Instructional Design: Big Picture to Student's Needs
Instructional Design: Big Picture to Students Needs Designing for Instructor Presence R. Diane Kasselhut, M.A. Ed. Tech. David T. Bentz, Ph.D. How much designing do Instructional Designers really do? Models ADDIE Process Model Analysis Phase Design Phase Development Phase
Analysis Design Evaluation Implementation Phase Evaluation Phase Development Implementation Other Models? Kemps Instructional Design Model
Dick & Carey Model Gagns Nine Events of Instruction Blooms Learning Taxonomy Principles Clark & Mayer Multimedia Principle: Include Both Words & Graphics Contiguity Principle: Place Printed Words Near Corresponding Graphics Modality Principle: Present Words as Speech Rather than Onscreen Text Clark & Mayer cont Redundancy Principles:
#1. Avoid Presenting Words as Narration and Identical Text in the Presence of Graphics #2. Consider the Narration of Onscreen Text in Special Situations Coherence Principles: #1. Avoid e-Lessons with Extraneous Sounds #2. Avoid e-Lesson with Extraneous Pictures Personalization Principle: Use Conversational Rather Than Formal Style Theories Cognitive Load Workin g Memor y
LongTerm Memory Input Stimul us What happens when we have too much input stimulus? Design Theories Principles
Models Discussion Community of Inquiry Supporting Discourse Social Presence Cognitive Presence EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE Setting
Climate Selecting Content Teaching Presence (Structure/Process) Communication Medium A Study: What We Wanted To Know What are the differences in the importance of various instructor behaviors for graduate and undergraduate students enrolled in online courses?
What instructor behaviors do graduate and undergraduate students consider to be the most important for their success in online course? Sheridan, Kelly & Bentz (2012) Tell us the five (5) most important instructor behaviors for your success in an online class? (N = 245) (N = 245) Survey Says!
The 10 Instructor Behaviors Most Important to Students (Open Ended) All Student s Item Rank 1. Communication N= 1094 224 Undergrad . Item Rank
N = 809 Grad. Item Rank 1. Communication 158 1. Communication N= 261 61 2. Instructor Disposition
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