Instrument PTS Version E - Society of Aviation and Flight ...
03/26/10 Slide 1 About the Author Arlynn McMahon Flight school owner Instrument Instructor since 1980 Over 10,000 hrs dual given 5,000 hrs actual instrument Master Instructor, Gold Seal Instructor 2009 National Flight Instructor of the Year Author, Train Like You Fly, a Flight Instructors Guide to Scenario Based Training Questions?
[email protected] (You will find notes for the instructor or educator in the notes version of the presentation.) All photos taken from the authors personal library and Microsoft Clip Art except as noted. Photo Credit: ASA 4E 03/26/10 Slide 2
INSTRUMENT RATING Practical Test Standards Whats Different and Recommendations for Training 03/26/10 Slide 3 Why We Are Here Effective January 2010 With Change 2 revised March 16, 2010 Download Now
Presentation is not a complete synopsis of the instrument rating practical exam. Focus is on the difference between old versus new versions. 03/26/10 Slide 4 Why a PTS Revision? Traditionally: 1. Instructor teaches pilot how to fly procedures 2. Pilot reaches proficiency in tasks 3. Examiner verifies proficiency in tasks during practical exam 4. Examiner issues certificate
03/26/10 Slide 5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Concepts in the New PTS Instructor teaches pilot how to fly procedures Pilot builds aeronautical decision-making skills
Pilot reaches proficiency with tasks Pilot becomes proficient in aeronautical decision-making Flight test verifies proficiency in tasks Flight test verifies aeronautical decision-making skills Examiner issues certificate Pilots are prepared to make good decisions after certification. Traditional vs. New The attempt is to build pilot skills AND judgment. Decision Making New
Proficiency Old Decision Making Slide 6 Proficiency 03/26/10 03/26/10 Slide 7
Train Like You Fly Cant teach judgment but it can be learned Scenario-Based Training Airlines: Line Oriented Flight Training Military: Fly like you fight Teaching with scenarios builds proficiency in making decisions. Testing with scenarios demonstrates decision-making skills. 03/26/10 Slide 8 Examining with Scenarios
Plan of action a tool used in evaluating an applicant. Required and optional TASKS are selected. Examiner use a scenario. Scenario interjects problems and emergencies which the applicant must manage. Scenario is developed so that most of the TASKS are accomplished within the scenario. PTS reference page 5 03/26/10 Slide 9 Special Emphasis Areas
Not separate tasks, but evaluated throughout the practical exam 4D 4E NEW PTS Reference Page 7 03/26/10 LPV Precision or Non-Precision?
Slide 10 A LPV approach with a decision altitude: greater than 300 HAT may be used as a non-precision approach equal to or less than 300 HAT can be used as a precision approach PTS Reference Page 7 GPS must be certified and contain the current database. 03/26/10 Slide 11
Non-Precision IAPs At least 2 non-precision IAPs 1 must include a procedure turn or TAA procedure At least 1 non-precision IAP flown without autopilot or radar vectors. At least 1 non-precision IAP conducted without vertical guidance, if equipment allows Examiner selects non-precision IAPs, representative of the type that the applicant is likely to use. Must use two different types of navigational aids. NDB, VOR, LOC, LDA, SDF, GPS, or RNAV (including LNAV/VNAV
and RNP-AR). PTS Reference Page 1-9 03/26/10 Autopilot Slide 12 If installed expected to use the autopilot required to demonstrate during a non-precision approach.
PTS reference Page 8 03/26/10 GPS Slide 13 Photo Credit: Cirrus.com If installed Must demonstrate proficiency You cant slide by with an INOP sticker!
PTS Reference Page 9 03/26/10 Slide 14 Single Pilot Resource Management Six Components of SRM 1. Aeronautical Decision Making (ADM) 2. Risk Management (RM) 3. Task Management (TA) 4. Situational Awareness (SA) 5. Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) 6. Automation Management (AM)
Train and evaluate each component individually. New PTS has standards for each Photo Credit: NASA.gov 03/26/10 Slide 15 Aeronautical Decision Making Perceive the circumstances for your flight. Process by evaluating their impact on flight safety.
Perform by implementing the best course of action. Hazardous Attitudes: Macho Invulnerability Resignation Anti-Authority Impulsivity PTS Reference Page 13 03/26/10 Risk Management
Slide 16 FAA Risk Management Handbook, available, free download at faa.gov. 4 Fundamental Risk Elements Pilot Aircraft Environment Operation Illness Medicine Stress
Alcohol Fatigue Eat/Energy 5P Model Pilot Plane Plan Profile Passengers PTS Reference Page 14 Google FAA FITS to find reference online
03/26/10 Slide 17 Task Management Photo Credit: Cessna Aircraft Company PTS Reference Page 14 03/26/10 Slide 18 Situational Awareness Situation Awareness Knowing the current
situation and the future situation of the Pilot Plane Plan Programming Passengers PTS Reference Page 15 03/26/10 Slide 19 Controlled Flight Into Terrain
The reference is overwhelming. Instructors, scale it down to need to know for your training environment. Photo Credit: Quest Aircraft Company PTS Reference Page 15 03/26/10 Slide 20 Automation Management Photo Credit: Cirrus Aircraft Company
PTS Reference Page 16 03/26/10 Slide 21 Judgment Assessment Matrix SRM, not an individual task but evaluated throughout each task. If any area is unacceptable then the practical exam is unsuccessful.
PTS reference Appendix 3 03/26/10 Slide 22 Instrument Proficiency Check The person giving the check should develop a scenario that incorporates as many required tasks as practical to assess the pilots ADM and risk management skills during the IPC. Photo Credit: Cirrus.com 03/26/10 Slide 23
Build These Tasks into your IPC Scenario IIIC Holding IVB Unusual Flight Attitudes VA Intercepting & Tracking VIA VIB VIC VID VIE Non-precision Approaches Precision Approaches Missed Approach Circling Approach
Landing Straight In or Circling VIID Partial Panel VIII Instrument Cockpit Check PTS Reference Page 1-vii 03/26/10 Slide 24 PTS Reference Page 1-1 New TASK 03/26/10
Slide 25 Cross Country Flight Planning Photo Credit: AOPA.org PTS reference page 1-2 03/26/10 Slide 26 Cross Country Flight Planning Icing NEW Good Training Stuff:
FAASafety.gov Search for Icing. NASA Icing Training. (Google it) PTS reference page 1-2 Photo Credit: NASA.gov 03/26/10 Slide 27 Instruments and Nav Equipment Important to know About Your Autopilot for the FAA Instrument Practical Exam
NEW 1. Operations of 2. Modes of 3. Pre-Takeoff Check 4. Operating Limitations 5. Warning and Alerts PTS Reference Page 1-3 03/26/10 Slide 28 Air Traffic Control Clearances
Photo Credit: PiperAircraft.com Use a fill-in-the-blanks sheet for IFR clearance read backs. SRM Throughout PTS reference page 1-5 03/26/10 Slide 29 Photo Credit: AOPA.org If the equipment is installed, Know how to use it, and
use it! 03/26/10 Slide 30 Non-Precision Approach Stabilized approach now its specifically listed! SRM, its here, too! PTS reference page 1-10 03/26/10 Slide 31
What Makes an Approach Stabilized Achieved by/at/nearly-after the FAF and continued to touchdown: Landing configuration established Approach airspeed set for lowest possible category Tracking within one dot on course Appropriate power setting 500-700 FPM rate of descent (Non-precision) On or within one-dot-above glide slope (Precision) Only minor corrections This is the authors definition and is not a FAA or a PTS definition.
03/26/10 Slide 32 Habits of a 30-Year Flight Instructor 03/26/10 Habits of a 30-Year Flight Instructor Slide 33 Flight Director Directs the climbs, descents, heading changes Prescribes the control input to accomplish those maneuvers
Directs level offs If the pilot does not make the needed corrections in a timely manner, it makes them automatically Are you a flight director? 03/26/10 Slide 34 Training Concepts Emphasis on the pilots Planning and preparation for the flight SRM during the flight Using technology
Being the Pilot IN COMMAND (Being in control, in charge, making things happen the way he/she wants things to happen.) 03/26/10 Slide 35 Training the Pilot to be PIC This is a sample lesson plan from one flight school and is not prescribed/required by the FAA or the new PTS. 03/26/10 Slide 36
Train in Real Conditions Confident, competent instrument pilots are not made in clear skies. Train in the clouds! 03/26/10 Slide 37 Keeping it Real The scenario outcomes are directed. but pilot plans the specifics just like in real life
03/26/10 Slide 38 Suggested Airports and IAPs Providing a list of suggested local airports will help everyone (pilots and instructors) get started. 03/26/10 Slide 39 New Elements of Lesson Plans 3 1 More emphasis placed on scenario planning and the
pilots preparation for each flight. We now treat each lesson as if we were really going someplace with weather briefing, determining performance and verifying aircraft inspection status. 2 Also included in the content of each lesson is emphasis on each SRM component. Its difficult to grade the decisions that the pilot made, but the Decision Box provides a place for a written record and encourages
discussion about decisions. 03/26/10 Summary Slide 40 Students/Pilots/Applicants Pick up copies of lesson plans/assignments Allow plenty of time to prepare for flight Instructors Understand how to administer and evaluate IPCs Recommended guidance materials Risk Management Handbook Instrument Flying Handbook
Instrument Procedures Handbook http://www.faa.gov/library/manuals/aircraft/ 03/26/10 Slide 41 About the Author Arlynn McMahon Flight school owner Instrument Instructor since 1980 Over 10,000 hrs dual given 5,000 hrs actual instrument
Master Instructor, Gold Seal Instructor 2009 National Flight Instructor of the Year Author, Train Like You Fly, a Flight Instructors Guide to Scenario Based Training Questions? [email protected] All photos taken from the authors personal library and Microsoft Clip Art except as noted. Photo Credit: ASA
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