership Model Who? Why? How? What? Where?

COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Partnership Model Value Proposition Who? Why? How? What? Where? IPP objective is to maximize partnership value for both NASA and partner. COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Summary of Partnering Tools Contract Who? Purpose Used by NASA to acquire goods, services, or both. Cooperative Agreement Grant

Space Act Agreement Used by NASA to sponsor activities that relate to a public purpose (generally R&D). Used by NASA for collaborations, excess capacity, leases, property loans, or any combination. No No Why? Competition Required? How? What? Notable Requirement(s) NASA Cash to the NonNASA Party Generally, Yes -Goods or Services -Mission Need -Public Purpose -NASA Substantial Involvement (for Cooperative Agreement) Enhanced Use Lease Patent License

-No Formal Requirements -NASA does have Guidelines Used by NASA to transfer specific rights associated with a NASAowned invention. No -Intellectual Property -Royalty-Based Commercialization CRADA Used by Ames Research Center (ARC) and Kennedy Space Center (KSC) to lease underutilized real property assets. No -Real Property Rarely used by NASA for cooperative research and development. No -Federal Lab -R&D Yes

Yes Yes, but its very rare. No No No Office of Procurement Office of Procurement Technology Transfer Office Office of General Counsel* ARC and KSC Undefined at this time. $$$ $ Flexibility Possible Exclusive Rights to an Invention that may be Patentable In-Kind

Consideration for Real Property Advanced Licensing of Inventions Not Yet Invented Standard Regulations and Provisions Standard Regulations and Provisions (but not nearly as large as the FAR) Historically, SAAs are contain less rigor vs. a procurement contract. Royalty Payments as Consideration Limited to Two NASA Centers No Cash Contribution Allowed From NASA Authority Space Act; 31 USC 6303; 10 USC 2302 Space Act; 31 USC 6304; 31 USC

6305 Space Act 35 USC 207 Space Act; 42 USC 2459j 15 USC 3710a Regulation Federal Acquisition Regulations Grant and Cooperative Agreement Handbook (14 CFR Part 1260) No Formal Regulation; NASA has Guidelines documented in an SAA Guide 37 CFR Part 404, also referred to as the Licensing Regulations No Formal Regulation No Formal Regulation Process Owner Notable Advantage

Where? Notable Disadvantage COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 What can IPP offer the commercial space community? Who? Why? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 What Can IPP Provide? Who? Why? How? What? Funding or Leveraged Resources NASA SBIR/STTR funds several hundred small businesses IPP Seed Fund seeks partnerships to leverage resources

with the private sector and other Federal labs Centennial Challenges offers millions in purses Technology and Software Access through licensing or other partnerships Facilities Where? Access to NASAs facilities through partnerships Expertise Access to NASAs technical expertise through partnerships Facilitation to enable partnerships Advocacy as a change agent to try new things COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 2006 Strategic Plan Strategic Goal 5 Who? Why? How? What? Where? Encourage the pursuit of appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial . space sector 51)

Develop and demonstrate a means for NASA to . purchase launch services from emerging launch providers. 52) By 2010, demonstrate one or more commercial . space services for ISS cargo and/or crew transport. 53) By 2012, complete one or more prize competitions . for independently designed, developed, launched, and operated missions related to space science or space exploration. COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 NASA Strategic Goal 5 Who? Why? How? What? Where? The Innovative Partnerships Program (IPP) plays an important role as both facilitator and catalyst towards achieving this NASA goal. IPP has been tasked to fulfill the role of being a single point of entry into NASA, for outside organizations seeking to partner with or provide services to NASA related to commercial space.

In this role, IPP will be a facilitator, seeking to connect outside capabilities and interests with internal needs and interests at HQ and the Centers the goal is to make it easier for outside organizations to partner and work with NASA. COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 NASA Strategic Goal 5 Who? Why? How? What? Where? IPP is tasked to demonstrate the purchase of parabolic aircraft flight and suborbital flight services from the emerging commercial space sector for research, technology development and training. IPP is planning to initiate an activity for Facilitated Access to the Space environment for Technology development and training (FAST). IPP is working with NASAs Shared Capability Assets Program (SCAP) and the Glenn Research Center (GRC), as they conduct a solicitation for parabolic aircraft services. FAST will offer funds and seek leveraging through partnerships, to use this contractual mechanism and demonstrate the business model for purchasing services to support NASAs research and technology needs. FAST will later pursue a similar approach using emerging suborbital launch services.

COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Agency Capability Landscape Exploration Systems Who? Productivity Productivity Why? Human-Machine Symbiosis Sensors/Nano-electronics/ Computing Data Mining Full Cells/Energy Storage How? Safety Safety US US Strategic Strategic Vision Vision

Return Return to to Flight Flight (Shuttle) (Shuttle) Complete Complete Space Space Station Station Crew Crew Exploration Exploration Vehicle Vehicle Return Return to to the the Moon Moon Explore Explore Mars Mars High Strength/Light Weight Multifunctionality Thermal Management Science Where? Heliophysics Space Communications ISS: Completion

Space Transportation Aeronautics Research Earth Science Planetary Science Space Shuttle: Return to Flight Radiation Life Support Counter Measures Vehicle Health Mgmt. Cost Cost What? Space Operations Fundamental Aeronautics Subsonics: Fixed Wing Subsonics: Rotary Wing Supersonics Hypersonics Integrated Vehicle Health Mgmt. Integrated Intelligent Flight Deck Integrated Resilient Aircraft Control Aircraft Aging & Durability Astrophysics

Airspace Systems Management & Policy COMSTAC Aviation Safety NGATS: Airspace NGATS: Airportal Aeronautics Test Protect and maintain key research and test facilities Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 SBIR/STTR: 3-Phase Program Who? Why? How? PHASE I

Feasibility study $100K award 6 months duration (SBIR) 12 months duration (STTR) PHASE II Technology Development 2-Year Award $750K (SBIR/STTR) What? Where? PHASE III Technology Infusion/Commercialization Stage Use of non-SBIR Funds Ability to award sole-source contracts without JOFOC based on specific SBIR authority NASA and NASA primes COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 SBIR Programmatic Profile Who? Why? How? What?

Where? FY02 FY03 FY05 FY06* FY07** Millions of $ 107.3 107.5 110.0 105.6 124.4 Phase 1 Awards 312 291 297 260 TBD

Phase 2 Awards 155 139 142 130 TBD * FY06 program Budget Awarded in FY07 (September 06) ** FY07 Initial Operating Plan COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 STTR Programmatic Profile Who? FY03 FY04 FY05 *FY06 **FY07 How? Millions of $

6.4 12.9 13.2 12.7 14.6 What? Phase 1 Awards 45 40 35 27 TBD Where? Phase 2 Awards 18 26 17 14

TBD Why? * FY06 Budgeted Awards actually made in FY07 (September 06) ** FY07 Initial Operating Plan COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 SBIR Contribution to Wireless Technology Who? SWIS Launch to Activation Temps SCAT SBIR Sensor Control and Acquisition Telecommunications Wireless Instrumentation Systems Why? IWIS Dynamics - How? MMA for JEM MicroG

EWIS - Dynamics Microgravity Instrumention (And Structural Dynamics) What? Invocon, Inc. 2006 SBIR Tibbetts Award Micro-Wireless Instrumentation Systems Where? Ultra-WIS Wing Leading Edge Impact Detection System COMSTAC Vehicle Health Monitoring with Wireless Systems Wireless Instrumentation and Data Recording Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 SBIR Technologies on Mars Exploration Rovers Yardney Technical Products of Pawtucket, Connecticut developed lithium ion batteries with specific energy of >100Wh/kg and energy density of 240 Wh/l and long cycle life.

Subsequently, they won a large Air Force/NASA contract to develop batteries for space applications. They are supplying the batteries for the 2003 Mars Rovers. Who? Why? How? What? Where? Maxwell Technologies of San Diego, California fabricated and tested an ASCII chip with single event latch up protection technology. Innovation enables the use of commercial chip technology in space missions, providing higher performance at a lower cost. Supplying A to D converter for Mars 2003 Rovers. COMSTAC Starsys Research of Boulder, Colorado developed several paraffin based heat switches that function autonomously. Heat switches control radiator for electronics package on Mars 2003 Rovers.

Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 IPP Seed Fund Who? Why? How? What? Where? Enhance NASAs ability to meet Mission capability goals by providing leveraged funding to address technology barriers via cost-shared, joint-development partnerships Annual process for selecting additional innovative partnerships for funding Collaboration of Center IPP Office, internal co-PI, and external co-PI FY 2007 call to be released May 10. COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 IPP Seed Fund Who? Why? 2006 Seed Fund: 76 proposals received, evaluated by IPP and Mission Directorate experts Relevance/Value to NASA Mission Directorates

Scientific/Technical merit and feasibility Leveraging of resources How? What? Where? 29 projects selected, providing $28.3 million for the advancement of critical technologies and capabilities $6.6 million IPP Office funds $7.5 million program, project, Center funds $14.2 million external partner funds COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Seed Fund TRL Advancement 10 Who? 9 Why? What? Where? TRL Post-Seed Fund 8 Numbers of Seed Fund Projects

How? Current TRL 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 TRL 1 COMSTAC TRL 2 TRL 3 TRL 4 TRL 5 TRL 6 TRL 7 TRL 8 TRL 9

Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Prizes Who? Why? How? What? Where? NASAs Connection to Prizes Early European Aviation Prizes Led To The Creation of NACA Progress of European aviation due to prizes and competitions troubling to US observers Dr. Albert F. Zahm dispatched to Europe to study the situation there Zahms report emphasized the disparity between European progress and American inertia Report led to the creation of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics the predecessor of NASA Source: Bilstein, Orders of Magnitude A History of the NACA and NASA, 1915-1990, NASA SP-4406,National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC, 1989. COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 How Do Prizes Benefit NASA? Who?

Why? How? What? Where? Increased Participation by New Sources of Innovation Leveraging of Tax-Payers Dollars Innovative Technology Development to Meet NASAs Needs Increased Awareness of Science and Technology Hands-on Training for Future Workforce COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Centennial Challenge Competitions in 2007 Why? How? What? Competition Purses

Comp. Date Astronaut Glove $250K May 2-3 07 Regolith Excavation $250K 12 May 07 Personal Air Vehicle $250K 4-12 August 07 Beam Power $500K October 07 Tether $500K October 07 $2M October 07 $250K

Exp. June 08 Lunar Lander MoonROx (possible) Where? Regolith Regolith Excavation Excavation Challenge Challenge Beam Power Power Challenge Challenge Beam Tether Tether Challenge Challenge COMSTAC Astronaut Glove Glove Challenge Challenge Astronaut Who? Personal Personal Air Air Vehicle Vehicle Challenge Challenge MoonROx

MoonROx Challenge Challenge Lunar Lunar Lander Lander Challenge Challenge Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Astronaut Glove Challenge May 2-3 Who? Why? How? Thomas & Peter Homer Theodore Southern What? Where? Gary Harris COMSTAC Pablo de Len Nick Moiseiev Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Burst Test (Phase VI = 13.2psid)

Who? Why? Team Southerns Glove Burst (developed a huge bubble) at 6.2 psid. Pete Homers Glove Burst (popped a seam) at 21.2psid. How? What? Where? MDLAs Glove Burst (began dripping) at 29.4 psid! COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Joint Torque Test Who? Why? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007

Flex & Dexterity Test Equipment Who? Why? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 And The Winner Is... Who? Why? How? What? Where? ...Peter Homer COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 2007 Regolith Excavation Challenge Who? Why?

How? What? Where? Regolith Pit Size of Regolith Pit: 4 m x 4 m x 35 cm Amount of Regolith: 8 tons (approx. 4 m3) Excavator Requirements Max Weight: 40 kg Max Power: 30 Watts DC Autonomous Operation COMSTAC Excavation Requirements Operation Time: 30 min Excavated Mass: at least 150 kg Prizes Totaling $250,000 1st Prize: $125,000 2nd Prize: $75,000 3rd Prize: $50,000 Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Lunar Regolith Sandbox Who?

Why? How? What? Where? Dimensions: 4m x 4m COMSTAC Regolith: 8 tons, 25cm (avg) Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Tech Ranch Tornado RESULTS Run Time = 30 min Excavated 65 kg Who? Why? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Jeff Pulk & Lloyd Brombach Who?

RESULTS Run Time ~ 10 min Excavated 16 kg Why? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Todd Mendenhall Who? RESULTS Run Time ~ 6 min Excavated ~ 10 kg Why? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock

May 18, 2007 University of Missouri at Rolla Who? RESULTS Run Time = 10 sec Excavated 0 kg Why? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Regolith Excavation Results Who? Why? No Winners. All teams said they would be back next year. The first lunar regolith simulant sandbox. How? What? Where? Built, filled, operated by Diani Building Corp.

I learned more in two days playing in this sandbox of JSC-1a than I have in two YEARS reading and studying about the stuff!* ** A A paraphrase paraphrase of of how how Rob Rob Mueller Mueller (KSC) (KSC) reacted reacted to to his his experience experience of of attending attending the the competition. competition. 2008 Regolith Excavation Challenge Unwon $250k gets added to next years purse of $500k for a total of $750k. COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 FY06 Partnerships Summary Who? Why? How? What?

Where? During FY06, IPP facilitated: Over 200 partnerships with the private sector, federal and state government, academia, and other entities Over 50 license agreements with private entities for commercial and quality of life applications Evaluation of more than 750 new technology reports for consideration of patent protection More than 400 software agreements for commercial application of NASA software COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Who? Why? Where Can I Find My IPP Contact? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Conclusion Who?

Why? How? IPP offers many opportunities to provide value through partnership with NASA. Weve got a highly dedicated workforce at each of the ten Field Centers wanting to help you. How can you tap into this resource? What? Where? IPP Website http://www.ipp.nasa.gov/ Contact the IPP Chief at your Field Center to follow up on any potential areas of interest. COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 IPP Center Chiefs Who? Center Why? ARC Lisa Lockyer [email protected]

(650) 604-0149 DFRC Gregory Poteat [email protected] (661) 276-3872 GRC Kathy Needham [email protected] (216) 433-2802 GSFC Nona Cheeks [email protected] (301) 286-8504 JPL Ken Wolfenbarger [email protected] (818) 354-3821 JSC Michele Brekke [email protected] (281) 483-4614

KSC Dave Makufka [email protected] (321) 867-6227 LaRC Marty Waszak [email protected] (757) 864-4015 MSFC Jim Dowdy [email protected] (256) 544-7604 SSC Ramona Travis [email protected] (228) 688-1660 How? What? Where?

COMSTAC Name Email Phone Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Questions? Who? Why? How? What? Where? COMSTAC Doug Comstock May 18, 2007

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