Introduction to Business

Introduction to Business

Click here to advance to the next slide. Chapter 8 Leadership in Management Section 8.2 Leadership

Styles Read to Learn Identify and describe the autocratic, democratic, and free-reign leadership styles. Describe the self-managed team approach and the two ways in which such an approach is organized.

The Main Idea Leaders differ in the leadership styles that they use. Autocratic, democratic, and free-reign leadership are common styles. The leadership style that should be used depends on the work to be done and the type of worker being managed.

Key Concepts Types of Leadership Leadership in Teams Key Term autocratic leadership

a leadership style in which one person runs everything and makes all the decisions without consulting others Key Term a leadership style in which managers

democratic work with employees to make leadership decisions Key Term free-reign

leadership a leadership style that requires the leader to set goals for managers and employees and then leave them alone to get the job done Key Term

delegating giving managers and employees the power to run things and make decisions self-managed work groups that supervise themselves

teams Types of Leadership Different leaders have different styles. Some leaders rule with strict discipline while others leave employees alone to do their work. Graphic Organizer

Autocratic Types of Leadership Free-Reign Democratic

Autocratic Leadership A leader with an autocratic leadership style assumes that others must have decisions made for them. autocratic leadership

a leadership style in which one person runs everything and makes all decisions without consulting others Autocratic Leadership Autocratic leaders may find that many people

do not like to work for them. This style of leadership may be useful for firefighters, combat troops, and police officers. Democratic Leadership In a democratic leadership, new ideas

are encouraged. democratic leadership a style in which managers work with employees to make decisions Democratic Leadership

In a democratic leadership, the leader still makes the final decision. A democratic leader assumes that people have ideas and are inclined to contribute. Free-Reign Leadership Another name for free-reign

leadership is handsoff leadership. free-reign leadership a leadership style that requires the leader to set goals for managers and employees and then leave them alone to get the job

done Free-Reign Leadership Free-rein leaders have no problem delegating. Free-rein leaders are involved in broader

decisions. delegating giving managers and employees the power to run things and make decisions

Graphic Organizer Reasons for Delegating Managers do not have time to do everything. Managers can focus on more important work. Employees have more ownership of the production process. Employees have a chance to develop their own

potential. Leadership in Teams Many companies put workers in self-managed teams. self-managed teams

work groups that supervise themselves Self-Managed Teams The use of the self-managed team approach started in Japan and came to the United States in the 1980s. Self-Managed Teams

In a self-managed team, the leader is a team player rather than a boss. The leader learns a range of jobs instead of just one. The Organization of the Self-Managed Team Self-managed teams are organized in two ways:

1. The team selects one leader. 2. Each team member employs specialized skills, but there is no team leader. The Organization of the Self-Managed Team The theory behind self-managed teams is that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.

Graphic Organizer Advantages of Self-Managed Teams They are more goal-oriented than task-oriented. Team members have a chance to learn each others job and obtain new skills. Team members learn to participate and cooperate. Self-managed teams learn to solve their own problems

Disadvantages of Self-Managed Teams Some people do not have the skills and initiative to work together productively. 1. In which situations is an autocratic style of leadership useful? when dealing with unmotivated or unskilled employees or in emergency situations

2. Why should a manager delegate authority? when a job is time consuming, requires special skills, or to give workers more responsibility 3. Name a similarity and a difference between free-reign management and self-managed teams.

Both give freedom to the employee. Free-rein management involves individuals working alone. Several people are involved in a self-managed team. End of Chapter 8

Leadership in Management Section 8.2 Leadership Styles

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